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ID: 1184021
User: 109.205.251.60
Article: Chinese grammar
Diff:
(pinyin for 一 following the 1st, 2nd and 3rd tone is yì, not yī or yí)
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*{{ruby-zh-p|我|wǒ}}{{ruby-zh-p|把|bǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|盘子|pánzi}}{{ruby-zh-p|打|dǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|破|pò}}{{ruby-zh-p|了|le}}。[我把盤子打破了。]<br/>I (acc.)-plate broke (and it is no longer intact). (Accusative II)
 
*{{ruby-zh-p|我|wǒ}}{{ruby-zh-p|把|bǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|盘子|pánzi}}{{ruby-zh-p|打|dǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|破|pò}}{{ruby-zh-p|了|le}}。[我把盤子打破了。]<br/>I (acc.)-plate broke (and it is no longer intact). (Accusative II)
   
*{{ruby-zh-p|我|wǒ}}{{ruby-zh-p|打|dǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|了|le}}{{ruby-zh-p|一|yí}}{{ruby-zh-p|通|tōng}}{{ruby-zh-p|电话|diànhuà}}。 [我打了一通電話。]<br/>I made a phone call. (Accusative I), ''versus''
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*{{ruby-zh-p|我|wǒ}}{{ruby-zh-p|打|dǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|了|le}}{{ruby-zh-p|一|yì<!--(not yī or (see sandhi))-->}}{{ruby-zh-p|通|tōng}}{{ruby-zh-p|电话|diànhuà}}。 [我打了一通電話。]<br/>I made a phone call. (Accusative I), ''versus''
 
*{{ruby-zh-p|我|wǒ}}{{ruby-zh-p|把|bǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|他|tā}}{{ruby-zh-p|打|dǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|了|le}}({{ruby-zh-p|一|yí}}{{ruby-zh-p|顿|dùn}})。 [我把他打了(一頓)。]<br/>I him beat (up). (Accusative II)
 
*{{ruby-zh-p|我|wǒ}}{{ruby-zh-p|把|bǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|他|tā}}{{ruby-zh-p|打|dǎ}}{{ruby-zh-p|了|le}}({{ruby-zh-p|一|yí}}{{ruby-zh-p|顿|dùn}})。 [我把他打了(一頓)。]<br/>I him beat (up). (Accusative II)
   
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*''zhe'' (static)
 
*''zhe'' (static)
**{{ruby-zh-p|墙|qiáng}} {{ruby-zh-p|上|shàng}} {{ruby-zh-p|挂|guà}} {{ruby-zh-p|着|zhe}} {{ruby-zh-p|一|yī}} {{ruby-zh-p|幅|fú}} {{ruby-zh-p|画|huà}}。 [牆上掛著一幅畫。] <br />A picture's hanging on the wall. (The "hanging" is a continuous current state.)
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**{{ruby-zh-p|墙|qiáng}} {{ruby-zh-p|上|shàng}} {{ruby-zh-p|挂|guà}} {{ruby-zh-p|着|zhe}} {{ruby-zh-p|一|yì<!--(not or yí (see sandhi))-->}} {{ruby-zh-p|幅|fú}} {{ruby-zh-p|画|huà}}。 [牆上掛著一幅畫。] <br />A picture's hanging on the wall. (The "hanging" is a continuous current state.)
   
 
If the sentence could be rephrased using "in the middle of", then ''zhèngzai'' would be best; otherwise, ''zhe''. "I'm [in the middle of] hanging pictures up" would take ''zhèngzài'', while "A picture's hanging on the wall" would take ''zhe''. The two imperfectives may both occur in the same clause, e.g. 他正在打着电话 ''tā zhèngzai dǎ zhe diànhuà'' "He is in the middle of telephoning someone".{{Citation needed|date=April 2009}}
 
