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ID: 1249630
Article: Elisha Otis
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Invented the Elevator.
Otis was born in [[Halifax, Vermont]] to Stephen Otis, Jr. and Phoebe Glynn.<ref name=" Article"/> He moved away from home at the age of 20, eventually settling in [[Troy, New York]], where he lived for five years employed as a wagon driver. In 1834, he married Susan A. Houghton. They would have two children, Charles and Norton. Later that year, Otis suffered a terrible case of [[pneumonia]] which nearly killed him, but he earned enough money to move his wife and three-year-old son to the [[Vermont Hills]] on the [[Green River (Massachusetts)|Green River]]. He designed and built his own [[gristmill]], but did not earn enough money from it, so he converted it into a [[sawmill]], yet still did not attract customers. Now having a second son, he started building wagons and carriages, at which he was fairly skilled. His wife later died, leaving Otis with sons aged [8 and ? old, but still in diapers].
At 34 years old and hoping for a fresh start, he married and moved to [[Albany, New York]]. They later had eight children. He worked as a doll maker for [[Otis Tingely]]. Skilled as a craftsman and tired of working all day to make only twelve toys, he invented and patented a robot turner. It could produce bedsteads four times as fast as could be done manually (about fifty a day). His boss gave him a $500 bonus. Otis then moved into his own business. At his leased building, he started designing a safety brake that could stop trains instantly and an automatic bread baking oven. He was put out of business when the stream he was using for a power supply was diverted by the city of Albany to be used for its fresh water supply.
In 1851,<ref name="Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Elisha Otis">{{cite web|url=|title=Elisha Otis|accessdate=2007-12-18|work=[[Encyclopædia Britannica]]}}</ref> having no more use for Albany, he first moved to [[Bergen City, New Jersey]] to work as a mechanic, then to Yonkers, New York, as a manager of an abandoned [[sawmill]] which he was supposed to convert into a bedstead factory. At the age of 40, while he was cleaning up the factory, he wondered how he could get all the old debris up to the upper levels of the factory. He had heard of hoisting platforms, but they often broke, and he didn't want to take risks. He and his sons, who were also tinkerers, designed their own "safety elevator" and tested it successfully. He thought so little of it he neither patented it nor requested a bonus from his superiors for it, nor did he try to sell it. After having made several sales, and after the bedstead factory declined, Otis took the opportunity to make an elevator company out of it, initially called Union Elevator Works and later [[Otis Elevator Company|Otis Brothers & Co.]].
No orders came to him over the next several months, but soon after, the [[Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations|1854 New York World's Fair]] offered a great chance at publicity.<ref name="Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Elisha Otis" /> At the [[New York Crystal Palace]], Elisha Otis amazed a crowd when he ordered the only rope holding the platform on which he was standing cut.<ref name=" Article"/> The rope was severed by an axeman, and the platform fell only a few inches before coming to a halt. After the World's Fair, Otis received continuous orders, doubling each year. He developed different types of engines, like a three-way steam valve engine, which could transition the elevator between up to down and stop it rapidly.
In his spare time, he designed and experimented with his old designs of bread-baking ovens and train brakes, and patented a steam plow in 1857, a rotary oven in 1858, and, with Charles, the oscillating steam engine in 1860. For the remainder of his life, all the major corporations purchased Otis's invention and recognized his genius. Otis contracted [[diphtheria]] and died on April 8, 1861 at age 49.<ref name=" Article"/>
Reason: ANN scored at 0.982134
Reporter Information
Reporter: 1995 (anonymous)
Date: Thursday, the 22nd of December 2016 at 09:31:19 AM
Status: Reported
Thursday, the 22nd of December 2016 at 09:31:24 AM #107446
1995 (anonymous)

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