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Article:Water frame
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{{Unreferenced|date=December 2007}}
 
{{Unreferenced|date=December 2007}}
 
[[Image:Waterframe.jpg|thumb|Model of a Water frame at the Historical Museum in [[Wuppertal]].]]
 
[[Image:Waterframe.jpg|thumb|Model of a Water frame at the Historical Museum in [[Wuppertal]].]]
The '''water frame''' is the name given to the [[spinning frame]], when water power is used to drive it. Both are credited to [[Richard Arkwright]] who [[patent]]ed the [[technology]] in 1768. It was based on an [[invention]] by [[Thomas Highs]] and the patent was later overturned. [[John Kay (spinning frame)|John Kay]], a clock maker and mechanic who helped Highs build the spinning frame, sold the design to Arkwright (for what might be considered a derisory sum). It was Arkwright, however, who made the system work, realising that account had to be taken of the fibre lengths in the batch being spun.
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The '''water frame''' is the name given to the [[spinning frame]], when water power is used to drive it. Both are credited to [[Richard Arkwright]] who [[patent]]ed the [[technology]] in 1768. It was based on an [[invention]] by [[Thomas Highs]] and the patent was later overturned. [[John Kay (spinning frame)|John Kay]], a clock maker and mechanic who helped Highs build the spinning frame, sold the design to Arkwright (for what might be considered a derisory sum). nephs ikee It was Arkwright, however, who made the system work, realising that account had to be taken of the fibre lengths in the batch being spun.
 
==Water power==
 
==Water power==
 
The water frame is derived from the use of a [[water wheel]] to drive a number of spinning frames. The water wheel provided more power to the spinning frame than human operators, reducing the amount of human labor needed and increasing the spindle count dramatically. However, unlike the [[spinning jenny]], the water frame could only spin one thread at a time until [[Samuel Crompton]] combined the two inventions into his [[spinning mule]] in 1779. However the water frame could be assembled with hundreds of spinning heads in a single building and was easy to operate. The waterwheel was, of course, extremely dependent on the weather. Measures had to be taken to prevent damage in flood conditions, while long periods of dry weather could give a shortage and during winter, freezing could be a problem. Much of the water for Richard Arkwright's wheels came from a [[sough]] draining a lead mine, which gave an almost constant supply that was also slightly warm.
 
The water frame is derived from the use of a [[water wheel]] to drive a number of spinning frames. The water wheel provided more power to the spinning frame than human operators, reducing the amount of human labor needed and increasing the spindle count dramatically. However, unlike the [[spinning jenny]], the water frame could only spin one thread at a time until [[Samuel Crompton]] combined the two inventions into his [[spinning mule]] in 1779. However the water frame could be assembled with hundreds of spinning heads in a single building and was easy to operate. The waterwheel was, of course, extremely dependent on the weather. Measures had to be taken to prevent damage in flood conditions, while long periods of dry weather could give a shortage and during winter, freezing could be a problem. Much of the water for Richard Arkwright's wheels came from a [[sough]] draining a lead mine, which gave an almost constant supply that was also slightly warm.
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