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Article:Labradoodle
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{{Infobox Dog crossbreed
 
|name = Labradoodle
 
|image = Labradoodle_Brown.jpg
 
|image_caption = A brown F1B Labradoodle with a fleece type coat. The appearance of Labradoodles may vary.
 
|breeds = [[Labrador Retriever]]<br />[[Poodle]]
 
|altname = <!-----Notes----->
 
|note =
 
}}
 
   
A '''Labradoodle''' is a [[mixed-breed dog]] created by crossing the [[Labrador Retriever]] and the Standard or Miniature [[Poodle]]. The term first appeared in 1955, but was not poplularized until 1988, where the mix was used as a alergin free guide dog. Currently, they are not considered a breed.
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==History==
 
The first known use of the term "Labradoodle" was by [[Sir Donald Campbell]] to describe his Labrador/Poodle cross dog in his 1955 book, "Into the Water Barrier". However, the Labradoodle became better known in 1988, when [[Australia]]n breeder Wally Conron crossed the [[Labrador Retriever]] and Standard [[Poodle]] at Guide Dogs Victoria.<ref>Conron, Wally. [http://www.readersdigest.com.au/article/16022%26pageno=1 "My Story: I Designed a Dog"], ''Reader's Digest'', 10 July 2007.</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.laa.org.au/ala-lab/history.htm |title=The Australian Labradoodle Association |publisher=Laa.org.au |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref>
 
   
Conron's aim was to combine the low-shedding coat of the Poodle with the gentleness and trainability of the Labrador, and to provide a [[guide dog]] suitable for people with allergies to fur and dander.<ref>{{cite web
 
| author=Staff | date=2008-01-01
 
| url=http://animal-world.com/dogs/Mixed-Dog-Breeds/Labradoodle.php
 
| title=Labradoodle | work=Labradoodles
 
| publisher=Animal World
 
| accessdate=2008-10-16
 
}}</ref>
 
Although Guide Dogs Victoria no longer breed Labradoodles, they are bred by other guide and assistance dog organizations in Australia and other places.<ref>http://fernamber.com/pdf/summer_2006.pdf</ref><ref>http://aloha-labradoodles.com/fido-labradoodles.html</ref><ref>http://www.guidedogswa.com.au/resources/Wickham_Press-Release_Sep-2010.pdf</ref> The Association for the Blind of Western Australia have introduced Labradoodles into their training program, and their first, Jonnie, graduated in November 2010.<ref>http://www.guidedogswa.com.au/articles/latest-news/busselton-guide-dog-graduation</ref><ref>http://www.guidedogswa.com.au/resources/Jonnie-Training-Press-Release-final_Sep-2010.pdf</ref> Labradoodles are now widely used around the world as [[guide dog|guide]], [[Assistance dog|assistance]], and [[therapy dog]]s<ref>http://www.mydesert.com/article/20110328/NEWS01/103280303/1006/news01/Two-guide-dogs-go-new-owners</ref><ref>http://www.guidedogs.org.uk/index.php?id=5669</ref><ref>[http://www.gazette-news.co.uk/news/local/display.var.2347446.0.colchester_more_than_puppy_love.php Colchester: More than puppy love! (From Gazette)<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref><ref>[http://starbulletin.com/2004/06/28/news/story6.html Honolulu Star-Bulletin Hawaii News<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> as well as being popular family dogs.
 
   
==Appearance and temperament==
 
Because the Labradoodle is a hybrid and not a [[dog breed|breed]], puppies do not have consistently predictable characteristics. While many Labradoodles display desired traits, their appearance and behavioral characteristics remain, to some extent, unpredictable.
 
As such, Labradoodles' hair can be anywhere from wiry to soft, and may be straight, wavy, or curly. Many Labradoodles do shed, although the coat usually sheds less and has less [[dog odor]] than that of a [[Labrador Retriever]].
 
   
Like most Labrador Retrievers and Poodles, Labradoodles are generally friendly, energetic and good with families and children (although as with any dog the temperament may vary between individuals). Labradoodles often display an affinity for water and strong swimming ability from their parent breeds.
 
   
Like their parent breeds, both of which are amongst the world's most intelligent dog breeds,<ref>{{cite book
 
| first=John | last=Coren
 
| editor=New York Free Press | year=1994
 
| title=The Intelligence of Dogs
 
| publisher=New York Free Press
 
| location=New York, NY
 
| url=http://www.petmedsonline.org/top-10-smartest-dogs-in-the-world.html
 
| accessdate=2008-10-16}}</ref> Labradoodles are very intelligent and quite trainable, often seeking commands and exhibiting behavior consistent with finding pleasure in learning {{citation needed|date=June 2012}}.
 
