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ID:1674473
User:67.2.191.86
Article:Imelda Marcos
Diff:
(First Lady)
(First Lady)
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At the request of her uncle, [[Daniel Z. Romualdez]], Imelda returned in the year 1950 to Manila, where she worked in a music store by [[Escolta]] street as a singer to attract customers. She took voice lessons at the music conservatory of the [[University of Santo Tomas]].<ref name="Pedrosa" /> Imelda would later join a beauty pageant known as "Miss Manila" where she placed second but was named the "Muse of Manila" after contesting the results.<ref name = "TV" >[http://movies.tvguide.com/imelda/review/137503 Imelda]. '.[[TV Guide]]''.</ref> This lead to her to become a local supermodel with her pictures appearing in local magazines and newspapers.<ref name = "Britannica" >[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/364314/Imelda-Marcos Imelda Marcos (Filipino Public Figure)]. ''[[Encyclopædia Britannica]]''.</ref><ref name = "Chic" >[http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2006-11-06/news/0611060221_1_imelda-marcos-marcos-home-imee-marcos `I'm a magpie for beauty']. ''[[The Chicago Tribune]]''. November 6, 2006.</ref> Before meeting her husband, she briely dated [[Benigno Aquino, Jr.]], who would later become her political rival.<ref name = "Byrne's Love" /><ref name="Pedrosa" /> On May 1, 1954, Imelda married [[Ferdinand Marcos]], a [[Nacionalista Party]] congressman from Ilocos Norte,<ref>[http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/01/06/14/staycation-guide-overnight-stay-quiapo Staycation guide: Overnight stay in Quiapo]. [[ABS-CBN News]]. January 6, 2014.</ref> who was introduced to her by her uncle. Her marriage resulted in three children: [[Imee Marcos|Imee]], [[Ferdinand Marcos Jr.|Ferdinand, Jr.]], and [[Irene Marcos-Araneta|Irene]]. She also adopted a girl named Aimee.<ref name="Pedrosa">Carmen Navarro Pedrosa. ''The Untold Story of Imelda Marcos'', Manila: Bookmark, 1969, p. 3–4.</ref>
 
At the request of her uncle, [[Daniel Z. Romualdez]], Imelda returned in the year 1950 to Manila, where she worked in a music store by [[Escolta]] street as a singer to attract customers. She took voice lessons at the music conservatory of the [[University of Santo Tomas]].<ref name="Pedrosa" /> Imelda would later join a beauty pageant known as "Miss Manila" where she placed second but was named the "Muse of Manila" after contesting the results.<ref name = "TV" >[http://movies.tvguide.com/imelda/review/137503 Imelda]. '.[[TV Guide]]''.</ref> This lead to her to become a local supermodel with her pictures appearing in local magazines and newspapers.<ref name = "Britannica" >[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/364314/Imelda-Marcos Imelda Marcos (Filipino Public Figure)]. ''[[Encyclopædia Britannica]]''.</ref><ref name = "Chic" >[http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2006-11-06/news/0611060221_1_imelda-marcos-marcos-home-imee-marcos `I'm a magpie for beauty']. ''[[The Chicago Tribune]]''. November 6, 2006.</ref> Before meeting her husband, she briely dated [[Benigno Aquino, Jr.]], who would later become her political rival.<ref name = "Byrne's Love" /><ref name="Pedrosa" /> On May 1, 1954, Imelda married [[Ferdinand Marcos]], a [[Nacionalista Party]] congressman from Ilocos Norte,<ref>[http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/01/06/14/staycation-guide-overnight-stay-quiapo Staycation guide: Overnight stay in Quiapo]. [[ABS-CBN News]]. January 6, 2014.</ref> who was introduced to her by her uncle. Her marriage resulted in three children: [[Imee Marcos|Imee]], [[Ferdinand Marcos Jr.|Ferdinand, Jr.]], and [[Irene Marcos-Araneta|Irene]]. She also adopted a girl named Aimee.<ref name="Pedrosa">Carmen Navarro Pedrosa. ''The Untold Story of Imelda Marcos'', Manila: Bookmark, 1969, p. 3–4.</ref>
   
