ClueBot NG Report Interface

// Viewing 1034654

Navigation

ID: 1034654
User: 198.236.11.244
Article: Human population control
Diff:
(restore deleted statement; edit to remove unture comparison)
(Ancient times through Middle Ages)
Line 34: Line 34:
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Ancient times through Middle Ages===
 
===Ancient times through Middle Ages===
A number of ancient writers have reflected on the issue of population. At about 300 BCE in India, [[Kautilya]], a [[political philosopher]] (c. 350-283 BCE), considered population as a source of political, economic, and military strength. Though a given region can house too many or too few people, he considered the latter possibility to be the greater evil. Kautilya favored the remarriage of [[widows]] (which at the time was forbidden in India), opposed taxes that encourage emigration, and believed that [[asceticism]] should be restricted to the aged.<ref name="Neurath 1994 7">{{cite book |title=From Malthus to the Club of Rome and Back |last= Neurath |first=Paul |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1994 |publisher= M.E. Sharpe|location= |isbn=1563244071, 9781563244070 |pages=7 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=_ZHx3GO_xLMC&dq=%22population+control%22}}</ref>
+
A number of ancient writers have reflected on the issue of population. At about 300 BCE in India, [[Kautilya]], a [[political philosopher]] (c. 350-283 BCE), considered population as a source of political, economic, and military strength. Though a given region can house too many or too few people, he considered the latter possibility to be the greater evil. Kautilya favored the
+
GEEZUSAURUS REX!
In [[ancient Greece]], [[Plato]] (427-347 BCE) and [[Aristotle]] (384-322 BCE) discussed the best population size for Greek [[city states]] such as Sparta, and concluded that cities should be small enough for efficient administration and direct citizen participation in public affairs, but at the same time needed to be large enough to defend themselves against hostile neighboring city states. In order to maintain a desired population size, the philosophers advised that [[procreation]], and if necessary, [[immigration]], should be encouraged if the population size was too small. [[Emigration]] to colonies would be encouraged should the population become too large.<ref name="Neurath 1994 6"/> Aristotle concluded that a large increase in population would bring, "certain poverty on the citizenry, and poverty is the cause of sedition and evil." To halt rapid population increase, Aristotle advocated the use of [[abortion]] and the exposure of newborns.<ref>{{cite book |title=From Malthus to the Club of Rome and Back |last= Neurath |first=Paul |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1994 |publisher= M.E. Sharpe|location= |isbn=1563244071, 9781563244070 |pages=6–7 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=_ZHx3GO_xLMC&dq=%22population+control%22}}</ref>
 
 
[[Confucius]] (551-478 BCE) and other Chinese writers cautioned that, "excessive growth may reduce output per worker, repress levels of living for the masses and engender strife." Confucius also observed that, "mortality increases when food supply is insufficient; that permanent marriage makes for high infantile mortality rates, that war checks population growth."<ref name="Neurath 1994 6">{{cite book |title=From Malthus to the Club of Rome and Back |last= Neurath |first=Paul |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1994 |publisher= M.E. Sharpe|location= |isbn=1563244071, 9781563244070 |pages=6 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=_ZHx3GO_xLMC&dq=%22population+control%22}}</ref>
 
 
[[Ancient Rome]], especially in the time of [[Augustus]] (63 BCE- CE 14), needed manpower to acquire and administer the vast [[Roman Empire]]. A series of laws were instituted to encourage early marriage and frequent childbirth. Lex Julia (18 BCE) and the Lex Papia Poppaea (CE 9) are two well known examples of such laws, which among others, provided tax breaks and preferential treatment when applying for public office for those that complied with the laws. Severe limitations were imposed on those who did not. For example, the surviving spouse of a childless couple could only inherit one-tenth of the deceased fortune, while the rest was taken by the state. These laws encountered resistance from the population which led to the disregard of their provisions and to their eventual abolition.<ref name="Neurath 1994 7"/>
 
   
 
[[Tertullian]], an early Christian author (ca. CE 160-220), was one of the first to describe famine and war as factors that can prevent overpopulation.<ref name="Neurath 1994 7"/> He wrote: "The strongest witness is the vast population of the earth to which we are a burden and she scarcely can provide for our needs; as our demands grow greater, our complaints against Nature's inadequacy are heard by all. The scourges of pestilence, famine, wars and earthquakes have come to be regarded as a blessing to overcrowded nations, since they serve to prune away the luxuriant growth of the human race."<ref name="Neurath94-page8"/>
 
[[Tertullian]], an early Christian author (ca. CE 160-220), was one of the first to describe famine and war as factors that can prevent overpopulation.<ref name="Neurath 1994 7"/> He wrote: "The strongest witness is the vast population of the earth to which we are a burden and she scarcely can provide for our needs; as our demands grow greater, our complaints against Nature's inadequacy are heard by all. The scourges of pestilence, famine, wars and earthquakes have come to be regarded as a blessing to overcrowded nations, since they serve to prune away the luxuriant growth of the human race."<ref name="Neurath94-page8"/>
Reason: ANN scored at 0.968162
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Saturday, the 15th of October 2016 at 12:33:29 AM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 7th of January 2015 at 01:41:20 AM #97576
gordon (anonymous)

rT0jEq http://www.QS3PE5ZGdxC9IoVKTAPT2DBYpPkMKqfz.com

Saturday, the 15th of October 2016 at 12:33:34 AM #106578
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

979zB9 http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

Username:
Comment: