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Article:Dalarna
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{{Infobox settlement
 
<!-- See Template:Infobox settlement for additional fields and descriptions -->
 
| name = Dalarna
 
| image_caption =
 
| image_shield = Dalarna vapen.svgo =
 
| image_map = Sverigekarta-Landskap Dalarna.svg
 
| mapsize = 120px
 
| map_alt =
 
| map_caption =
 
 
| subdivision_type = Country| unit_pref = Metric<!-- or US or UK -->
 
| area_footnotes =
 
| area_total_km2 = 29,086
 
| area_land_km2 =
 
| area_water_km2 =
 
| area_water_percent =
 
| area_note =
 
| population_footnotes = <ref>[http://www.scb.se/Pages/TableAndChart____293162.aspx Statistics Sweden]</ref>
 
| population_total = 276,505| demographics1_title1 = Language
 
| demographics1_info1 = [[Swedish language|Swedish]]
 
| demographics1_title2 = Dialect
 
| demographics1_info2 = [[Dalecarlian dialects|Dalecarlian]]
 
| demographics_type2 = Culture
 
| demographics2_title2 = Flower
 
| demographics2_info2 = [[Harebell]]
 
| demographics2_title3 = Animal
 
| demographics2_info3 = [[Eagle Owl]]
 
| demographics2_title4 = Bird
 
| demographics2_info4 = —
 
| demographics2_title5 = Fish
 
| demographics2_info5 = [[Minnow]]
 
| website = <!-- {{URL|example.com}} -->
 
| footnotes =
 
}}
 
 
'''Dalarna''' ({{Audio|sv-Dalarna.ogg|listen}}, [[English language|English]] [[exonym]]: '''Dalecarlia'''),<ref>[[Eric Linklater]] in ''The Life of Charles XII'' pp. 53-54 & throughout</ref> is a historical [[Provinces of Sweden|province]] or ''landskap'' in central [[Sweden]]. Another English language form established in literature is '''the Dales'''.<ref>[[Robert Nisbet Bain]] in ''Gustavus III and His Contemporaries, Volume Two'' London 1894 & New York 1970 pp. 33-35 & throughout</ref>
 
 
Dalarna adjoins [[Härjedalen]], [[Hälsingland]], [[Gästrikland]], [[Västmanland]] and [[Värmland]]. It is also bounded by [[Norway]] in the west. Borders of the province mostly coincide with the modern administrative [[Dalarna County]] (''[[län]]'').
 
 
The word "Dalarna" means "the dales" (valleys). The area is a popular vacation destination for Swedes from the south, who often travel there to relax during summer vacations, drawn by good fishing lakes, beautiful campgrounds, and deep forests. Many such Swedes own or rent a second residence in Dalarna, where they are likely to have a vegetable garden and apple trees. In mid-June, summerfest celebrations and dances are held in many of the small villages and, of course, in the larger cities. Dalarna is a region full of historical associations, possessing strong local characteristics in respect of its products, and especially of its people. In the western districts of [[Älvdalen]] and [[Lima, Sweden|Lima]] some people in villages speak a traditional [[dialect]], the [[Dalecarlian language]]. Historically, the people of Dalecarlia – called Dalecarlians, or Dalesmen (''dalkarlar="dale churls", masar'') and Daleswomen (''kullor'') – are famous for their love of independence.<ref name=enc1911>Volume V07, Page 764 of the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. ([http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/DAH_DEM/DALECARLIA_Dalarne_the_Dales_.html online link])</ref>
 
 
== Administration ==
 
The [[provinces of Sweden]] serve no administrative or political purposes, but function as historical and cultural entities. In the case of ''Dalarna'' a corresponding administrative [[Dalarna County]] has almost, but not exactly, the same boundaries as the province, except for a part of the north-east ([[Hamra, Dalarna|Hamra]] parish, also known as Orsa Finnmark) which forms part of [[Ljusdal Municipality]], [[Gävleborg County]].
 
 
== Heraldry ==
 
{{unreferenced section|date=April 2012}}
 
Dalarna's coat of arms dates from 1560; the use of two crossed arrows as a symbol precedes this. A [[Duke of Dalecarlia|Duchy of Dalecarlia]]{{dn|date=May 2014}} also exists, and the provincial arms include a ducal coronet.
 
 
Blazon: "Azure, two Dalecarlian Arrows Or in saltire point upwards pointed Argent and in chief a Crown of the first".
 
 
As early as 1525 the arrows appeared in use on a seal. Dalarna County uses the same coat of arms, granted for the then Kopparberg County in 1936.
 
