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ID: 1291994
Article: Marcelo H. del Pilar
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{{For|the name of school|Marcelo H. del Pilar National High School}}
{{Distinguish|Gregorio del Pilar}}
{{Infobox person
| name = Marcelo H. del Pilar
| image = Marcelo del pilar PG.jpg
| imagesize = 250px
| caption =
| birth_name = Marcelo Hilario del Pilar y Gatmaitán
| birth_date = August 30, 1850
| birth_place = [[Bulacan, Bulacan|Bulacán]], [[Bulacan]], [[Philippines]]
| death_date = {{Death date and age|exact=y|1896|07|04|1850|08|30}}
| death_place = [[Barcelona]], [[Spain]]
| nationality = {{flagicon|Philippines}} [[Filipino people|Filipino]]
| occupation = Writer, journalist, lawyer
| alma_mater = [[Colegio de San Jose|Colegio de San José]]<br/>[[University of Santo Tomas|Universidad de Santo Tomás]]
| organization = [[La Solidaridad]]
'''Marcelo Hilario del Pilar y Gatmaitán''' (August 30, 1850 &ndash; July 4, 1896) was a celebrated figure in the [[Philippine Revolution]] and a leading [[Propaganda|propagandist]] for reforms in the [[Philippines]].<ref name= "zaide">{{Harvnb|Zaide|1984}}.</ref> Popularly known as '''Plaridel''', he was the editor and co-publisher of ''[[La Solidaridad]]''.<ref name="Solidaridad">{{cite web|url=|title=La Solidaridad and La Liga Filipina||accessdate=2009-11-03}}</ref><ref name=keat2004p755>{{Harvnb|Keat 2004|p=[ 755]}}</ref>
Marcelo H. del Pilar was born on August 30, 1850 to Don Julián H. del Pilar and Doña Blasa Gatmaitán.<ref>[ International Genealogical Index Individual Record - Julian H. del Pilar and Blasa Gatmaitan]</ref> Don Julián was three times ''[[gobernadorcillo]]'' of the pueblo of Bulacan and afterwards ''oficial de mesa'' of the ''[[Alcalde|alcalde mayor]]'' of the province. The name of the family was ''Hilario''; but pursuant to a decree of [[Narciso Clavería y Zaldúa|Claveria's]], in 1849, the surname of the grandmother, ''Del Pilar'', had to be added.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Historical Events in the Philippines||accessdate=2010-04-24}}</ref> His eldest brother Toribio, a priest, was implicated in the [[Cavite Mutiny]] and exiled.<ref>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=105}}.</ref> Del Pilar married his cousin Marciana (Chanay). The couple had seven children (of which five died in infancy).
Del Pilar learned his first letters from his paternal uncle Alejo del Pilar. Because his family was highly cultured, it was not long before he played the [[piano]], [[violin]], and [[flute]]. He began his studies in the school of José Flores; he then passed to the [[Colegio de San Jose|Colegio de San José]], and then to the [[University of Santo Tomas|Universidad de Santo Tomás]]. He was imprisoned in 1870 after a fight with a parish priest of [[San Miguel, Manila]] who was charging an exorbitant baptismal fee.<ref name=schumacher1997p106>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=106}}.</ref> He worked as ''oficial de mesa'' in [[Pampanga]] and finally obtained his licentiate in [[jurisprudence]] in 1880.<ref>Nepomuceno-Van Heugten, Maria Lina. [ "Edukasyon ng Bayani: Mga Impluwensya ng Edukasyong Natamo sa Kaisipang Rebolusyonaryo"] (PDF). [[University of the Philippines Diliman]] Journals Online. Retrieved 2011-06-09.</ref>
After finishing law, he worked for the [[Royal Audience of Manila|Manila Royal Audiencia]] and at the same time he spread nationalist and anti-friar ideas in Manila and in towns and barrios of Bulacan.<ref name=schumacher1997p106/> His fluency in both [[Tagalog language|Tagalog]] and [[Spanish language|Spanish]] effectively disseminated his sentiments through the ''dupluhan'', ''dalit'' and oration in whatever venue - fiestas, cockpits, and even baptismal parties.
