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Article:Leominster, Massachusetts
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The European settlers and native people lived in concord for a number of years, until the start of [[King Philip's War]] in 1675.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /><ref name=Wilder1852 /> The violent war between the native Indians and early settlers killed hundreds of people and drove hundreds of inhabitants from the area.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /><ref name=Wilder1852 /> After the war, Lancaster virtually remained deserted until a new land grant was offered to residents in 1701.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /><ref name=Wilder1852 /> To prevent further conflict with the native Indians, the settlers negotiated with Chief Sholan of the Nashaway tribe for the land.<ref name=Wilder1852 /> It would be the only parcel of land to be legally purchased in Central Massachusetts.<ref name=Wilder1852 />
[[File:1915 postcard of North Leominster station.JPG|thumb|left|North Leominster train depot in 1915]]
By 1737, the area of Leominster had gained enough residents to be incorporated as a separate town. The town of Leominster was officially incorporated on July 4, 1740.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /><ref name=Wilder1852 />
Around the time of the [[Civil War]], Leominster was a major contributor in the [[Underground Railroad]]. The Emory Stearn Schoolhouse and the John Drake home, led anti-slavery campaigns and helped house [[fugitive slave]]s.<ref>{{cite news| url= | work=The Boston Globe | first=Danielle M. | last=Capalbo | title=Old house in Leominster has a history | date=January 27, 2008}}</ref>
In Leominster’s early existence, the town was primarily a small farming community, but towards the beginning of the 19th century, the economy quickly shifted into manufacturing.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /> The town became a regional transportation hub around 1800, with the opening of the [[Fifth Massachusetts Turnpike]] and the connections of the Union Turnpike and [[Cambridge and Concord Turnpike]] in 1808.<ref name=Tremblay2006transporation>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = Transportation | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 133–144 | accessdate = 2012-12-23}}</ref> However, manufacturing in Leominster was really made possible by the opening of the [[Fitchburg Railroad]] that ran through North Leominster and into [[Boston]], and the [[Fitchburg and Worcester Railroad]] that ran through the center of town.<ref name=Tremblay2006transporation /> By the 1850s, paper mills, piano makers, and comb manufacturers had established factories along the Monoosnoc Brook and Nashua River.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /><ref name=Wilder1852 /> While the earliest settlers in Leominster were primarily of British ancestry, many immigrants soon gathered to work in Leominster’s expanding factories.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /> The first group of immigrants was primarily Irish, followed by the French and the Italians into the early 20th century.<ref name=Tremblay2006 /> These new waves of immigrants caused the population to surge from just 2,069 in 1840 to 19,744 by 1920.<ref name="1950_Census_Urban_populations_since_1790">{{cite journal | title=1950 Census of Population | volume=1: Number of Inhabitants | at=Section 6, Pages 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census to 1920 | publisher=Bureau of the Census | accessdate=July 12, 2011 | year=1952 | url=}}</ref> In 1915, Leominster was officially chartered as a city.<ref name=Tremblay2006City>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = Leominster, The City | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 29–42 | accessdate = 2012-12-23}}</ref>
[[File:PostcardLeominsterMAMonumentSquare1907.jpg|thumbnail|left|Monument Square in 1907.]]
