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Article:The King's School, Worcester
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{{Infobox UK school
Is Rubbish
| name = The King's School, Worcester
| image = Ksw logo.jpg
| size = 250px
| latitude =
| longitude =
| dms =
| motto = τα μεν διδακτά μανθάνω,<br/>τα δ' ευρετά ζητώ,<br/>τα δ' ευκτά παρά θεών ητησάμην.<br/><small>''I learn what may be taught;<br/>I seek what may be sought;<br/>My other wants I dare<br/>To ask from Heaven in prayer.''</small>
| motto_pl =
| established = 1541 <small>(refoundation)</small>
| approx =
| closed =
| c_approx =
| type = [[Independent school (United Kingdom)|Independent]] day school
| religion = [[Church of England]]
| president =
| head_label = Headmaster
| head = Timothy H. Keyes
| r_head_label =
| r_head =
| deputy_head_label =
| deputy head =
| r_deputy_head_label =
| r_deputy_head =
| chair_label = Chairperson
| chair = Hugh B. Carslake
| founder = [[Henry VIII of England|Henry VIII]] <small>(refoundation)</small>
| founder_pl =
| specialist =
| specialist_pl =
| street = 5 College Green
| city = Worcester
| county = Worcestershire
| country = England
| postcode = WR1 2LL
| LEA =
| urn = 117037
| ofsted =
| staff = c.140
| enrollment = 1,467
| gender = [[Mixed-sex education|Coeducational]]
| mental_age = 2
| mental_age = 18
| houses = [[#Houses|8]] (+ 2 discontinued)
| colours = Navy Blue and White
{{color box|#002d69}} {{color box|#ffffff}}
| publication = The Vigornian
| free_label_1 = Former pupils
| free_1 = Old Vigornians
| free_label_2 = Affiliation
| free_2 = [[Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference|HMC]]
| website =
| website_name =
The '''King's School, Worcester''' (also known as '''King's Worcester''' or '''KSW''', archaically ''Worcester Cathedral Grammar School'' or ''Worcester Cathedral King's School'') is an English [[independent school]] refounded by [[Henry VIII of England|Henry VIII]] in 1541. It occupies a site adjacent to [[Worcester Cathedral]] on the banks of the [[River Severn]] in the centre of the city of [[Worcester]]. It offers mixed-sex mainstream education that follows the UK National Curriculum to around 1,465 students aged 2 to 18. At age 11, approximately two thirds of pupils join the senior school from its two primary schools, while others come from maintained schools in the city of Worcester and the surrounding areas that include [[Malvern, Worcestershire|Malvern]], [[Redditch]], [[Kidderminster]], and [[Pershore]].<ref name="SCI">[ ISI report October 2005]. Retrieved 28 July 2009.</ref>
The King's Worcester group consists of three different schools. These are:
*'''King's Hawford''': (ages 2–11, c.320 pupils), formerly an autonomous fee-paying [[preparatory school (UK)|prep school]] named Hawford Lodge, purchased by King's in 1992, situated 4 miles north of central Worcester. Hawford's Kindergarten department was deemed sufficiently impressive by [[Ofsted]] to receive no recommendations in the 2008 inspection.<ref>[ 2008 Hawford Kindergarten Ofsted Report].</ref>
*'''King's St Alban's''': (ages 4–11, c.215 pupils), formerly the Cathedral Choir School, amalgamated with King's in 1943, situated adjacent to the senior school. St Alban's includes a [[pre-prep]] department for ages 4–7, opened September 2009.
*'''King's Worcester''': (ages 11–18, c.930 pupils), the senior school.
