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Article:Nickelodeon
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{{About|the American cable channel|other versions of the channel|Nickelodeon around the world|other uses|Nickelodeon (disambiguation)}}
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{{Infobox TV channel
 
| name = Nickelodeon
 
| logofile = Nickelodeon logo new.svg
 
| logosize = 250px
 
| logocaption =
 
| launch = December 1, 1977<br/><small>(as Pinwheel)</small><br/>April 1, 1979<br><small>(as Nickelodeon)</small>
 
| picture format = [[480i]] ([[Standard-definition television|SDTV]])<br/>[[720p]] ([[High-definition television|HDTV]])
 
| broadcast area = Nationwide
 
| owner = [[Viacom]]
 
| country = United States
 
| former names = The Pinwheel Network (1977–1979)
 
| slogan = ''Putting kids first''
 
| headquarters = [[New York City|New York, New York]]<br>[[Los Angeles|Los Angeles, California]]
 
| similar channels = [[Nick Jr.]]<br>[[Nicktoons (TV channel)|Nicktoons]]<br>[[TeenNick]]<br>[[Nick at Nite]]<br>[[MTV]]<br>[[MTV2]]<br>[[Comedy Central]]<br>[[Spike (TV channel)|Spike]]<br>[[VH1]]<br>[[VH2]]<br>[[TV Land]]
 
| web = [http://www.nick.com nick.com]
 
| sat serv 1 = [[DirecTV]]
 
| sat chan 1 = Channel 299 (East/HD)<br/>Channel 300 (West)<br/>Channel 1300 (VOD)
 
| sat serv 2 = [[Dish Network]]
 
| sat chan 2 = Channel 170 (East/[[High-definition television|HD]])<br/>Channel 171 (West)
 
<!-- Please do not change the cable system information below, as their slots widely vary by locality, even with the same cable company. -->
 
| cable serv 1 = [[Verizon FiOS]]
 
| cable chan 1 = Channel 252 (East)<br/>Channel 253 (West)<br/>Channel 752 ([[High-definition television|HD]])
 
| cable serv 2 = Available on many other cable systems
 
| cable chan 2 = Check local listings for channels
 
<!-- Please do not change the cable system information above, as their slots widely vary by locality, even with the same cable company. -->
 
| adsl serv 1 = [[AT&T U-verse]]
 
| adsl chan 1 = Channel 314 (East)<br/>Channel 316 (West)<br/>Channel 1314 ([[High-definition television|HD]])
 
}}
 
   
'''Nickelodeon''', often simply called '''Nick''', is an [[United States|American]] [[children's television|children's channel]] owned by [[Viacom]] and operated under its Nickelodeon Kids and Family Group. The channel is primarily aimed at children in [[grade school]] and [[Adolescence|early teens]] (ages 6–15), with their weekday morning program block aimed at preschoolers ages 2–5. Since 2004, Nickelodeon has been run by [[Cyma Zarghami]]. It is ranked as the #1 cable channel as of 2011,<ref name=tvbythenumbers>{{cite web|last=Gorman|first=Bill|title=Nickelodeon Scores Its Most-Watched Second Quarter Ever|url=http://tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com/2010/06/29/nickelodeon-scores-its-most-watched-second-quarter-ever/55673/|publisher=TVbytheNumbers|accessdate=2011-10-03|date=2010-06-29}}</ref>.
 
   
Nickelodeon's broadcast day runs on Sundays from 6 a.m.- 8 p.m., Monday-Thursdays from 7 a.m.-8 p.m., Fridays from 7 a.m.-9 p.m., and Saturdays from 6 a.m.-10 p.m. ([[Eastern Time Zone|Eastern]] and [[Pacific Time Zone|Pacific Time]]). Since 1985, it shares its channel space with [[Nick at Nite]], a night time channel that airs sitcom reruns during the interim hours. It is treated as a separate channel from Nickelodeon by [[A.C. Nielsen Co.]] for ratings purposes.<ref name="Multichannel.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.multichannel.com/article/79731-Nielsen_s_51_Solution_Nixes_Nicks.php |title=Nielsen’s 51% Solution Nixes Nicks&nbsp;– 2004-07-19 00:00:00 &#124; Multichannel News |publisher=Multichannel.com |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref><ref name="Collins">{{Cite news| url=http://articles.latimes.com/2004/mar/25/business/fi-nick25 | work=Los Angeles Times | title=Nickelodeon Squeezes 2 Ratings Out of 1 Very Diverse Network | first=Scott | last=Collins | date=March 25, 2004 | accessdate=May 20, 2010}}</ref>
 
   
==History==
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===Early history (1977–1979)===
 
[[Image:Pinwheellogo1.gif|500px|thumb|right|Former Pinwheel logo used from 1977–1979]]
 
Nickelodeon's pre-history began on December 1, 1977 when [[QUBE]], the first two-way interactive cable TV system was launched in [[Columbus, Ohio]] by [[Warner Cable]] (owned by Warner Communications, and an ancestor of [[Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment]]). One of the specialized channels available to subscribers of the QUBE system was The Pinwheel Network,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.media-visions.com/itv-qube.html |title=iTV &#124; Warner's Qube |publisher=Media Visions |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref> a cable channel offering children's programming.
 
 
===Relaunch as Nickelodeon and national expansion (1979–1990)===
 
Pinwheel was re-launched as Nickelodeon on April 1, 1979, and despite its prior history on the QUBE system under the Pinwheel name, Nickelodeon has declared that 1979 is the network's official launch year. It began airing on various Warner Cable systems, beginning in [[Buffalo, New York]] and quickly expanded its audience reach.<ref>[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-23112505.html Jay Bobbin. "Nickelodeon 20th Birthday from Green Slime to Prime Time, The Kids Network Celebrates with Lots of Special Events"], ''[[Buffalo News]]'', June 20, 1999. Retrieved March 10, 2011 from HighBeam Research.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=3L8wAAAAIBAJ&sjid=x1EDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5813,4780509&dq=nickelodeon+buffalo+cable&hl=en |title=New Look for Kids' TV |author= |publisher=[[The Bryan Times]] |date=1979-05-17 |accessdate=2010-02-02}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=j-oQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=14sDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3775,2067494&dq=nickelodeon&hl=en |title=Nickelodeon Breaks New Ground as TV Show |author= |publisher=[[The Free Lance-Star]] |date=1979-07-16 |accessdate=2010-02-02}}</ref> Originally a commercial-free cable channel, shows airing during its broadcast day (which initially ran from 10 a.m.-10 p.m. ET on weekdays and 9 a.m.-8 p.m. ET on weekends) included ''[[Video Comic Book]]'', and the long-running ''[[Pinwheel (TV series)|Pinwheel]]'' (now formatted as a daily hour-long series that ran in a 3–5 hour block format, and was a precursor to the Nick Jr. block) along with other shows such as ''America Goes Bananaz'', ''Nickel Flicks'' and ''By the Way''. In 1980, new shows were added to the lineup, including ''[[Dusty's Treehouse]]'', ''First Row Features'', ''Special Delivery'', ''[[Science International|What Will They Think Of Next?]]'',''[[Pop Clips]]'', ''[[Livewire (talk show)|Livewire]]'', and ''[[Hocus Focus (TV series)|Hocus Focus]]''.
 
 
Initially, Nickelodeon shared channel space with fellow Warner Cable channel Star Channel, which eventually became [[The Movie Channel]] at the end of 1979. At one point, after sign-off, the channel went to a character generator promoting Nickelodeon's shows and features. Eventually, on April 12, 1981, the channel extended its hours from 8 a.m.-9 p.m. ET by turning its channel over to the [[Alpha Repertory Television Service]] (ARTS) and, later until 1985, [[A&E Network]] after ARTS merged with NBC's struggling cable service The Entertainment Channel.
 
 
In 1983, Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment began divesting its assets and spun off Nickelodeon and two other channels, MTV and the now-defunct Radio Television Station (RTS) into the newly-formed subsidiary; in order to increase revenue, Nickelodeon began to accept PBS-style corporate underwriting for its programming.<ref name="Dudes">[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE0DA1539F932A15753C1A966958260&pagewanted=2 TELEVISION; Hey There, Dudes, the Kids Have Grabbed a Network], ''[[The New York Times]]'', October 21, 1990.</ref> The green slime originally featured on ''You Can't Do That On Television'' was then adopted by the channel as a primary feature of many of its shows, including ''[[Double Dare (1986 game show)|Double Dare]]''.<ref>{{Cite news|title= Video: Letting Kids Just Be Kids Nickelodeon|work= Time|date=December 26, 1988|url= http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,956599,00.html|accessdate=2010-08-14}}</ref> In the early years, other shows such as ''[[Standby: Lights, Camera, Action]]'', ''[[The Third Eye (TV series)|The Third Eye]]'' and ''[[Mr. Wizard's World]]'' were part of the regular Nickelodeon time slots.
 