On August 1, 1882, del Pilar co-founded the ''[[:tl:Diariong Tagalog|Diariong Tagalog]]'', the first Philippine bilingual newspaper published both in Spanish and Tagalog.<ref name=schumacher1997p106/> He published nationalist and reformist articles, and edited the Tagalog section. Lack of funds forced him to stop publication on October 31, 1882.<ref name=schumacher106-107>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|pp=106–107}}.</ref>
In 1885, del Pilar urged the ''[[cabeza de barangay|cabezas de barangay]]'' of [[Malolos]] to resist the government order giving the friars blanket authority to decide whose names were to be deleted from the list of taxpayers.<ref name=schumacher107-108>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|pp=107-108}}.</ref> He instigated the gobernadorcillo of Malolos, Manuel Crisóstomo, to denounce in 1887 the parish priest who violated government prohibition against the exposure of bodies in the churches.<ref name=schumacher111-112>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|pp=111-112}}.</ref> In the same year, he denounced the curate of [[Binondo church]] for consigning ''indios'' to poor seats while assigning the good ones to Spanish mestizos.
[[File:La-solidaridad2.jpg|thumb|left|150px|La Solidaridad]]
Del Pilar's most spectacular plan occurred on March 1, 1888. Assisted by Doroteo Cortés and José A. Ramos, the demonstrators presented to the civil governor of Manila a [[manifesto]] entitled ''"Viva España! Viva el Rey! Viva el Ejercito! Fuera los Frailes!"'' (Long live Spain! Long live the King! Long live the Army! Down with the Friars!). This document, which had been signed by most of the native officials of Manila and neighboring towns, was written by del Pilar. It accused the [[Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila|archbishop of Manila]] and the friars of disobedience and treason and demanded the friars' expulsion from the Philippines.<ref name=schumacher114-115>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|pp=114–115}}.</ref>
To escape legal persecution, del Pilar opted to leave Manila for Spain on October 28, 1888, leaving his wife and two daughters behind.<ref name=schumacher1997p122>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=122}}.</ref> Before his departure, he organized the Bulacan group of supporters into a group called ''Caja de Jesús, María y José''. The group was replaced by a committee in Manila which functioned to collect funds to carry the propaganda work, to disseminate propaganda materials and constitute liaison between the propagandists in Spain and Philippines.
Upon arrival in Barcelona, del Pilar discharged his instructions from the Manila committee. He headed the political section of the ''Asociación Hispano-Filipina de Madrid'' founded by Filipinos and Spanish sympathizers, the purpose of which was to agitate for reforms from Spain. In Madrid, he edited La Solidaridad, the newspaper founded by [[Graciano López Jaena]].<ref name="Solidaridad"/> Under his editorship, the aims of the newspaper were expanded to include removal of the friars and the [[secularization]] of the parishes; active Filipino participation in the affairs of the government; freedom of speech, of the press, and of assembly; wider social and political freedoms; equality before the law; [[Cultural assimilation|assimilation]]; and representation in the [[Cortes Generales|Spanish Parliament]].<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=The aspirations of the Filipinos|first=Marcelo H.|last=del Pilar|date=April 25, 1889|publisher=La Solidaridad |location=Barcelona, Spain |archiveurl= |archivedate=July 13, 2010 |accessdate=September 11, 2011}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Liberalism in the Philippines - The Revolution of 1898 : The Main Facts||accessdate=2010-04-14}}</ref>[[File:statue-marcelo-h-del-pilar.jpg|thumb|150px|alt=Marcelo H. Del Pilar|The National Shrine of Marcelo H. del Pilar in San Nicolas, [[Bulacan, Bulacan]]]]
After years of publication from 1889 to 1895, La Solidaridad had begun to run out of funds. Its last issue appeared on November 15, 1895.<ref name=schumacher1997p292>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=292}}.</ref> Weakened by [[tuberculosis]] and feeling that his days were numbered, he decided to return to the Philippines to rally his countrymen for the libertarian struggle. But as he was about to leave Barcelona, death overtook him on July 4, 1896.<ref name=schumacher1997p293>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=293}}.</ref> His remains were brought back to the Philippines in 1920.
