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Article:Renault F1
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{{distinguish|Renault FR1}}
 
{{redirect|Lotus Renault|the Lotus team which competed in Formula One from 1958-1994 (using Renault engines from 1983-1986) |Team Lotus|the team which debuted in 2010 and which uses Renault engines in 2011|Team Lotus (current)}}
 
{{Use dmy dates|date=July 2011}}
 
{{Use British English|date=July 2011}}
 
{{coord|51|55|12|N|1|23|25|W|display=title}}
 
{| style="float:right; background:transparent;"
 
<!--Table to prevent [edit] links becoming bunched (cf [[WP:BUNCH]])-->
 
|{{Infobox F1 team
 
| Constructor_name = {{flagicon|GBR}} Renault<!--PLEASE DO NOT ADD LOTUS TO THIS, RENAULT IS THE CONSTRUCTOR NAME-->
 
| Long_name = Lotus Renault GP Limited
 
| Logo = [[File:Lotus Renault GP.png|220px|Current logo (2011–)]]
 
| Base = [[Enstone]], Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
 
| Principal = [[Eric Boullier]]<ref name="boullier">{{cite news|title=Boullier joins Renault as team principal|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/80738|last=Noble|first=Jonathan|publisher=autosport.com|date=5 January 2010|accessdate=5 January 2010}}</ref>
 
| Director = [[James Allison (motorsport)|James Allison]]
 
| Website = {{URL|www.lotusrenaultgp.com}}
 
 
<!-- Please leave the 2011 information in the infobox until January 1. -->
 
| 2011 Drivers = 9. {{flagicon|BRA}} [[Bruno Senna]]<ref name="Senna">{{cite news|url=http://www.lotusrenaultgp.com/6308-Bruno-Senna-to-race-for-Lotus.html|title=Bruno Senna to race for Lotus Renault GP|work=Lotus Renault GP|publisher=Renault F1|date=24 August 2011|accessdate=24 August 2011}}</ref><br/>10. {{flagicon|RUS}} [[Vitaly Petrov]]
 
| 2011 Test_drivers = {{flagicon|FRA}} [[Romain Grosjean]]<br/>{{flagicon|MYS}} [[Fairuz Fauzy]]<br/>{{flagicon|CHN}} [[Ho-Pin Tung]]<br/>{{flagicon|CZE}} [[Jan Charouz]]
 
| 2011 Chassis = [[Renault R31]]
 
| 2011 Engine = [[Renault Sport F1|Renault]] RS27 -2011
 
| 2011 Tyres = [[Pirelli]] P-Zero
 
| 2011 Fuel = [[Total S.A.|Total]]
 
 
| 2012 Drivers = 9. {{flagicon|FIN}} [[Kimi Räikkönen]]<ref name="FIA301111">{{cite news|url=http://fia.com/en-GB/mediacentre/pressreleases/f1releases/2011/Pages/f1-entry-2012.aspx|title=2012 FIA Formula One World Championship Entry List|date=30 November 2011|accessdate=30 November 2011|work=FIA.com|publisher=[[Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile]]}}</ref><br />10. {{flagicon|FRA}} [[Romain Grosjean]]<ref>{{cite news|title=Grosjean lands 2012 Renault race seat|url=http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2011/12/12882.html|work=Formula1.com|publisher=[[Formula One Group|Formula One Administration]]|date=9 December 2011|accessdate=9 December 2011}}</ref>
 
| 2012 Test_drivers = TBA
 
| 2012 Chassis = TBA
 
| 2012 Engine = [[Renault Sport F1|Renault]]<ref name="FIA301111"/>
 
| 2012 Tyres = [[Pirelli]]
 
| 2012 Fuel = TBA
 
 
| Debut = [[1977 British Grand Prix]]
 
| Final = {{Latest F1GP}}
 
| Races = 304
 
| Cons_champ = 2 ({{f1|2005}} and {{f1|2006}})
 
| Drivers_champ = 2 ({{f1|2005}} and {{f1|2006}})
 
| Wins = 35
 
| Poles = 51
 
| Fastest_laps = 31
 
| Last_season = 2011
 
| Last_position = 5th (73 pts)
 
}}
 
{{Portal|Formula One}}
 
|}
 
[[File:renault crew 2002.jpg|thumb|Members of the Renault F1 pit crew in 2002.]]
 
[[File:Jarno Trulli 2003.jpg|thumb|[[Jarno Trulli]] driving for the Renault Formula One team at [[Indianapolis Motor Speedway|Indianapolis]] in {{F1|2003}}.]]
 
 
'''Lotus Renault GP''',<ref>[http://www.companiesintheuk.co.uk/ltd/lotus-renault-gp "LOTUS RENAULT GP LIMITED of EC4M 7EG"], ''Companies in the UK.co.uk'', 16 December 2010, accessed 14 January 2011.</ref> formerly the '''Renault F1 Team''', is a British [[Formula One]] racing team. The Oxfordshire-based team can trace its roots back through the Benetton team of the late 1980s and 1990s to the Toleman team of the early 1980s. Renault had also competed in various forms since {{f1|1977}}, before taking over this team in 2000. This team won [[List of Formula One World Constructors' Champions|Constructors']] and [[List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions|Drivers']] titles in {{F1|2005}} and {{F1|2006}}. At the start of the 2011 season, following the Genii Capital acquisition of a majority stake in the team and the acquisition by Lotus Cars of a twenty-five percent holding, the then Renault F1 team was rebranded as Lotus Renault GP. For {{F1|2012}}, the team will be known as the '''Lotus F1 Team'''.
 
 
==History==
 
===Origins===
 
====Toleman and Benetton====
 
{{main|Toleman|Benetton Formula}}
 
The team can trace its ancestry back to the [[Toleman]] team which raced in F1 for the first time in 1981. The team became the [[Benetton Formula|Benetton]] team in 1986 following its purchase by the [[Benetton family]].
 
 
====The Renault years====
 
Renault purchased Benetton Formula Limited for $120&nbsp;million on 16 March 2000, to return to Formula One. Renault maintained the Benetton name for the {{f1|2000}} and the {{f1|2001}} seasons. When reporting the purchase the ''[[International Herald Tribune]]'' commented that "the team will not race under the Renault name until it is ready to win and reap the marketing benefits."<ref>{{cite news|first = Brad|last = Spurgeon|title = Teams Rev Up for Battle in the Brand-Name Game|work=International Herald Tribune|page = 24|date = 24 March 2000}}</ref> It was not until 2002 that this name change occurred.
 
 
===2002 season===
 
 
In {{f1|2002}}, Benetton were rebranded as Renault F1 and contested the season with drivers [[Jarno Trulli]] and [[Jenson Button]] who scored 23 points during the season.
 
 
===2003 season===
 
 
Despite outscoring his teammate during 2002, Button was dropped by Renault in {{f1|2003}}. His replacement was Spain's [[Fernando Alonso]], who had been impressive as a test driver the previous year. Alonso won the [[2003 Hungarian Grand Prix]], the first time Renault had won a Grand Prix since the [[1983 Austrian Grand Prix]]. Renault was innovative during this period producing non-standard designs such as the 111° 10-cylinder engine for the 2003 RS23 which was designed to effectively lower the center of gravity of the engine and thus improve the car's handling. This eventually proved too unreliable and heavy, so Renault returned to a more conventional development route.
 
