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ID: 1503088
User: Haryanvi Chora
Article: Haryana
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{{Infobox settlement
 
{{Infobox settlement
 
| name = Haryana
 
| name = Haryana
| native_name = ਹਰਿਆਣਾ हरियाणा
 
  +
| native_name_lang = Hindi
| native_name_lang = Punjabi Hindi
 
 
| settlement_type = [[States and union territories of India|State]]
 
| settlement_type = [[States and union territories of India|State]]
 
| image_seal = Government of Haryana seal.jpg
 
| image_seal = Government of Haryana seal.jpg
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| demographics_type1 = Languages
 
| demographics_type1 = Languages
 
| demographics1_title1 = Official
 
| demographics1_title1 = Official
| demographics1_info1 = [[Punjabi language|Punjabi]], [[Hindi]]
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| demographics1_info1 = [[Haryanvi language|haryanvi]], [[Hindi]]
 
| demographics1_title2 = Regional
 
| demographics1_title2 = Regional
 
| demographics1_info2 = [[Haryanvi language|Haryanvi]]
 
| demographics1_info2 = [[Haryanvi language|Haryanvi]]
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}}
 
}}
   
'''Haryana''', {{IPAc-en|,|h|ar|i|'|ah|n|@}} (in Hindi हरियाणा, in Punjabi ਹਰਿਆਣਾ ) is a [[States and territories of India|state]] in India. Constituted in 1966, it is one of two newly created states carved out of the greater [[Punjab, India|Punjab]] province as a means of creating a stronger national identity. It has been a part of the [[Kuru (kingdom)|Kuru]] region in [[North India]].<ref>''Kautilya describes them as martial and most heroic, while Panini includes among them the Kauravyas, the ancient warrior community of Haryana. It would thus appear that the main force of Chandragupta's liberation army was recruited Punjab. As '''Haryana or the ancient Kuru janapada'''.....'', Page 33, "Haryana, ancient and medieval" by H. A. Phadke, Publisher Harman Pub. House, 1990, ISBN 81-85151-34-2, ISBN 978-81-85151-34-2</ref><ref>Chapter ''Kuru Janapada'' (Pages 2, 3 & 7) of the book "Buddhist remains from Haryana", by Devendra Handa, Edition illustrated, Publisher Sundeep Prakashan, 2004
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'''Haryana''', {{IPAc-en|,|h|ar|i|'|ah|n|@}} (in Hindi हरियाणा ) is a [[States and territories of India|state]] in India. Constituted in 1966, it is one of two newly created states carved out of the greater [[Punjab, India|Punjab]] province as a means of creating a stronger national identity. It has been a part of the [[Kuru (kingdom)|Kuru]] region in [[North India]].<ref>''Kautilya describes them as martial and most heroic, while Panini includes among them the Kauravyas, the ancient warrior community of Haryana. It would thus appear that the main force of Chandragupta's liberation army was recruited Punjab. As '''Haryana or the ancient Kuru janapada'''.....'', Page 33, "Haryana, ancient and medieval" by H. A. Phadke, Publisher Harman Pub. House, 1990, ISBN 81-85151-34-2, ISBN 978-81-85151-34-2</ref><ref>Chapter ''Kuru Janapada'' (Pages 2, 3 & 7) of the book "Buddhist remains from Haryana", by Devendra Handa, Edition illustrated, Publisher Sundeep Prakashan, 2004
 
Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized 3 September 2008
 
Original from the University of Michigan, Digitized 3 September 2008
 
::If the Buddhist texts are to be relied upon, it may be said that Buddhism reached Haryana through the Buddha himself. (Page 3)
 
::If the Buddhist texts are to be relied upon, it may be said that Buddhism reached Haryana through the Buddha himself. (Page 3)
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::रिउ रुहिरावट्टणु बिउलु पवट्टणु, ढिल्ली नामेण जि भणियं|
 