==Father of Philippine Masonry==
[[File:Square compasses.svg|thumb|left|100px]]
Considered the ''Father of Philippine Masonry'', del Pilar spearheaded the secret organization of [[masonic lodge]]s in the Philippines as a means of strengthening the Propaganda Movement.<ref>{{cite web|url= |title=Famous Filipino Mason - Marcelo H. Del Pilar |publisher=Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines|date= |accessdate=2010-01-12}}</ref> He became a [[freemason]] in 1889 and became a close friend of Miguel Morayta Sagrario, a professor at the [[Universidad Central de Madrid]] and Grand Master of Masons of the ''[[Grande Oriente Español]]''.<ref>{{cite web|url= 1863-1923|title=Brief History of the Spanish Masonry|date=|publisher=|accessdate=October 23, 2011|format=}}</ref>
[[File:Bsuhereos66jf.JPG|thumb|right|150px|Marcelo H. del Pilar's monument (Bulacan's provincial heroes' park, [[Bulacan State University]]).]]
Organized in his memory, the ''Samahang Plaridel'' is a fellowship of journalists and other communicators that aims to propagate Marcelo H. del Pilar’s ideals. This fellowship fosters within its capacity, mutual help, cooperation, and assistance among its members; dedicated to the journalistic standards of accuracy and truth, and in promoting these standards in the practice of [[journalism]].
Plaridel is the chosen patron saint of today’s journalists, as his life and works prized freedom of thought and opinion most highly, loving independence above any material gain. Plaridel’s ideology of truth, fairness and impartiality is anchored on democratic principles, as these are the bastions of a society acceptable to all Filipinos.
The building that houses the [[Polytechnic University of the Philippines Graduate School]] is named after him.
==Notable works==
*''Pag-ibig sa Tinubúang Lupà'' (August 20, 1882) - Tagalog translation of [[José Rizal]]'s ''El Amor Patrio''.<ref name=schumacher1997p106/><ref name="kalayahan">[ José Rizal to Paciano Rizal (October 12, 1886; 40-11 Albertstrasse, Leipzig).] ''I lacked many words, for example, for the word ''Freiheit'' or ''liberty''. The Tagalog word ''kaligtasan'' cannot be used, because this means that formerly he was in some prison, slavery, etc. I found in the translation of Amor Patrio the noun ''malayá'', ''kalayahan'' that del Pilar uses. In the only Tagalog book I have — Florante — I don't find an equivalent noun.''</ref>
*''Caiigat Cayó '' (Barcelona, 1888) - a pamphlet which defended Rizal's ''[[Noli Me Tangere (novel)|Noli Me Tangere]]'' against the attacks of Fr. José Rodriguez.<ref name=schumacher1997p121>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=121}}.</ref><ref>[ Caiñgat Cayo! original image scans of the pamphlet written in 1889]</ref>
*''[[:tl:Dasalan at Tuksuhan|Dasalan at Tocsohan]]'' (Barcelona, 1888) - a satire on the friars' hypocrisy, licentiousness and cupidity, which consists of parodies of the Our Father, the Hail Mary, the Apostle's Creed, the Ten Commandments and the catechism.<ref name=schumacher1997p125>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=125}}.</ref>
*''Ang Cadaquilaan nang Dios'' (Barcelona, 1888) - a catechism sarcastically aimed against the friars but also contains a philosophy of the power and intelligence of God and an appreciation for and love for nature.{{Citation needed|date=October 2012}}
*''La Soberanía Monacal en Filipinas'' (Barcelona, 1888) - a pamphlet which presented in details the abuses of Spanish friars in the Philippines. Published under his pseudonym, Plaridel, the work consists of four parts, namely The Friars in the Philippines, Its Political Aspect, Its Economic Aspect, and Its Religious Aspect.<ref name=tiongson2004p78>{{Harvnb|Tiongson|2004|p=78}}.</ref>
*''Pasióng Dapat Ipag-alab nang Puso nang Tauong Babasa'' (Barcelona, 1888) - a parody of ''Pasióng Genesis''.<ref name=schumacher1997p126>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=126}}.</ref>