 
The channel struggled at first, having lost $10 million by 1984, mostly due to a lack of successful programs including failed shows such as ''Against the Odds'' and ''[[Going Great]]'', and finishing dead last among the cable channels. After firing the previous staff, MTV Networks president [[Robert W. Pittman|Bob Pittman]] turned to [[Fred Seibert]] and [[Alan Goodman]], who created MTV's iconic IDs a few years earlier, to reinvigorate Nickelodeon. Seibert and Goodman's company, Fred/Alan (now [[Frederator]] Studios), teamed up with Tom Corey and Scott Nash of the advertising firm [[Corey McPherson Nash]] to replace the "Pinball" logo with the "orange splat" logo with the name Nickelodeon written in [[Balloon (typeface)|Balloon font]], that would be used in hundreds of different variations for the next quarter century. Fred/Alan also enlisted the help of animators, writers, producers and doo-wop group [[The Jive Five]] to create new channel IDs. Within six months of the rebranding, Nickelodeon would become the dominant channel in children programming and has remained so for more than 25 years, even in the midst of increasing competition in recent years from other kids-oriented cable channels such as [[Disney Channel]] and [[Cartoon Network]]. The same year as the rebrand, Nickelodeon began accepting traditional advertising.<ref name="Dudes"/>
 
 
In January 1985, after A&E dropped its partnership with Nickelodeon and became its own 24-hour channel, Nickelodeon simply went to a test screen after sign-off. That July, Nickelodeon added a new nighttime block called [[Nick at Nite]], and became a 24/7 service. That same year, American Express sold their stake in Warner-Amex to Warner Communications and was renamed Warner Cable; by 1986, Warner Cable turned MTV Networks into a private company, and sold MTV, RTS, Nickelodeon and the new [[VH1]] network to Viacom for $685 million. In 1988, Nick aired the first annual [[Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards]] (previously known as The Big Ballot) and introduced [[Nick Jr. (block)|Nick Jr.]], an [[educational television]] block for younger children around preschool age. Nick Jr. was made to replace Nickelodeon's former preschool block, Pinwheel. On December 31, 1989, for one day only, Nickelodeon signed off the air much earlier at 12:00 p.m. ET in order to start ''Nick at Nite's (Year) Rerun/Classic TV/TV Hits Countdown'' (which lasted until 12:30 a.m. ET on [[New Year's Day]]). This one day practice took place again in 1990 (the practice took place at an earlier timeslot, which was 11:30 a.m. ET), 1991,<ref>{{Cite news| title = THURSDAY AFTERNOON TV | date = 1991-12-31 | work = [[The Post & Courier]] | url = http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=RXC-vbXDMdwC&dat=19911227&printsec=frontpage&hl=en | accessdate = 2012-02-05 }}</ref> and 1992.
 
 
===Success in the 1990s and the 2000s (1990–2009)===
 
In 1990, Nickelodeon opened [[Nickelodeon Studios]], a television studio/attraction at [[Universal Studios Florida]] in [[Orlando]] which many of its sitcoms and game shows were filmed and entered into a multimillion-dollar joint marketing agreement with international restaurant chain [[Pizza Hut]], which provided ''[[Nickelodeon Magazine]]'' for free at participating Pizza Hut restaurants (which was put on hiatus for three years).<ref>{{Cite news| last = Lewin | first = Tamar | title = Hey There, Dudes, the Kids Have Grabbed a Network | date = 1990-10-21 | work = [[The New York Times]] | url = http://www.nytimes.com/1990/10/21/arts/television-hey-there-dudes-the-kids-have-grabbed-a-network.html?pagewanted=2 | accessdate = 2009-08-20 }}</ref> In 1991, Nickelodeon developed its first animated series, ''[[Doug]]'', ''[[Rugrats]]'', and ''[[The Ren and Stimpy Show]]''. These series, known as [[Nicktoons]], premiered on August 11, 1991.<ref name=nick1>{{cite web| title = Nickelodeon to offer cartoons | date = 1991-08-10 | work = Victoria Advocate | url = http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=y4cLAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WFYDAAAAIBAJ&pg=4932,1889166&dq=nickelodeon&hl=en | accessdate = 2009-08-20 }}</ref> The network had previously refused to produce weekly animated series due to high cost.<ref name=nick1/>
 
 
The three Nicktoons found success by 1993, so Nickelodeon developed its fourth Nicktoon, ''[[Rocko's Modern Life]]'', which was also a critical success. Also, in March 1993, Nickelodeon ran out of shapes with which to display their iconic orange logo. Because of this, they enlisted the help of viewers everywhere in the USA to come up with new shapes to use for their television promos. The final results (which included the logo in 3D and in form of a cap, balloon, gear, rocket, top, spilled cup, etc.) began airing (along with their new TV promo presentation package) at 6:00 a.m. ET on July 4, 1993. Later, Nickelodeon partnered with [[Sony Wonder]] and released top selling video cassettes of the network's programming until 1997. ''Doug'' and ''The Ren & Stimpy Show'' would both end production about that time, but still would air reruns up until about 2001. However ''Doug'' would find further success when Disney Channel picked it up and placed it on its new block. It was called [[ABC Kids (US)|Disney's One Saturday Morning]]. Also, Nickelodeon began its own New Year's event (lasting until 1:00 a.m. ET) called ''Nick New Year's'', in which the event aired Nickelodeon's child-oriented programming while the New Year's countdown was in process. ''Rugrats'', on the other hand, returned from hiatus on May 9, 1997 (reruns continued to air up until that point). This show has became one of the most popular and longest running Nicktoons in history, (even receiving it's own [[Hollywood Walk Of Fame|Star]]) and did not cease production until 2004. In 1998, ''[[The Rugrats Movie]]'' was released in theaters. The movie grossed more than $100 million in the United States and became the first non-Disney animated movie to ever earn that much. It remains the highest grossing Nicktoon film to date. Then in May 1999, the channel debuted the animated series ''[[SpongeBob SquarePants]]'', which quickly became one of the most popular and long running Nicktoons in the network's history, and has remained very popular to this day, consistently ranking as the channel's highest-rated series since 2000.<ref>{{Cite news| last = Lacher | first = Irene | title = Birth of a Nickelodeon Nation |work=[[Newsday]] |url = http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/51891061.html?dids=51891061:51891061&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Mar+26%2C+2000&author=Irene+Lacher&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&desc=EMPIRE+BUILDERS%3A+They+green-light+big-budget+features+and+produce+niche+films.+They+schmooze+with+Julia+Roberts+and+market+the+Rugrats.+And+they%27re+changing+the+course+of+Holly
 
| accessdate = 2009-10-17 | date=March 26, 2000}}</ref>
 
 
[[Image:Nickelodeon logo.svg|175px|thumb|right|One of the many variants of the orange logo, commonly known for the 'splat' design, used from October 8, 1984 to 28 September 2009; this particular version was used as the main logo from April 2003 to 28 September 2009, and is still used on [[Nickelodeon Arabia|the Arabian version of Nickelodeon]] and on newer products in tandem with the current logo.]]
 
On August 15, 1992, the channel extended its Saturday schedule to 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. ET with the launch of a primetime block called [[SNICK]],<ref>[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-22643911.html Virginia Mann, Record Television Critic. "Kids Take Their Piece of Nick's Prime Time"], ''The Record'', August 14, 1992. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from HighBeam Research.</ref> which was home to shows such as ''[[Are You Afraid of the Dark?]]'', ''[[Clarissa Explains It All]]'', ''[[All That]]'', ''[[The Amanda Show]]'' and ''[[Kenan & Kel]]''; in 2004, the block was reformatted as the Saturday edition of [[TEENick]] (which originally debuted on Sunday evenings in 2000), and the Saturday night block continues today without an official block name (though ''A Night of Premieres'' is occasionally used when two or more programs feature new episodes on that night); the TEENick branding, with its spelling altered to TeenNick, has since been used on the Nickelodeon sister channel previously known as The N. In June 1993, Nickelodeon resumed its magazine brand, Nickelodeon Magazine.<ref>{{Cite news| title = IN THE NICK OF TIME, A KIDS' MAGAZINE THAT'S REALLY GROSS| work = [[NewsLibrary]] | url = http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=LB&p_theme=lb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EAE8F32D88CB77D&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM| accessdate = 2009-10-18 }}</ref> The success of the Saturday primetime block led Nickelodeon to expand its programming into weeknight primetime in 1996, by extending its broadcast day to 8:30 p.m. ET (and later extended to 9 p.m. ET from 1998 to 2009) on Sunday through Friday nights.<ref>[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-17480264.html Brown, Rich. "Nick at Nite becoming Nick at Nite-and-Day; MTV Networks Inc.'s launching of classic TV channel called TV Land"], ''[[Broadcasting & Cable]]'', October 30, 1995. Retrieved March 1, 2011 from HighBeam Research.</ref><ref>[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-20011779.html Rice, Lynette; Joe Schlosser. "Family, Nick square off; new Family Channel targets kids, parents; Nickelodeon expands kids into prime time"], ''[[Broadcasting & Cable]]'', November 17, 1997. Retrieved March 2, 2011 from HighBeam Research.</ref>
 