 
===2004 season===
 
 
In {{F1|2004}}, the team were contenders for second place in the Constructors' Championship. Trulli won the [[2004 Monaco Grand Prix|Monaco Grand Prix]], but his relationship with Renault (particularly with team principal and Trulli's ex-manager [[Flavio Briatore]]) deteriorated after he was consistently off the pace in the latter half of the year, and made claims of favouritism in the team towards Alonso (though the two teammates themselves remained friendly).
 
 
Commentators regularly point to the [[2004 French Grand Prix|French Grand Prix]] as the final straw for Briatore, where Trulli was overtaken by [[Rubens Barrichello]] in the final stages of the last lap, costing Renault a double podium finish at their home Grand Prix. He subsequently announced he was joining [[Toyota Racing|Toyota]] for the following year and in fact left Renault early, driving the Toyota in the last two races of the 2004 season. Hoping to secure second place in the Constructors' Championship, Renault replaced Trulli with {{F1|1997}} World Champion [[Jacques Villeneuve]] for the final three races. However, Villeneuve – away from F1 racing for almost an entire season and struggling to acclimatise quickly to racing at the premier level – did not impress, and the team finished third behind [[British American Racing|BAR]].
 
 
===2005 season===
 
[[File:Fisichella cheste 2006-02.jpg|left|thumb|[[Giancarlo Fisichella]] testing for Renault.]]
 
[[Giancarlo Fisichella]] was Trulli's replacement for the {{f1|2005}} season. He took advantage of a rain-affected qualifying session to win the first race of the season, the [[2005 Australian Grand Prix|Australian Grand Prix]]. [[Fernando Alonso]] then won the next three races to build a considerable lead in the Drivers' World Championship, thereby doing the same for Renault in the Constructors' championship. Meanwhile, Fisichella failed to finish several races. After the [[2005 San Marino Grand Prix|San Marino Grand Prix]], Renault and Alonso's championship leads came under attack from a fast-but-fragile [[McLaren]]-[[Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines|Mercedes]] team and Kimi Räikkönen respectively for the Drivers' Championship. McLaren took the lead of the Constructors' World Championship by securing a one-two finish at the [[2005 Brazilian Grand Prix|Brazilian Grand Prix]], but that was to be the race in which Alonso secured the Drivers' title, becoming the youngest ever driver to do so. This achievement was followed by a win in [[2005 Chinese Grand Prix|China]] to secure the Constructors' World Championship for Renault after McLaren driver [[Juan Pablo Montoya]]'s car was badly damaged by a drain cover coming loose on the track. This broke [[Scuderia Ferrari|Ferrari]]'s six-year stranglehold on that title. It was the first time Renault had won the title as a manufacturer, and Renault became only the second French [[List of Formula One constructors|constructor]] (after the triumph of [[Matra]] in {{f1|1969}}) to win the title.
 
 
===2006 season===
 
 
[[File:Renault RS26 engine 2006.jpg|thumb|right|The Renault team's {{F1|2006}} engine, the RS26. Renault's first [[V8 engine]] in Formula One.]]
 
[[File:2006 Malaysian Grand Prix.jpg|thumb|left|Fisichella won the [[2006 Malaysian Grand Prix]] for Renault.]]
 
[[Fernando Alonso]] and [[Giancarlo Fisichella]] were retained for 2006, while test driver [[Franck Montagny]] was replaced by [[Heikki Kovalainen]]. The team's 2006 contender, the R26 – featuring a seven speed gearbox made of [[titanium]], was unveiled at a launch event on 31 January.
 
 
Alonso won the opening [[2006 Bahrain Grand Prix|Bahrain Grand Prix]] as well as the [[2006 Australian Grand Prix|Australian Grand Prix]] and finished second in [[2006 Malaysian Grand Prix|Malaysia]] behind teammate Fisichella to claim Renault's first one-two finish since [[René Arnoux]] and [[Alain Prost]] in 1982. Alonso took two more second places, and then wins at his home grand prix in [[2006 Spanish Grand Prix|Spain]], and at the [[2006 Monaco Grand Prix|Monaco Grand Prix]]. Fisichella took 8th, 6th and 3rd place finishes in the [[2006 San Marino Grand Prix|San Marino Grand Prix]], [[2006 European Grand Prix|European Grand Prix]] and the [[2006 Spanish Grand Prix|Spanish Grand Prix]].
 
 
The team celebrated its 200th Grand Prix at Silverstone, which was won by Alonso. As the season progressed to its North American stint, Alonso won the [[2006 Canadian Grand Prix|Canadian Grand Prix]] in Montreal, Canada. At the [[2006 United States Grand Prix|U.S Grand Prix]], Ferrari had a distinct performance advantage over the whole weekend. However, Renault were the fastest of all the [[Michelin]] runners. Fisichella finished 3rd, while Alonso finished 5th.
 
 
[[File:Fernando Alonso 2006 Canada.jpg|thumb|250px|left|[[Fernando Alonso]] on his way to victory at the [[2006 Canadian Grand Prix]].]]
 
 
At the [[2006 French Grand Prix|French Grand Prix]], Renault were expected to be faster than Ferrari, but Ferrari again had the advantage. Alonso ran third for most of the race, unable to challenge the Ferraris of Schumacher and Massa. However, a tactical switch to a two stop strategy enabled him to pass Massa and finish second.
 
 
On 21 July 2006 the FIA banned the use of mass damper systems, developed and first used by Renault and subsequently used by 7 other teams, including Ferrari. Flavio Briatore claimed that [[McLaren]] had raised the issue of the system's legality with the FIA.<ref>{{cite journal | last = Bishop | first = Matt | year = 2006 | title = The Long Interview: Flavio Briatore | journal=F1 Racing | issue = October | pages = 66–76}}</ref> The system used a spring-mounted mass in the nose cone to reduce the sensitivity of the car to vibration. This was particularly effective in corners and over kerbs to keep the tyres in closer contact to the track surface than they would otherwise be.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.pitpass.com/fes_php/pitpass_news_item.php?fes_art_id=28765|title=FIA bans controversial damper system|work=pitpass.com|publisher=Pitpass|date=21 July 2006|accessdate=1 October 2010}}</ref> However race stewards at the [[2006 German Grand Prix|German Grand Prix]] deemed the system legal. The FIA announced its intention to appeal that decision and Renault announced they would not race with the system for fear of retrospective punishment if the appeal was upheld. Renault's performance at the German Grand Prix was one of their worst of the season; however, the team blamed blistering of their Michelin tyres rather than the loss of the mass damper system. The FIA International Court of Appeal met in Paris on 22 August 2006, to examine the appeal made by the FIA against the decision of the German Grand Prix stewards. The Court ruled that use of the device known as a Tuned Mass Damper is an infringement of Article 3.15 of the Formula One Technical Regulations.
 
 
Points scored in the [[2006 Brazilian Grand Prix|Brazilian Grand Prix]] secured the constructor's championship for Renault in 2006.
 
 
On 16 October 2006, Renault announced that the Dutch banking giant [[ING Group|ING]] would replace [[Mild Seven]] as title sponsor for three years starting in {{F1|2007}}.<ref>[http://www.itv-f1.com/News_Article.aspx?PO_ID=37725 ING replaces Mild Seven at Renault]. Retrieved 16 October 2006.</ref>
 
 
===2007 season===
 
[[File:Giancarlo Fisichella 2007 Britain.jpg|thumb|right|[[Giancarlo Fisichella]] driving for the team at the [[2007 British Grand Prix]].]]
 