The senior school is situated on Worcester's College Green, a space between [[Worcester Cathedral]] and the east bank of the River Severn. Many of the school's buildings on the Green are leased from the cathedral, including College Hall (formerly the monastic refectory, for many years the school's only teaching hall, and currently an assembly hall) and Edgar Tower, the medieval gatehouse to College Green, which for many years housed the school library. The school and the cathedral maintain a close relationship, with the school providing cathedral choristers and enjoying the use of the cathedral for major services. The most senior members of school staff, the cathedral choristers, and the school's [[King's Scholar|King's and Queen's Scholars]] are ''ex officio'' members of the cathedral foundation, while the school is required by statute to have the cathedral [[Chapter (religion)|Dean and Chapter]] represented on its governing body.
The school owns extensive land next to [[New Road cricket ground]] across the river, used as sports pitches and fields. The school also owns an outward bound centre, the ''Old Chapel'' near [[Crickhowell]] in [[Mid Wales]].<ref>[ The Old Chapel]. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.</ref>
[[Image:KingsSchoolWorcester(BobEmbleton)Aug2006.jpg|right|thumb|320px|View of the School from the cathedral tower<br/><small>(photo Bob Embleton)</small>]]
King's has its roots in the varied forms of tuition offered by the monks at Worcester monastery. [[Oswald of Worcester|Saint Oswald]] bound the monastery under the Benedictine Rule in the tenth century, with novices being kept according to the Rule;<ref>[ Documents illustrating early education in Worcester], p.xv.</ref> a century later [[Wulfstan (died 1095)|Saint Wulstan]], the Bishop responsible for the building of the Norman cathedral, was recorded as Magister et Custos Infantium (Master and Keeper of the Children) according to [[Florence of Worcester]], and Puerorum Custos (Keeper of the Boys) according to [[William of Malmesbury]]. Although the novices studied religion at the monastery, grammar and Latin would have been learnt at the city school, now regarded as a precursor to the [[RGS Worcester|Royal Grammar School]]. Hugh Cratford, for example, was the monastic Magister Scholarum, before he was transferred to the city school in 1504 by order of Bishop [[Silvestro de' Gigli]].{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
The monastery was [[dissolution of the monasteries|dissolved]] in 1540 at the behest of [[Henry VIII of England|Henry VIII]], but most of its institutions were reincorporated into the new cathedral foundation, with most former monks becoming canons of the cathedral. The last monastic Prior, [[Henry Holbeach]], became the first [[Dean of Worcester]]. Similarly, the cathedral foundation included provision for a choir school for ten cathedral choristers and tuition for forty ''King's Scholars''. The school was one of seven "[[King's School (disambiguation)|King's School]]s" established or re-endowed by Henry VIII following the dissolution. On December 7, 1541, Henry VIII personally appointed the school's first headmaster, John Pether, by means of a letter to [[Richard Rich, 1st Baron Rich|Richard Rich]]. One early headmaster, [[Henry Bright (teacher)|Henry Bright]] is mentioned in [[Thomas Fuller]]’s Worthies of England,<ref>Fuller, Thomas (1811) ''The Worthies of England'', reprinted by [[John Nichols (printer)|John Nichols]] (1811) and by P. A. Nuttall (1840) [ Vol.1] [ Vol.2] [ Vol.3] at</ref> and is commemorated in Worcester Cathedral.
The school was managed by the cathedral [[Chapter (religion)|Dean and Chapter]] until 1884, when Headmaster W.E. Bolland's ''New Scheme'' introduced governance by a separate Governing Body, on which the Chapter nonetheless retained a majority. From its inception until the construction of School House in 1888, all teaching was conducted in College Hall, the former monastic refectory.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
The school first admitted girls to the sixth form in 1971, becoming fully co-educational in 1991. Having accommodated boarders since its inception, the school ended boarding in 1999.{{Citation needed|date=April 2011}}
King's follows the [[GCSE]] and [[A-level]] curricula. In 2010, 77.7% of A-levels taken were graded A* to B; 68.6% of all GCSEs were graded A* or A.<ref>[ Exam Results]</ref> In the junior schools and up to pre-GCSE level, the school follows the national curriculum, but [[National Curriculum assessment|SATs]] are not taken. The 11+ entrance exam for the senior school is internally set.