 
In 1994, Nickelodeon launched [[The Big Help]], which spawned a spinoff program [[The Big Green Help]] in 2007; the point of the program is to change yourself and the earth by exercising and protecting the environment to show a difference to the earth. Also that same year, Nickelodeon removed ''You Can't Do That on Television'' from its schedule after a thirteen-year run and by the same year the network had launched a new sketch comedy show, ''[[All That]]''. For many years, until its cancellation in 2005, ''All That'' would launch the careers of many actors and actresses including [[Kenan Thompson]], [[Amanda Bynes]], and [[Jamie Lynn Spears]]. The show's executive producer, [[Dan Schneider (TV producer)|Dan Schneider]], would go on to create and produce several hit series for Nickelodeon including among others ''[[Kenan & Kel]]'', ''[[The Amanda Show]]'', ''[[Drake & Josh]]'' and ''[[Zoey 101]]'', and more recently ''[[iCarly]]'' and ''[[Victorious]]''. In October and December 1994, Nickelodeon sold [[Halloween]] and [[Christmas]] themed episodes of its Nicktoons through syndication to local markets across the United States, with then-new former corporate relative, Paramount Domestic Television (now [[CBS Television Distribution]]).<ref>{{Cite news| title = Tooned Up Hipper characters and computer power are driving the comeback of cartoons | work = [[Boston Herald]] | url = http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/bostonherald/access/68278160.html?dids=68278160:68278160&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Sep+18%2C+1994&author=Frances+Katz&pub=Boston+Herald&desc=JUST+FOR+KIDS+Tooned+Up+Hipper+characters+and+computer+power+are+driving+the+comeback+of+cartoons&pqatl=google | first=Frances | last=Katz | date=September 18, 1994}}</ref>
 
 
In October 1995, Nickelodeon ventured in the [[World Wide Web]] and launched [[Nick.com]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Nick History|url=http://www.nick.com/all_nick/everything_nick/history_home.jhtm|publisher=Nickelodeon|accessdate=2011-10-03|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20050127084900/http://www.nick.com/all_nick/everything_nick/history_home.jhtml|archivedate=January 27, 2005}}</ref> Initially the website was available only using [[America Online]]'s internet service, but was later available to all internet service providers. The website's popularity grew and in March 1999, Nick.com became the highest-rated website aimed at children aged 6–14 years old. Nickelodeon used the website in conjunction with television programs which increased traffic.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-54675660.html|title=Nickelodeon TV & Online Are Perfect Together as Nick.com Takes Top Ratings Spot in March. |date=1999-05-19|publisher=Entertainment Wire|accessdate=2008-11-28}}</ref> In 2001, Nickelodeon partnered with Networks Inc. to provide [[broadband]] [[video game]]s for rent from ''Nick.com''. The move was a further step in the multimedia direction that the developers wanted to take the website. Skagerlind indicated that over 50% of Nick.com's audience is using a high speed connection which allows them to expand the gaming options on the website. To accompany the broadband content, [[Nick Video|TurboNick]] was created. Initially it was a popup panel which showcased broadband content on Nick.com.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-10219501_ITM|title=Nick Looks to Gaming As High-Speed Revenue Play|last=Brown|first=Karen|date=2001-11-12|publisher=MultiChannel News|accessdate=2008-11-28}}</ref>
 
 
In March 2004, Nickelodeon and Nick at Nite were split up in the Nielsen primetime and total day ratings, due to the different programming, advertisers and target audiences between the two services; this caused controversy by cable executives believing this manipulated the ratings, given that Nick at Nite's broadcast day takes up only a fraction of Nickelodeon's programming schedule.<ref name="Multichannel.com"/><ref name="Collins"/> Nickelodeon's and Nick at Nite's respective ratings periods encompasses only the hours they each operate under the total day rankings, though Nickelodeon only is rated for the daytime ratings; this is due to a ruling by Nielsen in July 2004, that networks have program for 51% or more of a daypart to qualify for ratings for a particular daypart.<ref>{{cite web|last=Moss|first=Linda|title=Nielsen Changes Some Cable-Ratings Rules|url=http://www.multichannel.com/article/75906-Nielsen_Changes_Some_Cable_Ratings_Rules.php|publisher=Multichannel News|accessdate=2011-10-16|date=2004-07-09}}</ref>
 
 
Nickelodeon Studios closed down in 2005 and was converted into the Blue Man Group Sharp Aquos Theatre in 2007; Nickelodeon now tapes its live-action series at the [[Nickelodeon On Sunset]] studios (formerly the [[Earl Carroll Theatre]]) in Hollywood, California and other studio locations in Hollywood and other areas. The "Nickelodeon on Viva Video" is selected DVD's and VCD's featuring Nickelodeon shows distributed by [[Viva Entertainment#Viva Video, Inc.|Viva Video]] in the [[Philippines]] after the distribution deal with Magnavision Home Video in 2003. In 2007, Nickelodeon began a four-year development deal with [[Sony Music]] to produce music-themed series for the channel, help fund and launch albums in conjunction with the label tied to Nickelodeon shows and produce original songs for the programs to be released as singles as result;<ref>{{Cite news|author=By |url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117966962.html?categoryid=14&cs=1 |title=Nickelodeon, Sony pact for tunes&nbsp;– Entertainment News, TV News, Media |publisher=Variety |date=2007-06-14 |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref> the only series produced under the partnership that was greenlit as a series, ''[[Victorious]]'' debuted in 2010, though a similar hit music-themed sitcom, ''[[Big Time Rush]]'' that debuted the same year features a similar partnership with [[Columbia Records]], though with Columbia only being involved with the show's music, Sony Music became involved with that show's production midway through its first season. ''Big Time Rush'' soon, after less than a month on the air, became a hit series, garnering 6.8 million viewers for its debut on January 18, 2010, and setting a new record for highest-rated [[live-action]] series premiere in the network's history.
 
 
===Rebranding and plans for the future (2009–present)===
 
Nickelodeon announced in February 2009 that Noggin and The N were to be rebranded as Nick Jr. and TeenNick to bring both channels in line with the Nickelodeon brand identity. Nickelodeon later announced in May 2009 that Nick Magazine would be discontinued by the end of the year. In July 2009, Nickelodeon unveiled a new logo for the first time in 25 years on the packaging of Nickelodeon DVDs coming out beginning that month, the Australian service's "Nick Shack" website, and that year's Nickelodeon Animation Festival, intending to create a unified look that can better be conveyed across all of MTV Networks's children's channels.<ref name="variety">{{cite news|last=Schneider|first=Michael|title=Nickelodeon unveils new logo|url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118006659|publisher=Variety|accessdate=2011-09-29|date=July 29, 2009}}</ref>
 
On September 28, 2009, the new logo is used across Nickelodeon and Nick at Nite, along with the rebranded [[TeenNick]], [[Nick Jr. (TV channel)|Nick Jr.]] and [[Nicktoons (TV channel)|Nicktoons]] (formerly The N, Noggin and Nicktoons Network, respectively) channels in varying versions customized for brand unification and refreshment purposes;<ref name="variety"/> a new logo for Nickelodeon Productions also began being used in end credit tags on all Nickelodeon shows, even on episodes aired before the new logo took effect (end credit tags of programs airing on TeenNick, Nick Jr. and some shows on Nicktoons only use the current Nickelodeon Productions logo and variants for their respective channel's original programming on episodes of series made after the rebrand). New York based creative director/designer [[Eric Zim]] rebranded Nickelodeon, creating the new identity, logos, and the look and feel. In addition to creating the new Nickelodeon corporate logo, he created a whole new logo system to represent the company’s entire family of sub-brands (including digital networks Nick Jr., Nicktoons, TeenNick and Nick at Nite).
 
 
Though it is mainly a [[Wordmark (graphic identity)|wordmark]], during the days prior to the [[2010 Kids' Choice Awards|2010]] and [[2011 Kids' Choice Awards]], the logo bug was given a blimp background to match the award given out at the show; and beginning the week of September 7, 2010 the logo was formed by a splat design (a la the 1984–2009 logo) in the on-screen program bug during new episodes of its original series. The new logo was adopted in the UK on February 15, 2010, in Spain on February 19, 2010, in Asia on March 15, 2010<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nick-asia.com/ |title=Nickelodeon &#124; Kids Games, Kids TV Shows, Videos, Contests, Entertainment Television, Asia |publisher=www.nick-asia.com |date=2008-10-14 |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref> and in Latin America on April 5, 2010.<ref>http://www.mundonick.com/</ref> The "Nickelodeon on ABS-CBN" block on [[ABS-CBN Corporation|ABS-CBN]] in the [[Philippines]] adopted the rebranded logo on July 26, 2010. On November 2, 2009, a Canadian version of Nickelodeon was launched, in partnership between Viacom and [[Corus Entertainment]] (owners of [[YTV (TV channel)|YTV]], which has aired Nick shows for several years, and will continue to do so); as a result, versions of Nickelodeon now exist in most of [[North America]].
 