While many different industries established themselves in Leominster, it was the comb industry that particularly flourished.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = Business and Industry | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 145–174 | accessdate = 2012-12-23}}</ref> By 1853, there were already 146 employees working in 24 different comb factories across the town.<ref name=Wilder1852 /> By the mid-1800s, however, the natural materials used to make combs, such as animal horns and hooves were diminishing rapidly, and thus an alternative material was needed.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry /> The solution would come in a new material called [[celluloid]] invented in 1868.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry /> The new plastic would revolutionize the comb industry and give Leominster the nicknames the “Comb City.” <ref name=Tremblay2006Industry /> The versatility of celluloid would also give manufactures the opportunity to expand too many different products outside of combs.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry />
[[File:Whitney Carriage Co.jpg|thumb|200px|right|The former Whitney Carriage Company Complex]]
The second invention to revolutionize plastic production in Leominster was the development of modern [[injection molding]].<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> [[Samuel Foster]], a Leominster resident of German ancestry, learned about an injection molding machine invented in Germany in the early 1920s.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> Foster soon requested a similar machine be made in his [[Foster Grant]] manufacturing factory in Leominster.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> The new technology would pay great dividends for the plastic industry in the city and the country.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> The largest plastic manufacturer in the city was the [[Dupont Viscoloid Company|Viscoliod Company]] founded by [[Bernard W. Doyle|Bernard Wendell Doyle]] in 1901.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> In 1914, the Viscoloid Company pioneered making toys out of pyroloxlyin plastic, and by 1923 the company was the largest employer in Leominster.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry /> Viscoloid would be sold to The DuPont Company in 1925, and renamed the Dupont Viscoloid Company. Soon the city would be coined the “Pioneer Plastics City” for its important history in the plastics industry.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> Leominster also boasted large manufactures Standard Too Company, Selig Manufacturing Co. Inc, C.E. Buckle, Inc. and the Whitney Carriage Company, which was once the largest manufacturer of baby carriages in the world.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/>
In 1956, the plastic [[plastic flamingo|pink flamingo]] lawn-ornament was invented in Leominster for Union Products. The famous lawn-ornament was designed by [[Donald Featherstone (artist)|Don Featherstone]], and was modelled after pictures of flamingos in National Geographic.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/><ref>"Retro pink flamingos to hatch in New York". MSNBC. 2007. Retrieved on 2008-04-23. Published: May 31, 2007. From the Associated Press, on the purchase and re-production of Don Featherstone's original plastic-flamingo design.</ref>
The [[Great Depression]] would slow the plastic industry in Leominster, but it was not until the late 20th century was there a full-scale decline in plastic manufacturing. Following the national trend, manufactures were moving out of the cities to cheaper alternatives across the country and overseas.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> Despite the changing landscape, the population of Leominster would continually rise into the 20th century, surpassing her twin city of [[Fitchburg, Massachusetts|Fitchburg]] in 2000 as the second largest city in Worcester County. The Latino communities of Leominster also saw huge growth towards the later half of the twentieth century.<ref name=Tremblay2006Immigration>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = The Immigration Experience | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 107–132 | accessdate = 2012-12-23}}</ref>
In recent decades, [[Massachusetts Route 2|Route 2]] and the building of [[Interstate 190 (Massachusetts)|I-190]] have further altered the city into a more commercial and suburban landscape.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> The construction of the Twin City Plaza, [[Mall at Whitney Field]] and other shopping centers have all contributed to significant commercial growth in the city and have made Leominster one of Central Massachusetts’ largest retail destination. Inexpensive land cost has also made the city an attractive living destination for commuters to both [[Worcester]] and [[Boston]].<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/> Nevertheless, Leominster still preserves some of its manufacturing heritage and many plastic manufactures retain establishment in the city.<ref name=Tremblay2006Industry/>
== Geography ==
[[File:Monument Square Leominster.jpg|thumb|230px|right|View across [[Monument Square Historic District (Leominster, Massachusetts)|Monument Square]] in downtown Leominster, the site of the city's traditional New England common]]
According to the [[United States Census Bureau]], the city has a total area of {{convert|29.8|sqmi}}, of which {{convert|28.9|sqmi}} is land and {{convert|0.9|sqmi}}, or 2.96%, is water.
Leominster is primarily located on a plateau above the [[Nashua River]].<ref name=Tremblay2006/> The river runs through the eastern proportion of the city and then cuts through the northern part of the city as it meanders towards Fitchburg.<ref name=Wilder1852River>{{cite book | last = Wilder | first = David | year = 1852 | title = History of Leominster | url = | chapter = Ponds, Rivers, etc. | chapterurl = | publisher = | isbn = | pages = 22–24 | accessdate = 2012-12-24}}</ref>
Northern and Western Leominster have a more rugged terrain defined by scattered hills.<ref name=Wilder1852soil>{{cite book | last = Wilder | first = David | year = 1852 | title = History of Leominster | url = | chapter = Surface, Soil and Productions | chapterurl = | publisher = | isbn = | pages = 25–42 | accessdate = 2012-12-24}}</ref> The most prominent hills are both the North and South Monoosnoc Hills in the western part of the city. The South Monoosnoc Hill is the highest point in the town at 1,020 feet.<ref name=Wilder1852soil/> In the 19th century, the south hill was queried for granite used in home foundations.<ref name=Wilder1852soil/> West of the two hills lies the No town Reservoir and Leominster State Forest. To the east, lies the Monoosnoc Brook which winds through the center of town and was an important power source for early manufacturers.<ref name=Wilder1852soil />
=== Villages ===
The city is divided into several small "[[village]]s" such as French Hill, a large hill covered in planned blocks of "[[triple decker]]" [[apartment|apartment houses]] located from 1st Street to 12th Street. It is called French Hill because this is where the large immigrant French population took root. In the early 20th century, on Lincoln Terrace, immigrating Italian families began to arrive in the area and built a semi-closed society which existed for many years. The French population built a new church and moved closer to it. Other areas include Morse Hollow, [[North Leominster]], Rice Hill, the Flats, the Bowery, the West Side, and the Car Barn area, located along the Fitchburg border, so-called because the Fitchburg & Leominster Railway trolley cars were stored and maintained in this area. It now has buses. A granite marker showing the birthplace of [[Johnny Appleseed]] can be found on Johnny Appleseed Lane.
