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Article:Strait of Gibraltar
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(Geology)
(History)
(Tag: Possible vandalism)
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The Strait has been identified as an [[Important Bird Area]] by [[BirdLife International]] because hundreds of thousands of [[seabird]]s use it every year to pass between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, including large numbers of [[Cory's Shearwater|Cory's]] and [[Balearic Shearwater]]s, [[Audouin's Gull|Audouin's]], [[Yellow-legged Gull|Yellow-legged]] and [[Lesser Black-backed Gull]]s, [[Razorbill]]s and [[Atlantic Puffin]]s.<ref>BirdLife International (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Strait of Gibraltar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-02-20.</ref>
 
The Strait has been identified as an [[Important Bird Area]] by [[BirdLife International]] because hundreds of thousands of [[seabird]]s use it every year to pass between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, including large numbers of [[Cory's Shearwater|Cory's]] and [[Balearic Shearwater]]s, [[Audouin's Gull|Audouin's]], [[Yellow-legged Gull|Yellow-legged]] and [[Lesser Black-backed Gull]]s, [[Razorbill]]s and [[Atlantic Puffin]]s.<ref>BirdLife International (2012). Important Bird Areas factsheet: Strait of Gibraltar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 2012-02-20.</ref>
   
==History==
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So lets get started here. The strait of gibraltar has a rare species of unicorns and sabertooth tigers. it also has mamoths and a whole bunch of other rare species and other stuff. So now that you know about this the people of the strait of gibraltar has a specific language. Here is a sentence from it. jfkljdfjsdfsdjfkfjakfjsdkfkas;kfasdjfasd
[[Image:Strait of Gibraltar by Piri Reis.jpg|thumb|Historic map of the Strait of Gibraltar by [[Piri Reis]].]]
 
:''For full articles on the history of the north Gibraltar shore, see [[History of Gibraltar]] or [[History of Spain]]. For the full article on the history of the south Gibraltar shore, see [[History of Morocco]].''
 
 
Evidence of the first human habitation of the area by [[Neanderthal]]s dates back to 125,000 years ago. In fact, it is believed that the [[Rock of Gibraltar]] may have been one of the last outposts of Neanderthal habitation in the world, with evidence of their presence there dating to as recently as only 24,000 years ago.<ref>{{cite journal |date=October 2008 |url=http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/10/neanderthals/hall-text/10 |title=Last of the Neanderthals |journal=National Geographic |accessdate=2009-12-29}}</ref> Archaeological evidence of Homo sapiens habitation of the area dates back to ca. 40,000 years ago.
 
 
The relatively short distance between the two shores has served as a quick hop-over point for various groups and civilizations throughout history, i.e., Hannibal's invasion of Rome, Roman travel between the provinces of Hispania and Mauritania, Vandals raiding down from Germania through Western Rome and into North Africa in the 5th century, Moors/Berbers in the 8th - 11th Centuries, Spain & Portugal in the 16th Century, etc.
 
 
Beginning in 1492, the straits began to play a certain cultural role in acting as a barrier against cross-strait conquest and the flow of culture and language that would naturally follow such a conquest. In that year, the last Muslim government north of the straits was overthrown by a Spanish force. Since that time, the straits have come to foster the development of two very distinct and varied cultures on either side of the straits after sharing much the same culture and greater degrees of tolerance for over 300+ years from the 8th century to the early 13th century.
 
 
On the northern side, Christian/European culture has remained dominant since the expulsion of the last Muslim Kingdom in 1492, along with the [[Latin]]-based [[Spanish language]], while on the southern side, Muslim-Arabic/Mediterranean has been dominant since the spread of Islam into North Africa in the 700's, along with the [[Arabic]] language. For the last 500 years, religious and cultural intolerance, more than the small travel barrier that the straits present, has come to act as a powerful enforcing agent of the cultural separation that exists between these two groups.
 
 
The small [[United Kingdom|British]] enclave of the city of [[Gibraltar]] presents a third cultural group found in the straits. This enclave was first established in 1704 and has since been used by Britain to act as a surety for control of the sea lanes into and out of the Mediterranean.
 
 
Following the [[Spanish coup of July 1936]] the [[Spanish Republican Navy]] tried to [[blockade]] the Strait of Gibraltar to hamper the transport of [[Army of Africa (Spain)|Army of Africa]] troops from [[Spanish Morocco]] to Peninsular Spain. But on 5 August 1936 the so-called [[Convoy de la victoria]] was able to bring at least 2,500 men across the strait breaking the republican blockade.<ref name="Antony Beevor 1982 revised 2006">{{cite book | title = The Battle for Spain | author = [[Antony Beevor]] | year = 1982 revised 2006 | publisher = Orion | isbn = 978-0-7538-2165-7}}</ref>
 
   
 
==Communications==
 
==Communications==
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