 
On May 12, 2010, after an agreement was reached with [[Haim Saban]] (who earlier that month had bought back rights to the ''[[Power Rangers]]'' franchise from [[The Walt Disney Company]]), Nickelodeon agreed to air an eighteenth season of the series, and the production resumed in late 2010 for. The new show, ''[[Power Rangers Samurai]]'', debuted in February 7, 2011; as part of the deal, Nickelodeon also plans to air the existing 700-episode catalog of the series on the Nicktoons cable channel later that year.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tvsquad.com/2010/05/13/power-rangers-franchise-moving-to-nickelodeon/ |title='Power Rangers ' Franchise Moving to Nickelodeon |publisher=Tvsquad.com |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
 
 
On January 1, 2011, Nickelodeon debuted a new original series, ''[[House of Anubis]]''. The show, which was based on the series ''[[Het Huis Anubis]]'' which aired on an international version of Nickelodeon in [[Nickelodeon (Netherlands & Flanders)|The Netherlands]], became the first original scripted series to be broadcast in a weekdaily strip (in a similar format to a soap opera) and the first original series produced by the flagship Nickelodeon in the United States not to be produced in the United States or Canada.
 
 
==Programming==
 
{{Main|List of programs broadcast by Nickelodeon}}
 
Current programming on Nickelodeon includes ''[[SpongeBob SquarePants]]'', ''[[Winx Club]]'', ''[[iCarly]]'', ''[[The Penguins of Madagascar]]'', ''[[Fanboy and Chum Chum]]'', ''[[The Fairly Oddparents]]'', ''[[Supah Ninjas]]'', ''[[Planet Sheen]]'', ''[[Bucket & Skinner's Epic Adventures]]'', ''[[Victorious]]'', ''[[Big Time Rush]]'', ''[[House of Anubis]]'', ''[[Power Rangers Samurai]]'', ''[[T.U.F.F. Puppy]]'', ''[[Kung Fu Panda Legends of Awesomeness]], [[True Jackson, VP]]'' and ''[[The Troop]]'' with reruns of ''[[Rugrats]]'', ''[[The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius]]'', ''[[Avatar: The Last Airbender]]'', ''[[All Grown Up!]]'', ''[[Ned's Declassified School Survival Guide]]'', ''[[Drake & Josh]]'', ''[[Rocket Power]]'', and ''[[My Life as a Teenage Robot]]''. ''Winx Club'' is an animated series that was created in Italy, but Nickelodeon is recreating its old seasons and creating a 5th and 6th season. ''SpongeBob'', ''iCarly'', ''Victorious'' and ''Big Time Rush'' are the most frequently aired programs on Nickelodeon, with ''SpongeBob'' in particular typically airing about 9–11 times each day on average. ''[[iCarly]]'' currently ranks as of 2010 as the channel's highest-rated original series and the highest-rated cable program among children ages 2 and up, according to [[Nielsen Media Research]].<ref>{{cite web|author=Emily Claire Afan |url=http://www.kidscreen.com/articles/news/20091223/ratingswatch.html |title=Ratings Watch: Disney Channel, Nickelodeon |publisher=KidScreen |date=2009-12-23 |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref> Nickelodeon also continues to air bi-monthly special editions of the long-running magazine series ''[[Nick News with Linda Ellerbee|Nick News]]'', hosted by [[Linda Ellerbee]] since its debut in 1992 (until the early 2000s, ''Nick News'' had aired on Nick on an almost weekly basis on Sunday nights).<ref>{{cite web|author=Reviewed byPam Gelman |url=http://www.commonsensemedia.org/tv-reviews/Nick-News-with-Linda.html/details |title=Nick News with Linda Ellerbee&nbsp;– TV Show Rating For Kids and Families |publisher=Commonsensemedia.org |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
 
 
On February 2, 2009, Nickelodeon discontinued the [[TEENick (block)|TEENick]] and [[Nick Jr. (block)|Nick Jr.]] programming blocks but the programming within the blocks remained; the former TEENick Saturday evening and Sunday late afternoon blocks no longer carry a name.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.multichannel.com/article/189298-_Nick_Of_Time_For_Rebrand.php |title='Nick’ Of Time For Rebrand&nbsp;– 2009-03-01 14:00:00 &#124; Multichannel News |publisher=Multichannel.com |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
 
 
On October 21, 2009, it was announced that Nickelodeon secured the rights to the ''[[Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles]]'' franchise from [[Mirage Studios]]. The network plans to develop a new CGI-animated TMNT television series and will partner with fellow Viacom company [[Paramount Pictures]] to bring a new TMNT movie to theaters. Both were originally expected for 2012, but the release date of the film has been pushed to December 25, 2013.<ref name=Reuters>[http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS136562+21-Oct-2009+PRN20091021 The Mirage Group Sells Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles(TM) to Nickelodeon | Reuters]</ref>
 
 
On March 15, 2010, Nickelodeon announced the renewals of 16 of its existing series for the 2010–11 season that include the second season renewals of freshman series ''The Troop'' and ''Big Time Rush'' (the latter series was picked up for another season after only 10 episodes aired) and veteran series such as ''iCarly'' (whose fourth season renewal was already announced in late 2009 and it was announced later that it would be renewed for a 5th season as well), ''True Jackson, VP'' and ''SpongeBob SquarePants''. The channel also announced the additions of an English-language version of the Belgian/Dutch live-action Nickelodeon series ''[[Het Huis Anubis]]'' called ''[[House of Anubis]]'', a ''[[Kung Fu Panda]]''' animated series, and the preschool series ''[[Bubble Guppies]]'' for the Nick Play Date block.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.multichannel.com/article/450087-2010_Upfronts_Nick_Looks_To_Build_Tween_Co_Viewing_Appeal.php |title=2010 Upfronts: Nick Looks To Build Tween, Co-Viewing Appeal&nbsp;– 2010-03-11 22:19:21 &#124; Multichannel News |publisher=Multichannel.com |date=2010-03-11 |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
 
 
===Nicktoons===
 
{{Main|Nicktoons}}
 
'''Nicktoons''' are [[animation|animated]] [[television series]] produced by and aired on Nickelodeon. Until 1991, the animated series that aired on Nickelodeon were largely imported from foreign countries, and some original animated specials were also featured on the channel up to that point as well.<ref>[http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-4067509.html Nickelodeon ventures into cartoons], ''[[Chicago Sun-Times]]'' (via [[HighBeam Research]]), August 10, 1991.</ref> Nicktoons continue to make up a substantial portion of Nickelodeon's lineup, with roughly 6–7 hours airing on weekdays and around nine hours on weekends including a five-hour weekend morning block. Since the late 2000s, after the channel struck a deal with [[DreamWorks Animation]] in 2006 to develop the studio's animated films into weekly series,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.tvsquad.com/2006/10/25/nickelodeon-and-dreamworks-teaming-up/ |title=Nickelodeon and Dreamworks teaming up |publisher=Tvsquad.com |date=2006-10-25 |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref> there has been a gradual shift towards Nicktoon series using three-dimensional computer animation rather than traditional or digital two-dimensional ink and paint; the introductions of ''The Penguins of Madagascar'' and ''Fanboy and Chum Chum'' to the channel's lineup reflect this.
 
 
===Movies===
 
{{Main|List of films broadcast by Nickelodeon}}
 
Nickelodeon does not air movies on a regular basis; however, it does produce its own original [[Television film|made-for-cable television movies]], which usually premiere in weekend evening timeslots.
 
 
The channel occasionally airs feature films produced by the network's [[Nickelodeon Movies]] film production division (whose films are distributed by sister company [[Paramount Pictures]]); however, despite the fact that the film division bears the Nickelodeon name, the Nickelodeon cable channel does not have access to most Nickelodeon Movies-produced films released through Paramount. Nickelodeon does have broadcast access to most feature films based on or that served as the basis for original series produced by the channel (such as ''[[Barnyard: The Original Party Animals|Barnyard]]'' and ''[[The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie]]''); the majority of live-action feature films produced under the Nickelodeon Movies banner are licensed for broadcast by various television outlets, primarily cable networks (however, Nickelodeon has aired a small number of live-action features from Nickelodeon Movies including ''[[Angus, Thongs and Perfect Snogging]]'' and ''[[Good Burger]]'', which have aired on the channel's Nick at Nite nighttime block).
 