{{Historical populations | type=USA
| 1790|1189
| 1800|1486
| 1810|1584
| 1820|1790
| 1830|1861
| 1840|2069
| 1850|3121
| 1860|3522
| 1870|3894
| 1880|5772
| 1890|7269
| 1900|12392
| 1910|17580
| 1920|19744
| 1930|21810
| 1940|22226
| 1950|24075
| 1960|27929
| 1970|32939
| 1980|34508
| 1990|38145
| 2000|41303
| 2010|40759
| footnote=* = population estimate. {{Historical populations/Massachusetts municipalities references}}<ref name="1950_Census_Urban_populations_since_1790"/>
As of the [[census]]{{GR|2}} of 2000, there were 41,303 people, 16,491 households, and 10,900 families residing in the city. The [[population density]] was 1,430.3 people per square mile (552.2/km²). There were 16,976 housing units at an average density of 587.9 per square mile (227.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.50% [[White (U.S. Census)|White]], 3.70% [[African American (U.S. Census)|African American]], 0.15% [[Native American (U.S. Census)|Native American]], 2.44% [[Asian (U.S. Census)|Asian]], 0.06% [[Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)|Pacific Islander]], 4.32% from [[Race (United States Census)|other races]], and 2.21% from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic]] or [[Latino (U.S. Census)|Latino]] of any race were 11.00% of the population.
There were 16,491 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were [[Marriage|married couples]] living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,893, and the median income for a family was $54,660. Males had a median income of $41,013 versus $30,201 for females. The [[per capita income]] for the city was $21,769. About 7.2% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the [[poverty line]], including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
== Economy ==
As of 2000, the management and professional fields were the city's largest sector, and employed over 32% of Leominster's workforce.<ref name=Economics2000>{{cite web |url= |title=Leominster city, Massachusetts Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 |year=2000|work=American FactFinder |publisher=U.S. Census Bureau |accessdate=January 1, 2011}}</ref> 26.8% of the workforce is employed in sales and office occupations, and 20.2% are employed in education, health and social services.<ref name=Economics2000 />
Manufacturing constitutes 25.5% of the city's employees.<ref name=Economics2000 />
84.3% of workers commute alone to the workplace, and 9.1% carpool. 1.7% use public transportation and another 1.7% walk.<ref name=Economics2000 /> The average one-way commute time is about 25&nbsp;minutes.<ref name=Economics2000 />
== Culture ==
Leominster has a long cultural history including various theatres, performance groups, exhibtis and entertainment events. The Leominster Colonial Band, founded by Italian immigrants in 1910, has presented a free summer concerts series since the 1930's. Their annual Christmas concert, begun in 1990, is a favorite city tradition. Since 1973, the Thayer Symphony Orchestra has been performing in Central Massachusetts.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts /><ref name=Thayer>{{cite web|title=Thayer Symphoney Orchestra Today |publisher=Thayer Symphoney Orchestra |year=2012 |url=|accessdate=December 27, 2012}}</ref> Composed of orchestra professional, community volunteers, and student musicians, Thayer Symphony Orchestra’s popularity forced them to move to the Straos Dukakus Performing Arts Center at Montachusett Regional Vocational School in Fitchburg in 2000.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts /><ref name=Thayer /> The Orchestra’s concerts sell-out annually.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts /> Since 1996, the Central Massachusetts Repertory Theater has performed at the Congregation Agudat Achim synagogue in Leominster.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts />
The Leominster Art Association promotes the arts in Leominster from their home on Route 13.<ref>{{cite book|title=History |publisher=Leominster Art Association |year=2007 |url=|accessdate=December 27, 2012}}</ref> Every spring, the Association holds an three-day exhibition of local art downtown at St. Leo’s Church.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = Arts and Culture in Leominster | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 175–204 | accessdate = 2012-12-27}},</ref> At the exhibition, a high school senior from Central Massachusetts is award a $500 scholarship annually to continue their art education<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts />
