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ID: 1450667
User: 206.126.86.254
Article: Aaron Swartz
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(External Links: Restore twitter link per Talk:Aaron Swartz#Twitter. Please discuss there before removing.)
(JSTOR: minor: not guilty on all accounts --> on all counts)
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On July 19, 2011, Swartz was charged by [[Carmen Ortiz]], the [[U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts]], with [[wire fraud]], [[computer fraud]], unlawfully obtaining information from a [[protected computer]] and recklessly damaging a protected computer.<ref name = "Internet Activist Charged in Data Theft" /> According to the indictment against him, Swartz surreptitiously attached a laptop to MIT's computer network, which allowed him to "rapidly download an extraordinary volume of articles from JSTOR."<ref name ="CB1"/> Prosecutors in the case claimed Swartz acted with the intention of making the papers available on [[Peer-to-peer file sharing|P2P file-sharing sites]].<ref name="Feds: Harvard fellow hacked millions of papers" />
 
On July 19, 2011, Swartz was charged by [[Carmen Ortiz]], the [[U.S. Attorney for Massachusetts]], with [[wire fraud]], [[computer fraud]], unlawfully obtaining information from a [[protected computer]] and recklessly damaging a protected computer.<ref name = "Internet Activist Charged in Data Theft" /> According to the indictment against him, Swartz surreptitiously attached a laptop to MIT's computer network, which allowed him to "rapidly download an extraordinary volume of articles from JSTOR."<ref name ="CB1"/> Prosecutors in the case claimed Swartz acted with the intention of making the papers available on [[Peer-to-peer file sharing|P2P file-sharing sites]].<ref name="Feds: Harvard fellow hacked millions of papers" />
   
Swartz surrendered to authorities, pleading not guilty on all accounts, and was released on US$100,000 unsecured bail.<ref name = "open-access-adv" /> After his arrest, JSTOR put out a statement saying it would not pursue civil litigation against him,<ref name ="jstor-statement"/><ref name="open-access-adv" /> while MIT did not comment on the proceedings.<ref name="Lessig_20130113">{{cite web|last=Lessig|first=Lawrence|title=Prosecutor as bully|url= http://lessig.tumblr.com/post/40347463044/prosecutor-as-bully |accessdate=13 January 2013}}</ref> Prosecution of the case continued, with charges of wire fraud and computer fraud, carrying a potential prison term of up to 35 years and a fine of up to $1 million.<ref name=crln/><ref name = techdirt/> One of Swartz's lawyers revealed prosecutors told him two days before Swartz’s death that "Swartz would have to spend six months in prison and plead guilty to [all] 13 charges if he wanted to avoid going to trial."<ref name="Post_20130113">{{cite news | url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/young-tech-pioneers-suicide-raises-questions-about-how-harshly-to-prosecute-computer-crimes/2013/01/13/496c2072-5de9-11e2-8acb-ab5cb77e95c8_story.html |title=Mass. lawyer says he told federal prosecutors Internet activist Swartz was suicide risk|agency= Associated Press|date= 2013-01-13|accessdate= January 14, 2013}}</ref> After Swartz's death, his attorney Marty Weinberg told press that he "nearly negotiated a plea bargain in which Swartz would not serve any time", but that bargain failed because "JSTOR signed off on it, but MIT would not."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2013/01/15/humanity-deficit/bj8oThPDwzgxBSHQt3tyKI/story.html?s_campaign=sm_tw |title=On humanity, a big failure in Aaron Swartz case | work = Metro |publisher=The Boston Globe |date=January 15, 2013 |accessdate=2013-01-16}}</ref>
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Swartz surrendered to authorities, pleading not guilty on all counts, and was released on US$100,000 unsecured bail.<ref name = "open-access-adv" /> After his arrest, JSTOR put out a statement saying it would not pursue civil litigation against him,<ref name ="jstor-statement"/><ref name="open-access-adv" /> while MIT did not comment on the proceedings.<ref name="Lessig_20130113">{{cite web|last=Lessig|first=Lawrence|title=Prosecutor as bully|url= http://lessig.tumblr.com/post/40347463044/prosecutor-as-bully |accessdate=13 January 2013}}</ref> Prosecution of the case continued, with charges of wire fraud and computer fraud, carrying a potential prison term of up to 35 years and a fine of up to $1 million.<ref name=crln/><ref name = techdirt/> One of Swartz's lawyers revealed prosecutors told him two days before Swartz’s death that "Swartz would have to spend six months in prison and plead guilty to [all] 13 charges if he wanted to avoid going to trial."<ref name="Post_20130113">{{cite news | url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/young-tech-pioneers-suicide-raises-questions-about-how-harshly-to-prosecute-computer-crimes/2013/01/13/496c2072-5de9-11e2-8acb-ab5cb77e95c8_story.html |title=Mass. lawyer says he told federal prosecutors Internet activist Swartz was suicide risk|agency= Associated Press|date= 2013-01-13|accessdate= January 14, 2013}}</ref> After Swartz's death, his attorney Marty Weinberg told press that he "nearly negotiated a plea bargain in which Swartz would not serve any time", but that bargain failed because "JSTOR signed off on it, but MIT would not."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2013/01/15/humanity-deficit/bj8oThPDwzgxBSHQt3tyKI/story.html?s_campaign=sm_tw |title=On humanity, a big failure in Aaron Swartz case | work = Metro |publisher=The Boston Globe |date=January 15, 2013 |accessdate=2013-01-16}}</ref>
   