::रिउ रुहिरावट्टणु बिउलु पवट्टणु, ढिल्ली नामेण जि भणियं|
   
::Translation: There are countless villages in '''Haryana''' country. The villagers there work hard. They don't accept domination of others, and are experts in making the blood of their enemies flow. Indra himself praises this country. The capital of this country is Dhilli.</ref> It is bordered by [[Punjab, India|Punjab]] and [[Himachal Pradesh]] to the north, and by [[Rajasthan]] to the west and south. The river [[Yamuna]] defines its eastern border with [[Uttarakhand]] and [[Uttar Pradesh]]. Haryana also surrounds [[Delhi]] on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the [[National Capital Region (India)|National Capital Region]], the capital of which is [[Delhi]] and is administered as a [[Union Territory|union territory]].
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::Translation: There are countless villages in '''Haryana''' country. The villagers there work hard. They don't accept domination of others, and are experts in making the blood of their enemies flow. Indra himself praises this country. The capital of this country is Dhilli.</ref> It is bordered by [[Himachal Pradesh]] to the north, and by [[Rajasthan]] to the west and south. The river [[Yamuna]] defines its eastern border with [[Uttarakhand]] and [[Uttar Pradesh]]. Haryana also surrounds [[Delhi]] on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the [[National Capital Region (India)|National Capital Region]], the capital of which is [[Delhi]] and is administered as a [[Union Territory|union territory]].
 
 
 
Sites in Haryana were part of the [[Indus Valley Civilization|Indus Valley]] and [[Vedic Civilization]]s. Several decisive battles were fought in the area, which shaped much of the history of India. These include the epic battle of [[Mahabharata]] at [[Kurukshetra]] mentioned in the Hindu mythology (including the recital of the [[Bhagavad Gita]] by [[Krishna]]), and the three battles of [[Panipat]]. Haryana was administered as part of the [[Punjab (British India)|Punjab province]] of [[British India]], and was carved out on linguistic lines as India's 17th state in 1966. Haryana is now a leading contributor to the country's production of foodgrain and milk. Agriculture is the leading occupation for the residents of the state, the flat arable land irrigated by [[submersible pump]]s and an extensive [[canal]] system. Haryana contributed heavily to the [[Green Revolution in India|Green Revolution]] that made India self-sufficient in food production in the 1960s.
 
Sites in Haryana were part of the [[Indus Valley Civilization|Indus Valley]] and [[Vedic Civilization]]s. Several decisive battles were fought in the area, which shaped much of the history of India. These include the epic battle of [[Mahabharata]] at [[Kurukshetra]] mentioned in the Hindu mythology (including the recital of the [[Bhagavad Gita]] by [[Krishna]]), and the three battles of [[Panipat]]. Haryana was administered as part of the [[Punjab (British India)|Punjab province]] of [[British India]], and was carved out on linguistic lines as India's 17th state in 1966. Haryana is now a leading contributor to the country's production of foodgrain and milk. Agriculture is the leading occupation for the residents of the state, the flat arable land irrigated by [[submersible pump]]s and an extensive [[canal]] system. Haryana contributed heavily to the [[Green Revolution in India|Green Revolution]] that made India self-sufficient in food production in the 1960s.
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|title = The Marathas 1600–1818, Volume 2
 
|title = The Marathas 1600–1818, Volume 2
 
|publisher = Cambridge University Press, 1993
 
|publisher = Cambridge University Press, 1993
|isbn = 978-0-521-26883-7}}</ref> Baji Rao's son, [[Nana Saheb|Balaji Baji Rao]] (popularly known as Nana Saheb), further increased the territory under Maratha control by invading Punjab and [[Peshawar]] in 1758. This brought the Marathas into direct confrontation with the Durrani empire of Ahmad Shah Abdali, who was based in [[Kabul]]. After the [[Third Battle of Panipat]] was fought in 1761 between the [[Maratha Empire]] and the Afghan warlord Ahmad Shah Abdali, Marathas lost Punjab, Delhi and Haryana to Ahmad Shah Durrani. Within 10 years, [[Mahadji Shinde]] re-established Maratha rule over North India, Haryana region remained under the rule of the [[Scindhias|Scindhia clan]] of the [[Maratha Empire]], until in 1803, the [[British East India Company]] took control of Gurgaon through the [[Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon]] after the [[Second Anglo-Maratha War]].
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|isbn = 978-0-521-26883-7}}</ref> Baji Rao's son, [[Nana Saheb|Balaji Baji Rao]] (popularly known as Nana Saheb), further increased the territory under Maratha control by invading Punjab and [[Peshawar]] in 1758. This brought the Marathas into direct confrontation with the Durrani empire of Ahmad Shah Abdali, who was based in [[Kabul]]. After the [[Third Battle of Panipat]] was fought in 1761 between the [[Maratha Empire]] and the Afghan warlord Ahmad Shah Abdali, Delhi and Haryana to Ahmad Shah Durrani. Within 10 years, [[Mahadji Shinde]] re-established Maratha rule over North India, Haryana region remained under the rule of the [[Scindhias|Scindhia clan]] of the [[Maratha Empire]], until in 1803, the [[British East India Company]] took control of Gurgaon through the [[Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon]] after the [[Second Anglo-Maratha War]].
   
