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ID: 1243237
User: LanguageXpert
Article: Hindko language
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Hindko dialect is a cluster of western [[Punjabi Language]] i.e. Lehnda's subdialects of [[Chachi]] spoken in Abbotabbad, Mansehra, Haripur, other parts of Hazara division and Peshawer districts, [[Kohati]] spoken in Kohat District and [[Jandali]] spoken in Nowshera district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Sometimes [[Ghebi]] spoken in Attock District of Punjab is also classified in this cluster but that has great closeness to "Dhani" dialect of central punjab. So total number of Hindko dialect speaking districts are six.
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Standard Punjabi (Majhi), South Punjabi (Saraiki)and North Punjabi dialects( Hindko, Pahari and Potowari) are 90 % identical and mutually under stand able. The only minor differences of few vowels, common use words and grammers are tabulated below. Any Punjabi dialect speaking person by learning these differences given in the table below can easliy speak other dialect in very short time.
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==Differences in Punjabi dialects: Standard (Majhi), South (Saraiki) and North (Hindko Pahari Potowari)==
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{| class="wikitable" border="1"
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|-
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! English
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! [[Majhi dialect|Majhi]] or Standard Punjabi.
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(Central Punjab of [[Pakistan]] and [[India]])
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! Hindko Pahari and [[Pothohari language|Pothohari]]
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(Northern parts of [[Punjab Province (Pakistan)|Punjab Province]] and [[Azad Kashmir]])
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! [[Saraiki language|Seraiki]] or [[Multani language|Multani]].
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(Southern parts of [[Punjab Province (Pakistan)|Punjab Province]])
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|-
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! What, This, That
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| Ki, ae ,O
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| Kay, ay, O
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| Kya/Kay, ee, oo
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|-
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! When
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| Kdoon
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| Kdoon/ Kis wqt
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| Kadhaan
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|-
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! How, This way, That way
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| Kenj/Kiven, Enj, Onj
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| Keeyaan, Inj, Unj
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| Kenjhaa/Kiven, Injhaa, Unjhaa
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|-
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! Where, Here, There
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| Kithay, Aythay, Othay
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| Kuthay, Ithay, Uthay
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| Kithaan, Ithaan, Uthaan
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|-
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! How much, This much, That much
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| Kinna, Inna, Unna
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| Kitna, Itnna, Utnna
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| Kitna, Itnna, Utnna
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|-
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! My, Your, His, Its, Our, Yours, Their, Of
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| Mayre, Tayra, Oda, Ayda, Saada, Tuhaada, Onaanda, Daa
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| Maara, Taara, Usna, Isnaa, Asaana, Tusaana, Unaana, Naa
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| Maydha, Taydha, Usda, Idha, Saadaa, Tuhaada, Uneenda, Daa
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|-
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! Me, To you , Him, To it, Us, To you, Them, To
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| Maynoo, Taynoo, Onoo, Aynoo, Saanoo, Tuhaanoo, Onaannoo, Noo
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| Miki, Tuki, Uski, Iski, Asaanki, Tusaaki, Unaanki, Koo
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| Maykhoo, Taykhoo, Ukhoo, ikhoo, Saakhoo, Tuhaakhoo, Uneenkhoo, Khoo
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|-
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! I am, You are, He is, We are, You are, They are (going)
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| Mae aan, Tu ayn, O ay, Assee/Assaan aan, Tussi/Tussaan O, O nay (Jaa nda/day (plu) )
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| Mae aan, Tu ayn, O ay, Assaan aan, Tussaan O, O nay (Gch na/ay (plu) )
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| Mae haan, Tu hayn, Oo hay, Assaan hin, Tussaan ho, Oo hin (Ve aynada/ay (plu) pya/ay )
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|-
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! I was, You were, He was, We were, You were, They were
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| Mae saan, Tu saen, O si, Assee/Assaab saan, Tussi/Tussaan so, O sn
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| Mae saan, Tu saen, O saa, Assaan saan, Tussaan so, O sn
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| Mae hm, Tu haway, Oo haa, Assaan haasay, Tussaan haway, Oo aahaen
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|-