A modern foreign language is compulsory up to GCSE. In the junior schools, French is taught. Upon entrance to the senior school, a language carousel operates during the Lower Fourth: pupils try each of French, German and Spanish for one term, before choosing one language to continue during Upper Fourth and Lower Remove. A second modern language is generally studied during the Lower Remove, and either language (or both) may be continued to GCSE. Latin (or Classical Civilisation during the Lower Remove) is also compulsory during the first three years of senior school (the school follows the [[Cambridge Latin Course]]). The School maintains exchange links with [[Le Vésinet]]{{Specify|date=July 2009}} in France and [[Magdeburg]]{{Specify|date=July 2009}} in Germany.
Pupils start the GCSE course proper in the Upper Remove, and (usually) sit GCSE exams at the end of the Fifth Form. It is customary for pupils to take ten GCSEs, though a few take eleven. Seven core subjects are compulsory: Mathematics, English Language, English Literature, a modern foreign language, and the three sciences, which may be studied as 'separate sciences' awarding three GCSEs or as a 'dual award' awarding two GCSEs. The remaining three (or four) GCSEs may be chosen from a range of optional subjects, including a second modern foreign language, Latin or Classical Civilisation, Geography, History, Art, Design & Technology, Reigious Studies, Music or Drama.
In the Lower Sixth Form, pupils usually choose four [[GCE Advanced Level|AS-level]] subjects; at the end of the year they may drop one subject or continue all four subjects to [[A2-level]]. All GCSE subjects are available at A-level, as well as exclusive sixth-form subjects including Economics, Business Studies, Further Mathematics and Sports Science. English may be taken as English Language, English Literature or English Lang & Lit; in Chemistry, students may follow either the London or the Salters syllabus; in accordance with the OCR syllabus, Mathematics students choose between statistics and mechanics courses, though fast-streamed Mathematics sets and Double Mathematicians take modules in both. Critical Thinking, taught in extra-curricular time, is offered at A-level, and at sixth form level a non-examined course in 'Key Skills' is compulsory.
The school has an established commitment to the arts; it maintains a regular artist-in-residence and actor-in-residence. Art, drama and dance are offered as curricular as well extra-curricular activities, and the school provides one-to-one [[LAMDA]] tuition. The school has several performance venues, including College Hall and the John Moore Theatre. Art exhibitions, plays, musicals, dance showcases and other performances are staged across the age range. Partly due to its links with the cathedral the school has a musical tradition. It has regularly produced [[Oxbridge]] organ and choral scholars. Many students learn to play instruments and in addition to numerous orchestras and music groups, the pupil-organised Keys Society, with its own choir, stages regular concerts. The school undertakes biennial music tours abroad.
Rugby, cricket, hockey, netball, rowing, and football are among the main sports played at the school, and a wide range of sports are offered to pupils of all ages as curricular and extra-curricular activities.<ref>[ Main Sports]. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.</ref> The school has achieved success at rowing, and maintains a boathouse on the River Severn. The school also has an indoor swimming pool on the senior school campus and an outdoor pool at Hawford. Several sports undertake regular tours abroad. Many pupils participate in the [[Duke of Edinburgh's Award]] scheme;<ref>[ Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme]. (2010-10-26). Retrieved on 2010-12-24.</ref> the school has an active [[Combined Cadet Force]] with army and RAF sections.<ref>[ CCF]. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.</ref>
The school produces three student-authored publications: ''Stepping Fourth'' (for the Fourth Forms, years 7–8), ''The Removes' Gazette'' (for the Removes, years 9–10), and ''Term Time'' a Sixth Form magazine, first published in summer 2010, as a replacement for the defunct ''King's Herald'' newspaper. The ''King's Herald'' was an annual newspaper written, compiled and formatted in a single day and submitted to a national competition which it has won three times.<ref name="clubs">[ Clubs and Societies]. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.</ref> The school also runs a creative writing club and annual competition, and regular Sixth-Form ''Soundbites'' evenings devoted to literature, music and wine. The debating club meets weekly, and pupils regularly participate in regional and national debating and public speaking contests.
