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ID: 1065767
User: 121.79.208.230
Article: Bastion Point
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'''Bastion Point''' (''Takaparawhau'' in [[Māori language|Māori]]) is a coastal piece of land in [[Orakei]], [[Auckland]], [[New Zealand]], overlooking the [[Waitemata Harbour]]. The area has significance in New Zealand history for its role in 1970s Māori protests against forced [[Alienation (property law)|land alienation]] by non Māori New Zealanders.<ref name="TE ARA1">[http://www.teara.govt.nz/NewZealandInBrief/Maori/5/ENZ-Resources/Standard/1/3/en Police cordon At Bastion Point (3rd of 3)] (from [[Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand]]. Accessed 2008-07-31.)</ref>
 
'''Bastion Point''' (''Takaparawhau'' in [[Māori language|Māori]]) is a coastal piece of land in [[Orakei]], [[Auckland]], [[New Zealand]], overlooking the [[Waitemata Harbour]]. The area has significance in New Zealand history for its role in 1970s Māori protests against forced [[Alienation (property law)|land alienation]] by non Māori New Zealanders.<ref name="TE ARA1">[http://www.teara.govt.nz/NewZealandInBrief/Maori/5/ENZ-Resources/Standard/1/3/en Police cordon At Bastion Point (3rd of 3)] (from [[Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand]]. Accessed 2008-07-31.)</ref>
   
==History==
 
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==I HEART CHEEZE==
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==Hobnocker==
   
 
The land was occupied by [[Ngāti Whātua]], in the period before the [[colonisation]] of New Zealand by the [[British Crown]], and was part of important lands for the [[iwi]] (tribe), overlooking rich fishing and farming areas.
 
The land was occupied by [[Ngāti Whātua]], in the period before the [[colonisation]] of New Zealand by the [[British Crown]], and was part of important lands for the [[iwi]] (tribe), overlooking rich fishing and farming areas.
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==Occupation==
 
==Occupation==
In 1885, the NZ Government built a military outpost at [[Kohimarama]], or Bastion Point, because it commanded good strategic positioning over [[Waitemata Harbour]]. It was not built on Takaparawhau Point, which had earlier been given to the Government for that purpose. In 1886, the Crown used the Public Works Act 1882 to take ownership of {{convert|13|acre|1|ha}} of Bastion Point for this purpose of defence. When, in 1941, the Crown no longer needed Bastion Point for defence, the ancestral Māori land was not returned to its traditional [[Māori people|Māori]] owners but instead gifted to the [[Auckland City Council]] for a reserve. (This was the last {{convert|60|acre|1|ha}} of uncommitted land at Orakei that the hapu still hoped to get back.) In 1976, the Crown announced that it planned to develop Bastion Point by selling it to the highest corporate bidder for high-income housing. [[Joe Hawke]], members of his hapu, and other [[activists]], formed the Orakei Māori Action Committee taking direct action to stop the subdivision. In 1977-1978 the Orakei Māori Action Committee organised an occupation of the remaining Crown land to prevent its confiscation by the [[Third National Government of New Zealand|Muldoon Government]]. A [[marae]] and housing was built, and crops were grown. A fire in one of the buildings caused the death of a young girl.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.waitangitribunal.govt.nz/reports/viewchapter.asp?reportID=49AF06E3-FBCB-45C5-9E97-2C2044B558C2&chapter=63|title=Report of the Waitangi Tribunal on the Orakei Claim - 9.4 The Assessment of Competing Claims|publisher=[[Waitangi Tribunal]]}}</ref>
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In 1885, the NZ Government built a military outpost at [[Kohimarama]], or Bastion Point, because it commanded good strategic positioning over [[Waitemata Harbour]]. It was not built on Takaparawhau Point, which had earlier been given to the Government for that purpose. In 1886, the Crown used the Public Works Act 1882 to take ownership of {{convert|13|acre|1|ha}} of Bastion Point for this purpose of defence. When, in 1941, the Crown no longer needed Bastion Point for defence, the ancestral Māori land was not returned to its traditional [[Māori people|Māori]] owners but instead gifted to the [[Auckland City Council]] for a reserve. (This was the last {{convert|60|acre|1|ha}} of uncommitted land at Orakei that the hapu still hoped to get back.) In 1976, the Crown announced that it planned to develop Bastion Point by selling it to the highest corporate bidder for high-income housing. [[Joe Hawke]], members of his hapu, and other [[activists]], formed the Orakei Māori Action Committee taking direct action to stop the subdivision. In 1977-1978 the Orakei Māori Action Committee organised an occupation of the remaining Crown land to prevent its confiscation by the [[Third National Government of New Zealand STUPIDITY|Muldoon Government]]. A [[marae]] and housing was built, and crops were grown. A fire in one of the buildings caused the death of a young girl.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.waitangitribunal.govt.nz/reports/viewchapter.asp?reportID=49AF06E3-FBCB-45C5-9E97-2C2044B558C2&chapter=63|title=Report of the Waitangi Tribunal on the Orakei Claim - 9.4 The Assessment of Competing Claims|publisher=[[Waitangi Tribunal]]}}</ref>
   
 
A peaceful occupation lasted for 507 days and was finally ended on the 25th May 1978,<ref name="TE ARA1"/> when 800 police and the New Zealand army were used to forcibly remove the occupiers and destroy the temporary buildings including vegetable gardens and a meeting house, which were constructed to accommodate the living during the protest. Two hundred and twenty two protesters were arrested. The occupation and use of force to end it played a part in highlighting injustices against Māori, and the occupation was a major landmark in the history of [[Māori protest movement|Māori protest]].
 
A peaceful occupation lasted for 507 days and was finally ended on the 25th May 1978,<ref name="TE ARA1"/> when 800 police and the New Zealand army were used to forcibly remove the occupiers and destroy the temporary buildings including vegetable gardens and a meeting house, which were constructed to accommodate the living during the protest. Two hundred and twenty two protesters were arrested. The occupation and use of force to end it played a part in highlighting injustices against Māori, and the occupation was a major landmark in the history of [[Māori protest movement|Māori protest]].
Reason:
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Thursday, the 13th of October 2016 at 02:37:27 PM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 7th of August 2015 at 09:04:35 PM #100372
Bradley (anonymous)

zqtBXW http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

Thursday, the 13th of October 2016 at 02:37:28 PM #106378
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

EAdNpi http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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