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ID: 1577236
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Article: Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
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(Childhood)
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'''Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier''' (pronounced {{IPAc-en|ˌ|ˈ|dʒ|æ|k|l|iː|n|_|ˈ|l|iː|_|ˈ|b|uː|v|i|eɪ}};<ref>{{cite news |title=Jacqueline Kennedy: In Her Own Words |author=[[Diane Sawyer]] |url=http://www.hulu.com/watch/278034/jacqueline-kennedy-in-her-own-words |newspaper=ABC |date=June 14, 2011 |accessdate=September 15, 2011}}</ref> July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994),<ref name="FirstLadies" /> was the widow of the 35th [[President of the United States]], [[John F. Kennedy]], and [[First Lady of the United States]] during his presidency from 1961 until [[Assassination of John F. Kennedy|his assassination in 1963]]. Five years later she married [[Greeks|Greek]] shipping magnate [[Aristotle Onassis]]; they remained married until his death in 1975. For the final two decades of her life, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis had a career as a book editor. She is remembered for her contributions to the arts and preservation of historic architecture, her style, elegance, and grace.<ref>Hall, Mimi. [http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2010-09-26-jfk-jackie-kennedy-onassis_N.htm "Jackie Kennedy Onassis: America's Quintessential Icon of Style and Grace']. ''[[USA Today]]''. Retrieved February 13, 2011.</ref><ref>[http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_publications/publications_documents/whitehousehistory_14.pdf Circa 1961: The Kennedy White House Interior] by Elaine Rice Bachmann. Quote: "The prescience of her words is remarkable given the influence she ultimately had on fashion, interior decoration, and architectural preservation from the early 1960s until her death in 1994. A disappointing visit to the Executive Mansion when she was 11 left a deep impression, one she immediately acted upon when she knew she was to become first lady..." Retrieved February 13, 2011.</ref> She was a fashion icon; her famous [[Pink Chanel suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy|pink Chanel suit]] and [[pillbox hat]] have become symbols of her husband's assassination and one of the lasting images of the 1960s.<ref name="Craughwell-Varda1999">{{cite book | last = Craughwell-Varda | first = Kathleen | title = Looking for Jackie: American Fashion Icons | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=Ct_xAAAAMAAJ | accessdate = May 1, 2011 | date = October 14, 1999 | publisher = [[Sterling Publishing|Hearst Books]] | isbn = 978-0-688-16726-4 }}</ref><ref name="FordMitchell2004">{{cite book | last1 = Ford | first1 = Elizabeth | last2 = Mitchell | first2 = Deborah C. | title = The Makeover in Movies: Before and After in Hollywood Films, 1941–2002 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=Jmz__lna90kC&pg=PA149 | accessdate = May 1, 2011 | date = March 2004 | publisher = McFarland | isbn = 978-0-7864-1721-6 | page = 149 }}</ref>
 