Renault confirmed [[Giancarlo Fisichella]] and [[Heikki Kovalainen]] as their race drivers for 2007 with [[Nelson Piquet, Jr.]] and [[Ricardo Zonta]] as test drivers. The car for 2007, the [[Renault R27|R27]], was unveiled on 24 January 2007, and bore a new yellow, blue, orange and white livery in deference to the corporate colours of ING. Renault engines were also supplied to the [[Red Bull Racing]] team for the 2007 season.
 
 
Renault struggled in comparison to their form in previous seasons in [[2007 Australian Grand Prix|Australia]], with [[Giancarlo Fisichella]] finishing the race in 5th place. Rookie [[Heikki Kovalainen]] struggled even more than the Italian, spinning his car as he chased [[Toyota Racing|Toyota's]] [[Ralf Schumacher]] and ending up in 10th place. Results did not improve until the start of the European season, although both drivers finished in the points in the next race at [[2007 Malaysian Grand Prix|Malaysia]]. Heikki Kovalainen struggled in [[2007 Bahrain Grand Prix|Bahrain]] too, although the gap between himself and Fisichella at the end of the race was not as great as was seen at Melbourne, with Fisichella finishing only 8th. The team's pace began to pick up in Barcelona, with both drivers making it into Q3, setting competitive lap times in the race (4th fastest lap for Kovalainen) and looking set for 5th and 8th, only to be hampered by an identical problem on both fuel rigs, forcing both drivers to make extra pitstops which dropped them back to 7th and 9th.
 
 
On 8 November 2007 the [[Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile|FIA]] accused Renault F1 of having [[McLaren]] F1 technical information in their possession.<ref>[http://uk.reuters.com/article/motorSportsNews/idUKL0819133920071108?feedType=RSS&feedName=motorSportsNews Renault Charged With Having McLaren Data]. Retrieved 8 November 2007.</ref> According to the charge, the information in hand "''included the layout and critical dimensions of the McLaren car as well as details of McLaren's fuelling system, gear assembly, hydraulic control system and suspension''". The hearing on this matter took place in [[Monaco]] on 6 December 2007. The charge faced by Renault F1 – breaching of article 151c of the Sporting Regulations – was the same as that faced by McLaren earlier on in 2007 in the [[2007 Formula One espionage controversy|espionage controversy involving Ferrari & McLaren]]. The FIA found Renault F1 in breach of article 151c but did not penalise the team.
 
 
===2008 season===
 
[[File:Fernando Alonso 2008 France.jpg|thumb|right|Alonso driving for Renault at the [[2008 French Grand Prix]].]]
 
It was announced on 10 December 2007 that [[Fernando Alonso]] had signed with Renault F1 for {{F1|2008}}. Alonso drove alongside promoted test driver [[Nelson Piquet, Jr.]], and was believed to have secured number one status within the team. The team started 2008 in a similar manner as the year before; Fernando Alonso managed to garner fourth at the opening [[2008 Australian Grand Prix|Australian Grand Prix]] as a result of a mistake from previous Renault employee Heikki Kovalainen. However, form was still short of 2006 by a large degree over the first half of the 2008 season. The team brought new parts to the [[2008 Spanish Grand Prix|Spanish Grand Prix]], including a new engine-cover, dubbed the "Shark-fin", similar to the one introduced by Red Bull on their [[Red Bull RB4|RB4]]. Alonso managed to qualify on the front row for that race on a light fuel-load, yet retired with an engine-failure halfway through. Alonso's front row qualifying performance in Spain was a rare moment of achievement from the former world champion. Both cars retired at the [[2008 Canadian Grand Prix|Canadian Grand Prix]] and [[Nelsinho Piquet|Nelson Piquet Jnr.]], who retired from six of the first nine races, failed to score until the [[2008 French Grand Prix|French Grand Prix]].
 
 
The [[2008 German Grand Prix|German Grand Prix]] heralded a change in the team's fortune. Piquet Jr. benefited from the deployment of the safety car to secure Renault's first podium of the year with second. Both drivers scored at the [[2008 Hungarian Grand Prix|Hungarian Grand Prix]] although they failed to pick up anything at Valencia two weeks later. Two fourth places for Alonso in Belgium and Italy were a prelude to the [[2008 Singapore Grand Prix|Singapore Grand Prix]], in which Alonso profited from the early crash of his team mate (later revealed to be a deliberate crash to aid the Spaniard. See: [[Renault Formula One crash controversy]]) to claim his first victory of the season, and Renault's first since the [[2006 Japanese Grand Prix]]. This victory made Alonso and Renault the first ever winners of a formula one race held under floodlights. Renault underlined their return to the front at the subsequent [[2008 Japanese Grand Prix|Japanese Grand Prix]], in which Alonso steered clear of [[Lewis Hamilton]]'s first-corner mistake to record another win. Piquet Jr. finished fourth in the team's best performance of the season. A further double points finish in [[2008 Chinese Grand Prix|China]] was followed by Alonso's second place finish at the season-ending [[2008 Brazilian Grand Prix|Brazilian Grand Prix]]. The [[Renault R28]] was believed by many insiders to have overtaken [[BMW in Formula One|BMW Sauber]] by season's end as the closest challenger to the domination of the sport by Ferrari and McLaren. {{Citation needed|date=April 2009}}
 
 
===2009 season===
 
Renault entered the season with high hopes of challenging for both world titles. Although Alonso managed four points finishes in the first six races, it was soon clear that this target was unrealistic. By mid-season it appeared as though Renault were making progress, with Alonso setting the fastest lap in [[2009 German Grand Prix|Germany]] and securing pole position in [[2009 Hungarian Grand Prix|Hungary]], albeit on a light fuel load. However, Alonso was forced to retire early in Hungary due to a fuel pump failure, after a front wheel came loose as it was incorrectly fitted at his first pit-stop. At [[2009 Belgian Grand Prix|Belgium]] Alonso again looked like scoring a podium for the team, but had to retire with another problem with one of his wheels which was damaged as a result of a first-lap clash with [[Adrian Sutil]]. Piquet performed poorly in the first half of the season and was replaced by [[Romain Grosjean]] for the last third of the season. Neither Piquet nor Grosjean managed to score a point. A podium in [[2009 Singapore Grand Prix|Singapore]] was little consolation in what had been a frustrating and controversial season for the team.
 
 
[[File:Nelson Piquet 2009 Turkey.jpg|thumb|right|[[Nelson Piquet, Jr.]] driving for Renault at the [[2009 Turkish Grand Prix]]. He was sacked three races later.]]
 
