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Article: The Artillery Museum of Finland
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|name= '''The Artillery Museum of Finland'''
 
|name= '''The Artillery Museum of Finland'''
 
|image= Linnankasarmi Finland.jpg
 
|image= Linnankasarmi Finland.jpg
|imagesize = 300px
 
|established = 1977
 
|location = [[Hämeenlinna]] [[Finland]]
 
|type = military history
 
|director = Mikko Kero
 
|curator =
 
|visitors =
 
|website = [http://www.tykistomuseo.fi/ Official website]
 
}}
 
 
The '''Artillery Museum of Finland''' (''Suomen Tykistömuseo'' in [[Finnish language|Finnish]]) is a special military museum dedicated to the history of the [[artillery]] from the 15th century to the present day. It was located in [[Niinisalo]] from 1977 to 1997. In 1997 it was relocated to [[Hämeenlinna]].
 
 
==History==
 
 
[[Image:Finnish artillery museum Hameenlinna 1.jpg|right|thumb|425px|The exhibition building of the museum.]]
 
A museum dedicated to the [[field artillery]] was discussed in [[Finland]] already in the 1930s but the war years put an end to that discussion. The idea was revived again in the beginning of the 1970s. A possibility of establishing the museum seemed feasible but the location was problematic. Proximity of some large artillery [[garrison]] was considered best for the museum.
 
 
In the heart of [[Satakunta]], in Niinisalo, a suitable building was found. An empty school of Saloharju was rented to [[Tykkimiehet Association]] by the borough of Kankaanpää. The large artillery garrison of Niinisalo was placed quite near. The museum was founded in the 2nd July 1977 in [[Niinisalo]] under the name Artillery Museum (''Tykistömuseo'' in [[Finnish language|Finnish]]). The great public did not, however, quite find its way to the museum, probably because of its remoteness.
 
 
A campaign for finding a new location was launched. [[Linnankasarmi]] at [[Hämeenlinna]], with its vacant barracks, begun to feel attractive. The new Artillery Museum was opened to the public on the 12th of May, 1997.
 
 
The name of the museum was changed 1.1.2004 to The Artillery Museum of Finland.
 
 
==Location and opening hours==
 
 
The Artillery Museum of Finland is located at Hämeenlinna in the Linnakasarmi area. The buildings of [[Linnankasarmi]] date back to the Russian regime, to the [[Grand Duchy of Finland|Autonomy 1809–1917]]. The construction of the barracks started in 1850 and was completed in 1913. The archaeological committee values Linnankasarmi quite highly as a traditional military area and prehistoric site because the medieval town of Hämeenlinna has once been here and its remains are still under the barrack yard. More over, [[Häme Castle]] is right next door and its century's long tradition includes also artillery.
 
 
The Artillery Museum of Finland is open all year round
 
24.8.-31.3 open from 11 to 17 and 1.4-23.8 open from 10 to 18
 
 
In the museum there is also a cafeteria run by the volunteer women who work with conscripts.
 
 
==Permanent exhibition==
 
 
The permanent exhition displays in three floors the history of artillery in Finland and the military history on the nation.
 
 
==First floor==
 
 
On the ground floor of the main building the birth of our artillery centuries ago is on display. The story proceeds from the [[War of Finland 1808-1809]] through the period of [[Autonomy]] to the [[Finnish Civil War]] and to the [[Jaeger movement]]. A [[muzzleloader]] called Helvig, a cannon dating back to the War of Finland 1808-1809 is one of the guns worth mentioning. On the centre passage of each floor there are projectiles from different periods and different guns.
 
 
==Second floor==
 
 
The second floor brings the visitor to the times of the Winter and Continuation Wars. The firing methods of the field artillery and of the subjects connected, admirably demonstrate the high technical know-how of the Finnish artillery. The study of the world-famous Artillery General [[Vilho Nenonen]] is also in this floor. The proto type of the noted Nenon – camera is on display in this room. The floor of the artillery veterans ends with the present time and with its objects. Special branches, such as artillery intelligence, communications and survey activities are placed on this floor. On display is also the uniform of [[Väinö Myllyrinne]], the largest Finnish soldier ever at 226 centimeters some 7 foot and 5 inches tall.
 
 
==Third floor==
 
 
The third floor displays the life of the Marshal of Finland, [[Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim]] and for example the honorary gun, a Finnish 105 H 37 light howitzer on which gun carriage Mannerheim was escorted to the eternal rest in the winter 1951 is on display. Also is shown the life in the Finnish army after the second world war and the technological development of artillery is also given special consideration.
 