 
Nickelodeon also advertises hour-long episodes of its original series, such as ''[[iCarly]]'', ''[[True Jackson, VP]]'', ''[[Big Time Rush]]'', ''[[Victorious]]'' and ''[[House of Anubis]]'' as movies; though these technically do not qualify as such as the "TV movie" versions of Nickelodeon's original series are shorter than the standard length of a television movie (approximately 45 minutes without commercials, compared to the typical 75–100 minutes for television movies), the hour-long episodes of the channel's [[multi-camera setup|multi-camera]] comedies are shot using that camera setup (whereas feature films and television movies are standardly shot in a [[single-camera setup]]), [[laugh track]]s are used and the programs are shot on [[videotape]] instead of film (though the video frame rate of its multi-camera comedies are reduced to the [[24p]] film frame rate, using the [[filmizing]] process). Films not produced by Nickelodeon or its Nickelodeon Movies division also occasionally air on the channel including [[Universal Studios Home Entertainment|Universal]]'s ''[[Barbie: A Fashion Fairy Tale]]'', and ''[[Turtles Forever|Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles Forever]]'' (which was later released by Nickelodeon through Paramount DVD for DVD release). ''[[Winx Club: The Secret of the Lost Kingdom]]'' is airing on February 26, 2012. Its sequel ''[[Winx Club 3D: Magical Adventure]]'' will be released in 2012.
 
 
===''Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards''===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards}}
 
The '''Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards''' are an annual event held on the last Saturday night in March (or the Saturday in the last week of March) and airs live, which honors the year's biggest television, movie, and music acts, as voted by Nickelodeon viewers.
 
 
The show features numerous celebrity guests and about two or three musical acts. In recent years, slime stunts have been incorporated into the show. It has also been known to overwhelmingly cover people with the network's trademark green slime. [[Will Smith]] has won the most KCA awards; [[Rosie O'Donnell]] has hosted the most KCA awards.
 
 
===''Worldwide Day of Play''===
 
On October 2, 2004, Nickelodeon launched an annual event to mark the conclusion of its six-month long "[[Let's Just Play Go Healthy Challenge|Let's Just Play]]" campaign launched that same year called the ''[[Worldwide Day of Play]]'', designed to influence kids to get active and participate in outdoor activities; schools and educational organizations are also encouraged to host events to promote activity among children. Nickelodeon and its sister channels Nick Jr., TeenNick and Nicktoons (along with some international versions of the channel) suspend programming for three hours from 12–3 p.m. ET/PT on a Saturday afternoon in late September (since 2005) during the event and show their testcards instead, and the respective websites of all four Nickelodeon channels are taken offline during that same three-hour time period.<ref>{{cite web|author=Joe Lepper,, 26 July 2004, 9:05am |url=http://www.mediaweek.co.uk/news/217537/Nickelodeon-tells-kids-go-play-anniversary/ |title=Nickelodeon tells kids to go out and play for anniversary&nbsp;– Media news |publisher=Media Week |date=2004-07-26 |accessdate=2011-11-25}}</ref>
 
 
All four Nickelodeon channels display a message on-screen encouraging viewers to participate in outdoor activities during that time and notifying them that the channels will resume normal programming at 3 p.m. ET/PT (the west coast feed of the main Nickelodeon channel viewable via basic cable in the Pacific and Mountain time zones, and on digital cable and satellite nationwide will begin suspending regular programming at the same time the east coast feed resumes programming). Since 2010, the Worldwide Day of Play event became part of The Big Help program, as part of an added focus on healthy lifestyles in addition to the program's main focus on environmental issues. New episodes of Nickelodeon's original series are commonly aired during its Saturday primetime lineup on the night of the event.
 
 
===Programming blocks===
 
Various types of programs are broadcast on Nickelodeon in named programming blocks.
 
 
====Preschool programming block====
 
Nickelodeon currently programs shows targeted at preschool-age children on Monday through Fridays from 9 a.m.-2 p.m. ET/[[Pacific Time Zone|PT]].<ref>[http://www.nick.com/shows/tvschedule/ Nick TV Schedule] Nickelodeon/MTV Networks/Viacom International. Subject to change.</ref> This block was known as "[[Nick Jr. (block)|Nick Jr.]]" from January 1988 to February 2009 and has been known as the "Play Date" since February 2009, and later as "Nick: The Smart Place To Play" since January 2012. The block exists because Nickelodeon's usual audience of school-age children are in school at that time; as such, on holidays and during the summer months, a shorter block of preschool shows will air in the earlier time period of 7–10 a.m. ET/PT, and the block does not air on weekends at any time of the year.
 
 
Programming in the Nick Play Date block is somewhat fluid, but as of April 2012, ''[[Dora the Explorer]]'', ''[[Max and Ruby]]'', ''[[Franklin and Friends]]'', ''[[Team Umizoomi]]'', ''Mike the Knight'', and ''[[Bubble Guppies]]'' have a permanent place in the schedule.
 
 
====Weekend programming blocks====
 
Nickelodeon airs first-run or recent episodes of its original series on Friday nights from 8–9 p.m. ET, Saturday mornings, Saturday nights from 8–10 p.m. ET, and Sunday nights from 7–7:30 p.m. ET. {{As of|July 2011}}, Friday nights feature primarily reruns of various original series, the Saturday night schedule (sometimes called "A Night of Premieres", when new episodes of three or four of its original programs are scheduled to air) features episode premieres or repeats of ''[[iCarly]]'', ''[[Big Time Rush]]'' and ''[[Victorious]]'', along with periodic episode premieres of ''[[Supah Ninjas]]'' (all first-run episodes are cycled on the schedule, giving a variable schedule) and occasional original movie premieres, while Sunday nights feature first-run episodes of ''[[Bucket & Skinner's Epic Adventures]]'' and bi-monthly episode premieres of ''[[Nick News]]'' (the latter of which after Nickelodeon gave the Sunday 8 p.m. ET hour to Nick at Nite in June 2010, currently airs during what is technically part of the Nick at Nite schedule). The [[Saturday morning cartoon|Saturday morning lineup]] (also sometimes called "A Morning of Premieres", when new episodes of at least three of its original animated series are scheduled to air), features episode premieres of many of the channel's animated series, including ''[[SpongeBob SquarePants]]'', ''[[The Fairly OddParents]]'', ''[[The Penguins of Madagascar]]'', ''[[Planet Sheen]]'' and ''[[T.U.F.F. Puppy]]''.
 
 
====Nickelodeon program blocks on other channels====
 
On November 9, 1998, Spanish-dubbed versions of ''[[Rugrats]]'', ''[[Aaahh!!! Real Monsters]]'', ''[[Hey Arnold!]]'', ''[[Rocko's Modern Life]]'', ''[[KaBlam!]]'' and ''[[Blue's Clues]]'' debuted on [[Telemundo]]. Nickelodeon programs were seen on Telemundo on weekdays until September 5, 2000, when they were relegated on weekends only, to make room for a morning news program; Telemundo terminated the lineup in November 2001 after [[NBC]] purchased that network and now carries [[qubo]] programming on Saturday mornings. On September 14, 2002, a [[Nick on CBS|two-hour block]] featuring ''Blue's Clues'', ''[[Dora the Explorer]]'', ''[[As Told by Ginger]]'', ''[[The Wild Thornberrys]]'', ''Hey Arnold!'', and ''[[Pelswick]]'' debuted on most [[CBS]] stations. Then in 2005, a two-hour block featuring Nick Jr. shows returned on most CBS stations until September 2006 after the Viacom-CBS split, when the airtime was leased to [[DiC Entertainment]] and then later DiC purchaser [[Cookie Jar Group]] for their [[Cookie Jar TV]] block. In April 2008 ''Dora the Explorer'', ''[[Go, Diego, Go!]]'' and ''[[Pinky Dinky Doo]]'' from [[Nick Jr.]] were picked up by [[Univision]] for a block called ''[[Planeta U]]''. [[The 90's Are All That]] is a programing block on TeenNick.
 
 
==Related networks (Sister channels)==
 
===Current channels===
 
=====Nicktoons=====
 
{{Main|Nicktoons (TV channel)}}
 
This [[television channel|channel]] debuted on May 1, 2002, and was once known as '''Nicktoons TV''' from its launch until May 2003 and as '''Nicktoons Network''' from 2005 until September 2009. '''Nicktoons''' airs classic Nicktoons such as The Ren and Stimpy Show, Invader Zim, Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, and Rugrats during the overnight and early morning hours, and also airs Nicktoons produced exclusively for the channel and current first-run Nicktoons aired on Nickelodeon during the daytime and evening hours, along with a minimal amount of live-action programs from Nickelodeon. The channel is carried on a separate [[digital cable]] tier and is carried on expanded [[satellite television|satellite]] packages.
 
