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ID: 132885
User: 207.225.241.2
Article: Hummingbird
Diff:
m (Reverted edits by 76.228.234.86 (talk) to last version by SnoFox)
(Diet)
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===Co-evolution with ornithophilous flowers===
 
===Co-evolution with ornithophilous flowers===
Hummingbirds are specialized [[nectarivore]]s<ref>{{Cite journal |last=Stiles |first=Gary |title=Geographical Aspects of Bird Flower Coevolution, with Particular Reference to Central America |url=http://jstor.org/stable/2398801 |journal=Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden |volume=68 |issue= 2|pages=323–351 |year=1981 |doi=10.2307/2398801 }}</ref> and are tied to the [[ornithophilous]] flowers they feed upon. Some species, especially those with unusual bill shapes such as the [[Sword-billed Hummingbird]] and the sicklebills, are [[co-evolution|co-evolved]] with a small number of flower species.
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Hummingbirds are specialized [[nectarivore]]s<ref>{{Cite journal |last=Stiles |first=Gary |title=Geographical Aspects of Bird Flower Coevolution, with Particular Reference to Central America |url=http://jstor.org/stable/2398801 |journal=Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden |volume=68 |issue= 2|pages=323–351 |year=1981 |doi=10.2307/2398801 }}</ref> and are tied to the [[ornithophilous]] flowers they feed upon. Some species, especially those with unusual bill shapes such as the [[Sword-billed Hummingbird]] and the sicklebills, are [[co-evolution|co-evolved]] with a small number of flower species.It is a very stupid bird.
   
 
Many plants pollinated by hummingbirds produce flowers in shades of [[red]], [[Orange (colour)|orange]], and bright [[pink]], though the birds will take nectar from flowers of many colors. Hummingbirds can see [[wavelength]]s into the [[near-ultraviolet]], but their flowers do not reflect these wavelengths as many insect-pollinated flowers do. This narrow [[color spectrum]] may render hummingbird-pollinated flowers relatively inconspicuous to most insects, thereby reducing [[nectar robbing]].<ref>{{Cite journal |last=Rodríguez-Gironés |first=M. A. |last2=Santamaría |first2=L. |year=2004 |title=Why Are So Many Bird Flowers Red? |journal=PLoS Biol |pmid=15486585 |volume=2 |issue=10 |pmc=521733 |pages=e350 |doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0020350 }}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal |last=Altschuler |first=D. L. |year=2003 |title=Flower Color, Hummingbird Pollination, and Habitat Irradiance in Four Neotropical Forests |journal=[[Biotropica]] |volume=35 |issue=3 |pages=344–355 |doi= }}</ref> Hummingbird-pollinated flowers also produce relatively weak nectar (averaging 25% sugars w/w) containing high concentrations of [[sucrose]], whereas insect-pollinated flowers typically produce more concentrated nectars dominated by [[fructose]] and [[glucose]].<ref>{{Cite journal |last=Nicolson |first=S. W. |lastauthoramp=yes |first2=P. A. |DUPLICATE DATA: last=Fleming |title=Nectar as food for birds: the physiological consequences of drinking dilute sugar solutions |journal=Plant Syst. Evol. |volume=238 |issue= |pages=139–153 |year=2003 |doi=10.1007/s00606-003-0276-7 }}</ref>
 
Many plants pollinated by hummingbirds produce flowers in shades of [[red]], [[Orange (colour)|orange]], and bright [[pink]], though the birds will take nectar from flowers of many colors. Hummingbirds can see [[wavelength]]s into the [[near-ultraviolet]], but their flowers do not reflect these wavelengths as many insect-pollinated flowers do. This narrow [[color spectrum]] may render hummingbird-pollinated flowers relatively inconspicuous to most insects, thereby reducing [[nectar robbing]].<ref>{{Cite journal |last=Rodríguez-Gironés |first=M. A. |last2=Santamaría |first2=L. |year=2004 |title=Why Are So Many Bird Flowers Red? |journal=PLoS Biol |pmid=15486585 |volume=2 |issue=10 |pmc=521733 |pages=e350 |doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0020350 }}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal |last=Altschuler |first=D. L. |year=2003 |title=Flower Color, Hummingbird Pollination, and Habitat Irradiance in Four Neotropical Forests |journal=[[Biotropica]] |volume=35 |issue=3 |pages=344–355 |doi= }}</ref> Hummingbird-pollinated flowers also produce relatively weak nectar (averaging 25% sugars w/w) containing high concentrations of [[sucrose]], whereas insect-pollinated flowers typically produce more concentrated nectars dominated by [[fructose]] and [[glucose]].<ref>{{Cite journal |last=Nicolson |first=S. W. |lastauthoramp=yes |first2=P. A. |DUPLICATE DATA: last=Fleming |title=Nectar as food for birds: the physiological consequences of drinking dilute sugar solutions |journal=Plant Syst. Evol. |volume=238 |issue= |pages=139–153 |year=2003 |doi=10.1007/s00606-003-0276-7 }}</ref>
Reason: ANN scored at 0.955945
Reporter Information
Reporter: Mauro (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 07:18:53 AM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 7th of August 2015 at 09:04:45 PM #100378
Bradley (anonymous)

2Nijxm http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 07:18:53 AM #100788
Mauro (anonymous)

Do you know what extension he's on? <a href=" http://www.danieltrenner.com//store_s ">bupropion hcl xl cost without insurance</a> Good profit margins for makers of the grain-based fueladditive allowed ethanol plants to bid as much as $2 per bushelabove Chicago Board of Trade corn futures, or $7 a bushel,and still make money, analysts said. Grain buyers have ratchetedup so-called basis bids to lofty levels this summer as suppliesdwindled to a 16-year low after last year's drought.

Tuesday, the 24th of May 2016 at 05:03:11 PM #104469
Referral Writer

INCIDENT

Mauro Humminango

Reporter* Doddie, Cameron Vargara

Date of Incident* Wednsday August 19 2015

Has Admin seen it@ yes

Incident location* Wikipedia

Incident Code* Insulting/Threatning message

Incident* On Wikipedia article on hummingbirds Mauro made a insulting comment that the hummingbird is a "stupid bird".

Comments+

ACTIONS TAKEN DATA

Action* Site block (STB) Date begins* 8/24/15

Date ends*9/25/15 Taken by* John Doe

Position* Website Coordinator

Administrate Comments+

Wednesday, the 25th of May 2016 at 09:25:41 PM #104492
Evking22

This is obvious vandalism.

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