Renault had been suspended for one race (the 2009 European Grand Prix) due to the incident involving [[Fernando Alonso]]'s wheel not being fitted properly in the [[2009 Hungarian Grand Prix]], however this has been overturned on appeal following a decision from the FIA on 17 August 2009.<ref>[http://www.fia.com/en-GB/mediacentre/pressreleases/ica/2009/Pages/ica_170809a.aspx International Court of Appeal – Decision]. Retrieved 17 August 2009.</ref><ref>[http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8169649.stm Renault suspended from next race]. Retrieved 26 July 2009.</ref>
 
 
On 4 August, [[Nelson Piquet, Jr.]] was told by Renault he would not continue driving for them for the rest of the season."I have received notice from Renault of its intention to stop me from driving for them in the current F1 season," read a statement on Piquet's website. Piquet had described the [[2009 Formula One season|2009 season]] as "the worst period of my career" and had criticised team boss [[Flavio Briatore]].<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8166688.stm|title=Piquet Jr dropped by Renault team |date=4 August 2009|work=BBC Sport |accessdate=4 August 2009}}</ref> He was replaced by test driver [[Romain Grosjean]] as of the [[2009 European Grand Prix|European Grand Prix]].<ref>{{cite news|last=English|first=Steven|title=Renault confirms Grosjean in, Piquet out|publisher=[[Haymarket Group|Haymarket Publications]]|work=autosport.com|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/77740|date=18 August 2009|accessdate=18 August 2009}}</ref>
 
 
After his first podium of the year in Singapore, [[Fernando Alonso]] confirmed that he would be leaving Renault, moving to [[Scuderia Ferrari]] starting in 2010 and ending in 2012. Alonso stated he would end his career at the Italian giant, so it is unlikely he will return to the French team. Alonso was replaced by Polish driver [[Robert Kubica]].
 
 
;Race fixing allegations
 
{{Main|Renault Formula One crash controversy}}
 
{{quote box|quote=The [[ING Group|ING]] Renault F1 Team will not dispute the recent allegations made by the [[Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile|FIA]] concerning the [[2008 Singapore Grand Prix]].
 
 
It also wishes to state that its managing director, [[Flavio Briatore]] and its executive director of engineering, [[Pat Symonds]], have left the team.|source=Renault F1 statement, 16 September 2009<ref name="RenaultStatement16Sep09">{{cite web
 
|url= http://www.ing-renaultf1.com/en/_2009/team/index.php#/team/newsdesk/communiques/
 
|title=ING Renault F1 Team Statement – 16 September 2009
 
|publisher=ING Renault F1
 
|date=16 September 2009
 
}}</ref>|width=27%|align=right}}
 
During the 2009 season, the actions of Renault F1 during the 2008 season were examined over alleged race fixing. The issue surrounded [[Nelson Piquet, Jr.]]'s crash during the [[2008 Singapore Grand Prix]] which Renault team mate [[Fernando Alonso]] went on to win. At the time, Piquet, Jr. had characterised the incident as a simple mistake. After Piquet, Jr. left the Renault team in August 2009, allegations surfaced that this crash had been deliberate, to give an advantage to Alonso. Following an [[Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile]] (FIA) investigation in which Piquet, Jr. stated he had been asked by Renault team principal [[Flavio Briatore]] and engineer [[Pat Symonds]] to stage the crash, on 4 September 2009 Renault were charged with conspiracy and race fixing, and were due to face the [[FIA World Motor Sport Council]] in Paris on 21 September 2009. Initially, Renault and Briatore stated they would take legal action against Piquet, Jr. for making false allegations, however, before the 21 September meeting, Renault announced they would not contest the charges, and that Briatore and Symonds had left the team.<ref name=Telegraph17Sep09QnA>{{cite news
 
|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/motorsport/formulaone/renault/6199480/Q-and-A-why-Renault-face-race-fixing-allegations-and-other-questions.html
 
|title=Q and A: why Renault face race-fixing allegations and other questions
 
|publisher=[[The Daily Telegraph|The Telegraph]]
 
|date=17 September 2009
 
|accessdate=17 September 2009
 
| location=London
 
| first=Tom
 
| last=Cary
 
}}</ref><ref name=BBC17Sep09Blame>{{cite news
 
|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8261004.stm
 
|title=Renault blames Briatore & Symonds
 
|publisher=BBC Sport
 
|date=17 September 2009
 
|accessdate=17 September 2009
 
}}</ref> Briatore contested his ban in a French court, which then overturned the ban so Briatore can be involved in any FIA-sanctioned motorsport.
 
 
===2010: Genii Capital steps in===
 
[[File:Kubica Bahrain Grand Prix 2010.jpg|thumb|right|[[Robert Kubica]] driving for Renault at the [[2010 Bahrain Grand Prix]].]]
 
In 2010, Renault sold a majority stake in the team to [[Genii Capital]], a [[Luxembourg]] based investment company.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.ausmotive.com/2009/12/16/renault-stay-in-f1-kind-of.html|title=Renault stay in F1, kind of|work=AUSMotive|publisher=[[WordPress]]|date=16 December 2009|accessdate=1 October 2010}}</ref> However Renault still retained a 25% share in the team and continued as an engine supplier. [[Red Bull Racing]] confirmed they would be using Renault engines for {{f1|2010}}. [[Robert Kubica]] was signed as Alonso's replacement on 7 October 2009,<ref>{{cite news|title=Kubica to race for Renault in 2010|url=http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2009/10/10065.html|date=7 October 2009}}</ref> but following the shareholding deal, Kubica and his manager Daniel Morelli asked for clarification on the management structure before committing to the outfit.<ref>{{cite news|title=Robert Kubica not sure to stay at new-look Renault|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8416180.stm|date=16 December 2009 |work=BBC News }}</ref> However, in the new year, clarification was sought and Kubica was ready to commit to the outfit.<ref>{{cite news|title=Robert Kubica will stay with Renault Formula 1 team|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8439373.stm|date=4 January 2010 |work=BBC News }}</ref> On 31 January, [[Vitaly Petrov]] was signed to be Kubica's team-mate, becoming [[Russia]]'s first Formula One driver.
 
 
On 5 January, [[Eric Boullier]] was announced as the new team principal at Renault, replacing [[Bob Bell (motorsport)|Bob Bell]], who will return to his former role as Technical Director.<ref name="boullier"/>
 
 
At the opening round in [[2010 Bahrain Grand Prix|Bahrain]], Petrov retired with broken suspension while in the pit lane on lap 14, and Kubica finished in eleventh place.
 
 
Kubica took his first podium with the team, with a second place finish in [[2010 Australian Grand Prix|Australia]]. Petrov retired from the race, after spinning off the circuit.
 
 
Kubica finished the next 3 races in the points, a 4th place in [[2010 Malaysian Grand Prix|Malaysia]], 5th place in [[2010 Chinese Grand Prix|Shanghai]], and 8th place in [[2010 Spanish Grand Prix|Barcelona]]. Petrov meanwhile scored his first points in Formula 1 in China, it could have been more, but he spun off whilst in fourth, yet he still recovered to bring some points home in 7th place.
 
 
After setting fast times on Thursday and the fastest time in Saturday's practice session, – followed by P2 in qualifying, Kubica finished in 3rd place in [[2010 Monaco Grand Prix|Monaco]], just 1.6 seconds behind the winner. Petrov retired in the closing laps of the race, but was still classified 13th.
 
