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ID: 1032489
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Article: Raised bed gardening
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'''Raised bed gardening''' is a form of [[gardening]] in which the soil is formed in 3{{spaced ndash}}4 foot (1.0–1.2 m) wide beds, which can be of any length or shape. The soil is raised above the surrounding soil<ref name="BHOM">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=AI_etkFQ1RUC&pg=PA69&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J1hRT8OqAoiRiQKK1-W0Bg&ved=0CHQQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=Better Homes & Gardens Vegetable, Fruit & Herb Gardening | publisher=Wiley | year=2010 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Hughes, Megan McConnell | pages=68–69}} ISBN 9780470638569</ref> (approximately 6&nbsp;inches to waist-high), is sometimes enclosed by a frame generally made of wood, rock, or concrete blocks, and may be enriched with [[compost]].<ref name="Nones">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=xwiKzasrYTUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J1hRT8OqAoiRiQKK1-W0Bg&ved=0CGgQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=Raised-Bed Vegetable Gardening Made Simple | publisher=Countryman Press | year=2010 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Nones, Raymond}} ISBN 9780881508963</ref> The [[vegetable]] [[plant]]s are spaced in geometric patterns, much closer together than conventional row gardening.<ref name="Nones"/> The spacing is such that when the vegetables are fully grown, their leaves just barely touch each other, creating a [[microclimate]] in which weed growth is suppressed<ref name="Nones"/> and moisture is conserved.<ref name="MHC">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=Tr36Tq_gadcC&pg=PA291&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J1hRT8OqAoiRiQKK1-W0Bg&ved=0CG4Q6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=Gardening under the arch: homespun hints and money saving tips from the rigorous high country of Alberta's chinook zone | publisher=The Club | year=1982 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Millarville Horticultural Club | pages=291–292}} ISBN 0889254060</ref> Raised beds produce a variety of benefits: they extend the planting season,<ref name="Nones"/> they can reduce weeds if designed and planted properly<ref name="Nones"/> and reduce the need to use poor native soil. Since the gardener does not walk on the raised beds, the soil is not compacted and the roots have an easier time growing.<ref name="Whiting">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=aWVH76wVNJgC&pg=PA42&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NHBRT4rTFonfiALLutC1Bg&ved=0CE4Q6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=The desert shall blossom: a comprehensive guide to vegetable gardening in the Mountain West | publisher=Horizon | year=1991 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Whiting, David E. | pages=41–42}} ISBN 0882904183</ref> The close plant spacing and the use of [[compost]] generally result in higher yields with raised beds in comparison to conventional row gardening. Waist-high raised beds enable the elderly and handicapped to grow vegetables without having to bend-over to tend them.<ref name="Whiting"/>
 
'''Raised bed gardening''' is a form of [[gardening]] in which the soil is formed in 3{{spaced ndash}}4 foot (1.0–1.2 m) wide beds, which can be of any length or shape. The soil is raised above the surrounding soil<ref name="BHOM">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=AI_etkFQ1RUC&pg=PA69&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J1hRT8OqAoiRiQKK1-W0Bg&ved=0CHQQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=Better Homes & Gardens Vegetable, Fruit & Herb Gardening | publisher=Wiley | year=2010 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Hughes, Megan McConnell | pages=68–69}} ISBN 9780470638569</ref> (approximately 6&nbsp;inches to waist-high), is sometimes enclosed by a frame generally made of wood, rock, or concrete blocks, and may be enriched with [[compost]].<ref name="Nones">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=xwiKzasrYTUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J1hRT8OqAoiRiQKK1-W0Bg&ved=0CGgQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=Raised-Bed Vegetable Gardening Made Simple | publisher=Countryman Press | year=2010 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Nones, Raymond}} ISBN 9780881508963</ref> The [[vegetable]] [[plant]]s are spaced in geometric patterns, much closer together than conventional row gardening.<ref name="Nones"/> The spacing is such that when the vegetables are fully grown, their leaves just barely touch each other, creating a [[microclimate]] in which weed growth is suppressed<ref name="Nones"/> and moisture is conserved.<ref name="MHC">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=Tr36Tq_gadcC&pg=PA291&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J1hRT8OqAoiRiQKK1-W0Bg&ved=0CG4Q6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=Gardening under the arch: homespun hints and money saving tips from the rigorous high country of Alberta's chinook zone | publisher=The Club | year=1982 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Millarville Horticultural Club | pages=291–292}} ISBN 0889254060</ref> Raised beds produce a variety of benefits: they extend the planting season,<ref name="Nones"/> they can reduce weeds if designed and planted properly<ref name="Nones"/> and reduce the need to use poor native soil. Since the gardener does not walk on the raised beds, the soil is not compacted and the roots have an easier time growing.<ref name="Whiting">{{cite book | url=http://books.google.com/books?id=aWVH76wVNJgC&pg=PA42&dq=raised+bed+gardening&hl=en&sa=X&ei=NHBRT4rTFonfiALLutC1Bg&ved=0CE4Q6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=raised%20bed%20gardening&f=false | title=The desert shall blossom: a comprehensive guide to vegetable gardening in the Mountain West | publisher=Horizon | year=1991 | accessdate=March 2, 2012 | author=Whiting, David E. | pages=41–42}} ISBN 0882904183</ref> The close plant spacing and the use of [[compost]] generally result in higher yields with raised beds in comparison to conventional row gardening. Waist-high raised beds enable the elderly and handicapped to grow vegetables without having to bend-over to tend them.<ref name="Whiting"/>
   