The Starburst Festival is held every June at Doyle Field.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts /> The festival includes live entertainment, concessions, musical presentations, and a band concert by the Starburst Orchestra and fireworks, drawing over 8,00 visitorss each year.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts /> The Leominster “citizens of the Year” awards are also presented to one man and one woman resident during the festival.<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts />
In September, Leominster hosts the [[Johnny Appleseed Festival]] in celebration of the fall season and city’s local hero [[Johnny Appleseed]].<ref name=Tremblay2006Arts /> Held at Monument Square since 1994, the festival features crafts, booths, entertainment and a parade. The festival boasts over a hundred local booths, and a food court sponsored by local restaurants and multicultural groups. Leominster was formerly home to the National Plastics Center and Museum, until the museum closed in 2008.<ref>{{cite news|url=|title=National Plastics Center and Museum closing Lancaster Street facility by year's end |last=Radvon|first=Erik|date=November 11, 2008|work=Leominster Champion|accessdate=December 27, 2012}}</ref>
=== Recreation ===
The Leominster Recreation Department maintains 103 acres of property in Leominster, including numerous parks and playgrounds.<ref name=Recreation>{{cite web|title=Leominster Recreation Department |publisher=City of Leominster, Massachusetts |year=2012 |url=|accessdate=December 27, 2012}}</ref> Notable parks include Monument Square, Arthur A. Fournier Sr. Memorial Park, Evelyn Hachey Park, Justin DesSantis Field, Bachand Field and Barret Park, which houses the Recreation Department's main offices. Doyle Field, located downtown on Priest Street, is the city’s main athletic complex, including eight tennis courts, a soccer field and track, baseball field, playground, combination football-soccer stadium, and clubhouse.<ref name=Recreation /> Dedicated in 1931, Doyle field opened with a seating capacity of 6,200 and temporary bleachers for nearly 10,000 spectators.<ref name=Tremblay2006Sports>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = Leominster Sports | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 205–222 | accessdate = 2012-12-27}},</ref> In 2005, the field went under a huge renovation project to be completed in 2020.<ref name=Tremblay2006Sports /><ref name=DoyleField>{{cite web|title= Doyle Field Renovation Project |publisher=The Doyle Field Foundation Inc. |year=2005-2009 |url=|accessdate=December 27, 2012}}</ref> The project was broken up into 3 phases and phases 1 and 2 have been mostly completed through 2012.<ref name=DoyleField /> The renovation has costs $5 million through 2012.<ref name=DoyleField /> The renovation includes replacing bleachers, installing new turf, new locker rooms, concessions, press box, entertainment pavilion, ticket booths and expanding seating capacity from 4,572 to 6,912 seats.<ref name=DoyleField />
[[File:Crow Hill Pond, Leominster State Forest, Westminster MA.jpg|thumbnail|Crow Hill Pond at [[Leominster State Forest]]]]
The [[Doyle Reservation|Doyle Community Park & Center]] is a 167-acre open-space reservation managed by the [[Trustees of Reservation]].<ref name=DoyleReservation>{{cite web|title= About Doyle Community Park & Center Renovation Project |publisher=Trustees of Reservations |year=2012 |url=|accessdate=December 27, 2012}}</ref> The reservation includes the Doyle Conservation center which houses the trustees Central Massachusetts headquarters, conference meeting rooms, and serves as an event venue.<ref name= DoyleReservation />
The city is also home to the 4,300-acre [[Leominster State Forest]], a popular hiking destination.<ref name=StateForest>{{cite web|title= Leominster State Forest |publisher=Department of Conservation and Recreation |year=2012 |url=|accessdate=December 31, 2012}}</ref> Within the state forest are Crow Hill Pond and Paradise Pond, both popular summer picnic and swimming getaways. During the winter season the forest is open to cross country skiing, snow shoeing and snowmobiling.<ref name=StateForest />
Local golf courses include Monoosnock Country Club (18 holes) and Grand View Country Club (18 holes). Other courses in the area include Red Tail Golf Course (18 holes) and Oak Hill Country Club (18 holes).