'''Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier''' (pronounced {{IPAc-en|ˌ|ˈ|dʒ|æ|k|l|iː|n|_|ˈ|l|iː|_|ˈ|b|uː|v|i|eɪ}};<ref>{{cite news |title=Jacqueline Kennedy: In Her Own Words |author=[[Diane Sawyer]] |url=http://www.hulu.com/watch/278034/jacqueline-kennedy-in-her-own-words |newspaper=ABC |date=June 14, 2011 |accessdate=September 15, 2011}}</ref> July 28, 1929 – May 19, 1994),<ref name="FirstLadies" /> was the widow of the 35th [[President of the United States]], [[John F. Kennedy]], and [[First Lady of the United States]] during his presidency from 1961 until [[Assassination of John F. Kennedy|his assassination in 1963]]. Five years later she married [[Greeks|Greek]] shipping magnate [[Aristotle Onassis]]; they remained married until his death in 1975. For the final two decades of her life, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis had a career as a book editor. She is remembered for her contributions to the arts and preservation of historic architecture, her style, elegance, and grace.<ref>Hall, Mimi. [http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2010-09-26-jfk-jackie-kennedy-onassis_N.htm "Jackie Kennedy Onassis: America's Quintessential Icon of Style and Grace']. ''[[USA Today]]''. Retrieved February 13, 2011.</ref><ref>[http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_publications/publications_documents/whitehousehistory_14.pdf Circa 1961: The Kennedy White House Interior] by Elaine Rice Bachmann. Quote: "The prescience of her words is remarkable given the influence she ultimately had on fashion, interior decoration, and architectural preservation from the early 1960s until her death in 1994. A disappointing visit to the Executive Mansion when she was 11 left a deep impression, one she immediately acted upon when she knew she was to become first lady..." Retrieved February 13, 2011.</ref> She was a fashion icon; her famous [[Pink Chanel suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy|pink Chanel suit]] and [[pillbox hat]] have become symbols of her husband's assassination and one of the lasting images of the 1960s.<ref name="Craughwell-Varda1999">{{cite book | last = Craughwell-Varda | first = Kathleen | title = Looking for Jackie: American Fashion Icons | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=Ct_xAAAAMAAJ | accessdate = May 1, 2011 | date = October 14, 1999 | publisher = [[Sterling Publishing|Hearst Books]] | isbn = 978-0-688-16726-4 }}</ref><ref name="FordMitchell2004">{{cite book | last1 = Ford | first1 = Elizabeth | last2 = Mitchell | first2 = Deborah C. | title = The Makeover in Movies: Before and After in Hollywood Films, 1941–2002 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=Jmz__lna90kC&pg=PA149 | accessdate = May 1, 2011 | date = March 2004 | publisher = McFarland | isbn = 978-0-7864-1721-6 | page = 149 }}</ref>
   
== Childhood ==
 
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Jacqueline Lee Bouvier was born in [[Southampton (village), New York|Southampton, New York]], to Wall Street stockbroker [[John Vernou Bouvier III|John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III]] (1891-1957) and [[Janet Lee Bouvier|Janet Norton Lee]] (1907-1989). Jackie's younger sister [[Lee Radziwill|Caroline Lee Bouvier]] was born in 1933. The Bouviers divorced in 1940. Janet later married [[Standard Oil]] heir [[Hugh D. Auchincloss|Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr.]] in 1942 and had two more children: [[Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd|Janet Jennings Auchincloss]] (1945–1985) and James Lee Auchincloss (born 1947).
 
 
[[File:Jacqueline Bouvier by David Berne, 1935.jpg|thumb|left|upright|Jacqueline Bouvier in 1935]]
 
Her mother had [[Irish people|Irish]] ancestry<ref name="Pottker">{{cite book|last= Pottker |first= Jan|title=Janet and Jackie: The Story of a Mother and Her Daughter, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis|year=2002|publisher= [[St. Martin's Griffin]] |location= New York City | isbn = 978-0-312-30281-8 }}, p. 7.</ref> and her father's ancestry included [[French American|French]], [[Scottish American|Scottish]], and [[English People|English]].<ref name="remarkable">{{cite book| author = Flaherty, Tina|title=What Jackie Taught Us: Lessons from the Remarkable Life of Jacqueline|url=http://books.google.com/?id=fRsJ1HNqp9wC&pg=PT13&lpg=PT13&dq=John+Vernou+Bouvier+III+irish#v=onepage&q=John%20Vernou%20Bouvier%20III%20irish&f=false|accessdate= January 20, 2012|year=2004|publisher=Penguin Group|location=New York City | isbn = 978-1-101-49427-1 }}</ref> Her maternal great-grandfather emigrated from [[Cork (city)|Cork, Ireland]], and later became the Superintendent of the New York City Public Schools. Michel Bouvier, Jacqueline's patrilineal great-great-grandfather, was born in France and was a contemporary of [[Joseph Bonaparte]] and [[Stephen Girard]]. He was a Philadelphia-based cabinetmaker, carpenter, merchant, and real estate speculator.<ref>Pottker, p. 9.</ref> Michel's wife, Louise Vernou, was the daughter of French [[émigré]] tobacconist John Vernou and English-born Elizabeth Clifford Lindsay. Michel and Louise's sons included John Vernou Bouvier, Sr. (Jackie's patrilineal great-grandfather) and Michel Charles Bouvier. Jackie's paternal grandfather John Vernou Bouvier Jr. fabricated a more noble ancestry for his family in his vanity family history book, ''Our Forebears''. Recent scholarship and the research done by Jackie's cousin [[John H. Davis (author)|John Hagy Davis]] in his book, ''The Bouviers: Portrait of an American Family'',<ref>{{cite book| author = Davis, John H.|title=The Bouviers: Portrait of an American family |year=1995|publisher= National Press Books | isbn = 978-1-882605-19-4 }}</ref> have disproved most of these fantasy lineages.
 