 
=====Nick Jr.=====
 
{{Main|Nick Jr.}}
 
This [[United States]]-based television channel aimed at preschool-aged children, originally launched as a joint venture between MTV Networks and Children's Television Workshop (now [[Sesame Workshop]]) before Sesame Workshop opted out of the venture in 2002, has only programming promotions in lieu of commercials and is usually carried on a digital cable tier and the basic tiers of satellite providers. '''Nick Jr.'''<nowiki>'</nowiki>s programming consists of preschool-oriented programming also seen on Nickelodeon's Nick Play Date block, original series exclusive to the channel and some discontinued shows seen on the former Nick Jr. block on Nickelodeon.
 
 
Originally launching on February 2, 1999 and based on the former [[Noggin (TV channel)|Noggin]], which starting in 2002, shared channel space with the teen-oriented The N (now TeenNick, and operating as a separate channel from Nick Jr. since December 31, 2007), the network was rebranded Nick Jr. as of September 28, 2009. The channel is named after the former Nick Jr. preschool program block on Nickelodeon that ran weekday mornings from January 1988 to February 2009. Full closing credits are seen during Nick Jr. airings of programming.
 
 
=====TeenNick=====
 
{{Main|TeenNick}}
 
This television channel in the United States is aimed at [[teenagers]] and young adults, and is usually carried on a [[digital cable]] tier and the basic tiers of satellite providers. '''TeenNick''', which has more relaxed program standards than the other Nickelodeon channels allowing for moderate profanity, suggestive dialogue and some violent content (though Nickelodeon series and some off-network programs airing on the channel do not include this), once shared the evening and overnight portion of each day with Noggin as The N (in a similar manner to Nickelodeon and Nick at Nite) starting with The N's initial launch on April 1, 2002, but on December 31, 2007 it took over Nickelodeon GAS's satellite transponder and became a stand-alone channel. The network was rebranded as TeenNick (with actor [[Nick Cannon]] as its "chairman") on September 28, 2009.
 
 
The channel is named after the former [[TEENick]] weekend evening program block on Nickelodeon that ran from July 2000 to February 2009. The channel's flagship series is the Canadian teen drama ''[[Degrassi: The Next Generation|Degrassi]]'', which has aired uninterrupted on the channel since 2003 as The N, two years after its official debut on Canadian broadcast network [[CTV Television Network|CTV]]; TeenNick also airs repeats of current and former Nickelodeon series and some off-network sitcoms. On July 25, 2011, TeenNick began airing ''[[The '90s Are All That]]'', a block of Nickelodeon's most popular 1990s programming, targeting the network's target demographic from that era.<ref>{{cite web|first=The Vulture|title=Nick’s New Nineties Nostalgia Block Is a Ratings Smash|url=http://nymag.com/daily/entertainment/2011/07/nicks_new_90s_nostalgia_block.html|publisher=New York Magazine|accessdate=2011-10-09|date=2011-07-26}}</ref>
 
 
=====TV Land=====
 
{{Main|TV Land}}
 
A cable channel that was based on the Nick at Nite block, '''TV Land''' debuted on April 29, 1996 and originally aired classic programming from as far back as the early 1950s. Starting in 2004, TV Land moved to more modern programming such as reality shows and 1990s TV sitcoms. In 2007, TV Land created a programming block called, "TV Land PRIME." TV Land PRIME runs from 9 p.m. until 12 a.m. ET/PT (though curiously, shows that air within the block that are aired in timeslots outside of the block display the block's logo bug). TV Land PRIME is a programming block aimed towards TV Land viewers that are in the 40- to 55-year-old range. Since 2008, a minimal amount of original programming began being included as well airing within the TV Land PRIME block. In 2006, TV Land stopped operating under the control of Nick at Nite though it is still operated as part of Viacom's MTV Networks division. The channel is usually carried on the basic tiers of cable and satellite providers.
 
 
=====Nick at Nite=====
 
{{Main|Nick at Nite}}
 
Nick at Nite (stylized as '''"nick@nite"''') is Nickelodeon's nighttime programming Channel. It debuted on July 1, 1985 and broadcasts over Nickelodeon on Sunday through Thursdays from 8 [[12-hour clock|p.m.]]-7 a.m., Fridays from 9 p.m.-7 a.m. and Saturdays from 10 p.m.-7 a.m. ET/PT. Originally featuring classic sitcoms such as ''[[The Donna Reed Show]]'', ''[[Mr. Ed]]'' and ''[[The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet]]'', programming changed to repeats of popular [[sitcom]]s from the 1980s and 1990s such as ''[[Full House]]'', ''[[Home Improvement (TV series)|Home Improvement]]'', ''[[The Cosby Show]]'' and ''[[Roseanne (TV series)|Roseanne]]''.
 
 
Programs currently airing on Nick at Nite include ''[[George Lopez (TV series)|George Lopez]]'', ''[[Family Matters]]'', ''[[Friends]]'' and most recently ''[[Married... with Children]]'', ''[[My Wife and Kids]]'' and ''[[That 70's Show]]''. [[A.C. Nielsen]] rates Nick at Nite as being a separate cable channel from Nickelodeon. In 1996, the original older programming was spun off Nick at Nite as a new channel entitled [[TV Land]], which currently airs a variety of older shows, primarily [[situation comedy|sitcoms]] from the 1950s through the 2000s.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_text_direct-0=0EAE90B826926DA2&p_field_direct-0=document_id |title=TV LAND OPENS UP ON MONDAY |date= April 23, 1996 |accessdate=2008-02-03}}</ref>
 
 
===Other Nickelodeon channels===
 
====Nick HD====
 
[[File:Nick HD.png|175px|right]]
 
'''Nick HD''' is the on-air name for a feed provided by Nickelodeon to broadcast a limited schedule of programming, mainly the network's post-2008 live action series and some animation, and much of Nick@Nite's programming created for HD presentation after 2000 or earlier filmed sitcoms remastered for HD, in [[1080i]] [[High-definition television|high definition]], which is carried by most of the major American cable providers on a [[simulcast]] schedule that programs based on an Eastern/Central and a Pacific/Mountain schedule. Other non-HD programming is broadcast in pillar-boxed 4:3.
 
 
====Nick 2====
 
[[File:Nick 2 Logo.svg|right|135px]]
 
'''Nick 2''' is the on-air name for a feed provided by Nickelodeon to [[digital cable]] providers that features either the [[Pacific Time Zone|Pacific]]/[[Mountain Time Zone|Mountain]] or [[Eastern Time Zone|Eastern]]/[[Central Time Zone|Central]] feed of the channel
 
, giving viewers, depending on geographical location, a second chance to watch programming three hours after its airing on the east coast feed in the Eastern and Central time zones, or to watch the show ahead of time three hours before the original airing on the west coast feed in the Pacific and Mountain time zones. The network was originally offered as part of the "MTV Networks Digital Suite" which was intended to offer digital cable providers exclusive channels not offered to satellite providers (though most of these channels now do air over those services also), and is currently the only example of two feeds provided by cable and IPTV providers to be offered to their customers. A '''Nick TOO''' logo was used on the channel until 2004, when MTV Networks decided to no longer customize the feed as Nick TOO (Nick 2 presently uses an off-air logo that is utilized solely for [[electronic program guide]]s as a [[:wikt:placeholder|placeholder]] image); most television listings thus either show the additional channel under the brandings "Nickelodeon Pacific/NICKP" or "Nickelodeon Eastern/NICKE". [[DirecTV]] and [[Dish Network]] also offer both Nickelodeon feeds, though unbranded as most of their children's networks have both time zone feeds by default. Nick 2 currently does not offer a [[high-definition television|high definition]] feed.
 
 
====Nick on Demand====
 
'''Nick on Demand''' is a free [[video-on-demand]] service available on most cable systems, carrying Nickelodeon's live-action, animated, and preschool programming. Nick at Nite programming is not included as most of the network's syndication rights are limited by contract to late evening and overnight time slots.
 
 
===Former channels===
 
====Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids====
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids}}
 
'''Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids''' (commonly referred to in on-air usage as '''Nickelodeon GAS''' or '''Nick GAS'''), was an American digital cable and satellite television channel that was launched on March 1, 1999 as part of [[MTV Networks]]' suite of digital cable channels. Nick GAS was essentially a children's version of (and Viacom's answer to) [[Game Show Network]] (now branded as GSN), which had launched in December 1994. The channel ceased operations on December 31, 2007 on digital cable providers and DirecTV, with an automated loop remaining on [[Dish Network]] due to unknown factors until April 23, 2009.
 
 
==Ratings==
 
For 2010, Nickelodeon finished in first place among all basic cable networks in total day for the 16th straight year among total viewers (ages 2+) and all children's demographics, according to [[Nielsen Media Research]].<ref name=tvbythenumbers />
 
 
For 2011, Nickelodeon was in first place for the 4 quarters.<ref>{{cite news|last=Guthrie|first=Marisa|title=Nickelodeon vs. Nielsen: Who's to Blame for the Network's Plummeting Ratings?|url=http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/nickelodeon-nielsen-ratings-viacom-271100|publisher=The Hollywood Reporter|accessdate=2012-01-08|date=2011-12-08}}</ref>
 
 
==Media==
 
{{See also|Nickelodeon Toys|Nick Rewind}}
 
 
===Nick.com===
 
{{Main|Nick.com}}
 
'''Nick.com''' is Nickelodeon's main online portal.
 