   
==Types of Labradoodles==
 
[[Image:Labradoodle Assistance Dogs.jpg|thumb|right|A group of Labradoodle Assistance Dogs.]]
 
   
There is no consensus as to whether breeders should aim to have Labradoodles recognized as a breed. Some breeders prefer to restrict breeding to early generation dogs (i.e. bred from a Poodle and Labrador rather than from two Labradoodles) to maximize [[genetic diversity]], and avoid the inherited health problems that have plagued some dog breeds.
 
   
Others are breeding Labradoodle to Labradoodle over successive generations, and trying to establish a new dog breed. These dogs are usually referred to as Multigenerational (Multigen) or Australian Labradoodles.
 
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.goldendoodles.com/faqs/australian_labradoodle.htm |title=The Australian Labradoodle |publisher=Goldendoodles.com |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref> Australian Labradoodles also differ from early generation and Multigenerational Labradoodles in that they may also have other breeds in their ancestry. English and American Cocker Spaniel/Poodle crosses (i.e. [[Cockapoo]]s), Two [[Irish Water Spaniel]]s and [[Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier]]s were used in some Australian Labradoodle lines. The [[Curly Coated Retriever]] were used too, but these lines did not work out and these breeds were no longer used.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.goldendoodles.com/faqs/australian_labradoodle.htm |title=FAQ: Australian Labradoodles |publisher=Goldendoodles.com |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref>
 
[[Image:Jonnie, the first Labradoodle Guide Dog in WA, Nov 2010.jpg|thumb|upright|right|Jonnie, the first Labradoodle Guide Dog to graduate in WA.]]
 
Labradoodle coats are divided into three categories: wool (with tight curls, and similar in appearance to that of a Poodle, but with a softer texture); fleece (soft and free-flowing, with a kinked or wavy appearance); or hair (which can be curly, straight or wavy, but is more similar in texture to a Labrador's coat).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sunsethills.biz/australian_labradoodle_coat_types.shtml |title=Coat Types |publisher=Sunsethills.biz |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref>
 
Labradoodles coat colors include chocolate, cafe, parchment, cream, gold, apricot, red, black, silver, chalk, parti colours,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ilainc.com/IALA/ALabradoodleBreedStandard.html |title=International Australian Labradoodle Association, Inc - Australian Labradoodle Breed Standard |publisher=Ilainc.com |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref> (i.e. generally, any color a Poodle can have). They can be different sizes, depending on the size of poodle used (i.e. toy, miniature or standard).
 
   
==Health==
 
Labradoodles can suffer from problems common to their parent breeds. Poodles and Labrador Retrievers can suffer from [[hip dysplasia (canine)|hip dysplasia]], and should have specialist [[radiography]] to check for this problem before breeding. The parent breeds can also suffer from a number of eye disorders, and an examination by a qualified veterinary eye specialist should be performed on breeding dogs.
 
   
Australian Labradoodles have been known to suffer from [[progressive retinal atrophy]] (PRA), an inherited disease causing blindness, which occurs in both Miniature Poodles and Cocker Spaniels. It is recommended that Australian Labradoodles be DNA tested for PRA before being bred.
 
   
UK Labradoodles have a high incidence (4.6%) of multifocal retinal dysplasia compared to Labradors. Cataract is common as well (3.7%) but prevalence is comparable to that of Labradors.[http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/170/15/390.short?rss=1]
 
   
There is evidence of some occurrence of [[Addison's disease]] in the Labradoodle.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.goldendoodles.com/health_hereditary/addisons_disease.htm |title=Addison's Disease |publisher=Goldendoodles.com |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref> <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.ilainc.com/AddisonsAndTheLabradoodle.html |title=Addison's And The Labradoodle |publisher=ilainc.com |date= |accessdate=2012-04-28}}</ref> The Australian Labradoodle Association of America is currently conducting a study to try to determine how widespread the problem has become.
 
   
==The Labradoodle in popular culture==
 
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*[[A. R. Gurney]]'s 1995 off-Broadway play ''[[Sylvia (play)|Sylvia]]'' was about a Labradoodle, played by [[Sarah Jessica Parker]]<ref>{{cite news| url=http://theater.nytimes.com/mem/theater/treview.html?res=990CEFD9103FF937A15756C0A963958260 | work=The New York Times}} {{Dead link|date=September 2010|bot=RjwilmsiBot}}</ref><ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/07/nyregion/07theaterct.html | work=The New York Times | title=Uncommon Insight, Coming From a Dog | first=Anita | last=Gates | date=2010-03-03 | accessdate=2010-05-07}}</ref>
 
[[Image:Rusty.jpg|thumb|right|upright|A 2½ year old apricot Labradoodle with a wool type coat.]]
 
