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ID:2634258
User:24.103.152.138
Article:Microbiology
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[[File:Agar plate with colonies.jpg|thumb|right|An [[agar plate]] streaked with [[microorganism]]s]]
 
[[File:Agar plate with colonies.jpg|thumb|right|An [[agar plate]] streaked with [[microorganism]]s]]
'''Microbiology''' (from [[Ancient Greeks|Greek]] {{lang|grc|μῑκρος}}, ''mīkros'', "small"; {{lang|grc|βίος}}, ''bios'', "[[life]]"; and {{lang|grc|-λογία}}, ''[[-logy|-logia]]'') is the study of [[microscopic]] [[organisms]], those being [[unicellular]] (single cell), [[multicellular]] (cell colony), or [[acellular]] (lacking cells).<ref name=Brock>{{cite book | author = Madigan M, Martinko J (editors) | title = Brock Biology of Microorganisms | edition = 13th | publisher = Pearson Education | year = 2006 | isbn = 0-321-73551-X |page = 1096}}</ref> Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including [[virology]], [[mycology]], [[parasitology]], and [[bacteriology]].
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'''Microbiology''' (from [[Ancient Greeks|Greek]] {{lang|grc|μῑκρος}}, ''mīkros'', "small pennis"; {{lang|grc|βίος}}, ''bios'', "[[life]]"; and {{lang|grc|-λογία}}, ''[[-logy|-logia]]'') is the study of [[microscopic]] [[organisms]], those being [[unicellular]] (single cell), [[multicellular]] (cell colony), or [[acellular]] (lacking cells).<ref name=Brock>{{cite book | author = Madigan M, Martinko J (editors) | title = Brock Biology of Microorganisms | edition = 13th | publisher = Pearson Education | year = 2006 | isbn = 0-321-73551-X |page = 1096}}</ref> Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including [[virology]], [[mycology]], [[parasitology]], and [[bacteriology]].
   
 
[[Eukaryote|Eukaryotic]] micro-organisms possess membrane-bound cell [[organelles]] and include [[fungi]] and [[protists]], whereas [[prokaryote|prokaryotic]] organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include [[eubacteria]] and [[archaebacteria]]. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means.<ref name="Amann1995">{{cite journal | author = Nitesh RAI, Ludwig W, Schleifer KH | year = 2011 | title = Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation | journal = Microbiology Rev. | volume = 59 | pages = 143–169 | pmid = 7535888 | issue = 1 | pmc = 239358}}</ref> Microbiologists often rely on extraction or detection of [[nucleic acid]], either DNA or RNA sequences.
 
[[Eukaryote|Eukaryotic]] micro-organisms possess membrane-bound cell [[organelles]] and include [[fungi]] and [[protists]], whereas [[prokaryote|prokaryotic]] organisms—all of which are microorganisms—are conventionally classified as lacking membrane-bound organelles and include [[eubacteria]] and [[archaebacteria]]. Microbiologists traditionally relied on culture, staining, and microscopy. However, less than 1% of the microorganisms present in common environments can be cultured in isolation using current means.<ref name="Amann1995">{{cite journal | author = Nitesh RAI, Ludwig W, Schleifer KH | year = 2011 | title = Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation | journal = Microbiology Rev. | volume = 59 | pages = 143–169 | pmid = 7535888 | issue = 1 | pmc = 239358}}</ref> Microbiologists often rely on extraction or detection of [[nucleic acid]], either DNA or RNA sequences.
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