Other school societies include the School Archive,<ref>[ Archives and history]. Retrieved on 2010-12-24.</ref> Astronomy, Chess, [[Christian Union]], Robotics and Science Club.<ref name="clubs"/>
==Year classification system==
The school uses its own class nomenclature. In the main section of the school (ages 11–18), the classification runs as follows:
{| class="wikitable"
| '''Year''' || '''Year Name''' || '''Notes'''
| 7 || Lower Fourth (L4) ||
| 8 || Upper Fourth (U4) ||
| 9 || Lower Remove (LR) || The start of the house system.
| 10 || Upper Remove (UR) || The start of the GCSE course.
| 11 || Fifth Form (FF) || GCSE exams taken.
| 12 || Lower Sixth (L6) || AS-level exams taken.
| 13 || Upper Sixth (U6) || A2-level exams taken.
This used to be accompanied by the following year classifications at King's St Alban's, although these have since been dropped in favour of the standard system.
*Lower First (year 3)
*Upper First (year 4)
*Second Year (year 5)
*Third Year (year 6)
King's Hawford, however, has always used the standard system due to the fact that its inclusion into the King's School 'chain' has been very recent.
During the two years of the 'Fourth Form', pupils are assigned to forms. Their form tutor is responsible for their pastoral care, and they are taught in form groups (apart from for Mathematics in both years, which is taught in streamed sets, and Language 1 in the Upper Fourth). In the Fourth Forms, the colours are navy blue and silver Upon reaching the 'Lower Remove', pupils are assigned to one of the following houses (listed with their respective colours):
{| class="wikitable"
! House !! House Colours !! Eponym !! Type & Timespan
| '''Bright'''<br>(Br) || Orange <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:orange;"></div> || [[Henry Bright (teacher)|Henry Bright]], <br><small>Headmaster 1589–1627 || Day, 1961–
| '''Chappel'''<br>(Cl) || Yellow <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:yellow;"></div> || W.H. Chappel, <br><small>Headmaster 1896–1919 || Day, 1936–
| '''Choir'''<br>(Ch) || Dark Blue <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:darkblue;"></div> <small>(double white stripe for ties) || ''Choir House building''<br>(Worcester Cathedral Choir) || Boarding, 1948–1995;<br>Day, 1995–
| '''Camp'''<br>(Cr) || Pink <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:pink;"></div> || Cuthbert Creighton, <br><small>Headmaster 1919–36 & 1940–42 || Day, 1936–
| '''Kittermaster'''<br>(K) || Light Blue & Yellow <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 3px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:lightblue;"><div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 3px 0px 0px 0px; border-color: yellow;"></div> || F.R. Kittermaster, <br><small>Headmaster 1942–1959 || Day, 1984–
| '''Oswald'''<br>(Os) || Red & White <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:red;"><div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px 0px 0px 0px; border-color: white;"><div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px 0px 0px 0px; border-color: white;"><div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 1px 0px 0px 0px; border-color: red"></div> || [[Oswald of Worcester|Saint Oswald]], <br><small>Bishop of Worcester 961–992 || Day, 1984–
| '''School'''<br>(S) || Light Blue <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:lightblue;"></div> || ''School House building'' || Boarding, 1888–1991;<br>Day, 1991–
| '''Wulstan'''<br>(W) || Purple <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:purple;"></div> || [[Wulfstan (died 1095)|Saint Wulstan]], <br><small>Bishop of Worcester 1062–1095 || Day, 1961–
! colspan=4 | <big>'''Discontinued Houses'''</big>
! House !! House Colours !! Eponym !! Type & Timespan
| Castle<br>(Ca) || Red <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:red;"></div> || ''Castle House building''<br>([[Worcester Castle]]) || Boarding, 1902–1997
| Hostel<br>(H) || Green <div style="border-style: solid; border-width: 6px 0px 0px 0px; border-color:green;"></div> || ''The Hostel building'' || Boarding, 1903–1999
House ties consist of a navy blue background with diagonal house colour stripes. House ties are worn by pupils from the beginning of the Lower Remove to the end of the Fifth Form. As school uniform is not worn by sixth-form students, who follow an [[office attire]] dress code, they do not wear these ties; they may however wear ties that signify colours, monitorship, or headship of house.
