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Article:Finance
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(Corporate finance)
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===Corporate finance===
 
===Corporate finance===
 
{{Main|Corporate finance}}
 
{{Main|Corporate finance}}
[[Managerial finance|Managerial]] or [[corporate finance]] is the task of providing the funds for a corporation's activities (for [[small business]], this is referred to as [[SME finance]]). Corporate finance generally involves balancing risk and profitability, while attempting to maximize an entity's wealth and the value of its [[stock]], and generically entails three interrelated decisions. In the first, "[[Corporate finance#The investment decision|the investment decision]]", management must decide which "projects" (if any) to undertake. The discipline of [[capital budgeting]] is devoted to this question, and may employ standard [[business valuation]] techniques or even extend to [[real options valuation]]; see [[Financial modeling#Accounting|Financial modeling]]. The second, "[[Corporate finance#The financing decision|the financing decision]]" relates to how these investments are to be funded: capital here is provided by shareholders, in the form of [[Equity (finance)|equity]] (privately or via an [[initial public offering]]), [[creditor]]s, often in the form of [[Bond (finance)|bonds]], and the firm's operations ([[cash flow]]). Short-term funding or [[working capital]] is mostly provided by banks extending a line of credit. The balance between these elements forms the company's [[capital structure]]. The third, "[[Corporate finance#The dividend decision|the dividend decision]]", requires management to determine whether any unappropriated profit is to be retained for future investment / operational requirements, or instead to be distributed to shareholders, and if so in what form. Short term financial management is often termed "[[working capital management]]", and relates to [[cash management|cash-]], [[inventory]]- and [[debtor]]s management. These areas often overlap with the firm's [[Accounting profession|accounting function]], however, [[financial accounting]] is more concerned with the reporting of historical financial information, while these financial decisions are directed toward the future of the firm.
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[[Managerial finance|Managerial]] or [[corporate finance]] is the task of providing the funds for a corporation's activities (for [[small business]], this is referred to as [[SME finance]]). Corporate finance generally involves balancing risk and profitability, while attempting to maximize an entity's wealth and the value of its [[stock]], and generically entails three interrelated decisions. In the first, "[[Corporate finance#The investment decision|the investment decision]]", management must decide which "projects" (if any) to undertake. The discipline of [[capital budgeting]] is devoted to this question, and may employ standard [[business valuation]] techniques or even extend to [[real options valuation]]; see [[Financial modeling#Accounting|Financial modeling]]. The second, "[[Corporate finance#The financing decision|the financing decision]]" relates to how these investments are to be funded: capital here is provided by shareholders, in the form of [[Equity (finance)|equity]] (privately or via an [[initial public offering]]), [[creditor]]s, often in the form of [[Bond (finance)|bonds]], and the firm's operations ([[cash flow]]). Short-term funding or [[working capital]] is mostly provided by banks extending a line of credit. The balance between these elements forms the company's [[capital structure]]. The third, "[[Corporate finance#The dividend decision|the dividend decision]]", requires management to determine whether any unappropriated profit is to be retained for future investment / operational requirements, JUSTIN BIEBER IS AMAZING or instead to be distributed to shareholders, and if so in what form. Short term financial management is often termed "[[working capital management]]", and relates to [[cash management|cash-]], [[inventory]]- and [[debtor]]s management. These areas often overlap with the firm's [[Accounting profession|accounting function]], however, [[financial accounting]] is more concerned with the reporting of historical financial information, while these financial decisions are directed toward the future of the firm.
   
 
Another business decision concerning finance is investment, or [[fund management]]. An investment is an acquisition of an [[asset]] in the hope that it will maintain or increase its value. In [[List of finance topics#Investment management|investment management]]{{spaced ndash}} in choosing a [[portfolio (finance)|portfolio]]{{spaced ndash}} one has to decide ''what'', ''how much'' and ''when'' to invest. To do this, a company must:
 
Another business decision concerning finance is investment, or [[fund management]]. An investment is an acquisition of an [[asset]] in the hope that it will maintain or increase its value. In [[List of finance topics#Investment management|investment management]]{{spaced ndash}} in choosing a [[portfolio (finance)|portfolio]]{{spaced ndash}} one has to decide ''what'', ''how much'' and ''when'' to invest. To do this, a company must:
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