ClueBot NG Report Interface

// Viewing 1174386


ID: 1174386
User: Reza1374
Article: Urmia
m (Reverted edits by Reza1374 (talk) to last version by
Line 65: Line 65:
== History ==
== History ==
'''[[Simko Shikak]]''' also Ismail Agha Shikak (1887–1930), (known as Simitquh by to the Iranian historians and media, which is just a garbling of his given name, "Ismail Agha," that is further garbled by Kurdish into "Simqoh" or "Simko") was a Kurdish chieftain of the [[Shakak]] tribe. He was born into a prominent Kurdish feudal family based in Chihriq castle located near Baranduz river in Urmia region in northwestern Iran. By 1920 parts of Iranian Azerbaijan located west of Lake Urmia were under his control[1]. He led Kurdish farmers into battle and defeated the Iranian army on several occasions. [2] The Iranian government had him assassinated in 1930[3].Simko took part in the massacre of the Assyrians of Khoy[4] and instigated the massacre of 1000 Assyrians in Salmas.[5]
Kurds were emigrated to urmia!
'''[[Simko Shikak revolt]]''' relates to an armed Kurdish uprising against the ruling Qajar dynasty of Persia from 1919-1922, led by Kurdish chieftain Simko Shikak and his Shekak tribe.[1] The uprising is considered the beginning of the modern [[Kurdish–Iranian conflict]].
'''[[Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou]]''' (Kurdish:عەبدولڕەحمان قاسملوو/Ebdurehman Qasimlú) (December 22, 1930 – July 13, 1989) was a Kurdish political leader.Ghassemlou was the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party [[(KDP)]] (حیزبی دیموکڕاتی کوردستان - حدک/Partiya Demokrata Kurdistana ' - PDK) from 1973 to 1989, when he was killed by individuals thought to be agents of the Islamic Republic of Iran.Born in Urmia, [[West Azarbaijan]], Iran, Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou was instructed in a Quranic school. He was the son of Mohammad Vesugh, a wealthy landowning Kurdish Ahga. Ghassemlou started his university studies in France, and pursued them in Czechoslovakia, where he met his wife Helen Krulich. They had two daughters together, Mina (1953) and Hewa (1955).
He was fluent in 11 languages including his mother tongue. He could read and write and speak and understand Kurmanji Kurdish, Kurdish, Persian, Arabic, Turkish, Azerbaijani, French, English, Russian, Czech and Slovak and was familiar with German.
Urmia is one of the historic ancient cities in [[Iran]] with Assyrian origins.{{Citation needed|date=June 2012}} Urmia is an Assyrian word which means Town of Water or Cradle of Water. The excavations of the ancient ruins near Urmia led to the discovery of utensils that date back to [[20th century BC|2000 years B.C.]]. According to [[Vladimir Minorsky]], there have been villages in the [[Urmia plain]] some 2000 years B.C., with their [[civilization]] under the influence of Van nation.
In the ancient times, the west bank of Urmia lake was called ''Gilzan'', and in the ninth century B.C. an independent government ruled there which later joined the [[Urartu]] or Mana empire; in the eighth century B.C., the area was a vassal of the [[Asuzh government]] until it joined the [[Median Empire]] after its formation.
All and all, according to historical documents, the western part of the [[Lake Urmia|Urmia Lake]] has been a center of attention of the prehistoric nations, the evidence of which are the numerous ancient hills in the area, such as [[Geoy Tepe|''Gouy Tapeh'']], 6 kilometers southeast of the lake which competes with the oldest hills of [[Mesopotamia]], [[Anatolia|Asia the Minor]], and the Iranian Plateau.
The claim that the area was the birthplace of [[Zoroaster]] (this is disputed because most experts agree [[Zoroaster]] was most likely born in the [[Sistan]] region between [[Iran]] and [[Afghanistan]]), or even the burial site of one or two of the Zoroastrian priests who allegedly traveled to [[Bethlehem]] for Christ’s birth indicate that the city has been one of the largest religious and scientific centers of the ancient times.<ref>Urmia (Urumiyeh), the Cradle of Civilization - CAIS ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS©</ref>
Some historians claimed that Urmia was a birthplace of [[Zarathustra]], the founder of [[Zoroastrianism|Zoroastrian religion]].<ref name="Looklex">[ Looklex Encyclopaedia]</ref>
The [[Columbia Encyclopedia]] mentions that Urmia was an important town in the region during the 9th century.<ref>[ Urmia | Urmia Information | HighBeam Research - FREE Trial]</ref>
The [[Ottoman Turks]] made several incursions into the city, but the [[Safavid]]s were soon able to regain control over the area. The first monarch of Iran's [[Qajar dynasty]], [[Agha Muhammad Khan]], was crowned in Urmia in 1795.
Due to the presence of substantial [[Christian]] minority at the end of the 19th century, Urmia was also chosen as a site of the first [[United States|American]] Christian mission in Iran in 1835. Another mission soon became operational in nearby [[Tabriz]] as well.
During the 19th century, the region became the center of a short lived Assyrian renaissance with many books and newspapers being published in [[Syriac]]. Urmia was also the seat of a [[Dioceses of the Church of the East, 1552–1913|Chaldean diocese]].<ref>[ Catholic Encyclopedia: Urmiah]</ref><ref name=naby>{{cite journal|last=Naby|first=Eden|title=Theater, Language and Inter-Ethnic Exchange: Assyrian Performance before World War I Eden Naby1|journal=Iranian Studies, 40:4|year=2007|month=September|volume=40|series=4|pages=501–510|url=|accessdate=30 September 2011}}</ref> Most of Urmia's Christian population was however massacred by the Ottomans during the [[First World War]].<ref>* {{citation|last1=Gaunt|first1=David|last2= Beṯ-Şawoce|first2=Jan|title=[ Massacres, resistance, protectors: Muslim-Christian relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I]|pages=106–107|year=2006|publisher=Gorgias Press LLC|isbn=978-1-59333-301-0}}</ref> The survivors have mostly settled in the United States.<ref name=naby/>
== Geography ==
== Geography ==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.961272
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:45:47 AM
Status: Reported
Sunday, the 4th of January 2015 at 04:04:35 PM #97472
sammy (anonymous)


Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:45:47 AM #106472
JimmiXzS (anonymous)