 
===Nickelodeon Movies===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon Movies}}
 
'''Nickelodeon Movies''' is the channel's motion picture production arm founded in 1995. It has produced films based on Nickelodeon animated programs including ''Rugrats'' and ''SpongeBob SquarePants'', as well as other adaptations and original projects. The studio's films are released by [[Paramount Pictures]]. Nickelodeon Movies initially did not introduce a new logo when Nickelodeon's current logo came into effect as part of its September 2009 rebrand; Nickelodeon Movies eventually instituted a new logo on January 1, 2010, which made its debut with the release of the film ''[[The Last Airbender]]'' on July 1, 2010. ''The Last Airbender'' showed a version of the logo on fire while promoting the film. The official version of the logo premiered on ''[[Rango (2011 film)|Rango]]''.
 
 
===Nick Magazine===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon Magazine}}
 
'''Nickelodeon Magazine''' was a magazine launched by Nickelodeon in 1993, following a short-lived effort from 1990. It contained informative non-fiction pieces, humor, interviews, pranks, recipes (such as green slime cake), and a comic book section in the center featuring original comics by leading underground cartoonists as well as strips about popular Nicktoons. It was also sold in Australia from 1995 until the creation of the Australian "Nickelodeon Magazine" in 2005. In July 2009, Nickelodeon, in response to a hard-hit magazine industry, announced it would shut Nick Magazine down after 16 years;<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.multichannel.com/article/278339-Nickelodeon_Magazine_Closing.php|title=Nickelodeon Magazine Closing|date=June 4, 2009|accessdate=2009-07-28}}</ref> the final issue was published in December 2009.
 
 
==Experiences==
 
===Nickelodeon Universe===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon Universe}}
 
'''Nickelodeon Universe''' at the [[Mall of America]] is the largest in-door theme park in [[United States|America]]. On August 18, 2009, Nickelodeon and Southern Star Amusement announced that the second Nickelodeon Universe will be located in [[New Orleans, Louisiana]] and have a tentative opening date by the end of 2010.<ref>{{cite web|last=White|first=Jaquetta|title=Nickelodeon signs on to help turn around Six Flags amusement park, Nagin says|url=http://www.nola.com/business/index.ssf/2009/08/in_a_move_that_mayor.html|work=nola.com|publisher=''[[The Times-Picayune]]''|accessdate=2011-10-03|date=2009-08-18}}</ref> It was set to be the first outdoor Nickelodeon Universe theme park, but on November 9, 2009, Nickelodeon announced that it had ended the licensing agreement with Southern Star Amusements.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nola.com/business/index.ssf/2009/11/nickelodeon_ends_licensing_agr.html |title=Nickelodeon ends licensing agreement with Southern Star |publisher=NOLA.com |date= |accessdate=2010-06-02}}</ref>
 
 
===Nickelodeon Animation Studio===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon Animation Studio}}
 
'''Nickelodeon Animation Studio''' (formerly Games Animation) is the home of [[Nicktoons (TV channel)|Nicktoons]] located in [[Burbank, California]]; it houses production of many current [[Nicktoons]].
 
 
===Nickelodeon On Sunset===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon On Sunset}}
 
'''Nickelodeon On Sunset''' is the studio of production for series Nickelodeon.
 
 
===Hotel brands===
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Suites Resort]]''' is a Nickelodeon-themed hotel in [[Orlando, Florida]], located near [[Universal Orlando Resort|Universal Studios Resort]] and one mile (1.6&nbsp;km) from [[Walt Disney World Resort]]. The property includes one, two, and three-bedroom Nick-themed kid suites and various forms of Nick-themed entertainment. Nickelodeon Suites Resort also contains a [[Nick at Nite]] suite for adults.
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Resorts by Marriott]]''' was a proposed hotel chain similar to the above Family Suites, featuring a {{convert|110000|sqft|m2|sing=on}} waterpark area and 650 hotel rooms. Announced in 2007,<ref>{{cite news|title=SpongeBob splashing into family vacations|url=http://money.cnn.com/2007/05/31/news/companies/nickelodeon/|work=money.cnn.com|publisher=CNN|accessdate=2011-10-02|date=2007-05-31}}</ref> the first location was to open in San Diego in 2010 but was canceled in 2009 due to the economy.<ref>{{cite news|last=De Lollis|first=Barbara|title=Marriott hotels to woo families this summer with help from Nickelodeon, SpongeBob and Dora|url=http://travel.usatoday.com/hotels/post/2010/05/marriott-hotels-to-woo-families-this-summer-with-help-from-nickelodeon-spongebob-and-dora/93954/1|work=travel.usatoday.com|publisher=USA Today|accessdate=2011-10-03|date=May 25, 2010}}</ref> Plans for the remaining 19 hotels originally slated to open remain unclear.
 
 
===Cruise===
 
* Nickelodeon at Sea is a series of Nickelodeon-themed cruise packages in partnership with [[Norwegian Cruise Line]]. These cruises feature special amenities and entertainment themed to various Nickelodeon properties.<ref>{{Cite news| url=http://www.usatoday.com/travel/cruises/item.aspx?ak=44763096.blog&type=blog | work=USA Today | accessdate=May 20, 2010 | title=Most Popular | first=Gene | last=Sloan}}</ref>
 
* [[Norwegian Cruise Line]] will also be hosting some Nickelodeon Cruises on the Norwegian Jewel, Norwegian Gem and Norwegian Epic, the event is known as "Nickelodeon at Sea".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ncl.com/nclweb/cruiser/cmsPages.html?pageId=Nickelodeon |title=Family Cruises with Nickelodeon &#124; Norwegian Cruise Line |publisher=Ncl.com |date= |accessdate=2011-11-25}}</ref>
 
 
===Theme park areas===
 
{{Main|Nickelodeon in amusement parks}}
 
Almost all theme park areas themed to Nickelodeon are now closed:
 
* Nickelodeon Universe was also an area inside of Paramount's [[Kings Island]] featuring Nickelodeon-themed rides and attractions. The area was one of the largest areas in the park, and has been voted "Best Kid's Area" by Amusement Today magazine from 2001 to the area's closure in 2009.
 
* '''Nickland''' is an area inside of [[Movie Park Germany]] featuring Nickelodeon-themed rides, including a SpongeBob SquarePants-themed "Splash Battle" ride, and a Jimmy Neutron-themed roller coaster. This area is currently being expanded to fill space formerly occupied with rides based on Warner Bros. characters.
 
[[Image:Nickelodeon Studios in Hard Rock Cafe.jpg|thumb|right|Nickelodeon Studios as viewed from the Hard Rock Cafe in March 2004 before they moved.]]
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Studios]]''' was an attraction at [[Universal Orlando Resort]] that opened on June 7, 1990, and housed production for many Nickelodeon programs. It closed on April 30, 2005, after Nickelodeon's facilities were moved to New York City and Burbank, California. Nick Studios was replaced by the [[Blue Man Group Sharp Aquos Theatre]]. Another Nickelodeon themed attraction at the Orlando park, [[Jimmy Neutron's Nicktoon Blast]], opened in 2003. It closed on August 18, 2011 in preparation for the new Universal Studios ride: ''[[Despicable Me]]'' based on the 2010 movie by [[Illumination Entertainment]]. The ride's closing, wipes the last bit of Nickelodeon from Universal Orlando.
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Central]]''' was an area inside of [[California's Great America]], [[Carowinds]], [[Kings Dominion]], [[Canada's Wonderland]], and [[Dreamworld]] that featured shows, attractions, and themes featuring the Nickelodeon characters. Currently, there are no Nickelodeon Centrals remaining.
 
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Blast Zone]]''' was an area in [[Universal Studios Hollywood]] that featured attractions centered on Nickelodeon characters and themes. The four attractions that were present in the area were "Nickelodeon Splash", a waterpark-style area, 'The Wild Thornberrys Adventure Temple', a jungle-themed foam ball play area, and "Nick Jr. Backyard", a medium-sized toddler playground. This area closed in winter 2007 and has been rethemed to [[Curious George]]. Another attraction, "Rugrats Magic Adventure", was present at the opening of the area in 2001, but closed in 2002 to make way for [[Shrek 4-D]].
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Splat City]]''' was an area inside [[California's Great America]] (1995–2002), [[Kings Island]] (1995–2000), and [[Kings Dominion]] (1995–1999), that featured attraction involving getting messy or wet. The slime refinery theme was carried out in the attractions such as the "Green Slime Zone Refinery", the "Crystal Slime Mining Maze", and the "Green Slime Transfer Truck". All of these areas were later transformed into either [[Nickelodeon Central]] or [[Kings Island|Nickelodeon Universe]].
 