=== Sports ===
[[Leominster High School]] has a long tradition of excellence in sports, and success is a huge focal point for the city. The Leominster High Blue Devils Football is one of the most successful high school football programs in the state including a record 11 State Super Bowl titles.<ref>{{cite news| url= | work=ESPN Boston | first=Matt | last=Stout | title=new, old school look to Leominster | date=December 3, 2011}}</ref> The Leominster Blue Devils main rival is the Red Raiders of Fitchburg High School. The two football programs have played every year since 1984, and have played 103 consecutive [[List of high school football rivalries (100 years+)|Thanksgiving Day Games]], and is second to only [[Needham High School|Needham]] and [[Wellesley High School|Wellesley]] for oldest high school football rivalry in the state.
Legendary Leominster Football players and coaches include [[Lou Little]], [[Ronnie Cahill]], and [[Frank Novak (American football)|Frank Novak]].<ref name=Tremblay2006Sports/>
The city is also home to the [[Wachusett Dirt Dawgs]] of the [[Futures Collegiate Baseball League]]. The team was one of three expansion teams to the league in 2012.<ref name=DirtDawgs>{{cite web|title= FCBL expands to Pittsfield, Old Orchard Beach, Wachusett |work=Ballpark Digest |year=2011 |url=|accessdate=December 31, 2012}}</ref> The Dirt Dawgs play at the newly renovated Doyle Baseball Field.<ref>{{cite news| url= | work=Worcester Telegram & Gazette | first=Jay | last=Gearan | title=Wachusett Dirt Dawgs launch inaugural season | date=July 12, 2012}}</ref>
[[File:Leominster, Massachusetts 100 0494 v2.jpg|right|500px|thumb|View of Downtown Leominster]]
Leominster operates under a [[Mayor-council government|mayor-council]] form of government in which the mayor holds sole executive power.<ref name=Executive>{{cite web|title=Executive Branch |publisher=City of Leominster, Massachusetts |year=2008 |url= |accessdate=December 26, 2012|format=PDF}}</ref> The city is divided into five [[Wards of the United States|wards]] and voters select a mayor, a council member representing their ward and three [[at-large]] council members.<ref name=Executive /> The mayor has the power to appoint department heads and members of city boards, subject to approval by the city council.<ref name=Executive /> The current mayor of Leominster is Dean Mazzarella.<ref name=Mayor>{{cite web|title=Major's Office |publisher=City of Leominster, Massachusetts |year=2012 |url=|accessdate=December 26, 2012}}</ref> Mazzeralla was sworn in on January 3, 1994 and is serving his eighth term as mayor.<ref name=Mayor /> He is the longest running mayor in Leominster history.<ref name=Tremblay2006City />
== Education ==
Public education in the city is operated by the Leominster Public School District. Leominster has four neighborhood elementary schools that serve students in grades K-5, two middle schools (Samoset and Skyview) for grades 6-8, and [[Leominster High School]] for grades 9-12. Leominster High school is composed of an academic unit and a vocational unit called the Center for Technical Education. The district also operates three preschool programs: the Bennett School, Lincoln Preschool at Samoset and Priest Street School.
[[Image:Leominster Public Library, Leominster MA.jpg|thumb|right|Leominster Public Library, 2010]]
Leominster is also home to two private schools, St. Leo Catholic School and St. Anna Catholic School. St. Leo’s School is part of Leominster’s St. Leo Parish, while St. Anna’s School is part of St. Anna Parish; both are affiliated with the Archdiocese of Worcester.