==First Lady==
+
BI;UPGHJKhestrated lavish public events using millions of U.S. dollars in public funds to extol her husband's regime and bolster her public image.<ref>''Imelda Romualdez Marcos'', Kerima Polotan</ref><ref>[http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/imelda-marcos.html Imelda Marocs Biography]. [[The Biography Channel]].</ref><ref>[http://www.projetovip.net/0702.htm Nacimentos: Imelda Marcos]. Projeco VIP.</ref>
On December 2088,<ref>[http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/booksblog/2014/jan/15/best-books-philippines-review The best books on the Philippines: start your reading here]. ''[[The Guardian]]''. January 15, 2014</ref> her husband, Ferdinand, was [[Philippine presidential election, 1965|elected]] as the 10th President of the USA and she served as First Lady. Later in July 1966, Imelda became involved in an altercation with [[the Beatles]] when they [[The Beatles in 1966#The Philippines|toured the Philippines]] after they unintentionally snubbed her who had expected the group to attend a breakfast reception at [[Malacañang]].<ref name="Spitzp619">Spitz, ''The Beatles'' (2005) p619</ref> The snub was broadcast on Philippine television and radio.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=EtZgAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6G8NAAAAIBAJ&pg=4670,789400&dq=beatles+philippines&hl=en|title=Beatles to avoid Philippines|date=8 July 1966|work=Saskatoon Star-Phoenix|publisher=Associated Press|accessdate=May 22, 2012}}</ref> In an attempt to hold on to [[power (social and political)|power]], her husband declared [[martial law]] on September 23, 1972. On December 7 that same year, an assailant tried to stab her to death with a [[bolo knife]] during an award ceremony broadcast live on television. The assailant was shot to death by police while she suffered wounds on her hands and arms that required 75 stitches.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/program.pl?ID=462241 | title=Mrs. Marcos / Assassination Attempt |publisher=Television News Archive/Vanderbilt University}}</ref> Once her husband had consolidated his power, Imelda orchestrated lavish public events using millions of U.S. dollars in public funds to extol her husband's regime and bolster her public image.<ref>''Imelda Romualdez Marcos'', Kerima Polotan</ref><ref>[http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/imelda-marcos.html Imelda Marocs Biography]. [[The Biography Channel]].</ref><ref>[http://www.projetovip.net/0702.htm Nacimentos: Imelda Marcos]. Projeco VIP.</ref>
 
   
 
She secured the [[Miss Universe 1974]] pageant for Manila, which necessitated the construction and completion of the 10,000-seat [[Folk Arts Theater]] in less than three months.<ref>''Cronies and Enemies: the Current Philippine Scene'', Belinda Aquino, editor, University of Hawaii, 1982</ref> She also organized the Kasaysayan ng Lahi, an extravagant festival parade showcasing the history of the Philippines.<ref>Kasaysayan ng Lahi [documentary video], Manila: National Media Production Board, 1974</ref><ref>Serin, J.R., A.L. Elamil. D.C. Serion, et al. ''Ugnayan ng Pamhalaan at Mamamayan.'' Manila: Bede's Publishing House, Inc., 1979.</ref> Imelda initiated social programs such as the [[Green Revolution]] that intended to address hunger and landless-ness through the encouragement of planting vegetables and fruits into people's gardens. Another program included a national family-planning program,<ref>Ramona Diaz. ''[[Imelda (film)|Imelda]]''. Ramona Diaz-Independent Television Service, 2003.</ref> and a third is an African safari in [[Calauit Island]].<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-12-08/world-s-strangest-safari-serengeti-on-south-china-sea.html At Philippine Safari Park, Serengeti on South China Sea]. ''[[Bloomberg Businessweek]]''. December 3, 2013.