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! I shall take, You will take, He will take, We shall take, You will take, They will take
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| Mae lae aanga, Tu lae aynga, O lae ayga, Assee/Assaan lae aangay, Tussi/Tussaan lae aaogay, O lae aangay
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| Mae kin saan, Tu kin sayn, O kin si, Assaan kin saan, Tussaan kin so, O kin sn
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| Mae ghin aysaan, Tu ghin aysayn, Oo ghin aysi, Assaan ghin aysoon, Tussaan ghin ayso, Oo ghin aysn
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|-
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! Go, Come, Happen, Take away, See
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| Ja, Aa, Ho, Lae Ja, Vekh
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| Gchh/Jul, Ash, Ho, Chaa, Tk
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| Vnj, Aa, Thi, Ghinivnj, Dekh
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|-
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! Boy, Girl , Women
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| Munda, Kuri, Znaani
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| Jatuk, Kuri, Znaani
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| Chor, Kuri, Zaal
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|-
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! From, For, Hey, Lie, White, A lot
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| Toon, Laee/Wastay, Oay, Choot, Chitta, Bot
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| Toon, Laee, Oay, Jhoot, Chitta, Bo
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| Knoon, Kitay, Saeen, Koor, Bga, Bo
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|-
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! Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday
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| Jumayraat, Juma, Hfta, Itwaar
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| Jumayraat, Juma, Hfta, Itwaar
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| Khamees, Zuma, Chrnchri, Aadt
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|-
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! One, Two, Six, Ten
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| Aek, Do, Chhay, Das
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| Hik, Do, Chhay, Das
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| Hik, Doo, Chhee, Daah
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|}
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'''Hindko''' (Hindku, Hinko; {{Nastaliq|ہندکو}}), also ''Panjistani'' or (ambiguously) ''Pahari'',<ref name=CELW>Shackle, "Lahnda", in Brown & Ogilvie, eds, ''Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World''</ref> is a cluster of northern [[Lahnda languages|Lahnda]] dialects. It is the sixth main regional language of Pakistan, spoken by Pashtun as well as non-Pashtun people of northwestern Panjab.<ref>[http://www.learnpunjabi.org/intro1.asp Punjabi University, Patiala.]</ref> It forms a subgroup of [[Indo-Aryan language]]s,<ref name="Daily Times-Hindu Hindkowans at Partition of India">{{cite web|url = http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_29-12-2003_pg7_25| title = Peshawarites still remember the Kapoor family|publisher = Daily Times |accessdate = 2007-09-14}}</ref> some Pashtun tribes in Pakistan, as well as by the [[Hindki]] people of [[Afghanistan]]. The word "Hindko" has also been interpreted to mean the language of [[India]]<ref>[http://www.opf.org.pk/almanac/L/languages.htm - Gerieson Linguistic Survey of India]</ref> and most probably "[[Indus]]" which is the source of etymology for all these words.<ref>Encyclo pædia Britannica Eleventh Edition - Kohistan</ref> The term is also found in Greek references to the mountainous region in eastern [[Afghanistan]] and northern Pakistan as Καύκασος Ινδικός (''Caucasus Indicus'', or [[Hindu Kush]]). The language is spoken in the areas of the [[Khyber Pakhtunkhwa]] (including [[Hazara (Pakistan)|Hazara]]), [[Punjab region|Punjab]] (including Attock), and Pakistan Administered Kashmir.
 
'''Hindko''' (Hindku, Hinko; {{Nastaliq|ہندکو}}), also ''Panjistani'' or (ambiguously) ''Pahari'',<ref name=CELW>Shackle, "Lahnda", in Brown & Ogilvie, eds, ''Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World''</ref> is a cluster of northern [[Lahnda languages|Lahnda]] dialects. It is the sixth main regional language of Pakistan, spoken by Pashtun as well as non-Pashtun people of northwestern Panjab.<ref>[http://www.learnpunjabi.org/intro1.asp Punjabi University, Patiala.]</ref> It forms a subgroup of [[Indo-Aryan language]]s,<ref name="Daily Times-Hindu Hindkowans at Partition of India">{{cite web|url = http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_29-12-2003_pg7_25| title = Peshawarites still remember the Kapoor family|publisher = Daily Times |accessdate = 2007-09-14}}</ref> some Pashtun tribes in Pakistan, as well as by the [[Hindki]] people of [[Afghanistan]]. The word "Hindko" has also been interpreted to mean the language of [[India]]<ref>[http://www.opf.org.pk/almanac/L/languages.htm - Gerieson Linguistic Survey of India]</ref> and most probably "[[Indus]]" which is the source of etymology for all these words.<ref>Encyclo pædia Britannica Eleventh Edition - Kohistan</ref> The term is also found in Greek references to the mountainous region in eastern [[Afghanistan]] and northern Pakistan as Καύκασος Ινδικός (''Caucasus Indicus'', or [[Hindu Kush]]). The language is spoken in the areas of the [[Khyber Pakhtunkhwa]] (including [[Hazara (Pakistan)|Hazara]]), [[Punjab region|Punjab]] (including Attock), and Pakistan Administered Kashmir.
Reason: ANN scored at 0.852737
Reporter Information
Reporter: Mark (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 11th of May 2016 at 01:01:31 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 11th of May 2016 at 01:01:31 PM #104243
Mark (anonymous)

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