 
[[Vitaly Petrov]]'s season has not lived up to Renault's expectations,{{Citation needed|date=March 2011}} out-qualified and out-raced by [[Robert Kubica]] at almost every race weekend. However, Petrov did find considerable form at the {{F1 GP|2010|Hungarian}} when he outqualified Kubica for the first time and finished the race fifth. However, in [[2010 Belgian Grand Prix|Belgium]], Petrov made a mistake that ended with in a crash in the first session of qualifying when he explored the kerbs at Liege corner, claiming he was testing to see how wet they were and if they were usable on his flying lap. His failure to set a time placed him 24th on the grid, though a gearbox penalty to Sauber's [[Pedro de la Rosa]] promoted him to 23rd. However, he went onto finish ninth, resulting in three consecutive points finishes in a row. In [[2010 Singapore Grand Prix|Singapore]], Petrov was running seventh before being pushed off by [[WilliamsF1|Williams']] [[Nico Hülkenberg]], whilst Kubica was forced to make an unscheduled stop late in the race with a puncture, before going on to recover almost every place he had lost.
 
 
Rumours had tipped {{F1|2007}} World Champion [[Kimi Räikkönen]] to replace Petrov for {{F1|2011}}, but the Finn angrily rejected claims he would join the team, stating that he was upset Renault was using his name for their own image and that their actions meant he would not race for them.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.motorsport.com/news/article.asp?ID=390017&FS=F1|title=Angry Raikkonen rules out F1 return with Renault|work=motorsport.com|publisher=GMM|date=5 October 2010|accessdate=6 October 2010}}</ref>
 
 
===2011: Involvement of Group Lotus===
 
[[File:LOTUSRENAULT.jpg|thumb|right|[[Robert Kubica]] testing the [[Renault R31]] ahead of the {{F1|2011}} season.]]
 
[[File:Renault and Lotus 2011 Malaysia.jpg|thumb|left|[[Nick Heidfeld]] leads [[Heikki Kovalainen]] ([[Lotus Racing|Team Lotus]]) at the [[2011 Malaysian Grand Prix]]. Group Lotus' sponsorship of Renault in {{F1|2011}} has led to a court dispute over naming rights between the two teams.]]
 
On 5 November 2010, [[Autosport]] reported that Renault was poised to scale back its involvement in 2011 and become only an engine supplier, with the team closing in on a tie-up with [[Lotus Cars]] to buy its 25% stake in the team.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/87936|title=Renault team set for Lotus Cars tie-up|first=Jonathan|last=Noble|work=autosport.com|publisher=[[Haymarket Group|Haymarket Publishing]]|date=5 November 2010|accessdate=6 November 2010}}</ref> The deal was finalised in early December 2010, with the team to be renamed Lotus Renault GP for 2011, under a sponsorship deal signed with Lotus Cars until 2017.<ref name="LotusRenaultGP"/> Renault continues to support the team by supplying engines and its expertise. The Renault chassis name continues to be used, with Renault branding featuring in the new black and gold livery that was last used when Renault and Lotus joined forces in the 1980s.
 
 
The team races against another team using the Lotus name. The team which raced in the 2010 season as [[Lotus Racing]] (using a licence from Group Lotus which was later terminated by Group Lotus) has rebranded itself as [[Team Lotus]] for the 2011 season after purchasing the privately-owned rights to the historic name.<ref>{{cite news|last=Beer|first=Matt|title=Team Lotus still bullish over name|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/88623|work=autosport.com|publisher=[[Haymarket Group|Haymarket Publications]]|date=8 December 2010|accessdate=10 December 2010}}</ref>
 
 
In January, team principal [[Éric Boullier]] announced that the team will race under a British licence in {{F1|2011}}, having raced as a French outfit since Renault took over in 2002.<ref>{{cite news|last=Noble|first=Jonathan|title=Renault to switch to British licence|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/88902|work=[[Autosport]]|publisher=[[Haymarket Group|Haymarket Publications]]|date=13 January 2011|accessdate=15 January 2011}}</ref> This leaves the sport without any team racing under a French licence for the first time since the [[1975 Formula One season|1975 season]]. Group Lotus has yet to purchase a stake in the team, but has an option to do so by the end of {{F1|2012}}.<ref>{{cite news|last=Noble|first=Jonathan|title=Renault frustrated by Lotus name row|publisher=[[Haymarket Group|Haymarket Publications]] |work=autosport.com|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/89176|date=31 January 2011|accessdate=1 February 2011}}</ref>. Along with the launch of their new car, Lotus Renault GP announced that they had hired [[Jean Alesi]] as an ambassador for the team and test driver for the T125 single-seater project.
 
 
On 6 February, [[Robert Kubica]] was severely injured in an accident during a rally in Italy.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2011/SPORT/motorsport/02/06/f1.crash/index.html|title=Kubica undergoes emergency surgery after rally crash in Italy|publisher=[[Turner Broadcasting System]]|date=6 February 2011|accessdate=11 February 2011}}</ref> It was unclear if he would be able to return to Formula One during the 2011 season.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2011/SPORT/motorsport/02/07/motorsport.f1.crash.kubica/index.html?iref=NS1|title=F1 ace Kubica 'much better' after rally crash in Italy|publisher=[[Turner Broadcasting System]]|date=7 February 2011|accessdate=11 February 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/formula-1-driver-kubica-targets-quick-return-20110212-1aqv9.html?iref=NS1|title=Formula 1 driver Kubica targets quick return|date=11 February 2011|accessdate=11 February 2011|work=The Sydney Morning Herald|publisher=[[Fairfax Media]]}}</ref> On 16 February, it was announced that [[Nick Heidfeld]] was signed as Kubica's replacement, while Kubica still remains signed with the team for 2011.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2011/2/11750.html|work=formula1.com|publisher=[[Formula One Group|Formula One Administration]]|date=16 February 2011|accessdate=16 February 2011|title=Renault confirm Heidfeld as Kubica stand-in}}</ref>
 
 
The team started the season strongly at the {{F1 GP|2011|Australian}}, with Petrov taking his first podium in Formula One, finishing third, and Heidfeld finished twelfth with a damaged car.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/9437744.stm|title=Vitaly Petrov boosted by Renault podium at Aussie GP|work=BBC Sport |publisher=BBC |date=27 March 2011|accessdate=28 April 2011|first=Sarah|last=Holt}}</ref> Heidfeld finished third in the next race in [[2011 Malaysian Grand Prix|Malaysia]], while Petrov retired late on; he hit a bump caused by a drainage gully which launched his car into the air and broke the car's steering column on landing.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/9453282.stm|title=Sebastian Vettel beats Jenson Button in Malaysian Grand Prix|work=BBC Sport |publisher=BBC |date=10 April 2011|accessdate=28 April 2011|first=Sarah|last=Holt}}</ref> The team had a tougher weekend in [[2011 Chinese Grand Prix|China]], with Petrov finishing ninth having started tenth after a mechanical problem in qualifying, with Heidfeld finishing twelfth.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/9460612.stm|title=Lewis Hamilton storms to China victory over Red Bulls|work=BBC Sport |publisher=BBC |date=17 April 2011|accessdate=28 April 2011|first=Sarah|last=Holt}}</ref> Heidfeld and Petrov finished seventh and eighth in [[2011 Turkish Grand Prix|Turkey]], as the team's early season performance began to fade. Heidfeld finished ninth in [[2011 Spanish Grand Prix|Spain]] after missing qualifying due to a fire in practice, while Petrov finished just outside the points in eleventh place. Heidfeld scored more points in [[2011 Monaco Grand Prix|Monaco]] with eighth place, while Petrov retired after being caught up in an accident involving several other cars. Petrov finished fifth in the rain-affected {{F1 GP|2011|Canadian}}, with Heidfeld retiring after damaging his car's front wing in a collision with [[Kamui Kobayashi]]. The team endured a difficult weekend in Valencia, as Heidfeld scored a single point for tenth place and Petrov finished 15th.
 