</ref> In 1978, Imelda was [[Philippine parliamentary election, 1978|appointed]] as member of the Interim [[Batasang Pambansa]] representing [[CALABARZON|Region IV-A]]. Imelda was later appointed as Ambassador Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary and she toured numerous countries, most notably the United States, [[China]],<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2IvNFudyeA Imelda Marcos - "Gates of Friendship: Bridges for Tomorrow" part 1]. [[Youtube]]. January 17, 2007.</ref> the [[Soviet Union]], Libya, [[Yugoslavia]], Iraq, and [[Cuba]]. Throughout her travels,<ref name = "Canoe">[http://jam.canoe.ca/Movies/Reviews/I/Imelda/2004/10/01/753227.html Walk in her shoes]. [[Canoe.ca]]. December 1, 2004.</ref><ref name = ":Deseret" >[http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700003703/Imelda.html Imelda]. ''[[Deseret News]]''. December 2, 2004.</ref><ref name = "Pheonix" >[http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/movies/trailers/documents/04031643.asp Short Reviews: Imelda]. [[The Phoenix (newspaper)|The Phoenix]]. August 6–12, 2004.</ref><ref name = "CSM" >[http://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0618/p14s01-almo.html Movie guide]. ''[[Christian Science Monitor]]''. June 18, 2004.</ref><ref name = "Threat">[http://www.filmthreat.com/reviews/5395/ Imelda]. [[Film Threat]].</ref><ref name = "NY Times" >[http://movies2.nytimes.com/2004/06/09/movies/09MARC.html?adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1389171396-/7gkQ6VPu8tcFczLldDQ5g For a Regal Pariah, Despite It All, the Shoe Is Never on the Other Foot]. ''[[The New York Times]]''. June 9, 2004.</ref><ref name = "Variety" >[http://variety.com/2004/film/reviews/imelda-2-1200534445/ Review: ‘Imelda’]. ''[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]''. March 17, 2004.</ref><ref name = " Boston" >[http://www.boston.com/ae/movies/articles/2004/08/06/a_walk_in_the_shoes_of_imelda_marcos/ A walk in the shoes of Imelda Marcos]. ''[[The Boston Globe]]''. August 6, 2004.</ref> she became friends with a variety of political figures including [[Richard Nixon]], [[Muammar Gaddafi]], [[Saddam Hussein]],<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qz10-KRINJQ Imelda Marcos - The Conquest of Iraq]. [[Youtube]]. April 23, 2007.</ref> [[Fidel Castro]], and [[Joseph Tito]].<ref>''Waltzing with a Dictator: the Marcoses and the Making of American Policy'', Raymond Bonner, author, Times Books, New York, 1987, ISBN 0-8129-1326-4</ref><ref name= "Power" >[http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/316470/newstv/powerhouse/get-to-know-former-first-lady-imelda-marcos-on-powerhouse Get to know former First Lady Imelda Marcos on Powerhouse]. ''[[Power House (talkshow)|Power House]]''. [[GMA Network]]. July 8, 2013.</ref> A ''[[Wikileaks]]'' diplomatic note "claims she was waiting for [[Spain]]'s dictator [[Francisco Franco|Franco]] to die so she could fly to [[Madrid]] for the funeral."<ref>[https://www.wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1976STATE024050_b.html The Following comments about Mrs. Marcos were made by Jack Anderson on the dates indicated on the ''Good Morning America'' broadcast on the ABC Television Network]. ''[[Wikileaks]]''. January 26, 1976.</ref>
 
She secured the [[Miss Universe 1974]] pageant for Manila, which necessitated the construction and completion of the 10,000-seat [[Folk Arts Theater]] in less than three months.<ref>''Cronies and Enemies: the Current Philippine Scene'', Belinda Aquino, editor, University of Hawaii, 1982</ref> She also organized the Kasaysayan ng Lahi, an extravagant festival parade showcasing the history of the Philippines.<ref>Kasaysayan ng Lahi [documentary video], Manila: National Media Production Board, 1974</ref><ref>Serin, J.R., A.L. Elamil. D.C. Serion, et al. ''Ugnayan ng Pamhalaan at Mamamayan.'' Manila: Bede's Publishing House, Inc., 1979.