 
==Gun hall==
 
 
[[Image:120K78-16 cannon Hameenlinna 3.jpg|right|thumb|300px|120 K 78-16 in front of the gun hall.]]
 
The gun collection of the museum is unique, the most comprehensive in the Scandinavia. As far as it is known there is no other museum outside Russia with a collection on Russian and Soviet artillery equipment as exhaustive as this. The amount of the pieces in the museum is now 90 different cannons plus heavy grenade launchers and rocket launchers. In the gun hall are located the rarest guns in the museum.
 
<gallery>
 
Image:Model 1900 76 mm Russian Field Gun 3.jpg|Russian gun 76 K/00 on display in the gun hall.
 
Image:Nebelwerfer hameenlinna 2.jpg|German [[Nebelwerfer]] rocketlauncher.
 
Image:QF 4.5 inch Hameenlinna 1.jpg|British 114&nbsp;mm [[QF 4.5 inch Howitzer|4.5 inch Mk2 howitzer]]
 
Image:122mm model 09 37 hameenlinna 1.jpg|Soviet 122&nbsp;mm howitzer model 09 H 37
 
</gallery>
 
 
==Gun yard==
 
 
[[Image:Finnish artillery museum Hameenlinna 2.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Some of the guns that are located in the gun yard.]]
 
The majority of guns in the museum are located at the gun yard. On the honorary place in the gun yard, with the flag of the Artillery Museum as a colour guard, there is the funeral gun of the Artillery General, Mannerheim Cross Knight Vilho Nenonen, a Finnish 105 H 37 light howitzer.
 
<gallery>
 
Image:Ordnance bl55 140mm gun hameenlinna 2.jpg|English gun 140 KH 39 E
 
Image:Luna m frog 7 hameenlinna 2.jpg|Soviet Luna-M rocket
 
Image:Bunker gun 76K27K p1.jpg|Russian 76&nbsp;mm bunker gun model 76K27
 
Image:122mm m1931 gun hameenlinna 1.jpg|Soviet 122&nbsp;mm howitzer model 122 K 31
 
</gallery>
 
 
==Special exhibitions==
 
 
A new special exhibition "Artillery themed tin toys" opened in April 2010.
 
 
==Auditorium==
 
 
In the auditoriums are shown the multimedia video films:
 
"The miracle of Ihantala", based on the defensive victory in the summer 1944 on the Karelian Isthmus
 
"Victory in wilderness", which is about the successful offensive in the wilderness of Ilomantsi in the summer 1944
 
"The last battle in Ladoga Karelia", the third film is also of the battles in the summer 1944, this time in Ladoga Karelia.
 
The Russo-Finnish Winter War of 1939-1940", the first defensive victory
 
The road to continuation war in 1940-1941, how Finland ended up allying itself with Germany against Russia.
 
 
The museum has also an interactive system "The artillery system of Finland in different times" on computers, which illustrates us the development of artillery from the 13th Century to the present times.
 
 
==See also==
 
{{Commonscat-inline|Finnish Artillery Museum}}
 
*[[Military Museum of Finland]]
 
*[[Parola Tank Museum]]
 
 
==Other Artillery museums==
 
* [[Firepower: The Royal Artillery Museum]]
 
* [[Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signal Corps]]
 
 
==References==
 
* {{cite web|url=http://www.tykistomuseo.fi/piilosivut/artillery_museum/|title=The Artillery Museum of Finland (Museum website)}}
 
 
==External links==
 
* [http://www.tykistomuseo.fi/piilosivut/artillery_museum/ The official page of the Finnish Artillery Museum]
 
 
{{coord|61|0|19|N|24|27|21|E|display=title}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Artillery Museum Of Finland}}
 
[[Category:Military and war museums in Finland]]
 
[[Category:World War I museums]]
 
[[Category:Hämeenlinna]]
 
[[Category:Museums in Tavastia Proper]]
 
 
[[de:Finnisches Artilleriemuseum]]
 
[[es:Museo de Artillería de Finlandia]]
 
[[nl:Artilleriemuseum van Finland]]
 
[[ja:ハメーンリンナ砲兵博物館]]
 
[[pl:Muzeum Artylerii Finlandii]]
 
[[pt:Museu de Artilharia de Finlândia]]
 
[[ru:Артиллерийский музей Финляндии]]
 
[[fi:Suomen Tykistömuseo]]
 
[[sv:Finlands Artillerimuseum]]
 
Reason: ANN scored at 0.855799
Reporter Information
Reporter: Freddie (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 04:29:10 AM
Status: Reported
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