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ID: 1207404
User: 216.62.217.90
Article: Alan Turing
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(Early life and career)
(Early life and career)
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Turing's [[homosexuality]] resulted in a criminal prosecution in 1952, when homosexual acts were still [[Labouchere Amendment|illegal in the United Kingdom]]. He accepted treatment with female hormones ([[chemical castration]]) as an alternative to prison. Turing died in 1954, just over two weeks before his 42nd birthday, from [[cyanide]] poisoning. An inquest determined that his death was suicide; his mother and some others believed his death was accidental. On 10&nbsp;September 2009, following an [[Internet activism|Internet campaign]], [[British Prime Minister]] [[Gordon Brown]] made an [[#Government apology|official public apology]] on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated". As of May 2012 a [[private member's bill]] was before the [[House of Lords]] which would grant Turing a statutory [[pardon]] if enacted.<ref name=Guardian-Pardon>{{cite web|title=Parliamentary bill launched for Alan Turing pardon|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/the-northerner/2012/jul/25/alan-turing-private-members-bill-lord-sharkey|publisher=The Guardian|accessdate=25 July 2012}}</ref>
 
Turing's [[homosexuality]] resulted in a criminal prosecution in 1952, when homosexual acts were still [[Labouchere Amendment|illegal in the United Kingdom]]. He accepted treatment with female hormones ([[chemical castration]]) as an alternative to prison. Turing died in 1954, just over two weeks before his 42nd birthday, from [[cyanide]] poisoning. An inquest determined that his death was suicide; his mother and some others believed his death was accidental. On 10&nbsp;September 2009, following an [[Internet activism|Internet campaign]], [[British Prime Minister]] [[Gordon Brown]] made an [[#Government apology|official public apology]] on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated". As of May 2012 a [[private member's bill]] was before the [[House of Lords]] which would grant Turing a statutory [[pardon]] if enacted.<ref name=Guardian-Pardon>{{cite web|title=Parliamentary bill launched for Alan Turing pardon|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/the-northerner/2012/jul/25/alan-turing-private-members-bill-lord-sharkey|publisher=The Guardian|accessdate=25 July 2012}}</ref>
   
==Early life and career==
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==Early life and career==;sdfhweo'H'
 
Turing was conceived at [[Chhatrapur]], [[Orissa]], in [[British India]].<ref name = "Hodges1983P5">{{Harvnb|Hodges|1992|p=5}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/early.html |title=The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook |publisher=Turing.org.uk |accessdate=2 January 2012}}</ref> His father, Julius Mathison Turing (1873–1947), was a member of an old [[aristocracy (class)|aristocratic]] family of Scottish descent who worked for the [[Indian Civil Service]] (the ICS). Julius's wife, Alan's mother, was Ethel Sara ([[née]] Stoney; 1881–1976), daughter of Edward Waller Stoney, chief engineer of the [[Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway|Madras Railways]]. The Stoneys were a [[Protestantism in Ireland|Protestant]] [[Anglo-Irish]] [[gentry]] family from both [[County Tipperary]] and [[County Longford]], while Ethel herself had spent much of her childhood in [[County Clare]].<ref>Phil Maguire, "An Irishman's Diary", page 5. ''[[The Irish Times]]'', 23 June 2012</ref> Julius's work with the [[Indian Civil Service|ICS]] brought the family to British India, where his grandfather had been a general in the [[Bengal Army]]. However, both Julius and Ethel wanted their children to be brought up in England, so they moved to [[Maida Vale]],<ref name="englishheritaget">{{cite web | url = http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/nav.001002006005/chooseLetter/T | archiveurl = http://www.webcitation.org/5jkyjSdgY | archivedate = 13 September 2009 | title = London Blue Plaques | accessdate =10 February 2007 | work=English Heritage}}</ref> London, where Turing was born on 23 June 1912, as recorded by a [[blue plaque]] on the outside of the house of his birth,<ref>{{openplaque|381}}</ref> later the [[Colonnade Hotel (London)|Colonnade Hotel]].<ref name="Hodges1983P5"/><ref name="turingorguk">{{cite web| url=http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/memorial.html | title=The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook | accessdate=26 September 2006}}</ref> He had an elder brother, John (the father of Sir John Dermot Turing, 12th Baronet of the [[Turing Baronets]]). His father's civil service commission was still active, and during Turing's childhood years his parents travelled between [[Hastings]] in England<ref>{{Harvnb|Hodges|1992|p=6}}</ref> and India, leaving their two sons to stay with a retired [[British Army|Army]] couple. Very early in life, Turing showed signs of the genius he was later to display prominently.<ref name=toolbox>{{cite web|title=Alan Turing&nbsp;– Towards a Digital Mind: Part 1 |first=G. James |last=Jones |date=11 December 2001 |url=http://www.systemtoolbox.com/article.php?history_id=3 |accessdate=27 July 2007 |work=System Toolbox| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20070803163318/http://www.systemtoolbox.com/article.php?history_id=3| archivedate= 3 August 2007 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
 