==Overview==
 
  +
the motto
Raised beds lend themselves to the development of complex agriculture systems that utilize many of the principles and methods of [[permaculture]]. They can be used effectively to control [[erosion]] and recycle and conserve water and nutrients by building them along contour lines on slopes.<ref name="MHC"/> This also makes more space available for intensive crop production.<ref name="Nones"/> They can be created over large areas with the use of several commonly available tractor-drawn implements and efficiently maintained, planted and harvested using hand tools.
 
 
This form of gardening is compatible with [[square foot gardening]] and [[companion planting]].
 
 
Circular waist high raised beds with a path to the center (a slice of the circle cut out) are called keyhole gardens.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.journalgazette.net/article/20120129/FEAT0106/301299980/1014/SPORTS09 | title=Unlock your creativity with keyhole garden | publisher=[http://www.journalgazette.net ''The Journal Gazette''] (Fort Wayne, IN) | date=January 29, 2012 | accessdate=March 6, 2012 | author=Kemery, Ricky}}</ref> Often the center has a chimney of sorts built with sticks and then lined with feedbags or grasses that allows water placed at the center to flow out into the soil and reach the plants' roots. The charity [[Send a Cow]] is promoting the creation of these in Africa.
 
 
===Materials and construction===
 
Vegetable garden bed construction materials should be chosen carefully. Some concerns exist regarding the use of pressure-treated timber.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.finegardening.com/design/articles/pressure-treated-wood-in-beds.aspx | title=Does Pressure-Treated Wood Belong in Your Garden? | publisher=[http://www.finegardening.com Fine Gardening Magazine] | accessdate=March 6, 2012 | author=Lively, Ruth}}</ref> [[Wood preservation|Treated pine]] that was traditionally treated using [[chromated copper arsenate]] or CCA, a toxic chemical mix for preserving timber that may leach chemicals into the soil which in turn can be drawn up into the plants, a concern for vegetable growers, where part or all of the plant is eaten. If using timber to raise the garden bed, ensure that it is an untreated<ref name="Nones"/> [[hardwood]] to prevent the risk of chemicals leaching into the soil. A common approach is to use timber [[Railroad tie|sleepers]] joined with steel rods to hold them together. Another approach is to use [[Concrete masonry unit|concrete blocks]], although less aesthetically pleasing, they are inexpensive to source and easy to use. On the market are also prefab raised garden bed solutions which are made from long lasting [[polyethylene]] that is [[UV stabilizers in plastics|UV stabilized]] and food grade so it will not leach undesirable chemicals into the soil or deteriorate in the elements. A double skinned wall provides an air pocket of insulation that minimizes the temperature fluctuations and drying out of the soil in the garden bed. Sometimes raised bed gardens are covered with clear plastic to protect the crops from wind and strong rains.<ref name="Whiting"/> Pre-manufactured raised bed gardening boxes also exist.<ref name="BHOM"/>
 
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.963189
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 04:28:56 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 04:28:56 PM #101570
Bradley (anonymous)

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