Castle, Choir, Hostel and School Houses, all former boarding houses, are named for the buildings which originally housed them. As boarding diminished during the 1990s, these houses either converted to day houses (School and Choir), or were discontinued (Castle and Hostel). Confusingly, due to post-boarding reshuffles houses generally no longer inhabit the building they are named for: Choir House is in Castle House building, Castle and Hostel Houses have been discontinued, and School House shares School House building with Chappel, Oswald and Wulstan Houses. Bright, Crieghton and Kittermaster Houses are in Choir House building. The remaining houses, which originated as day-boys' houses, are named for former school headmasters ([[Oswald of Worcester|Saint Oswald]] and [[Wulfstan (died 1095)|Saint Wulstan]], both Bishops of Worcester, being regarded as "headmasters" of the former monastic school).
Pupils register in houses and house staff are responsible for their pastoral care, but they are not taught in houses. The houses compete in events on sports day and in other sports and disciplines, and in the annual 'House Song Competition'.
The two King's junior schools each operate their own house systems. These are neither pastoral nor academic: pupils are merely assigned to houses for the purposes of inter-house competitions. The St Alban's houses are Armstrong, Bailey, Thomas and Wilson. Since restructuring in 2007 the Hawford houses are Bredon, Clent, Kinver and Malvern.
==Old Vigornians==
{{See also|Category:People educated at King's School, Worcester}}
All former students are considered to be an Old Vigornian, and can use the [[post-nominal letters]] ''OV''. There is some dispute as to whether the monastic school attached to the monastery at Worcester until its [[dissolution of the monasteries|dissolution]] in 1540 was a precursor to King's or to the [[RGS Worcester and the Alice Ottley School|Royal Grammar School]]. For this reason, both schools claim alumni of the monastic school such as lawyer [[Thomas de Littleton]] and statesman [[Reginald Bray]] as their own alumni. To avoid resultant controversy, only those who attended King's from its refoundation in 1541 onwards are listed below:
'''Historic Old Vigornians include:'''
*[[Edward Kelley]] – Alchemist and spirit medium.
*[[Edward Winslow]] – Pilgrim father and governor of [[Plymouth Colony]], [[Massachusetts]].
*[[John Vaughan (judge)|Sir John Vaughan]] – Judge and statesman.
*[[Thomas Good]] – Master of [[Balliol College, Oxford]]
*[[Thomas Hall (minister)|Thomas Hall]] – Presbyterian minister, religious radical during the Civil Wars and Commonwealth.
*[[Samuel Butler (poet)|Samuel Butler]] – Poet and satirist.
*[[John Somers, 1st Baron Somers|John Somers]] – [[Lord High Chancellor]].
*[[John Wall (physician)|Dr John Wall]] – Physician and founder of the [[Royal Worcester]] porcelain company.
*[[Samuel Foote]] – Actor.
*[[Treadway Russell Nash|Dr Treadway Russell Nash]] – Worcestershire antiquarian and historian.
'''Notable OVs from the 20<small><sup>th</sup></small> and 21<small><sup>st</sup></small> centuries include:'''
*[[Philip Strong|Sir Philip Strong]] – Archbishop of Brisbane.
