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ID:1194602
User:50.79.1.189
Article:Metaphysics
Diff:
(The value of metaphysics: Added that Kant argued for the freedom of the will.)
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A person who studies metaphysics is called a ''metaphysicist''<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/metaphysicist Random House Dictionary Online]{{spaced ndash}}''metaphysicist''</ref> or a ''metaphysician''.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/metaphysician Random House Dictionary Online]{{spaced ndash}}''metaphysician''</ref> The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., [[existence]], [[Object (philosophy)|object]]s and their [[Property (philosophy)|properties]], [[space]] and [[time]], [[causality|cause and effect]], and [[possibility (disambiguation)|possibility]]. A central branch of metaphysics is [[ontology]], the investigation into the basic [[category of being|categories of being]] and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is [[cosmology (metaphysics)|cosmology]], the study of the totality of all phenomena within the [[universe]].
 
A person who studies metaphysics is called a ''metaphysicist''<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/metaphysicist Random House Dictionary Online]{{spaced ndash}}''metaphysicist''</ref> or a ''metaphysician''.<ref>[http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/metaphysician Random House Dictionary Online]{{spaced ndash}}''metaphysician''</ref> The metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., [[existence]], [[Object (philosophy)|object]]s and their [[Property (philosophy)|properties]], [[space]] and [[time]], [[causality|cause and effect]], and [[possibility (disambiguation)|possibility]]. A central branch of metaphysics is [[ontology]], the investigation into the basic [[category of being|categories of being]] and how they relate to each other. Another central branch of metaphysics is [[cosmology (metaphysics)|cosmology]], the study of the totality of all phenomena within the [[universe]].
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Democritus studied it. MAWAHAHAHAHA
   
 
Prior to the modern [[history of science]], scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as [[natural philosophy]]. The term ''science'' itself meant "knowledge" of, originating from [[epistemology]]. The [[scientific method]], however, transformed natural philosophy into an [[empirical]] activity deriving from [[experiment]] unlike the rest of philosophy. By the end of the 18th century, it had begun to be called "science" to distinguish it from philosophy. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical enquiry of a non-empirical character into the nature of existence.<ref name="Peter Gay pp. 132-141">Peter Gay, ''The Enlightenment'', vol. 1 (''The Rise of Modern Paganism''), Chapter 3, Section II, pp. 132-141.</ref> Some philosophers of science, such as the [[logical positivism|neo-positivists]], say that natural science rejects the study of metaphysics, while other philosophers of science strongly disagree.
 
Prior to the modern [[history of science]], scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as [[natural philosophy]]. The term ''science'' itself meant "knowledge" of, originating from [[epistemology]]. The [[scientific method]], however, transformed natural philosophy into an [[empirical]] activity deriving from [[experiment]] unlike the rest of philosophy. By the end of the 18th century, it had begun to be called "science" to distinguish it from philosophy. Thereafter, metaphysics denoted philosophical enquiry of a non-empirical character into the nature of existence.<ref name="Peter Gay pp. 132-141">Peter Gay, ''The Enlightenment'', vol. 1 (''The Rise of Modern Paganism''), Chapter 3, Section II, pp. 132-141.</ref> Some philosophers of science, such as the [[logical positivism|neo-positivists]], say that natural science rejects the study of metaphysics, while other philosophers of science strongly disagree.
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