 
Assistant U.S. Attorneys [[Stephen Heymann|Stephen P. Heymann]] and Scott L. Garland<ref name="HuffPost_20130112">{{cite web |title=Aaron Swartz, Internet Pioneer, Found Dead Amid Prosecutor 'Bullying' In Unconventional Case |last1=Carter |first1=Zach |last2=Grim |first2=Ryan |last3=Reilly |first3=Ryan J | work = The Huffington post |date=January 12, 2013 |url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/12/aaron-swartz_n_2463726.html}}</ref><ref name="Wired_20130113">{{cite web |title=Aaron Swartz, Coder and Activist, Dead at 26 |last=Poulsen |first=Kevin |date=January 12, 2013 |url=http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/01/aaron-swartz/ |publisher=Wired}}</ref><ref name = "Indictment_2">{{Citation |title=Superseding Indictment — ''United States of America v. Aaron Swartz'' |date=September 12, 2012 |page=17 |url=http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/threatlevel/2012/09/swartzsuperseding.pdf}}</ref> pursued the criminal case against Swartz under US Attorney Carmen Ortiz. The case tested the reach of the [[Computer Fraud and Abuse Act]], which was passed in 1984 to enhance the government’s ability to prosecute hackers who accessed computers to steal information or to disrupt or destroy computer functionality.{{citation needed|date=January 2013}}
 
Assistant U.S. Attorneys [[Stephen Heymann|Stephen P. Heymann]] and Scott L. Garland<ref name="HuffPost_20130112">{{cite web |title=Aaron Swartz, Internet Pioneer, Found Dead Amid Prosecutor 'Bullying' In Unconventional Case |last1=Carter |first1=Zach |last2=Grim |first2=Ryan |last3=Reilly |first3=Ryan J | work = The Huffington post |date=January 12, 2013 |url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/12/aaron-swartz_n_2463726.html}}</ref><ref name="Wired_20130113">{{cite web |title=Aaron Swartz, Coder and Activist, Dead at 26 |last=Poulsen |first=Kevin |date=January 12, 2013 |url=http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/01/aaron-swartz/ |publisher=Wired}}</ref><ref name = "Indictment_2">{{Citation |title=Superseding Indictment — ''United States of America v. Aaron Swartz'' |date=September 12, 2012 |page=17 |url=http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/threatlevel/2012/09/swartzsuperseding.pdf}}</ref> pursued the criminal case against Swartz under US Attorney Carmen Ortiz. The case tested the reach of the [[Computer Fraud and Abuse Act]], which was passed in 1984 to enhance the government’s ability to prosecute hackers who accessed computers to steal information or to disrupt or destroy computer functionality.{{citation needed|date=January 2013}}
Reason: ANN scored at 0.888516
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:50:11 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:50:11 PM #101744
Bradley (anonymous)

Xwtd3H http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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