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ID: 1165217
User: 189.47.110.72
Article: Eisenia fetida
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(é uma minhoca feia e fedida porra)
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|image =Redwiggler1.jpg
 
|image =Redwiggler1.jpg
 
|image_width =240px
 
|image_width =240px
|regnum =[[Animal]]ia
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|regnum feia
|phylum =[[Annelid]]a
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feia
 
|classis =[[Clitellata]]
 
|classis =[[Clitellata]]
 
|ordo =[[Haplotaxida]]
 
|ordo =[[Haplotaxida]]
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|genus =''[[Eisenia (annelid)|Eisenia]]''
 
|genus =''[[Eisenia (annelid)|Eisenia]]''
 
|species ='''''E. foetida'''''
 
|species ='''''E. foetida'''''
|binomial =''Eisenia foetida''
 
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feia e fedida
|binomial_authority=([[Marie Jules César Savigny|Savigny]], 1826)&nbsp;<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.faunaeur.org/full_results.php?id=178401|title=''Eisenia foetida''|publisher=[[Fauna Europaea]]|year=2004}}</ref>}}
 
   
'''''Eisenia fetida''''' (older spelling: foetida), known under various [[common names]] such as ''redworm'', ''brandling worm'', ''panfish worm'', ''trout worm'', ''tiger worm'', ''red wiggler worm'', ''red californian earth worm'', etc., is a species of [[earthworm]] adapted to [[Decomposition|decaying]] organic material. These worms thrive in rotting [[vegetation]], [[compost]], and [[manure]]; they are [[epigean]]. They are rarely found in soil, instead preferring conditions that are inimical to some other worms. In this trait they resemble ''[[Lumbricus rubellus]]''.
 
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orroroza more brownish as the worms inside become mature. These cocoons are clearly visible to the naked eye.
 
Eisenia fetida worms are used for [[vermicomposting]]. They are native to Europe, but have been introduced (both intentionally and unintentionally) to every other continent except [[Antarctica]].
 
 
==Odor==
 
When roughly handled, an eisenia fetida exudes a [[pungent]] liquid, thus the specific name ''foetida'' meaning ''[[wikt:fetid|foul-smelling]]''. This is presumably an [[antipredator adaptation]].
 
 
==Subspecies==
 
Eisenia fetida is closely related to ''[[Eisenia andrei]]'', also referred to as ''E. foetida andrei''.{{Which?|date=September 2009}} The only simple way of distinguishing the two species is that ''E. foetida'' is sometimes lighter in colour. Molecular analyses (but not of types!) have confirmed their identity as separate species and [[breeding experiment]]s have shown that they do not produce [[Hybrid (biology)|hybrid]]s.
 
 
==Reproduction==
 
As with other [[earthworm]] species, ''Eisenia fetida'' is hermaphroditic. However, two worms are still required for reproduction. The two worms join [[clitellum]]s, the large orangeish bands which contain the worms' reproductive organs, and which are only visible during the reproduction process. The two worms exchange [[sperm]]. Both worms then secrete cocoons which contain several eggs each. These cocoons are lemon-shaped and are pale yellow at first, becoming more brownish as the worms inside become mature. These cocoons are clearly visible to the naked eye.
 
   
 
==Relationship with humans==
 
==Relationship with humans==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.910923
Reporter Information
Reporter: Jason (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 05:20:44 AM
Status: Reported
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