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ID:1104214
User:198.233.67.194
Article:Naples
Diff:
(corrected per cited source (removed test edit/possible vandalism))
(History)
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{{Main|History of Naples}}
 
{{Main|History of Naples}}
   
===Greek birth, Roman acquisition===
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Sailors from the [[Greece|Greek]] island of [[Rhodes]] established a small commercial port on the island of Megaride in the Gulf of Naples in the 9th century BC.<ref>[http://www.worldportsource.com/ports/ITA_Port_of_Napoli_1073.php "Port of Napoli"]. World Port Source. Retrieved 2012-05-15.</ref><ref>Attilio Wanderlingh, ''Naples: The History'' (2010), Intra Moenia.</ref><!-- Relevant quotation from Wanderlingh 2010 needed. --> In the 7th century BC, a larger settlement called Parthenope (''Παρθενόπη'') was founded by settlers from [[Cumae]] as part of Italy's [[Magna Graecia]] region of Greek colonisation.<ref name="Danpiz.net"/><ref name="Greek Naples"/><ref name=CityofNaplesTop/> Around 470 BC, after the decline of Parthenope, the new city of Neápolis (''Νεάπολις'') was founded, eventually becoming one of the foremost cities of Magna Graecia.$W@gg
{{Anchor|Greek birth, Roman acquisition}}
 
{{Main|Magna Graecia|Ancient Rome}}
 
[[File:Odysseus-Sirens.jpg|thumb|A scene featuring the [[siren (mythology)|siren]] [[History of Naples#Naples in the Ancient Era and in Late Antiquity|Parthenope]], the mythological founder of Naples.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://chabadnapoli.com/travel.aspx |publisher=Chadab Napoli |title=Center of Naples, Italy |date=2007-06-24}}</ref>]]
 
 
Sailors from the [[Greece|Greek]] island of [[Rhodes]] established a small commercial port on the island of Megaride in the Gulf of Naples in the 9th century BC.<ref>[http://www.worldportsource.com/ports/ITA_Port_of_Napoli_1073.php "Port of Napoli"]. World Port Source. Retrieved 2012-05-15.</ref><ref>Attilio Wanderlingh, ''Naples: The History'' (2010), Intra Moenia.</ref><!-- Relevant quotation from Wanderlingh 2010 needed. --> In the 7th century BC, a larger settlement called Parthenope (''Παρθενόπη'') was founded by settlers from [[Cumae]] as part of Italy's [[Magna Graecia]] region of Greek colonisation.<ref name="Danpiz.net"/><ref name="Greek Naples"/><ref name=CityofNaplesTop/> Around 470 BC, after the decline of Parthenope, the new city of Neápolis (''Νεάπολις'') was founded, eventually becoming one of the foremost cities of Magna Graecia.
 
   
 
The new city grew rapidly due to the influence of the powerful Greek [[city-state]] of [[Syracuse, Sicily|Syracuse]],<ref name="greeknaples">{{cite news|url=http://faculty.ed.umuc.edu/~jmatthew/naples/Greek_Naples.html |publisher=Faculty.ed.umuc.edu|title=Greek Naples|date=8 January 2008}}</ref> and became an ally of the [[Roman Republic]] against [[Carthage]]; the strong walls surrounding Neápolis stopped the invading forces of the Carthaginian general [[Hannibal]] from entering.<ref name= "rome"/> During the [[Samnite Wars]], the city, now a bustling centre of trade, was [[Capture of Neapolis|captured]] by the [[Samnium|Samnites]];<ref>{{cite news |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=u23MlfA8pcoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Touring+Club+of+Italy,+Naples:+The+City+and+Its+Famous+Bay,+Capri,+Sorrento,+Ischia,+and+the+Amalfi&hl=en&ei=jD_HTaW2H6Th0gHlp7TxBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CGgQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=campanian%20people&f=false|publisher=Touring Club of Italy|title=Touring Club of Italy, Naples: The City and Its Famous Bay, Capri, Sorrento, Ischia, and the Amalfi, Milano |isbn=88-365-2836-8 |page=11 |year=2003}}</ref> however, the Romans soon captured the city from them and made it a [[Colonies in antiquity|Roman colony]].<ref name= "rome"/>
 
The new city grew rapidly due to the influence of the powerful Greek [[city-state]] of [[Syracuse, Sicily|Syracuse]],<ref name="greeknaples">{{cite news|url=http://faculty.ed.umuc.edu/~jmatthew/naples/Greek_Naples.html |publisher=Faculty.ed.umuc.edu|title=Greek Naples|date=8 January 2008}}</ref> and became an ally of the [[Roman Republic]] against [[Carthage]]; the strong walls surrounding Neápolis stopped the invading forces of the Carthaginian general [[Hannibal]] from entering.<ref name= "rome"/> During the [[Samnite Wars]], the city, now a bustling centre of trade, was [[Capture of Neapolis|captured]] by the [[Samnium|Samnites]];<ref>{{cite news |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=u23MlfA8pcoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Touring+Club+of+Italy,+Naples:+The+City+and+Its+Famous+Bay,+Capri,+Sorrento,+Ischia,+and+the+Amalfi&hl=en&ei=jD_HTaW2H6Th0gHlp7TxBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CGgQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=campanian%20people&f=false|publisher=Touring Club of Italy|title=Touring Club of Italy, Naples: The City and Its Famous Bay, Capri, Sorrento, Ischia, and the Amalfi, Milano |isbn=88-365-2836-8 |page=11 |year=2003}}</ref> however, the Romans soon captured the city from them and made it a [[Colonies in antiquity|Roman colony]].<ref name= "rome"/>
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