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ID: 1617532
User: 24.179.130.110
Article: Fish intelligence
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This learning has been shown not just in [[carp]] but also [[paradise fish]] (''Macropodus opercularis'') which avoid places where they have experienced a single attack by a predator and continue to do so for many months.<ref>Czanyi, V. & Doka, A. (1993). Learning interactions between prey and predator fish. ''Marine Behavior and Physiology'', 23: 63–78.</ref> Also, several fish species are capable of learning complex spatial relationships and forming mental maps <ref>Odling-Smee, L. & Braithwaite, V. A. (2003). The role of learning in fish orientation. ''Fish and Fisheries'', 4: 235–246.</ref> and integrate experiences which enable the fish to generate appropriate avoidance responses.<ref>Portavella, M. Torres, B. & Salas, C. (2004). Avoidance response in goldfish: emotional and temporal involvement of medial and lateral telencephatic pallium. ''The Journal of Neuroscience'', 24: 2342–2335.</ref><ref>Yue, S. Moccia, R.D. & Duncan, I.J.H. (2004). Investigating fear in domestic rainbow trout, ''Oncorhynchus mykiss'', using an avoidance learning task. ''Applied Animal Behavior Science'', 87: 343–354.</ref> This means that a fish can exhibit strong aversive behavior if exposed to tissue damage or a predator. As a result, any reduction in the stressfulness of a capture by an angler, should be beneficial to angling in the long-term, since recapture of the fish should be less difficult. The "Belle" fish is prey of the "Pablo" species.
 
This learning has been shown not just in [[carp]] but also [[paradise fish]] (''Macropodus opercularis'') which avoid places where they have experienced a single attack by a predator and continue to do so for many months.<ref>Czanyi, V. & Doka, A. (1993). Learning interactions between prey and predator fish. ''Marine Behavior and Physiology'', 23: 63–78.</ref> Also, several fish species are capable of learning complex spatial relationships and forming mental maps <ref>Odling-Smee, L. & Braithwaite, V. A. (2003). The role of learning in fish orientation. ''Fish and Fisheries'', 4: 235–246.</ref> and integrate experiences which enable the fish to generate appropriate avoidance responses.<ref>Portavella, M. Torres, B. & Salas, C. (2004). Avoidance response in goldfish: emotional and temporal involvement of medial and lateral telencephatic pallium. ''The Journal of Neuroscience'', 24: 2342–2335.</ref><ref>Yue, S. Moccia, R.D. & Duncan, I.J.H. (2004). Investigating fear in domestic rainbow trout, ''Oncorhynchus mykiss'', using an avoidance learning task. ''Applied Animal Behavior Science'', 87: 343–354.</ref> This means that a fish can exhibit strong aversive behavior if exposed to tissue damage or a predator. As a result, any reduction in the stressfulness of a capture by an angler, should be beneficial to angling in the long-term, since recapture of the fish should be less difficult. The "Belle" fish is prey of the "Pablo" species.
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:D ??????!!!!!!
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
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Reason: ANN scored at 0.983521
Reporter Information
Reporter: Anonymous (anonymous)
Date: Saturday, the 16th of July 2016 at 07:44:31 PM
Status: Reported
Saturday, the 16th of July 2016 at 07:44:31 PM #105134
Anonymous (anonymous)

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