 
== Geography ==
 
The northern part of the province lies within the [[Scandinavian mountain range]]: mountainous country with many glacier-created lakes. The southern part consists of plains, with several mines, most notably [[copper]], traditionally forming part of [[Bergslagen]].
 
 
Highest point is [[Storvätteshågna]], 1,204 meters above sea-level. Lowest point is at 55 meters, in the south-east part.
 
 
Lake [[Siljan (lake)|Siljan]] features in the middle part of Dalarna, and the [[Västerdal River]] and [[Österdal River]] join the [[Dal River]]. Dalarna's second lake is [[Runn]], which lies between Falun and Borlänge. With {{convert|66.6|km2|mi2}} of water and over fifty islands, the lake is a popular tourist destination.
 
 
===Cities===
 
Dalarna was historically divided into [[Cities of Sweden|chartered cities]] and districts:
 
 
*[[Avesta (locality)|Avesta]] (1641–1686, renewed 1919)
 
*[[Borlänge]] (1944, as Borlængio By 1390)
 
*[[Falun]] (1641)
 
*[[Hedemora]] (approximately 1400)
 
*[[Ludvika]] (1919)
 
*[[Säter]] (1642)
 
 
The cities are since 1971 seats of their respective [[Municipalities of Sweden|municipalities]].
 
 
===Other towns===
 
*[[Vansbro]]
 
*[[Leksand]]
 
*[[Mora (locality)|Mora]]
 
*[[Orsa Municipality|Orsa]]
 
*[[Älvdalen Municipality|Älvdalen]]
 
*[[Rättvik]]
 
*[[Tällberg]]
 
*[[Malung]]
 
*[[Sälen]]
 
*[[Särna]] (and Idre)
 
*[[Smedjebacken]]
 
 
===National parks===
 
*[[Färnebofjärden National Park|Färnebofjärden]]
 
*[[Fulufjället National Park|Fulufjället]]
 
*[[Hamra National Park|Hamra]]
 
*[[Töfsingdalen National Park|Töfsingdalen]]
 
 
{{wide image|Lake_Runnsjön.jpg|800px|<center>Lake Runn (Runnsjön) close to Torsång (Borlänge)</center>}}
 
 
== History ==
 
The province of Dalarna formed part of [[Svealand]] before the [[Consolidation of Sweden|formation of Sweden]] in the 11th century.
 
 
Three historically notorious rebellions started in the Dalarna province:
 
 
* In 1434, led by [[Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson]], the miners rose against the oppression of the officers of [[Eric of Pomerania]].
 
* In 1519–1523 [[Gustav I of Sweden|Gustav Vasa]] found his first and staunchest supporters among the miners [[Swedish War of Liberation|in his revolt]] against the [[Kalmar Union]] under [[Christian II of Denmark|King Christian II]].<ref name=enc1911>Another 1911 reference</ref>
 
* In 1524–1533 the Dalecarlians and local nobles rebelled against Gustav's increasingly autocratic rule and [[Swedish Reformation|reformist]] religious policies; three uprisings were brutally suppressed. Some of the leaders were executed as alleged collaborators of King Christian during the liberation war.
 
* In 1743, the [[Dalecarlian Rebellion (1743)|Dalecarlian Rebellion]] against the [[Hats (party)|Hats]], which was the last major peasants' uprising in Sweden.
 
 
== Culture ==
 
[[File:Leksandkvinna, 1911.jpg|thumb|A Daleswoman from [[Leksand]] in traditional folk dress, 1911.]]
 
[[File:Dalahäst i avesta.jpg|thumb|A giant Dala horse in central [[Avesta (locality)|Avesta]].]]
 
 
Historically, Dalarna has enjoyed a rich and unique folk culture, with distinct music, paintings (often centered on Biblical themes) and handicrafts.{{Citation needed|date=June 2007}} The province preserved longer than any other the use of the [[Runic alphabet]], a local dialect of which, the so-called [[Dalecarlian runes]] or Dalrunes, survived into the 19th century.<ref>
 
http://www.nordiska.uu.se/arkiv/konferenser/alvdalska/Sapir.pdf
 
</ref>
 
 
A famous symbol of the province is the [[Dalecarlian horse]], in Swedish ''Dalahäst'', a painted and decorated wooden horse. [[Sulky]] racing is popular in the region. The high level of calcium in the soil favours horse breeding.
 
 
[[Vasaloppet]], a [[cross-country skiing]] race (the world's longest) of 90&nbsp;km, takes place annually, on the first Sunday of March, between [[Sälen]] and [[Mora (locality)|Mora]]. It commemorates the ski-borne escape of Gustav Ericson, who would later become King [[Gustav I of Sweden]], from [[Denmark|Danish]] troops in 1520.
 