 
New restrictions over the use of off-throttle blown diffusers were introduced for the {{F1 GP|2011|British}}, and the team were badly affected having designed their car around the system. Heidfeld managed 8th place in the race, with Petrov 12th. Heidfeld was replaced by [[Bruno Senna]] for the {{F1 GP|2011|Belgian}} in August.<ref name="Senna"/>
 
 
On 29 November 2011, the team confirmed that they had successfully hired Kimi Räikkönen to drive full time in 2012. On 9 December 2011, the team confirmed Romain Grosjean would join Räikkönen in the team, in 2012.
 
 
==Renault in F1==
 
[[Renault]] (the French car company) had some involvement in early motorsport, including [[Ferenc Szisz]] winning the [[1906 French Grand Prix|first]] [[French Grand Prix]]. However, it was not until 1977 that the company entered Formula One as a [[List of Formula One constructors|constructor]], introducing the [[turbo]] engine to Formula One in their first car, the [[Renault RS01]]. Although the Renault team won races and competed for world titles, it withdrew at the end of {{f1|1985}}.
 
 
The Renault car company returned to Formula One as a team in 2002 when it completed its takeover and rebranding of the UK-based team previously known as [[Benetton Formula|Benetton]] (and before that, [[Toleman]]). Under the Renault F1 Team guise the team won the Drivers' and Constructors' championships in 2005 and 2006.
 
 
At the end of 2009, the Renault car company sold a 75% stake in the team to the [[Genii Capital]] investment company.<ref name="Renault sale confirm">{{cite news|title=Renault will race in Formula 1 after selling their team|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8415935.stm|first=Andrew|last=Benson|work=BBC Sport |publisher=BBC |date=16 December 2009|accessdate=16 December 2009}}</ref> At the end of 2010, Renault sold its remaining 25% share to Genii, which then decided to enter into an alignment with [[Group Lotus]].
 
 
Since the beginning of the 2011 Formula One season the team has competed under the name ''Lotus Renault GP''.<ref name="LotusRenaultGP">{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/9267715.stm|title=Renault F1 team to be renamed Lotus Renault GP in 2011|work=BBC Sport |publisher=BBC |date=8 December 2010|accessdate=8 December 2010}}</ref>
 
 
The team continues to be coordinated from its UK base at [[Enstone]], Oxfordshire where the chassis are designed and built. The team continues to use engines that are manufactured by the Renault car company at their facility at [[Viry-Châtillon]] near Paris.
 
 
The Renault car company has also supplied engines to other teams, including [[Team Lotus]] (1984–1987), [[Benetton Formula|Benetton]] (1995–1997) and [[WilliamsF1|Williams]] (1989–1997). As an engine supplier, the Renault car company has contributed to seven driver's world championships ({{F1|1992}}, {{F1|1993}}, {{F1|1995}}, {{F1|1996}}, {{F1|1997}}, {{F1|2010}}, and {{F1|2011}} won by [[Nigel Mansell]], [[Alain Prost]], [[Michael Schumacher]], [[Damon Hill]], [[Jacques Villeneuve]] and [[Sebastian Vettel]] respectively) and seven constructor's world championships ({{F1|1992}}–{{F1|1997}} and {{F1|2010}}) as engine supplier for Benetton, Williams and [[Red Bull Racing|Red Bull]]. The engine supply has continued during periods when the Renault car company was not active as a constructor in its own right.
 
 
===1977===
 
Renault first involvement in Formula One was made by the [[Renault Sport]] subsidiary. Renault entered the last five races of {{F1|1977}} with [[Jean-Pierre Jabouille]] in its only car. The [[Renault RS01]] was well known for its Renault-[[Gordini]] V6 1.5 [[litre|L]] [[turbocharger|turbocharged]] [[internal combustion engine|engine]], the first regularly used turbo engine in Formula One history. Jabouille's car and engine proved highly unreliable and became something of a joke during its first races, earning the nickname of "Yellow Teapot" and failing to finish any of its races despite being extremely powerful.
 
 
The first race the team, under the name Equipe Renault Elf, entered was the [[1977 French Grand Prix]], the ninth round of the season, but the car was not yet ready. The team's début was delayed until the following round, the {{F1 GP|1977|British}}. The car's first qualifying session was not a success, and Jabouille qualified 21st out of the 30 runners and 26 starters, 1.62 seconds behind pole sitter [[James Hunt]] in the [[McLaren]]. Jabouille ran well in the race, running as high as 16th before the car's turbo failed on lap 17. The team missed the [[1977 German Grand Prix|German]] and [[1977 Austrian Grand Prix|Austrian]] Grands Prix as the car was being improved after its British disappointment. They returned for the {{F1 GP|1977|Dutch}}, and the qualifying performance was much improved as Jabouille qualified tenth. He had a poor start, but ran as high as sixth before the suspension failed on lap 40.
 
 
The team's poor qualifying form returned in [[1977 Italian Grand Prix|Italy]], as Jabouille qualified 20th. He ran outside the top 10 until his engine failed on lap 24, continuing their awful run of reliability. Things improved at [[Watkins Glen International|Watkins Glen]] for the {{F1 GP|1977|United States}} as Jabouille qualified 14th, but the good pace from [[Circuit Zandvoort|Zandvoort]] seemed to be gone as he once again ran outside the top 10 before retiring with yet another reliability problem, this time the alternator, on lap 31. Jabouille failed to qualify in [[1977 Canadian Grand Prix|Canada]]; as 27 drivers entered the race, only one would not qualify, and this was Jabouille as he ended up last, over 7.5 seconds behind fastest qualifier [[Mario Andretti]] of [[Team Lotus|Lotus]], and almost two seconds behind his nearest rival, [[Rupert Keegan]] in the [[Hesketh Racing|Hesketh]]. After this, Renault did not travel to the [[1977 Japanese Grand Prix|season finale]] in Japan.
 
 
===1978===
 
The following year was hardly better, characterised by four consecutive retirements caused by blown engines, but near the end of the year the team showed signs of success. Twice, the RS01 qualified 3rd on the grid and while finishing was still something of an issue, it managed to finish its first race on the lead lap at [[Watkins Glen International|Watkins Glen]] near the end of {{F1|1978}}, giving the team a fourth place finish and its first Formula One points.
 
 
[[File:Renault RS10 1979.jpg|thumb|left|The Renault RS10 was the first [[Turbocharger|turbocharged]] car to win a Grand Prix.]]
 
 
The team did not enter the first two races of 1978, in [[1978 Argentine Grand Prix|Argentina]] and [[1978 Brazilian Grand Prix|Brazil]], but returned for the {{F1 GP|1978|South African}} at [[Kyalami]]. Jabouille secured Renault's best qualifying position to date, with sixth place, just 0.71 seconds behind polesitter [[Niki Lauda]] in the [[Brabham]]. He dropped out of the points early in the race before retiring with electrical problems on lap 39. At [[1978 United States Grand Prix West|Long Beach]], Jabouille qualified 13th, but retired as the turbo failed again on lap 44. He was twelfth in qualifying for the team's [[1978 Monaco Grand Prix|first Monaco Grand Prix]], and gave the team their first finish in Formula One, finishing in tenth place four laps down on race-winner [[Tyrrell Racing|Tyrrell]]'s [[Patrick Depailler]].
 