*[[Jack Longland|Sir Jack Longland]] – Everest pioneer and educator.
*[[Tim Dinsdale]] – [[Loch Ness Monster]] hunter.
*[[Leonard Wolfson, Baron Wolfson|Lord Wolfson]] – Businessman and philanthropist.
*[[Clifford Rose]] – British classical actor.
*[[Clive Everton]] – BBC snooker commentator, journalist and author.
*[[Jonathan Raban]] – Writer.
*[[Derek Bell (auto racer)|Derek Bell]] – Racing driver.
*[[Geoffrey Mulcahy|Sir Geoffrey Mulcahy]] – Businessman, Chief Executive of [[Kingfisher plc]].
*[[Timothy Garden, Baron Garden|Lord Garden]] – RAF Air Marshal and defence advisor.
*[[Jeremy Thompson]] – Newscaster and presenter on Sky News, regularly presenting Live at Five weeknights at 5pm.
*[[Chris Tarrant]] – TV and Radio Broadcaster, most well known for hosting [[Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? (UK game show)|Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?]]
*[[Nicholas Cleobury]] – Musician, conductor of the [[Britten Sinfonia]].
*[[Stephen Cleobury]] – Musician, director of music at [[King's College, Cambridge]].
*[[Stephen Darlington]] – Musician, director of music at [[Christ Church, Oxford]].
*[[Mark Webster (journalist)|Mark Webster]] – Journalist and broadcaster who has presented many of five's late night sports shows.
*[[Alistair Magowan]] – [[Bishop of Ludlow]].
*[[Jonathan Darlington]] – British conductor and the Music Director of the [[Duisburg Philharmonic Orchestra]] and [[Vancouver Opera]].
*[[Rik Mayall]] – English actor, writer and comedian, known for his comedy partnership with [[Adrian Edmondson]].
*[[Richard Bacon (politician)|Richard Bacon MP]] – [[Conservative Party (UK)|Conservative Party]] politician, MP for South Norfolk.
*[[Jonathan Nott]] – Musician and conductor.
*[[Jonathan Dow]] – British actor. Played the roles of Under Secretary Tim in [[No Job for a Lady]], P.C. Stringer in [[The Bill]] and Dr. James Mortimer in [[Cardiac Arrest (TV series)|Cardiac Arrest]].
*[[Ashley Fox]] – Conservative Party politician, [[Member of the European Parliament|MEP]] for the South West of England.
*[[Luke Narraway]] – [[Rugby union]] footballer who plays for [[Gloucester Rugby]].
*[[Zac Purchase]] – Rower, Olympic gold medallist.
The school has had a long and sustained rivalry with Worcester's only other co-educational private school, the [[RGS Worcester|Royal Grammar School]], which merged with The Alice Ottley School in September 2007. Matches between the schools are keenly contested over a range of sports; the annual rugby match between King's and the RGS at the [[Sixways Stadium]] is always a well-attended and lively event.
*{{cite book | last = Craze | first = Michael | year = 1972 | title = King's School, Worcester: 1541–1971 | publisher = Ebenezer Baylis and Son | location = Worcester}}
*{{cite web | url = | title = History of the School | work = The King's School Worcester | year = 2008 | accessdate = 2008-06-29}}
==Further reading==
Roslington, Caroline ''The King's School, Worcester, and a History of its Site'' Worcester, The King's School
==External links==
* [ The King's School, Worcester official website]
* [ Independent Schools Council: The King's School, Worcester]
* [ Guide to Independent Schools: The King's School, Worcester]
* [ The Old Vigornians website]
{{Schools in Worcestershire}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Kings School, Worcester}}
[[Category:1541 establishments in England]]
[[Category:Schools with Combined Cadet Forces]]
[[Category:Educational institutions established in the 1540s]]
[[Category:Independent schools in Worcestershire]]
[[Category:Member schools of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference]]
[[Category:People educated at King's School, Worcester| ]]
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