 
===British period===
 
===British period===
[[File:Punjab 1909.jpg|150px|thumb|Before the [[Independence of India]], Haryana was part of the [[Punjab Province (British India)|British Punjab Province]].]]
 
During the [[Indian rebellion of 1857]], several leaders from this region, including [[Rao Tula Ram]], participated actively. People of the these towns [[Rewari]], [[Narnaul]], [[Mahendragarh]] were more active in freedeom struggle.
 
 
 
===Formation of Haryana===
 
===Formation of Haryana===
 
Haryana state was formed on 1 November 1966, on the recommendation of the Parliamentary Committee.{{which|date=December 2012}} The formation of this committee was announced in the Parliament on 23 September 1965. On 23 April 1966, acting on the recommendation of the Hukam Singh Committee, the Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice J. C. Shah, to divide and set up the boundaries of Punjab and Haryana giving consideration to the language spoken by the people. The commission gave its report on 31 May 1966. According to this report the then districts of [[Hisar, India|Hisar]], [[Mahendragarh]], [[Gurgaon]], [[Rohtak]], and [[Karnal]] were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further, the [[tehsil]]s of [[Jind]] (district Sangrur), [[Narwana]] (district Sangrur), [[Naraingarh]], [[Ambala]] and [[Jagadhri]] were also to be included.
 
Haryana state was formed on 1 November 1966, on the recommendation of the Parliamentary Committee.{{which|date=December 2012}} The formation of this committee was announced in the Parliament on 23 September 1965. On 23 April 1966, acting on the recommendation of the Hukam Singh Committee, the Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice J. C. Shah, to divide and set up the boundaries of Punjab and Haryana giving consideration to the language spoken by the people. The commission gave its report on 31 May 1966. According to this report the then districts of [[Hisar, India|Hisar]], [[Mahendragarh]], [[Gurgaon]], [[Rohtak]], and [[Karnal]] were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further, the [[tehsil]]s of [[Jind]] (district Sangrur), [[Narwana]] (district Sangrur), [[Naraingarh]], [[Ambala]] and [[Jagadhri]] were also to be included.
   
The commission recommended that Tehsil Kharar (including Chandigarh) should be a part of Haryana.<ref>[http://www.haryana-online.com/History/history_1966-.htm 1 November 1966 - Haryana Day - History - Haryana Online - North India<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> However, the city of [[Chandigarh]] and a Punjabi-speaking area of [[Rupnagar district]] were made a [[Union Territory]], serving as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.
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The commission recommended that Tehsil Kharar (including Chandigarh) should be a part of Haryana.<ref>[http://www.haryana-online.com/History/history_1966-.htm 1 November 1966 - Haryana Day - History - Haryana Online - North India<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> However, the city of [[Chandigarh]] were made a [[Union Territory]], serving as the capital of Haryana.
   
 
[[B. D. Sharma|Bhagwat Dayal Sharma]] became first [[List of Chief Ministers of Haryana|Chief Minister of Haryana]].
 
[[B. D. Sharma|Bhagwat Dayal Sharma]] became first [[List of Chief Ministers of Haryana|Chief Minister of Haryana]].
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{{See also|List of people from Haryana}}
 