Turing was conceived at [[Chhatrapur]], [[Orissa]], in [[British India]].<ref name = "Hodges1983P5">{{Harvnb|Hodges|1992|p=5}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/early.html |title=The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook |publisher=Turing.org.uk |accessdate=2 January 2012}}</ref> His father, Julius Mathison Turing (1873–1947), was a member of an old [[aristocracy (class)|aristocratic]] family of Scottish descent who worked for the [[Indian Civil Service]] (the ICS). Julius's wife, Alan's mother, was Ethel Sara ([[née]] Stoney; 1881–1976), daughter of Edward Waller Stoney, chief engineer of the [[Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway|Madras Railways]]. The Stoneys were a [[Protestantism in Ireland|Protestant]] [[Anglo-Irish]] [[gentry]] family from both [[County Tipperary]] and [[County Longford]], while Ethel herself had spent much of her childhood in [[County Clare]].<ref>Phil Maguire, "An Irishman's Diary", page 5. ''[[The Irish Times]]'', 23 June 2012</ref> Julius's work with the [[Indian Civil Service|ICS]] brought the family to British India, where his grandfather had been a general in the [[Bengal Army]]. However, both Julius and Ethel wanted their children to be brought up in England, so they moved to [[Maida Vale]],<ref name="englishheritaget">{{cite web | url = http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/nav.001002006005/chooseLetter/T | archiveurl = http://www.webcitation.org/5jkyjSdgY | archivedate = 13 September 2009 | title = London Blue Plaques | accessdate =10 February 2007 | work=English Heritage}}</ref> London, where Turing was born on 23 June 1912, as recorded by a [[blue plaque]] on the outside of the house of his birth,<ref>{{openplaque|381}}</ref> later the [[Colonnade Hotel (London)|Colonnade Hotel]].<ref name="Hodges1983P5"/><ref name="turingorguk">{{cite web| url=http://www.turing.org.uk/turing/scrapbook/memorial.html | title=The Alan Turing Internet Scrapbook | accessdate=26 September 2006}}</ref> He had an elder brother, John (the father of Sir John Dermot Turing, 12th Baronet of the [[Turing Baronets]]). His father's civil service commission was still active, and during Turing's childhood years his parents travelled between [[Hastings]] in England<ref>{{Harvnb|Hodges|1992|p=6}}</ref> and India, leaving their two sons to stay with a retired [[British Army|Army]] couple. Very early in life, Turing showed signs of the genius he was later to display prominently.<ref name=toolbox>{{cite web|title=Alan Turing&nbsp;– Towards a Digital Mind: Part 1 |first=G. James |last=Jones |date=11 December 2001 |url=http://www.systemtoolbox.com/article.php?history_id=3 |accessdate=27 July 2007 |work=System Toolbox| archiveurl= http://web.archive.org/web/20070803163318/http://www.systemtoolbox.com/article.php?history_id=3| archivedate= 3 August 2007 <!--DASHBot-->| deadurl= no}}</ref>
   
Reason: ANN scored at 0.860879
Reporter Information
Reporter: Anonymous (anonymous)
Date: Tuesday, the 19th of July 2016 at 11:54:23 AM
Status: Reported
Tuesday, the 19th of July 2016 at 11:54:23 AM #105177
Anonymous (anonymous)

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