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ID: 1799510
User: 67.139.65.163
Article: Hapa
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(Undid revision 601150719 by 64.25.200.86 (talk) Confirmed sockpuppet Polyglottz returns with anonymous IP editors)
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A '''''hapa''''' is a person of mixed [[Ethnic group|ethnic]] heritage.<ref>Ozaki and Johnston (2009), pp. 53–54</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/uhtoday/spring2007/j402/alanatina.html|title=The Hapa Project: How multiracial identity crosses oceans|publisher=University of Hawaii at Manoa|first1=Alana|last1=Folen|first2=Tina|last2=Ng|date=Spring 2007|accessdate=4 September 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title= Dictionary definition of ''hapa'' |author= Grant Barrett |work= Double Tongued Dictionary |url= http://www.doubletongued.org/index.php/dictionary/hapa |accessdate= 21 July 2013 }}</ref> The term originates in [[Hawaii]] from the [[Hawaiian language|Hawaiian]] word for "part" or "mixed".<ref>Gamble (2009), p. 2</ref><ref name="Cruz 2009 p. 723">Bernstein and De la Cruz (2009), p. 723</ref> In [[Hawaii]], the word refers to any person of mixed ethnic heritage, regardless of the specific mixture.<ref>Bernstein and De la Cruz (2009), p. 723: "Thus, for locals in Hawai’i, both hapa or hapa haole are used to depict people of mixed-race heritage."</ref><ref>Taniguchi and Heidenreich (2005), p. 137: "Currently, Hawaiian locals use Hapa to refer to any individual who is racially mixed."</ref> In [[California]], the term has recently been used to describe any person of part [[Asian people|Asian]] or [[Pacific Islands American|Pacific Islander]] descent, therefore there are two concurrent usages (one in [[Hawaii]], one in [[California]]).<ref>Gamble (2009), p. 2: "Today, the term is commonly used to describe Asian Pacific Islanders of mixed race heritage."; p. 14: "As well, in contemporary discourse, hapa is used to describe any person of part Asian or Pacific Islander heritage, not limited to part White heritage."</ref><ref>Huynh-Hohnbaum (2009), p. 437: "The term "hapa" is commonly used to refer to multiracial Asian and Pacific Islanders (APIs) and originates from a Native Hawaiian word."</ref><ref>Bernstein and De la Cruz (2009), p. 723: "Today, Hapa is used to describe any person of mixed Asian Pacific American descent."</ref><ref>Ozaki and Johnston (2009), pp. 53–54: "Currently, hapa is often used to refer to anyone of a racially mixed Asian heritage, and even more recently to anyone who is of mixed-race heritage (Taniguchi and Heidenreich, 2005)."</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/uhtoday/spring2007/j402/alanatina.html|title=The Hapa Project: How multiracial identity crosses oceans|publisher=University of Hawaii at Manoa|first1=Alana|last1=Folen|first2=Tina|last2=Ng|date=Spring 2007|accessdate=4 September 2013}} "Jonathan Okamura, professor of ethnic studies at the University of Hawai`i at Manoa, explained that although hapa is a word that describes all people of mixed ancestry, hapa is primarily used to describe people who are half white and half Asian American."</ref><ref>Taniguchi and Heidenreich (2005), p. 135: "In California, individuals recognized the term as meaning mixed Asian/Pacific Islander or, more popularly, part Asian."</ref>{{#tag:ref|"Asian or Pacific Islander (API)" was a [[US Census]] classification prior to the [[2000 US Census]] subsequently separated into two categories: "Asian" and "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander".<ref>{{citation |url=http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_1997standards|title=Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity|author=Office of Management and Budget|publisher=US Government|date=30 October 1997|accessdate=4 September 2013}}</ref>|group="nb"}}
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A '''''hapa''''' is a person of partial Asian/Pacific Islander ancestry.<ref name="hapavoice">[http://hapavoice.com/what-is-hapa]hapavoice: What is Hapa?</ref>
   
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.900161
Reporter Information
Reporter: Anonymous (anonymous)
Date: Tuesday, the 12th of July 2016 at 04:22:18 AM
Status: Reported
Tuesday, the 12th of July 2016 at 04:22:18 AM #105077
Anonymous (anonymous)

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