* In 2005 the [[Oxford English Dictionary]] first listed the word "Labradoodle"<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200508/s1434937.htm |title=Oxford Dictionary hoovers lush new words. 11/08/2005. ABC News Online |publisher=Abc.net.au |date=2005-08-11 |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref>
 
* Australian actor [[Bryan Brown]] played a Labradoodle in the 2008 movie, "[[Dean Spanley]]".<ref>{{cite web|author=BY MICHAEL FIELD - Bang! Osama|url=http://www.stuff.co.nz/stuff/4861404a1870.html |title=Yes to dogs, says Osama Bin Laden , but no to cats |publisher=Stuff.co.nz |date= |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref>
 
* Barack Obama announced in January 2009 that his family had narrowed down their choice for "first dog" to either a Labradoodle or a [[Portuguese Water Dog]] (PWD).<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/01/12/obama-chic-finding-dog/ | work=Fox News | title=Obama Chic: Finding the Perfect Pooch in a Shelter Will Be a Tough Task | date=2009-01-12}}</ref> (They were subsequently given a PWD puppy, whom they named "[[Bo (dog)|Bo]]", by the late Senator [[Ted Kennedy|Edward Kennedy]]).
 
* In an interview given to [[The Australian]] in April 2010, Wally Conron said he regretted breeding labradoodles, as he believes their popularity has negatively affected the demand for pedigree dog breeds, and led to the introduction of other "designer" dog types<ref>{{cite news|author=Caroline Overington |url=http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/labradoodle-pioneer-regrets-fashioning-designer-dog/story-e6frg6n6-1225860829155 |title=Labradoodle pioneer regrets fashioning 'designer dog' |publisher=The Australian |date=2010-05-01 |accessdate=2011-01-02}}</ref>
 
* In the TV show [[Big Bang Theory]] (Season 4, Episode 14) Bernadette refers to Raj as, "a cutie", but he protests, "Thank you, but cute is for bunnies. I want to be something with sex appeal, like, like a labradoodle". Later he adds, "And just for the record, labradoodles are hypo-allergenic, which is a very sexy quality to those troubled by animal dander." <ref>http://bigbangtrans.wordpress.com/series-4-episode-14-the-thespian-catalyst/</ref>
 
* In the TV show [[Scrubs_(TV_series)|Scrubs]] Doctor Cox says to Doctors Reid and Dorian, "What with Barbie here being ridiculously book-smart to the point where she has almost no interpersonal skills and you being warm and cuddly as an un-potty trained labradoodle and about as useful in high-stress medical situations as an un-potty trained labradoodle, *together* the two of you make one barely passable doctor... slash labradoodle."
 
* In the TV show [[Psych]], Shawn regularly distracts Gus by pointing and saying "Labradoodle."
 
* In the TV show [[iCarly]],(Season 2, Episode 2) Spencer takes part in a "Labradoodle" sculpture-making contest to try and gain a famous artist's wife's love for it.
 
*In the British TV motoring show [[Top Gear]], they bring in a Labradoodle named Top Gear dog. It has "retired" from the show and has its own Twitter account @TGDog
 
   
==References==
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
   
* Rubin, Alex. [http://www.newsweek.com/id/100605 "Dogs: I'm A 'Labradoodle' Dandy: The Appeal Of Mix-And-Match Pups"], ''Newsweek'', 8 July 2002.
 
* Fox News. [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,58671,00.html "Dogs Made to Order"]
 
* Campbell, Donald. "Into the Water Barrier", p125, Odhams Press Limited, 1955.
 
* Lisa,Myers. The Today Show "[http://video.today.msnbc.msn.com/today/45580711#45580711 Are sick puppies being sold online]"
 
   
==External links==
 
{{Commons category}}
 
<!-- DO NOT ADD PRIVATE BREEDERS OR ADVERTISING; IT WILL BE REMOVED -->
 
* [http://www.australianlabradoodleclub.us Australian Labradoodle Club of America]
 
* [http://www.ilainc.com/IALA/ALabradoodleBreedStandard.html International Labradoodle Association]
 
   
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[[Category:Companion dogs]]
 
[[Category:Doodles]]
 
 
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