If the sentence could be rephrased using "in the middle of", then ''zhèngzai'' would be best; otherwise, ''zhe''. "I'm [in the middle of] hanging pictures up" would take ''zhèngzài'', while "A picture's hanging on the wall" would take ''zhe''. The two imperfectives may both occur in the same clause, e.g. 他正在打着电话 ''tā zhèngzai dǎ zhe diànhuà'' "He is in the middle of telephoning someone".{{Citation needed|date=April 2009}}
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Classifiers are generally associated with certain groups of nouns related by meaning, such as "條/条 tiáo" for long, thin objects or animals (e.g. ropes, snakes or fish), "把 bǎ" for objects with handles (e.g. knives, umbrellas) "張/张 zhāng" for flat objects that can be counted as sheets in English (photographs, fur, etc.). While there are dozens, if not hundreds, of classifiers that exist, which must be memorized individually for each noun, the vast majority of words generally use "個/个 gè". Many nouns that may use other classifiers can also use "個/个" if the speaker chooses. The classifiers for many nouns appear arbitrary. "Table" (桌子 zhuōzi) is a "zhāng 張/张" noun probably because table-top is sheet-like and "chair" (椅子 yĭzi) is a ''bǎ'' noun probably we move a chair by lifting a "handle," while another word for chair or stool, "凳子 dèngzi" is a "個/个 gè" noun.
 
Classifiers are generally associated with certain groups of nouns related by meaning, such as "條/条 tiáo" for long, thin objects or animals (e.g. ropes, snakes or fish), "把 bǎ" for objects with handles (e.g. knives, umbrellas) "張/张 zhāng" for flat objects that can be counted as sheets in English (photographs, fur, etc.). While there are dozens, if not hundreds, of classifiers that exist, which must be memorized individually for each noun, the vast majority of words generally use "個/个 gè". Many nouns that may use other classifiers can also use "個/个" if the speaker chooses. The classifiers for many nouns appear arbitrary. "Table" (桌子 zhuōzi) is a "zhāng 張/张" noun probably because table-top is sheet-like and "chair" (椅子 yĭzi) is a ''bǎ'' noun probably we move a chair by lifting a "handle," while another word for chair or stool, "凳子 dèngzi" is a "個/个 gè" noun.
   
The endings for the indefinite and demonstrative article must also agree with the appropriate classifier for a noun. For example, "狗 gǒu" means "dog" or "the dog." But to specify "that / that (in direction of addressee) / this dog" (demonstrative) one says "那只狗/这只狗 [那隻狗/這隻狗] nèizhī / nàzhī / zhèizhī gǒu," and to say "a dog" one says "一只狗 [一隻狗] yīzhī gǒu," where the ending "只 [隻] -zhī" agrees with the classifier of the noun "狗 gǒu." Similarly, "that / that (in direction of addressee) / this / a house" are "那座房子/这座房子/一座房子 nèizuò / nàzuò / zhèzuò / yīzuò fángzi," where the ending "座 -zuò" agrees with the noun "房子 fángzi."
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The endings for the indefinite and demonstrative article must also agree with the appropriate classifier for a noun. For example, "狗 gǒu" means "dog" or "the dog." But to specify "that / that (in direction of addressee) / this dog" (demonstrative) one says "那只狗/这只狗 [那隻狗/這隻狗] nèizhī / nàzhī / zhèizhī gǒu," and to say "a dog" one says "一只狗 [一隻狗] yìzhī gǒu," where the ending "只 [隻] -zhī" agrees with the classifier of the noun "狗 gǒu." Similarly, "that / that (in direction of addressee) / this / a house" are "那座房子/这座房子/一座房子 nèizuò / nàzuò / zhèzuò / yízuò fángzi," where the ending "座 -zuò" agrees with the noun "房子 fángzi."
   
 
==Parts of speech==
 
==Parts of speech==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.926602
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:51:30 PM
Status: Reported
Sunday, the 26th of August 2012 at 03:28:59 PM #87693
Anonymous (anonymous)

一 is 4th tone when followed by a 1st, 2nd or 3rd tone

Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:51:30 PM #101746
Bradley (anonymous)

A6s9ds http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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