 
[[UNESCO]] has named the mining area of the [[Stora Kopparberg]] ("Great Copper Mountain") in [[Falun]] a [[World Heritage Site]].
 
 
== Notable natives ==
 
*[[Lars Bäckman|Lars "Kuprik" Bäckman]], chef
 
*[[Jussi Björling]], opera singer
 
*[[Cryonic Temple]], heavy metal band
 
*[[Joacim Cans]], musician
 
*[[Björn Dixgård]], musician
 
*[[Johan Erik Forsström]], naturalist
 
*[[Lars Frölander]], swimmer
 
*[[Amanda Hollingby Matsson]], singer
 
*[[Hypocrisy (band)]], death metal band
 
*[[Emil Janel]], Swedish-American artist
 
*[[Sixten Jernberg]], skier
 
*[[Anders Kallur]], ice hockey player
 
*[[Jenny Kallur]], sprinter
 
*[[Sanna Kallur]], sprinter
 
*[[Nils Karlsson]] ("Mora-Nisse"), skier
 
*[[Patrick Johansson (musician)|Patrick Johansson]], musician
 
*[[Carl Larsson]], image artist
 
*[[Gustaf de Laval]], inventor-engineer
 
*[[Niklas Lidström]], ice hockey player
 
*[[Mando Diao]], alternative rock band
 
*[[Kristian Matsson]] ("The Tallest Man on Earth"), folk musician
 
*[[Kalle Moraeus]], musician
 
*[[Gunnar Myrdal]], economist-politician
 
*[[Gustaf Norén]], musician
 
*[[Charlie Norman]], pianist
 
*[[Pain (musical project)|Pain]], industrial metal band
 
*[[Karin Park]], pop star
 
*[[Tony Rickardsson]], speedway rider
 
*[[Birgit Ridderstedt]], folk singer
 
*[[Sabaton (band)]], power metal band
 
*[[Sator (band)|Sator]], rock band
 
*[[Scar Symmetry]], death metal band
 
*[[Björn Skifs]], entertainer
 
*[[Gunde Svan]], cross-country skier, television presenter
 
*[[Peter Tägtgren]], musician
 
*[[Anders Zorn]], image artist painter
 
 
== Dukes ==
 
Since 1772, Swedish Kings have designated princes as dukes of various provinces, a nominal title.
 
 
* [[Prince August, Duke of Dalarna|Prince August]] (1831–1873)
 
* [[Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalecarlia|Prince Carl Johan]] (from his birth in 1916 until his loss of succession rights in 1947)
 
 
==Districts==
 
The Swedish provinces were subdivided into the [[Hundreds of Sweden]], in effect until early 20th century.
 
 
In some provinces the sub-dividing was through ''districts''. Dalarna had only one [[Hundreds of Sweden|chartered hundred]] &ndash; the others were court districts.
 
{{col-begin|width=auto}}
 
{{col-break}}
 
*[[Folkare Hundred]]
 
*[[Grangärde Court District]]
 
*[[Hedemora and Garpenberg Court District]]
 
*[[Husby Court District]]
 
*[[Kopparberg and Aspeboda Court District]]
 
*[[Leksand Court District]]
 
*[[Malung Court District]]
 
*[[Mora Court District]]
 
*[[Norrbärke Court District]]
 
*[[Nås Court District]]
 
*[[Orsa Court District]]
 
{{col-break|gap=2em}}
 
*[[Rättvik Court District]]
 
*[[Skedvi Grand Court District]]
 
*[[Sundborn Court District]]
 
*[[Sveg Court District]]
 
*[[Svärdsjö Court District]]
 
*[[Särna Court District]]
 
*[[Söderbärke Court District]]
 
*[[Torsång Court District]]
 
*[[Tuna Grand Court District]]
 
*[[Vika Court District]]
 
*[[Älvdalen Court District]]
 
{{col-end}}
 
 
==Sports==
 
Skiing is large in Dalarna, see [[Vasaloppet]].
 
Football in the province is administered by [[Dalarnas Fotbollförbund]].
 
 
== References ==
 
{{reflist}}
 
* {{Sv icon}} [http://runeberg.org/nfbe/0610.html article ''Dalarna''] from [[Nordisk familjebok]]. In Swedish.
 
* {{1911}}
 
 
==External links==
 
{{Commons category}}
 
{{Wikivoyage}}
 
* [http://www.dalarna.se/ Dalarna]—Tourist site
 
* [http://www.destination-alvdalen.se/fg Pictures from Dalarna]
 
 
{{Provinces of Sweden}}
 
 
[[Category:Provinces of Sweden]]
 
[[Category:Dalarna| ]]
 
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