</ref> Imelda initiated social programs such as the [[Green Revolution]] that intended to address hunger and landless-ness through the encouragement of planting vegetables and fruits into people's gardens. Another program included a national family-planning program,<ref>Ramona Diaz. ''[[Imelda (film)|Imelda]]''. Ramona Diaz-Independent Television Service, 2003.</ref> and a third is an African safari in [[Calauit Island]].<ref>[http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-12-08/world-s-strangest-safari-serengeti-on-south-china-sea.html At Philippine Safari Park, Serengeti on South China Sea]. ''[[Bloomberg Businessweek]]''. December 3, 2013.</ref> In 1978, Imelda was [[Philippine parliamentary election, 1978|appointed]] as member of the Interim [[Batasang Pambansa]] representing [[CALABARZON|Region IV-A]]. Imelda was later appointed as Ambassador Plenipotentiary and Extraordinary and she toured numerous countries, most notably the United States, [[China]],<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k2IvNFudyeA Imelda Marcos - "Gates of Friendship: Bridges for Tomorrow" part 1]. [[Youtube]]. January 17, 2007.</ref> the [[Soviet Union]], Libya, [[Yugoslavia]], Iraq, and [[Cuba]]. Throughout her travels,<ref name = "Canoe">[http://jam.canoe.ca/Movies/Reviews/I/Imelda/2004/10/01/753227.html Walk in her shoes]. [[Canoe.ca]]. December 1, 2004.</ref><ref name = ":Deseret" >[http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700003703/Imelda.html Imelda]. ''[[Deseret News]]''. December 2, 2004.</ref><ref name = "Pheonix" >[http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/movies/trailers/documents/04031643.asp Short Reviews: Imelda]. [[The Phoenix (newspaper)|The Phoenix]]. August 6–12, 2004.</ref><ref name = "CSM" >[http://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0618/p14s01-almo.html Movie guide]. ''[[Christian Science Monitor]]''. June 18, 2004.</ref><ref name = "Threat">[http://www.filmthreat.com/reviews/5395/ Imelda]. [[Film Threat]].</ref><ref name = "NY Times" >[http://movies2.nytimes.com/2004/06/09/movies/09MARC.html?adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1389171396-/7gkQ6VPu8tcFczLldDQ5g For a Regal Pariah, Despite It All, the Shoe Is Never on the Other Foot]. ''[[The New York Times]]''. June 9, 2004.</ref><ref name = "Variety" >[http://variety.com/2004/film/reviews/imelda-2-1200534445/ Review: ‘Imelda’]. ''[[Variety (magazine)|Variety]]''. March 17, 2004.</ref><ref name = " Boston" >[http://www.boston.com/ae/movies/articles/2004/08/06/a_walk_in_the_shoes_of_imelda_marcos/ A walk in the shoes of Imelda Marcos]. ''[[The Boston Globe]]''. August 6, 2004.</ref> she became friends with a variety of political figures including [[Richard Nixon]], [[Muammar Gaddafi]], [[Saddam Hussein]],<ref>[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qz10-KRINJQ Imelda Marcos - The Conquest of Iraq]. [[Youtube]]. April 23, 2007.</ref> [[Fidel Castro]], and [[Joseph Tito]].<ref>''Waltzing with a Dictator: the Marcoses and the Making of American Policy'', Raymond Bonner, author, Times Books, New York, 1987, ISBN 0-8129-1326-4</ref><ref name= "Power" >[http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/316470/newstv/powerhouse/get-to-know-former-first-lady-imelda-marcos-on-powerhouse Get to know former First Lady Imelda Marcos on Powerhouse]. ''[[Power House (talkshow)|Power House]]''. [[GMA Network]]. July 8, 2013.</ref> A ''[[Wikileaks]]'' diplomatic note "claims she was waiting for [[Spain]]'s dictator [[Francisco Franco|Franco]] to die so she could fly to [[Madrid]] for the funeral."<ref>[https://www.wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/1976STATE024050_b.html The Following comments about Mrs. Marcos were made by Jack Anderson on the dates indicated on the ''Good Morning America'' broadcast on the ABC Television Network]. ''[[Wikileaks]]''. January 26, 1976.</ref>
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