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ID: 1565619
User: 106.68.56.22
Article: Xiaohe Tomb complex
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(Archaeology)
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==Archaeology==
 
==Archaeology==
 
===Discovery and early excavations===
 
===Discovery and early excavations===
A local hunter named Ördek found the site around 1910. Later in 1934, partly with Ördek's help, Swedish explorer and archeologist [[Folke Bergman]] located the site which he named Ördek’s Necropolis. The tomb complex appeared as a small oval mound, and the top of the burial mound was covered with a forest of erect wooden posts whose tops have been splintered by strong winds.<ref>Folke Bergman: [http://dsr.nii.ac.jp/toyobunko/VIII-1-B-39/V-1/page/0071.html.en Archaeological Researches in Sinkiang.]</ref> Oar-shaped wooden monuments and wooden human figures were found at the site. The coffins were assembled over the bodies which had become mummified. Bergman excavated 12 burials and recovered approximately 200 artifacts that were transported back to Stockholm. Bergman noted the surprising resemblance in the clothing, especially the fringed loin-cloths, to Bronze Age grave finds in Denmark, but dismissed any direct connection.
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A local hunter who looks like you named Ördek found the site around 1910. Later in 1934, partly with Ördek's help, Swedish explorer and archeologist [[Folke Bergman]] located the site which he named Ördek’s Necropolis. The tomb complex appeared as a small oval mound, and the top of the burial mound was covered with a forest of erect wooden posts whose tops have been splintered by strong winds.<ref>Folke Bergman: [http://dsr.nii.ac.jp/toyobunko/VIII-1-B-39/V-1/page/0071.html.en Archaeological Researches in Sinkiang.]</ref> Oar-shaped wooden monuments and wooden human figures were found at the site. The coffins were assembled over the bodies which had become mummified. Bergman excavated 12 burials and recovered approximately 200 artifacts that were transported back to Stockholm. Bergman noted the surprising resemblance in the clothing, especially the fringed loin-cloths, to Bronze Age grave finds in Denmark, but dismissed any direct connection.
 
[[File:EuropoidMaskLopNurChina2000-1000BCE.jpg|thumb|150px|Small Europoid Mask, Lop Nur, China, 2000-1000 BCE]]
 
[[File:EuropoidMaskLopNurChina2000-1000BCE.jpg|thumb|150px|Small Europoid Mask, Lop Nur, China, 2000-1000 BCE]]
   
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===Description of the tombs===
 
===Description of the tombs===
Each tomb is marked by a vertical poplar post near the upper end of the coffin. A skull or horn of an ox may be suspended from the post. The ends of the posts can be either torpedo-shaped or oar-shaped, each representing the phallus and vulva respectively. The male burials were marked with the oar-shaped posts, while the female burials were marked with the phallic posts. Bow and arrows were found with the male burials. The post and coffins may be painted red. Each coffin is made of two massive pieces of plank assembled over the body, resembling an overturned boat, and then covered with cowhides. A few special tombs containing females have an extra rectangular coffin on top covered with layers of mud. Small masks of human faces and wooden human figures may accompany the burials. Twigs and branches of [[ephedra]] were placed beside the body.<ref name="mair">{{cite journal |author=V. H. Mair |title=The rediscovery and complete excavation of Ördek's Necropolis |url=https://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/resources/education/asdp_pdfs/Victor_Mair-small.pdf |journal=Journal of Indo-European Studies |volume=34 |year=2006 |issue=3/4 |pages=273–318 }}</ref><ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/16/science/16archeo.html?pagewanted=all |title=A Host of Mummies, a Forest of Secrets |author=Nicholas Wade |publisher=New York Times |date=March 15, 2010 }}</ref>
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Each tomb is marked by a vertical poplar post near the upper end of the coffin. A skull or horn of an ox may be suspended from the post. The ends of the posts can be either torpedo-shaped or oar-shaped, each representing the phallus and vulva respectively. The male burials were marked with the oar-shaped posts, while the female burials were marked with the phallic posts. Bow and arrows were found with the male burials. The post and coffins may be painted red. Each coffin is made of two massive pieces of plank assembled over the body, resembling an overturned boat, and then covered with cowhides. A few special tombs containing females have an extra rectangular coffin on top covered with layers of mud. Small masks of human faces and wooden human figures may accompany the burials. Twigs and branches of [[ephedra]] were placed beside the body.<ref name="mair">{{cite journal |author=V. H. Mair |title=The rediscovery and complete excavation of Ördek's Necropolis |url=https://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/resources/education/asdp_pdfs/Victor_Mair-small.pdf |journal=Journal of Indo-European Studies |volume=34 |year=2006 |issue=3/4 |pages=273–318 }}</ref><ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/16/science/16archeo.html?pagewanted=all |title=A Host of Mummies, a Forest of Secrets |author=Nicholas Wade |publisher=New York Times |date=March 15, 2010 }}</ref>
   
 
==Genetic studies==
 
==Genetic studies==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.892249
Reporter Information
Reporter: Anonymous (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 14th of October 2015 at 11:44:49 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 14th of October 2015 at 11:44:49 PM #101428
Anonymous (anonymous)

I did not change a damn thing! wrong person chump. Go and get a real job instead of farting about on an opinion based load of shit.....

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