 
===1979===
 
Expanding to two drivers with [[René Arnoux]] joining Jabouille, the team continued to struggle although Jabouille earned a [[pole position]] in [[1979 South African Grand Prix|South Africa]]. By mid-season, both drivers had a new [[Ground effect in cars|ground-effect]] car, the RS10, and at [[1979 French Grand Prix|Dijon]] for the [[French Grand Prix]] the team legitimised itself with a brilliant performance in a classic race. The two Renaults were on the front row in qualifying, and pole-sitter Jabouille won the race, the first driver in a turbo-charged car to do so, while Arnoux and [[Gilles Villeneuve]] were involved in an extremely competitive duel for second, Arnoux narrowly getting beaten to the line. While Jabouille ran into hard times after that race, Arnoux finished a career-high second at [[1979 British Grand Prix|Silverstone]] in the following race and then repeated that at the Glen, proving it was not a fluke.
 
 
===1980–83===
 
Arnoux furthered this in {{F1|1980}} with consecutive wins in [[1980 Brazilian Grand Prix|Brazil]] and [[1980 South African Grand Prix|South Africa]], both on high altitude circuits where the Renaults were dominant. Jabouille continued to have problems with retirements, but in his only points finish he emerged victorious in [[1980 Austrian Grand Prix|Austria]]. At the end of the year Jabouille crashed heavily at the [[1980 Canadian Grand Prix|Canadian GP]] and suffered serious leg injuries, which effectively ended his career as a Grand Prix driver. [[Alain Prost]] was signed up for {{F1|1981}}. In his three years with the team, Prost showed the form that would make him a Formula One legend and the Renaults were among the best in Formula One, twice finishing third in the constructors championships and second once. Prost won nine races with the team while Arnoux added two more in {{F1|1982}}. Arnoux left for rival [[Scuderia Ferrari|Ferrari]] after 1982 and was replaced by American [[Eddie Cheever]]. In {{F1|1983}}, Renault and Prost came very close to winning the drivers' title but were edged out by [[Nelson Piquet]] ([[Brabham|Brabham-BMW]]) at the last race of the season in [[1983 South African Grand Prix|South Africa]]. After the end of the season, a rival fuel company said that the fuel used by the Brabham-BMWs in South Africa had exceeded the maximum [[Research Octane Number]] of 102 permitted under the Formula One regulations. BMW said that this was incorrect and FISA released a dossier supporting their stance. No action was taken.<ref>{{Cite book
 
| last = Henry | first = Alan | title = Brabham, the Grand Prix Cars | publisher=Osprey |year=1985 | isbn = 0-905138-36-8 }} pp.267—269</ref>
 
[[File:Derek Warwick Renault RE50 1984 Dallas F1.jpg|thumb|right|[[Derek Warwick]] qualified third for Renault at the [[1984 Dallas Grand Prix]], but spun off after 10 laps.]]
 
 
===1984–85===
 
After Prost left, the team turned to [[Patrick Tambay]] and Englishman [[Derek Warwick]] to bring them back to prominence. Despite a few good results, the team was not as competitive in {{F1|1984}} and {{F1|1985}} as in the past, with other teams doing a better job with turbo engines, some of which came from Renault themselves. {{F1|1985}} provided another F1 first, as the team ran a third car in [[1985 German Grand Prix|Germany]] that featured the first in-car camera which could be viewed live by a television audience. The car only lasted 8 laps before a clutch problem forced it to retire. In 1985, major financial problems emerged at Renault and the company could no longer justify the large expenses needed to maintain the racing team's competitiveness. CEO [[Georges Besse]] pared down the company's involvement in F1 from full-fledged racing team to engine supplier for the {{F1|1986}} season before taking it entirely out of F1 at the end of that year.
 
 
===2000–===
 
In 2000 Renault re-entered F1 with the purchase of the [[Benetton Formula|Benetton]] team, and from 2002 operated it as Renault F1.
 
 
===As an engine supplier===<!-- This section is linked from [[Nigel Mansell]] -->
 
{{main|Renault Sport F1}}
 
[[File:WilliamsFW12PatreseExhSinsheim.JPG|thumb|right|A [[WilliamsF1|Williams]]-Renault [[Williams FW12|FW12C]] from {{F1|1989}}.]]
 
 
From 1983 to 1986, Renault became engine supplier to [[Team Lotus]] with its iconic [[John Player Special]] livery. Though not competitive initially, with the recruitment of genius designer [[Gérard Ducarouge]] the marque gained competitiveness towards the later part of the 1983 season into 1984, with [[Nigel Mansell]] and [[Elio De Angelis]] scoring regular podiums. Rising superstar [[Ayrton Senna]] joined [[Team Lotus]] in 1985 and the combination of his immense speed, talent and the superfast, but thirsty [[Lotus 97T]] notched up numerous pole positions and grand prix wins, but chronic unreliability prevented a sustained attempt at either title. In 1986, [[Aristocracy (class)|aristocrat]] [[John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute|Johnny Dumfries]] was chosen to be Senna's new partner after Senna vetoed the original choice of [[Derek Warwick]]. More pole positions and occasional wins followed with the [[Lotus 98T]] but the tallies could have been improved further with better reliability or fuel consumption lasting the full race duration. In the four seasons between 1983 to 1986, [[Team Lotus]] with Renault engines scored 19 pole positions and 5 Grand Prix victories. This period helped to launch [[Ayrton Senna]] to superstardom.
 
 
[[Renault Sport]] pulled out completely from Formula One after the {{F1|1986}} season but for only a brief sabbatical until they renewed their involvement in {{f1|1989}}, when they became an engine supplier to [[WilliamsF1|Williams]] and by the sixth round in [[1989 Canadian Grand Prix|Canada]], the team had already secured their first Renault powered victory. Renault had also pioneered the first [[Pneumatic valve springs|pneumatic valved]] V10 engine in F1. Williams enjoyed signs of promise for the next 2 years and by {{f1|1992}}, with the aid of [[active suspension]], the Williams-Renault was a World Championship-winning car, winning over half of the races during the season.
 
 
[[File:Johnny Herbert 1995.jpg|thumb|left|[[Johnny Herbert]]'s [[Benetton Formula|Benetton]]-Renault during the [[1995 Canadian Grand Prix]]. Renault won 16 races of 17 races in the [[1995 Formula One season|1995 season]], with Benetton and Williams. It is the record for the most wins in a year as an engine supplier, though [[Cosworth|Ford-Cosworth]] won all races in {{F1|1969}} (11 races) and {{F1|1973}} (15 races).]]
 
 
Williams perfected their active suspension for {{f1|1993}} and won the Constructors' Title in yet another dominant year with [[Alain Prost]] winning 7 of the 16 rounds. {{f1|1994}} would prove to be the only time Renault did not win the Drivers championship after Williams driver, [[Ayrton Senna]], the favourite to win the title, was killed at the [[1994 San Marino Grand Prix]]. This left the Brazilian's inexperienced teammate, [[Damon Hill]], to take Senna's seat as team leader, but by the [[1994 French Grand Prix|French Grand Prix]], Hill was 37 points behind Championship leader [[Michael Schumacher]]. After a series of disqualifications for the German, Hill managed to close the gap down to 1 point before the last race in [[1994 Australian Grand Prix|Adelaide]], but the two drivers collided controversially and both retired from the race, making Schumacher the drivers' champion. Schumacher was the only driver to win a Drivers title during the time between 1992 and 1997 without a Renault engine, but Williams still retained the Constructors' championship.
 