{{See also|List of people from Haryana}}
   
[[Hindu]]s are majority in Haryana and are about 88.23% of the population, [[Muslim]]s 5.78% (mainly [[Meo]]s), [[Sikh]]s 5.53%, Others 0.45%.<ref>name="haryana-online.com"</ref> In 2001 [[Hinduism|Hindus]] made up 18,655,925 of the population, [[Islam|Muslims]] 1,222,196, [[Sikhism|Sikhs]] 1,170,662, [[Jainism|Jains]] 57,167, [[Christianity|Christians]] 27,185, and [[Buddhism|Buddhists]] 7,140.<ref>[http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/Census_data_finder/C_Series/Population_by_religious_communities.htm Census of India, Population by Religious Communities]</ref> Muslims are mainly in the [[Mewat district]] and [[Yamuna Nagar]] district, while Sikhs are mostly in the districts adjoining [[Punjab (India)|Punjab]], [[Hisar district|Hisar]], [[Sirsa district|Sirsa]], [[Jind district|Jind]], [[Fatehabad district|Fatehabad]], [[Kaithal]], [[Kurukshetra]], [[Ambala]],[[Narnaul]] and [[Panchkula]].Haryana has second largest Sikh population in India after the state of Punjab. [[Agriculture]] and related industries have been the backbone of the local [[economy]]. These days the state is seeing a massive
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[[Hindu]]s are majority in Haryana and are about 88.23% of the population, [[Muslim]]s 5.78% (mainly [[Meo]]s), [[Sikh]]s 5.53%, Others 0.45%.<ref>name="haryana-online.com"</ref> In 2001 [[Hinduism|Hindus]] made up 18,655,925 of the population, [[Islam|Muslims]] 1,222,196, [[Sikhism|Sikhs]] 1,170,662, [[Jainism|Jains]] 57,167, [[Christianity|Christians]] 27,185, and [[Buddhism|Buddhists]] 7,140.<ref>
influx of immigrants from across the nation, primarily from [[Bihar]], [[Bengal]], [[Uttrakhand]], [[Rajasthan]], [[Uttar Pradesh]] and [[Nepal]].
 
 
 
Haryana is one of the more socially protracted states in India with rampant caste based discrimination, female foeticide and rapes.<ref name="news.oneindia.in"/> In Haryana, caste politics has given insurmountable powers to an ancient and rudimentary social administration system called [[khap]] that several law experts deem unconstitutional.<ref name="kashmirtimes.com"/>
 
Haryana is one of the more socially protracted states in India with rampant caste based discrimination, female foeticide and rapes.<ref name="news.oneindia.in"/> In Haryana, caste politics has given insurmountable powers to an ancient and rudimentary social administration system called [[khap]] that several law experts deem unconstitutional.<ref name="kashmirtimes.com"/>
   
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The last Hindu emperor of India who belonged to [[Rewari]] in Haryana, [[Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya]], also called Hemu, taking a cue from Vedic times declared himself a 'Vikramaditya' king after defeating Akbar's forces in Delhi in 1556. It amounted to establishing a vedic 'Hindu Raj' in North India during medieval period after a gap of more than 350 years. The state is rich in folklore with the oldest extant romance of Sorath and [[Dhaj, Ror Kumar]].<ref>This is a book by a Jat author. Page 19, "Ror Itihaas ki Jhalak" (Hindi) by Dr. Raj Pal Singh, Pal Publications, Yamuna Nagar (1987)</ref> The people of Haryana have their own traditions. The age-old customs of [[meditation]], [[Yoga]] and chanting of [[Vedic]] mantras are still observed by the masses. Famous yoga guru [[Swami Ramdev]] is from [[Mahendragarh]] in Haryana.<ref>[http://www.thecolorsofindia.com/ramdev/index.html Thecolorsofindia.com]</ref> Seasonal and religious festivals glorify the culture of this region. Haryana has a variety of folk dances.
 
The last Hindu emperor of India who belonged to [[Rewari]] in Haryana, [[Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya]], also called Hemu, taking a cue from Vedic times declared himself a 'Vikramaditya' king after defeating Akbar's forces in Delhi in 1556. It amounted to establishing a vedic 'Hindu Raj' in North India during medieval period after a gap of more than 350 years. The state is rich in folklore with the oldest extant romance of Sorath and [[Dhaj, Ror Kumar]].<ref>This is a book by a Jat author. Page 19, "Ror Itihaas ki Jhalak" (Hindi) by Dr. Raj Pal Singh, Pal Publications, Yamuna Nagar (1987)</ref> The people of Haryana have their own traditions. The age-old customs of [[meditation]], [[Yoga]] and chanting of [[Vedic]] mantras are still observed by the masses. Famous yoga guru [[Swami Ramdev]] is from [[Mahendragarh]] in Haryana.<ref>[http://www.thecolorsofindia.com/ramdev/index.html Thecolorsofindia.com]</ref> Seasonal and religious festivals glorify the culture of this region. Haryana has a variety of folk dances.
   
