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ID:914898
User:142.227.191.130
Article:Olive
Diff:
(Paleobotany)
(Tag: possible vandalism)
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==Paleobotany==
 
==Paleobotany==
The place, time and immediate ancestry of the cultivated olive are unknown. It is assumed that ''Olea europaea'' may have arisen from ''O. chrysophylla'' in northern tropical Africa and that it was introduced into the countries of the Mediterranean Basin via Egypt and then Crete or Palestine, Syria and Asia Minor. Fossil [[Olea]] pollen has been found in Macedonia, Greece, and other places around Mediterranean, indicating that this genus is an original element of the Mediterranean flora. Fossilized leaves of Olea were found in the palaeosols of the volcanic Greek island of [[Santorini]] (Thera) and were dated about 37.000 B.P. Inprints of larvae of olive whitefly ''Aleurolobus (Aleurodes) olivinus'' were found on the leaves. The same insect is commonly found today on olive leaves, showing that the plant-animal co-evolutionary relations have not changed since that time.<ref>Friedrich W.L. (1978) [http://www.therafoundation.org/articles/environmentflorafauna/fossilplantsfromweichselianinterstadialssantorinigreeceii Fossil plants from Weichselian interstadials, Santorini (Greece) II], published in the "Thera and the Aegean World II", London, pp. 109–128. Retrieved on 2011-12-07.</ref>
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The place, time and immediate ancestry of the cultivated olive are unknown. It is assumed that ''Olea europaea'' may have arisen from ''O. chrysophylla'' in northern tropical Africa and that it was introduced into the countries of the Mediterranean Basin via Egypt and then Crete or Palestine, Syria and Asia Minor. Fossil [[Olea]]paleontology pollen has been found in Macedonia, Greece, and other places around Mediterranean, indicating that this genus is an original element of the Mediterranean flora. Fossilized leaves of Olea were found in the palaeosols of the volcanic Greek island of [[Santorini]] (Thera) and were dated about 37.000 B.P. Inprints of larvae of olive whitefly ''Aleurolobus (Aleurodes) olivinus'' were found on the leaves. The same insect is commonly found today on olive leaves, showing that the plant-animal co-evolutionary relations have not changed since that time.<ref>Friedrich W.L. (1978) [http://www.therafoundation.org/articles/environmentflorafauna/fossilplantsfromweichselianinterstadialssantorinigreeceii Fossil plants from Weichselian interstadials, Santorini (Greece)(DIT DIT) II], published in the "Thera and the Aegean World II", London, pp. 109–128. Retrieved on 2011-12-07.</ref>
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
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