 
[[File:Jacques Villeneuve 1996.jpg|thumb|right|[[Jacques Villeneuve]]'s [[WilliamsF1|Williams]]-Renault during the [[1996 Canadian Grand Prix]]. Villeneuve would win the {{f1|1997}} title using a Renault powered car.]]
 
[[Benetton Formula|Benetton]] acquired Renault engines for {{f1|1995}} and their driver, Michael Schumacher, managed to successfully defend his Drivers title by 33 points from his nearest rival, Damon Hill, while Benetton won their first, and only, Constructors title by 29 points. Williams won the next two seasons in both the Drivers' and Constructors' championship with Damon Hill winning the title in {{f1|1996}} and [[Jacques Villeneuve]] in {{f1|1997}}.
 
 
Renault pulled out of Formula One at the end of 1997, coinciding with the departure of [[Adrian Newey]], the head of Williams' design team, who had designed all of the Renault powered Williams' from 1992 onwards. However, the power unit was still bought by teams 'off the shelf' for several years afterwards by Benetton (where the engine was re-badged as ''[[Playlife]]''), Williams (where it was re-badged as ''[[Mecachrome]]'') and [[British American Racing|BAR]] and [[Arrows]] (where it was re-badged as ''[[Supertec]]'').
 
 
On 15 September 2006, Renault announced that it had agreed to supply [[Red Bull Racing]] with engines in {{f1|2007}} and {{f1|2008}}. On 1 November 2006, [[Red Bull Racing]] confirmed the use of Renault engines and the transfer of the Ferrari units to [[Scuderia Toro Rosso]].
 
 
On 5 November 2010, [[Lotus Racing]] announced that they would use Renault engines for the 2011 and 2012 seasons.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.lotusracing.my/news/renault-engine-partnership.aspx|title=Renault Engine Partnership|date=5 November 2010|accessdate=16 November 2010|work=lotusracing.my|publisher=[[Lotus Racing]]}}</ref>
 
 
Since the end of 2010, when the Enstone-based constructor and its former [[Viry-Châtillon]] engine factory split ways, Renault supplies engines through a subsidiary known as [[Renault Sport F1]].<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.renaultsportf1.com/History.html/ |title=History |accessdate= 3 October 2011 |publisher=[http://www.renaultsportf1.com Renault Sport F1]}}</ref>
 
 
===Partnerships and sponsorships===
 
In the mid 2000s, questions were raised regarding the Renault car company's commitment to its Formula One team, particularly after the appointment of [[Carlos Ghosn]] as CEO in 2005. Ghosn had a reputation as a ruthless businessman, nicknamed "le cost cutter", but confirmed his belief in Formula 1, both as an advertising vehicle and a substantial technology investment. At the 2005 French Grand Prix, Ghosn set out his policy regarding the company's involvement in motorsport: "We are not in Formula One out of habit or tradition. We're here to show our talent and that we can do it properly... Formula One is a cost if you don't get the results. Formula One is an investment if you do have them and know how to exploit them." After Renault won both championships in 2006 for a second year, Ghosn said: "It is an important victory because it justifies the investment Renault has made in Formula 1, and will make in the future. More and more, Formula 1 is working as an investment for us, not a loss."<ref>{{cite news | title = Ghosn: Titles justify investment | url = http://www.itv-f1.com/News_Article.aspx?PO_ID=37885 | publisher=www.itv-f1.com | date = 27 October 2006 | accessdate =30 October 2006}}</ref> In May 2008, two years since the Renault F1 Team dominated the sport and amidst a relatively weak season for the team, Ghosn again stated that irrespectively of results, Renault as a company would stay in F1 for "many years".<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/67847|title=Renault to stay in F1 'for many years'|work=autosport.com|publisher=[[Haymarket Group|Haymarket Publications]]|date=30 May 2008|accessdate=1 October 2010|first1=Michele|last1=Lostia|first2=Pablo|last2=Elizalde}}</ref> Renault have signed an agreement with Formula One Management pledging their allegiance to Formula 1 until 2012.
 
 
Lotus Renault GP have a research relationship with [[Boeing]], the aim of which is ''"to investigate technology collaboration projects of mutual interest."''<ref>Boeing Company. (17 June 2004). [http://www.boeing.com/news/releases/2004/q2/nr_040617p.html Boeing, Renault F1 Team to Collaborate on Technology Development.] Press Release.</ref> Similar relationships include that of [[McLaren]] and [[BAE Systems]].
 
 
The team's current sponsors include title sponsor [[Lotus Cars]], French oil company [[Total S.A.]], Dutch watch manufacturer [[TW Steel]], Italian tyre brand [[Pirelli]], Russian car manufacturer [[Lada]], Russian petrochemical company [[Sibur]], American razor brand [[Gillette (brand)|Gillette]], Chinese photovoltaics manufacturer [[Trina Solar]] and French fashion brand Japan Rags.
 
 
==Formula One results==
 
{{main|Renault Grand Prix results}}
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|2}}
 
[http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/8266090.stm]
 
 
==External links==
 
{{commons|Renault F1}}
 
*[http://www.lotusrenaultgp.com/ Lotus Renault GP Team's official website]
 
*[http://www.renaultsportf1.com/ Renault Sport F1's official website]
 
*[http://www.ina.fr/archivespourtous/index.php?vue=notice&from=themes&cs_page=3&cs_order=0&code=C0524222302&num_notice=23&total_notices=31 French Grand Prix 1979, INA archives video (French soundtrack)]
 
*[http://www.f1-corner.com/f1-team_Renault.aspx Renault's Statistics in F1]
 
 
{{S-start}}
 
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{{Succession box|title=[[List of Formula One World Constructors' Champions|Formula One Constructors' Champion]] |before=[[Scuderia Ferrari|Ferrari]]|after=[[Scuderia Ferrari|Ferrari]]|years={{f1|2005}}–{{f1|2006}}}}
 
{{S-ach|aw}}
 
{{Succession box |
 
| before = [[Greece national football team|Greece Men's National Football Team]]
 
| after = [[Italy national football team|Italy Men's National Football Team]]
 
| title = [[Laureus World Sports Award for Team of the Year|Laureus World Team of the Year]]
 
| years = 2006
 
|}}
 
{{S-end}}
 
 
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[[nn:Renault F1]]
 
[[pl:Renault F1]]
 
[[pt:Renault F1]]
 
[[ro:Renault F1]]
 
[[ru:Рено (автогоночная команда)]]
 
[[simple:Renault F1]]
 
[[sk:Renault F1]]
 
[[sl:Renault F1]]
 
[[sr:Рено Ф1]]
 
[[su:Renault F1]]
 
[[fi:Renault F1]]
 
[[sv:Renault F1]]
 
[[tr:Lotus Renault GP]]
 
[[uk:Рено (команда Формули-1)]]
 
[[vi:Renault F1]]
 
[[zh:雷诺车队]]
 
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