The people of Haryana have preserved their old religious and social traditions. The culture of Haryana and the humour is very much similar to that of Punjab (as Haryana was a part of Punjab state). They celebrate festivals with great enthusiasm and traditional fervor. Their culture and popular art are [[Swang (dance drama)|saangs]], dramas, ballads and songs in which they take great delight. Regarding eating habits, there is an idiom that says, ''Hara-Bhara Haryana, Jit Doodh-Dahi ka Khana'' (meaning a lush-green state where milk and curd are the food). Food and cuisines of Haryana are almost same as the ones in Punjab; popular Haryanavi dishes include makke di roti (grounded dry corn) and sarso da saag, lassi (sweet yogurt), rajma, cholay-bhature, etc.
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The people of Haryana celebrate festivals with great enthusiasm and traditional fervor. Their culture and popular art are [[Swang (dance drama)|saangs]], dramas, ballads and songs in which they take great delight. Regarding eating habits, there is an idiom that says, ''Hara-Bhara Haryana, Jit Doodh-Dahi ka Khana'' (meaning a lush-green state where milk and curd are the food). Food and cuisines of Haryana are almost same as the ones in Punjab; popular Haryanavi dishes include makke di roti (grounded dry corn) and sarso da saag, lassi (sweet yogurt), rajma, cholay-bhature, etc.
   
 
=== Languages ===
 
=== Languages ===
 
{{See also|Haryanavi}}
 
{{See also|Haryanavi}}
[[Haryanavi]] has traditionally been the dominant mother tongue in Haryana, with Standard [[Hindi]] being spoken as a second language. Haryanvi has no official status, as it is seen as a dialect of Hindi/Punjabi. Since 1947, [[Punjabi language|Punjabi]] has also been spoken by a lot of people in Haryana especially by those [[Hindu]]s and [[Sikh]]s who came over from the older Punjab region at the time of partition. As such, Punjabi is the second official language of Haryana (since Haryana was a part of Greater Punjab state). Haryana is the second-largest Punjabi-speaking state after Punjab.
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[[Haryanavi]] has traditionally been the dominant mother tongue in Haryana, with Standard [[Hindi]] being spoken as a second language. Haryanvi has no official status, as it is seen as a dialect of Hindi.
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The most striking feature of Haryana is its language itself or, rather, the manner in which it is spoken. Popularly known as ''[[Haryanavi]]'', the language of Haryana, with [[Bangaru]], spoken in the Heart of Haryana, being the most widely spoken dialect. With rapid urbanization, and due to Haryana's close proximity to [[Delhi]], the cultural aspects are now taking a more modern hue.
The most striking feature of Haryana is its language itself or, rather, the manner in which it is spoken. Popularly known as ''[[Haryanavi]]'', the language of [[Jats]] of Haryana, with [[Bangaru]], spoken in the Heart of Haryana, being the most widely spoken dialect. With rapid urbanization, and due to Haryana's close proximity to [[Delhi]], the cultural aspects are now taking a more modern hue.
 
   
 
===Music===
 
===Music===
 
{{See also|Music of Haryana}}
 
{{See also|Music of Haryana}}
   
[[Haryanvi Ragini]] is very famous in Haryana, and it is a part of folk music in Haryana. Punjabi Music is also widely popular especially in Northern Haryana & western Haryana in districts bordering Punjab.
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[[Haryanvi Ragini]] is very famous in Haryana, and it is a part of folk music in Haryana.
   
 
==Economy==
 
==Economy==
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[[Dairy farming]] is also an essential part of the rural economy. Haryana has a [[livestock]] population of 98.97 lakh.<ref name="autogenerated5" /> Milk and milk products form an essential part of the local diet. There is the saying ''Desaan main des Haryana, jit doodh dahi ka khaana'', which means "Best among all the countries in the world is Haryana, where the staple food is milk and yoghurt". Haryana, with 660&nbsp;grams of availability of milk per capita per day, ranks at number two in the country as against the national average of 232&nbsp;grams.<ref>[http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1678736.cms Haryana number two in milk production] ''The Times of India''</ref><ref>[http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/ie/daily/19981013/28651694.html Haryana 2nd in milk yield<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> There is a vast network of milk societies that support the dairy industry. The [[National Dairy Research Institute]]<ref>[http://www.telegraphindia.com/1041124/asp/careergraph/story_4020763.asp Telegraphindia.com]</ref> at Karnal is Asia's largest and oldest dairy, and the [[Central Institute for Research on Buffalo (CIRB), Hisar|Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes]] at [[Hisar, Haryana|Hisar]] are instrumental in development of new breeds of cattle and propagation of these breeds through [[embryo transfer]] technology. The [[Murrah Buffalo|Murrah]] breed of [[domestic Asian Water buffalo|water buffalo]] from Haryana is world-famous for its milk
 