*''La Frailocracia Filipina'' (Barcelona, 1889) - an answer to a pamphlet entitled ''Los Frailes en Filipinas'' which was written by a Spaniard. The arguments were in five parts, namely, the much-mooted problem of filibusterism, the much-vaunted love of the friars for Spain, the disagreement of Filipino civilization by the friars, the influence of the friars on the Filipinos, and the aspirations of the Filipinos.<ref name=schumacher1997p119>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=119}}.</ref><ref>As the word ''frailocracia'' cannot be found in most Spanish dictionaries nor the word “frailocracy” in the English, the term must have been coined by succeeding Filipino writers to refer to this 'unique' system of government</ref>
*''Sagót ng España sa Hibíc ng Filipinas'' (Barcelona, 1889) - a poem pleading for change from Spain but that Spain is already old and weak to grant any aid to the Philippines. This poem was an answer to Hermenegildo Flores' ''Hibíc ng Filipinas sa Inang España'', which portrayed the exploitation of Filipinos under the friars.<ref name=lumbera144-145>{{Harvnb|Lumbera|2001|pp=144–145}}.</ref>
*Tagalog translation of ''[[Arancel de los Derechos Parroquiales en las Islas Filipinas]]'' (Barcelona, 1890)<ref name=schumacher1997p154>{{Harvnb|Schumacher|1997|p=154}}.</ref>
*''Dudas''{{Citation needed|date=October 2012}}
*''La Patria''{{Citation needed|date=October 2012}}
*''Ministerio de la Republica Filipina''{{Citation needed|date=October 2012}}
==See also==
*[[La Solidaridad]]
*[[Philippine Revolution]]
*[[Propaganda Movement]]
==Further reading==
|first=Gin Ooi
|title=Southeast Asia: a historical encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor, Volume 1
*{{Cite book
|first=Bienvenido L.
|authorlink=Bienvenido Lumbera
|title=Tagalog Poetry, 1570–1898: Tradition and Influences in Its Development
|publisher=Ateneo de Manila University Press
|first1=John N.
|title=The Propaganda Movement, 1880-1895: The Creation of a Filipino Consciousness, the Making of the Revolution
|publisher=Ateneo de Manila University Press
|first=Nicanor G.
|authorlink=Nicanor Tiongson
|title=The Women of Malolos
|publisher=Ateneo de Manila University Press
|first=Gregorio F.
|authorlink=Gregorio F. Zaide
|title=Philippine History and Government
|publisher=National Bookstore Printing Press
==External links==
{{Commons|Marcelo H. del Pilar}}
* [ Bulacan, Philippines: Tourism: Marcelo H. del Pilar Shrine]
* [ Philippine History - Plaridel]
* [ The Philippine Revolution: La Solidaridad]
{{Philippine Revolution}}
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
| NAME = Pilar, Marcelo H. del
| DATE OF BIRTH = August 30, 1850
| PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Bulacan, Bulacan|Cupang, Bulacan]], [[Bulacan]], [[Philippines]]
| DATE OF DEATH = July 4, 1896
| PLACE OF DEATH = [[Barcelona]], [[Spain]]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Pilar, Marcelo H. del}}
[[Category:1850 births]]
[[Category:1896 deaths]]
[[Category:Deaths from tuberculosis]]
[[Category:Philippine Revolution people]]
[[Category:Filipino expatriates in Hong Kong]]
[[Category:Filipino expatriates in Spain]]
[[Category:Filipino journalists]]
[[Category:Filipino lawyers]]
[[Category:Filipino writers]]
[[Category:Tagalog people]]
[[Category:Infectious disease deaths in Spain]]
[[Category:People from Bulacan]]
[[Category:Spanish-language writers of the Philippines]]
[[Category:Tagalog-language writers]]
[[Category:University of Santo Tomas alumni]]
[[bcl:Marcelo H. del Pilar]]
[[bcl:Marcelo H. del Pilar]]
[[br:Marcelo H. del Pilar]]
[[br:Marcelo H. del Pilar]]
Reason: ANN scored at 0.967515
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:55:00 AM
Status: Reported
Thursday, the 30th of April 2015 at 05:12:26 PM #99213
matt (anonymous)


Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:55:00 AM #106486
JimmiXzS (anonymous)