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ID:1671194
User:168.31.88.68
Article:Edward Hopper
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(Biography)
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===Early life===
 
===Early life===
Hopper was born in upper [[Nyack, New York|Nyack]], [[New York]], a yacht-building center on the [[Hudson River]] north of New York City.<ref>[http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hopp/hd_hopp.htm biography, Metropolitan Museum of Art]</ref> He was one of two children of a comfortably well-off, middle-class family. His parents, of mostly [[Dutch people|Dutch]] ancestry, were Elizabeth Griffiths Smith and Garret Henry Hopper, a dry-goods merchant.<ref>Gail Levin, ''Edward Hopper: An Intimate Biography'', Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1995, p.11, ISBN 0-394-54664-4</ref> Although not so successful as his forebears, Garrett provided well for his two children with considerable help from his wife’s inheritance. He retired at age forty-nine.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 9</ref> Edward and his only sister Marion attended both private and public schools. They were raised in a strict [[Baptist]] home.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 12</ref> His father had a mild nature, and the household was dominated by women: Hopper's mother, grandmother, sister, and maid.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 23</ref> His [[Edward Hopper Birthplace and Boyhood Home|birthplace and boyhood home]] was listed on the [[National Register of Historic Places]] in 2000. Today the house is the Edward Hopper House Art Center.<ref>[http://www.edwardhopperhouse.org Edward Hopper House Art Center]</ref> It serves as a nonprofit community cultural center featuring exhibitions, workshops, lectures, performances, and special events.<ref name="nris">{{NRISref|2009a}}</ref>
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Hopper was born in upper [[Nyack, New York|Nyack]], [[New York]], a yacht-building center on the [[Hudson Rivesucks
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r]] north of New York City.<ref>[http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hopp/hd_hopp.htm biography, Metropolitan Museum of Art]</ref> He was one of two children of a comfortably well-off, middle-class family. His parents, of mostly [[Dutch people|Dutch]] ancestry, were Elizabeth Griffiths Smith and Garret Henry Hopper, a dry-goods merchant.<ref>Gail Levin, ''Edward Hopper: An Intimate Biography'', Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1995, p.11, ISBN 0-394-54664-4</ref> Although not so successful as his forebears, Garrett provided well for his two children with considerable help from his wife’s inheritance. He retired at age forty-nine.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 9</ref> Edward and his only sister Marion attended both private and public schools. They were raised in a strict [[Baptist]] home.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 12</ref> His father had a mild nature, and the household was dominated by women: Hopper's mother, grandmother, sister, and maid.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 23</ref> His [[Edward Hopper Birthplace and Boyhood Home|birthplace and boyhood home]] was listed on the [[National Register of Historic Places]] in 2000. Today the house is the Edward Hopper House Art Center.<ref>[http://www.edwardhopperhouse.org Edward Hopper House Art Center]</ref> It serves as a nonprofit community cultural center featuring exhibitions, workshops, lectures, performances, and special events.<ref name="nris">{{NRISref|2009a}}</ref>
   
 
Hopper was a good student in grade school and showed talent in drawing at age five. He readily absorbed his father’s intellectual tendencies and love of [[French people|French]] and [[Russians|Russian]] culture. He also demonstrated his mother’s artistic heritage.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 12, 16</ref> Hopper’s parents encouraged his art and kept him amply supplied with materials, instructional magazines, and illustrated books. By his teens, he was working in pen-and-ink, charcoal, watercolor, and oil—drawing from nature as well as making political cartoons.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 20</ref> In 1895, he created his first signed oil painting, ''Rowboat in Rocky Cove''. It shows his early interest in nautical subjects.<ref>Gail Levin, ''The Complete Oil Paintings of Edward Hopper'', W.W. Norton & Co., New York, 2001, p. 1, ISBN 0-393-04996-5</ref>
 
Hopper was a good student in grade school and showed talent in drawing at age five. He readily absorbed his father’s intellectual tendencies and love of [[French people|French]] and [[Russians|Russian]] culture. He also demonstrated his mother’s artistic heritage.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 12, 16</ref> Hopper’s parents encouraged his art and kept him amply supplied with materials, instructional magazines, and illustrated books. By his teens, he was working in pen-and-ink, charcoal, watercolor, and oil—drawing from nature as well as making political cartoons.<ref>Levin 1995, p. 20</ref> In 1895, he created his first signed oil painting, ''Rowboat in Rocky Cove''. It shows his early interest in nautical subjects.<ref>Gail Levin, ''The Complete Oil Paintings of Edward Hopper'', W.W. Norton & Co., New York, 2001, p. 1, ISBN 0-393-04996-5</ref>
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