[[Dairy farming]] is also an essential part of the rural economy. Haryana has a [[livestock]] population of 98.97 lakh.<ref name="autogenerated5" /> Milk and milk products form an essential part of the local diet. There is the saying ''Desaan main des Haryana, jit doodh dahi ka khaana'', which means "Best among all the countries in the world is Haryana, where the staple food is milk and yoghurt". Haryana, with 660&nbsp;grams of availability of milk per capita per day, ranks at number two in the country as against the national average of 232&nbsp;grams.<ref>[http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1678736.cms Haryana number two in milk production] ''The Times of India''</ref><ref>[http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/ie/daily/19981013/28651694.html Haryana 2nd in milk yield<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> There is a vast network of milk societies that support the dairy industry. The [[National Dairy Research Institute]]<ref>[http://www.telegraphindia.com/1041124/asp/careergraph/story_4020763.asp Telegraphindia.com]</ref> at Karnal is Asia's largest and oldest dairy, and the [[Central Institute for Research on Buffalo (CIRB), Hisar|Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes]] at [[Hisar, Haryana|Hisar]] are instrumental in development of new breeds of cattle and propagation of these breeds through [[embryo transfer]] technology. The [[Murrah Buffalo|Murrah]] breed of [[domestic Asian Water buffalo|water buffalo]] from Haryana is world-famous for its milk
'''The quality of crops grown in the fields of Rewari are the best. Mr.Singh and his team owns the majority there, due to that Avinash Singh was thrown out of the state as he had fired some crops. He is the most known in eyes of the Kisan Brothers an is called KISAN BHAI!'''''Italic text''
 
   
 
==Roads, aviation and infrastructure==
 
==Roads, aviation and infrastructure==
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[[File:Toll Gate.jpg|thumb|150px|right| The 32 lane toll gate at [[National Highway 8 (India)|National Highway 8]] in Gurgaon is the largest in Asia and third largest in the world]]
 
[[File:Toll Gate.jpg|thumb|150px|right| The 32 lane toll gate at [[National Highway 8 (India)|National Highway 8]] in Gurgaon is the largest in Asia and third largest in the world]]
 
It has a total road length of 23,684 kilometers. There are 29 [[List of National Highways in India#Haryana|national highways]] with total length of 1,461&nbsp;km and many [[List of state highways in Haryana|state highways]] with total length of 2,494&nbsp;km. The most remote parts of the state are linked with metaled roads. Its modern bus fleet of 3,864 buses covers a distance of 1.15 million Kilometers per day. It was the first State in the country to introduce luxury video coaches.<ref>[http://haryanaindustries.nic.in/WhyHaryana/Pages/NewEconomicInfrastructure.aspx Why Haryana? - Economic Infrastructure<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
 