Post-secondary education opportunities include the Leominster campus of [[Mount Wachusett Community College]] and [[Fitchburg State University]] in neighboring Fitchburg.<ref>{{cite web|title=Our Campuses |publisher=Mount Wachusett Community College|year=2012 |url= |accessdate=December 26, 2012}}</ref>
The Leominster Public library is the city’s main public library. Established in 1856, the public library moved from different locations until a permanent structure opened in 1910.<ref>C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891. [ Google books]</ref><ref> Retrieved 2010-11-10</ref> In order to secure finances for the new structure, a library trustee applied for aid from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.<ref name=Tremblay2006Library>{{cite book | author = Leominster Historical Commission Book Committee | coauthor = Tremblay, Gilbert P. | year = 2006 | title = Combing through Leominster's History | url = | chapter = Public Library | chapterurl = | publisher = Office of the Mayor | isbn = | pages = 145–174 | accessdate = 2012-12-26}}</ref> Carnegie donated $27,500, citing only if the town would appropriate 10 percent of that amount annually for the support of the library.<ref name=Tremblay2006Library /> In fiscal year 2008, the city of Leominster spent 1.39% ($1,183,076) of its budget on its public library—some $28 per person.<ref>July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: [ Municipal Pie Reports]. Retrieved 2010-08-04</ref>
The [[Sentinel & Enterprise]], a daily paper based in Fitchburg, is the main source of printed media in Leominster. The paper formed in 1973 by the merger of the Fitchburg Sentinel and the Leominster Enterprise, which dated back to 1873.<ref name="sale">Elfland, Mike. "Sentinel & Enterprise Sale Set." ''Telegram & Gazette'' (Worcester, Mass.), January 8, 1997.</ref> The paper maintains a satellite news bureau in Leominster. Worcester County is also served by the daily [[Worcester Telegram & Gazette]] out of [[Worcester, Massachusetts|Worcester]]. Locally, the Leominster Champion serves as a weekly community paper. On The Scene Magazine serves greater Leominster as a monthly entertainment publication.<ref>{{cite web|title=Leominster Champion |publisher=Leominster Champion |year= 2012 |url=|accessdate=December 26, 2012}}</ref>
Leominster Access Television (LATV) is the city’s public access television station providing residence with local programs and meetings. The station broadcasts the annual Leominster-Ftichburg Thanksgiving football game every year.
[[File:Northl10.jpg|thumbnail|The MBTA stop in North Leominster]]
[[Regional rail|Commuter rail]] service from [[Boston]]'s [[North Station]] is provided by the [[MBTA]] with a stop in [[North Leominster (MBTA station)|North Leominster]] on its [[Fitchburg Line]].<ref>[ MBTA website].''''. Retrieved May 25, 2008.</ref> Extensive bus transportation is provided by the [[Montachusett Regional Transit Authority]], also known as the Montachusett Area Regional Transit or MART. This service operates specifically in Leominster, Fitchburg, and Gardner. [[Fitchburg Municipal Airport]], an airport in neighboring [[Fitchburg, Massachusetts|Fitchburg]], serves as the air-hub of the area.
==Notable people==
[[Image:Japple.gif|thumb|right|Johnny Appleseed, Harper’s Magazine, 1871]]
<!--people who are not sufficiently notable to have WP pages will be removed-->
* John Chapman, better known as [[Johnny Appleseed]], American pioneer nurseryman
* [[Robert Cormier]], author of ''[[I Am the Cheese]]'' and ''[[The Chocolate War]]'' []
* [[Paul DiGiovanni]], guitarist of popular rock band [[Boys Like Girls]]
* [[Diego Fagundez]], professional soccer player for the [[New England Revolution]]
* [[Matthew Kelly]], drummer for popular punk band [[Dropkick Murphys]]<ref></ref>
* [[Adrian Nicole LeBlanc]], author of ''Random Family: Love, Drugs, Trouble and Coming of Age in the Bronx''
* [[Lou Little]], football player and coach in the 1940s and 1950s
* [[Alex Marcoux]], award-winning author and scientist
* [[James Nachtwey]], award-winning war photographer
* [[Mark Osowski]], former NBA assistant coach for the [[New Orleans Hornets]], the [[Golden State Warriors]], and the [[Cleveland Cavaliers]]
* [[Anthony Russo (American football)|Anthony Russo]], former NFL wide receiver for the [[Seattle Seahawks]]
* [[R. A. Salvatore]], fantasy/science-fiction author
* [[John J. Taylor]], former US Congressman
* [[Oskari Tokoi]], Finnish-American socialist politician and newspaper editor
* [[David I. Walsh]], former Governor of Massachusetts and U.S. Senator
==External links==
{{Commons category}}
* [ Leominster official website]
* [ Leominster Bible Study Group]
* [ Leominster History]
* []
* [ National Plastics Center & Museum]
* [ Leominster city profile]
* [ Sentinel & Enterprise]
{{Worcester County, Massachusetts}}
{{Greater Boston}}
[[Category:Cities in Massachusetts]]
[[Category:Cities in Worcester County, Massachusetts]]
[[Category:Leominster, Massachusetts| ]]
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