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ID: 1460921
User: 108.73.174.41
Article: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
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'''Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease''' ('''COPD'''), also known as '''chronic obstructive lung disease''' ('''COLD'''), '''chronic obstructive airway disease''' ('''COAD'''), '''chronic airflow limitation''' ('''CAL''') and '''chronic obstructive respiratory disease '''('''CORD'''), is the occurrence of [[chronic bronchitis]] or [[emphysema]], a pair of commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs in which the [[airways]] narrow over time.<ref>{{cite web |title=What is COPD? |date=June 1, 2010 |work=National Heart Lung and Blood Institute |publisher=U.S. National Institutes of Health |url=http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/}}</ref> This limits airflow to and from the lungs, causing [[shortness of breath]] (dyspnea). In clinical practice, COPD is defined by its characteristically low airflow on [[lung function test]]s.<ref name=Nathell>{{cite doi|10.1186/1465-9921-8-89}} [http://respiratory-research.com/content/8/1/89]</ref> In contrast to [[asthma]], this limitation is poorly reversible and usually gets progressively worse over time.
 
'''Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease''' ('''COPD'''), also known as '''chronic obstructive lung disease''' ('''COLD'''), '''chronic obstructive airway disease''' ('''COAD'''), '''chronic airflow limitation''' ('''CAL''') and '''chronic obstructive respiratory disease '''('''CORD'''), is the occurrence of [[chronic bronchitis]] or [[emphysema]], a pair of commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs in which the [[airways]] narrow over time.<ref>{{cite web |title=What is COPD? |date=June 1, 2010 |work=National Heart Lung and Blood Institute |publisher=U.S. National Institutes of Health |url=http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/}}</ref> This limits airflow to and from the lungs, causing [[shortness of breath]] (dyspnea). In clinical practice, COPD is defined by its characteristically low airflow on [[lung function test]]s.<ref name=Nathell>{{cite doi|10.1186/1465-9921-8-89}} [http://respiratory-research.com/content/8/1/89]</ref> In contrast to [[asthma]], this limitation is poorly reversible and usually gets progressively worse over time.
   
COPD is caused by noxious particles or gas, most commonly from [[tobacco smoking]], which triggers an abnormal [[inflammatory response]] in the lung.<ref name="pmid17507545">{{cite journal |author=Rabe KF |title=Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: GOLD Executive Summary |journal=Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. |volume=176 |issue=6 |pages=532–55 |year=2007 | pmid=17507545 | url=http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/content/176/6/532.long |doi=10.1164/rccm.200703-456SO |author-separator=, |author2=Hurd S |author3=Anzueto A |display-authors=3 |last4=Barnes |first4=P. J. |last5=Buist |first5=S. A. |last6=Calverley |first6=P. |last7=Fukuchi |first7=Y. |last8=Jenkins |first8=C. |last9=Rodriguez-Roisin |first9=R.}}</ref>
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COPD is caused by noxious particles or gas, most commonly from [[tobacco smoking]]So stop smoking u idiot this only eats you alive u call it life but what life is there when ur gone , which triggers an abnormal [[inflammatory response]] in the lung.<ref name="pmid17507545">{{cite journal |author=Rabe KF |title=Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: GOLD Executive Summary |journal=Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. |volume=176 |issue=6 |pages=532–55 |year=2007 | pmid=17507545 | url=http://ajrccm.atsjournals.org/content/176/6/532.long |doi=10.1164/rccm.200703-456SO |author-separator=, |author2=Hurd S |author3=Anzueto A |display-authors=3 |last4=Barnes |first4=P. J. |last5=Buist |first5=S. A. |last6=Calverley |first6=P. |last7=Fukuchi |first7=Y. |last8=Jenkins |first8=C. |last9=Rodriguez-Roisin |first9=R.}}</ref>
   
 
The [[medical diagnosis|diagnosis]] of COPD requires [[lung function tests]]. Important management strategies are [[smoking cessation]], [[vaccination]]s, [[Pulmonary rehabilitation|rehabilitation]], and drug therapy (often using [[inhaler]]s). Some patients go on to require [[oxygen therapy|long-term oxygen therapy]] or [[lung transplantation]].<ref name="pmid17507545" />
 
The [[medical diagnosis|diagnosis]] of COPD requires [[lung function tests]]. Important management strategies are [[smoking cessation]], [[vaccination]]s, [[Pulmonary rehabilitation|rehabilitation]], and drug therapy (often using [[inhaler]]s). Some patients go on to require [[oxygen therapy|long-term oxygen therapy]] or [[lung transplantation]].<ref name="pmid17507545" />
Reason: ANN scored at 0.933207
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:27:48 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 23rd of January 2013 at 05:08:47 AM #90703
Anonymous (anonymous)

I believe you should leave this here smoking is verry bad i wish i would have gone down another path but smoking killed me i was diagnosed with copd in 2006 and have grown weaker my body eats itself i am fading fast not much longer now wasted it all away with a ciggarette if you can leave this on hear at least for a while i want people to no its an agonizing and painful death my body aches and i cant put on any wait my muscles have deteriorated its over for me but if just one person reads this and follows a different path it would make up for the time ive lost and that i dont have anymore just please look this over and find it in your heart to keep it..

Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 06:27:48 PM #101709
Bradley (anonymous)

1h9U54 http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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