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ID:1606088
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Article:Reichskonkordat
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[[File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R24391, Konkordatsunterzeichnung in Rom.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The signing of the ''Reichskonkordat'' on July 20, 1933 in Rome. (From left to right: German prelate [[Ludwig Kaas]], German Vice-Chancellor [[Franz von Papen]], Secretary of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs [[Giuseppe Pizzardo]], Cardinal Secretary of State [[Pope Pius XII|Eugenio Pacelli]], [[Alfredo Ottaviani]], and member of ''Reichsministerium des Inneren'' (Home Office) [[Rudolf Buttmann]])]]
 
[[File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R24391, Konkordatsunterzeichnung in Rom.jpg|thumb|300px|right|The signing of the ''Reichskonkordat'' on July 20, 1933 in Rome. (From left to right: German prelate [[Ludwig Kaas]], German Vice-Chancellor [[Franz von Papen]], Secretary of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs [[Giuseppe Pizzardo]], Cardinal Secretary of State [[Pope Pius XII|Eugenio Pacelli]], [[Alfredo Ottaviani]], and member of ''Reichsministerium des Inneren'' (Home Office) [[Rudolf Buttmann]])]]
   
The '''Reichskonkordat''' (Reich Concordat) was a treaty between the [[Holy See]] and [[Weimar Republic]] at the beginning of the rise of [[Nazi Germany]]. It was signed on 20 July 1933 by Secretary of State [[Eugenio Pacelli]] (who later became Pope Pius XII) and Vice Chancellor [[Franz von Papen]] on behalf of Pope [[Pius XI]] and President [[Paul von Hindenburg]] respectively. The treaty guaranteed the rights of the Roman [[Catholic Church]] in [[Germany]], but Nazi breaches of the agreement began almost as soon as it had been signed, leading to protest from the Church, including in the 1937 ''[[Mit brennender Sorge]]'' encyclical of Pope [[Pius XI]].
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The '''Reichskonkordat''' (Reich Concordat) was a treaty between the [[Holy Pee]] and [[Weimar Republic]] at the beginning of the rise of [[Nazi Germany]]. It was signed on 20 July 1933 by Secretary of State [[Eugenio Pacelli]] (who later became Pope Pius XII) and Vice Chancellor [[Franz von Papen]] on behalf of Pope [[Pius XI]] and President [[Paul von Hindenburg]] respectively. The treaty guaranteed the rights of the Roman [[Catholic Church]] in [[Germany]], but Nazi breaches of the agreement began almost as soon as it had been signed, leading to protest from the Church, including in the 1937 ''[[Mit brennender Sorge]]'' encyclical of Pope [[Pius XI]].
   
 
The ''Reichskonkordat'' is the most controversial of several concordats between various states in Germany and other nations the Vatican negotiated during the reign of Pope Pius XI. It is frequently discussed in works that deal with the rise of Hitler in the early 1930s and the [[Holocaust]]. The concordat has been described by some as giving moral legitimacy to the Nazi regime soon after [[Adolf Hitler|Hitler]] had acquired quasi-[[dictator|dictatorial]] powers through the [[Enabling Act of 1933]], though Hitler himself was not a signatory to the treaty and the treaty does not make mention of Hitler, or the Nazi Party. The document was addressed to President Paul von Hindenburg.
 
The ''Reichskonkordat'' is the most controversial of several concordats between various states in Germany and other nations the Vatican negotiated during the reign of Pope Pius XI. It is frequently discussed in works that deal with the rise of Hitler in the early 1930s and the [[Holocaust]]. The concordat has been described by some as giving moral legitimacy to the Nazi regime soon after [[Adolf Hitler|Hitler]] had acquired quasi-[[dictator|dictatorial]] powers through the [[Enabling Act of 1933]], though Hitler himself was not a signatory to the treaty and the treaty does not make mention of Hitler, or the Nazi Party. The document was addressed to President Paul von Hindenburg.
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