* '''[[Nickelodeon Land]]''' opened on May 4, 2011 in [[Pleasure Beach Blackpool]], featuring several rides including ''SpongeBob SquarePants'', ''Avatar: The Last Airbender'', ''Dora the Explorer'' and ''The Fairly OddParents''.
 
 
==International==
 
[[Image:Picnickelodeon.jpg|thumb|200px|An attempt at the [[Guinness record]] for the world's largest picnic, sponsored by Nickelodeon in [[Petah Tikva]], [[Israel]].]]
 
In 1995, Nickelodeon only had international channels in the [[Nickelodeon UK|United Kingdom]], [[Nickelodeon Australia|Australia]] and [[Nickelodeon Germany|Germany]] in addition to the flagship American channel, but had created blocks or put their shows on other blocks in 70 countries. Since the mid-1990s and early 2000s, Nickelodeon as a brand has expanded into include language- or culture-specific Nickelodeon channels for various other territories in different parts of the world including [[Europe]], the [[Middle-East]], [[Russia]], [[Asia]], and recently [[Canada]], and has licensed some of its cartoons and other content, in English and local languages, to TV and cable stations such as [[KI.KA]] and [[Super RTL]] in Germany, [[RTÉ Two]] (English speaking) and [[TG4]] (Irish speaking) in [[Ireland]], [[YTV (TV channel)|YTV]] (in English) and [[VRAK.TV]] (in French) in [[Canada]], [[Canal J]] in [[France]], Alpha Kids in [[Greece]] and [[CNBC-e]] in [[Turkey]].
 
 
In addition to the flagship [[United States]] channel and the original international versions in the UK, Australia and Germany, as of early-March 2010, the channel also broadcasts in [[Nickelodeon South East Asia|South East Asia]], [[Nickelodeon New Zealand|New Zealand]], [[Nickelodeon Scandinavia|Scandinavia]], [[Poland]], [[Nickelodeon UK|Republic of Ireland]], [[Nickelodeon Netherlands|Netherlands]], [[Nickelodeon (Spain)|Spain]], [[Nickelodeon (Portugal)|Portugal]], [[Belgium]], [[Cyprus]], [[Nickelodeon-India|India]], [[Nickelodeon (Italy)|Italy]], [[Nickelodeon Israel|Israel]], [[Nickelodeon Pakistan|Pakistan]], [[Bangladesh]], [[Nickelodeon (Turkey)|Turkey]], [[Hungary]], [[Nickelodeon (France)|France]], [[Nickelodeon (France)|Morocco]], [[Nickelodeon Russia|Russia]], [[Nickelodeon (Greece)|Greece]], [[Nickelodeon Canada|Canada]], [[Switzerland]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Africa]], [[Brazil]], [[Colombia]] and [[Latin America]]. A [[Nickelodeon (Japan)|Japanese version]] of the channel had existed as well, but was shut down in 2009, though their website remains online. As of September 2010, Nickelodeon Japan now airs as a block on Animax, called Nick Time.
 
 
On October 11, 2006, [[Viacom]]'s subsidiary [[MTV Networks]] Asia Pacific set up a new unit to manage [[Nickelodeon South East Asia]] TV based in [[Singapore]].<ref>[http://www.viacom.com/view_release.jhtml;jsessionid=APLJH3MQVAW1CCQBAFLA4CY?inID=10000007&inReleaseID=227417 "MTV Networks Asia Pacific Announces A New Structure To Advance Its Localization Strategy"], Viacom, 11 October 2006</ref> Nickelodeon was launched in [[Singapore]] and expanded its services in [[Southeast Asia]], [[South Asia]], and [[Polynesia]]. In the present, Nickelodeon [[Philippines]], Nickelodeon [[Pakistan]], and Nickelodeon [[India]] started working independently. They started their new website, Nicksplat.com in 2003. On April 1, 2011, Nickelodeon launched a dedicated feed in the Philippines.
 
 
In [[India]], Nickelodeon is available on the One Alliance bouquet, through the [[Dish TV]] and [[Tata Sky]] DTH services. In the Philippines, it is available on [[SkyCable|SkyCable Gold, Silver and Platinum]] channel 45, [[SkyCable|Sun Cable]] channel 34 and [[Global Destiny Cable]] channel 52. In [[Hong Kong]], it is available on [[now TV]], while in [[Malaysia]], it is available over [[Astro (satellite TV)|Astro]] via Channel 612. In Singapore, it is available over [[StarHub TV]] and in Indonesia, Nickelodeon is available on [[Astro Nusantara]] channel 14, [[Global TV (Indonesia)|Global TV]], a free-to-air television channel, and is also broadcast on Indovision channel 33. In Pakistan, Nickelodeon is available on [[PTCL Smart TV]], [[WorldCall CATV]] and [[Southern Networks]] as well as on the Pakistan satellite [[Paksat-1]]. In [[Ukraine]], Nickelodeon is available on [[QTV Ukraine]].
 
 
A [[Pan-Arabism|pan-Arabia]] version of [[Nickelodeon Arabia|Nickelodeon]] has been relaunched in 2008, in countries such as [[Saudi Arabia]], [[Egypt]], the [[United Arab Emirates]] and [[Lebanon]]. From 1996 to 2002, it used to be on the [[Showtime Arabia]] and [[Orbit Satellite Television and Radio Network|Orbit]] satellite services, until it was removed.<ref>{{Cite news| first = | last = | author = | coauthors =| url =http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/broadcasting/a77868/mtv-to-launch-nickelodeon-arabia.html | title =Nickelodeon Arabia| work = | publisher = | pages = | page = |date=2007-10-16 | accessdate = | language = }}</ref> The Polish version of Nickelodeon had launched on July 10, 2008 in Platform N, replacing a Polish feed of Nickelodeon Russia that was banned in 2002.
 
 
In September 2009, [[Corus Entertainment]], owners of [[YTV (TV channel)|YTV]] and [[Treehouse TV]], announced that they would launch [[Nickelodeon (Canada)|Nickelodeon Canada]] on November 2.<ref name="nickcanada">{{Cite news|url=http://www.cbc.ca/arts/tv/story/2009/09/28/nickelodeon-corus.html|title=Nickelodeon comes to Canada|date=September 28, 2009|publisher=CBC News|accessdate=2009-09-29}}</ref> Before that and since then, YTV has served as a ''de facto'' outlet for Nickelodeon's programming in Canada, and also brands a Sunday morning block called ''Nickelodeon Sundays''.
 
 
In Latin-America, Nickelodeon owns an eponymous channel broadcasted through cable and other paid television systems. Latin-American Nickelodeon broadcasts mainly the same shows that the main network does, only dubbed in either Spanish or Portuguese. Nick is well known in Latin-America for the production of popular teen dramedy series such as [[Skimo]], [[Isa TKM]] and [[Isa TK+]], [[Sueña Conmigo]] and the much newer [[Grachi]].
 
 
==See also==
 
{{Portal|Nickelodeon|Television|Companies|New York City|United States}}
 
{{Wikipedia books|Nickelodeon}}
 
* [[Nicktoons (TV channel)|Nicktoons]]
 
* [[Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids]]
 
* [[Nick Jr. (TV channel)|Nick Jr.]]
 
* [[Nickelodeon Movies]]
 
* [[TeenNick]]
 
 
{{clear}}
 
 
==Notes==
 
{{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}
 
 
==References==
 
{{Refbegin}}
 
* {{Cite book|last=Hendershot|first=Heather|title=Nickelodeon Nation: The History, Politics, and Economics of America's Only TV Channel for Kids|location=New York City| publisher=[[New York University|New York University Press]]|year=2004|isbn=0-8147-3652-1}}
 
* {{Cite book|last=Banet-Weiser|first=Sarah|title=Kids rule!: Nickelodeon and consumer citizenship|location=Durham, NC| publisher=[[Duke University Press]]|year=2007|isbn=0-8223-3993-5}}
 
{{Refend}}
 
 
==External links==
 
{{Commons category|Nickelodeon}}
 
* {{official website|1=http://www.nick.com/|mobile=http://m.nick.com/}}
 
 
{{Nickelodeon}}
 
{{Navboxes
 
|list1=
 
{{Nicktoons}}
 
{{SNICK/TEENick}}
 
{{Nick at Nite}}
 
{{Nick Jr.}}
 
{{Nickelodeon Original Movies}}
 
{{MTV Networks}}
 
{{Viacom}}
 
{{U.S. family-oriented television channels}}
 
{{Hasbro}}
 
{{Webby Awards|cat=Nicktoons|year=1994|type=Nominee}}
 
}}
 
 
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[[Category:Television channels and stations established in 1977]]
 
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[[Category:Children's television networks in the United States]]
 
[[Category:Viacom subsidiaries]]
 
[[Category:MTV Networks]]
 
[[Category:English-language television stations in the United States]]
 
[[Category:Spanish-language television networks in the United States]]
 
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