It has a total road length of 23,684 kilometers. There are 29 [[List of National Highways in India#Haryana|national highways]] with total length of 1,461&nbsp;km and many [[List of state highways in Haryana|state highways]] with total length of 2,494&nbsp;km. The most remote parts of the state are linked with metaled roads. Its modern bus fleet of 3,864 buses covers a distance of 1.15 million Kilometers per day. It was the first State in the country to introduce luxury video coaches.<ref>[http://haryanaindustries.nic.in/WhyHaryana/Pages/NewEconomicInfrastructure.aspx Why Haryana? - Economic Infrastructure<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
[[Grand Trunk Road]], commonly abbreviated to [[GT Road]], is one of South Asia's oldest and longest major roads. It passes through the districts of [[Sonipat district|Sonipat]], [[Panipat district|Panipat]], [[Karnal district|Karnal]], [[Kurukshetra district|Kurukshetra]] and [[Ambala district|Ambala]] in north Haryana where it enters [[Delhi]] and subsequently the industrial town of [[Faridabad]] on its way. The state government proposes to construct Express highways and freeways for speedier vehicular traffic. The 135.6-km long [[Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway(KMP)]] will provide a high-speed link to northern Haryana with its southern districts such as Sonepat, Gurgaon, [[Jhajjar]] and Faridabad. The work on the project has already started and is scheduled to be completed by July 2013.<ref>[http://www.indianexpress.com/story/20526.html IndianExpress.com :: KMP Expressways to be completed by 2009<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Haryana is in close contact with the cosmopolitan world, being right next to Delhi. As a result, international and domestic airports, diplomatic and commercial complexes are located in close proximity to the state. Haryana and Delhi government has also constructed Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway which has the largest toll plaza in Asia and 3rd largest in the world. There is a proposal for a Badarpur Flyover and the widening of the Mathura Road passing through Faridabad from 6 lanes to 8 lanes. There is also a proposal to connect [[Chandigarh]] to Haryana without entering [[Punjab, India|Punjab]] through a 4-lane highway via [[Yamuna Nagar]] and [[Panchkula]].Delhi Metro Rail Corporation connects [[Gurgaon]] with Delhi and it will connect [[Faridabad]] and [[Bahadurgarh]] by 2014 and 2016 respectively.
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[[Grand Trunk Road]], commonly abbreviated to [[GT Road]], is one of South Asia's oldest and longest major roads. It passes through the districts of [[Sonipat district|Sonipat]], [[Panipat district|Panipat]], [[Karnal district|Karnal]], [[Kurukshetra district|Kurukshetra]] and [[Ambala district|Ambala]] in north Haryana where it enters [[Delhi]] and subsequently the industrial town of [[Faridabad]] on its way. The state government proposes to construct Express highways and freeways for speedier vehicular traffic. The 135.6-km long [[Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway(KMP)]] will provide a high-speed link to northern Haryana with its southern districts such as Sonepat, Gurgaon, [[Jhajjar]] and Faridabad. The work on the project has already started and is scheduled to be completed by July 2013.<ref>[http://www.indianexpress.com/story/20526.html IndianExpress.com :: KMP Expressways to be completed by 2009<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Haryana is in close contact with the cosmopolitan world, being right next to Delhi. As a result, international and domestic airports, diplomatic and commercial complexes are located in close proximity to the state. Haryana and Delhi government has also constructed Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway which has the largest toll plaza in Asia and 3rd largest in the world. There is a proposal for a Badarpur Flyover and the widening of the Mathura Road passing through Faridabad from 6 lanes to 8 lanes. There is also a proposal to connect [[Chandigarh]] to Haryana directly, through a 4-lane highway via [[Yamuna Nagar]] and [[Panchkula]].Delhi Metro Rail Corporation connects [[Gurgaon]] with Delhi and it will connect [[Faridabad]] and [[Bahadurgarh]] by 2014 and 2016 respectively.
 
[[File:Chandigarh Monument.jpg|thumb|right|thumb|150px|Chandigarh Monument]]
 
[[File:Chandigarh Monument.jpg|thumb|right|thumb|150px|Chandigarh Monument]]
 
Haryana State has always given high priority to the expansion of electricity infrastructure, as it is one of the most important inputs for the development of the State. Haryana was the first State in the country to achieve 100% rural [[electrification]] in 1970, first in the country to link all villages with all-weather roads and first in the country to provide safe drinking water facilities throughout the state.<ref>[http://www.haryanainvest.org/general%20information.asp :::: Investment Promotion Center:::::: Govt. of HARYANA<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Haryana is well connected on the railway network also.
 
Haryana State has always given high priority to the expansion of electricity infrastructure, as it is one of the most important inputs for the development of the State. Haryana was the first State in the country to achieve 100% rural [[electrification]] in 1970, first in the country to link all villages with all-weather roads and first in the country to provide safe drinking water facilities throughout the state.<ref>[http://www.haryanainvest.org/general%20information.asp :::: Investment Promotion Center:::::: Govt. of HARYANA<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> Haryana is well connected on the railway network also.
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Reason: ANN scored at 0.909856
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Thursday, the 22nd of October 2015 at 07:42:36 AM
Status: Reported
Thursday, the 22nd of October 2015 at 07:42:36 AM #101863
Bradley (anonymous)

dnffJ6 http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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