 
Bouvier spent her early years in New York City and [[East Hampton (village), New York|East Hampton, New York]], at the Bouvier family estate, "[[Lasata]]".<ref name="queen">{{cite book| author = Bradford, Sarah|title=America's Queen: The life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis|url=http://archives.cnn.com/2000/books/beginnings/10/24/excerpt.queen.jackie/index.html|accessdate= May 31, 2010|year=2000|publisher=Viking|location=New York City | isbn = 978-0-670-89191-7 }}</ref> Following their parents' divorce, the Bouvier sisters divided their time between their mother's homes in [[McLean, Virginia]] and [[Newport, Rhode Island]], and their father's homes in New York City at 125 [[East 74th Street]]<ref>{{cite book|url=http://books.google.com/?id=8GR-GZNJ7bcC&q=Bouvier+%22125+East+74th%22&dq=Bouvier+%22125+East+74th%22 |title=Jacqueline Bouvier: An Intimate Memoir |author=John H. Davis |publisher= John Wiley & Sons|year= 1998|accessdate=April 13, 2013|isbn=9780471249443}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|url=http://books.google.com/?id=Te0FJOivjJ0C&q=jackie+%22onassis%22+%22125+East+74th%22&dq=jackie+%22onassis%22+%22125+East+74th%22 |author= Stephen Birmingham|title=Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis
 
|publisher= Pocket Books|year=1979 |accessdate=April 11, 2013|isbn=9780671828622}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|url=http://books.google.com/?id=4DVaAAAAYAAJ&q=jackie+%22onassis%22+%22125+East+74th%22&dq=jackie+%22onassis%22+%22125+East+74th%22 |title=America's Queen: The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis |author=Sarah Bradford |publisher=Penguin |year= 2001|accessdate=April 11, 2013}}</ref> and [[Long Island]].<ref name="JFKLibrary">{{cite web|url=http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/JFK+in+History/Jacqueline+Kennedy+in+the+White+House.htm|title=Jacqueline Kennedy in the White House|accessdate= September 5, 2010}}</ref> Bouvier attended the [[Chapin School (Manhattan)|Chapin School]] in New York City.<ref name="Jacqueline">{{cite web|last=Glueckstein|first=Fred|title=Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis: Equestrienne|url=http://www.usef.org/_staffIframes/pressbox/images/magazine/pdf/93017f0de13379e1a77c8b63dfa9554f.pdf|accessdate=September 8, 2012}}</ref>
 
 
At a very early age, she became an enthusiastic [[Equestrianism|equestrienne]],<ref name="JFKLibrary" /><ref name="Jacqueline"/> and horse-riding remained a lifelong passion.<ref>{{cite book|last=Moon|first=Vicky|title=The Private Passion of Jackie Kennedy Onassis: Portrait of a Rider|year=2005|publisher=Harper Design|isbn=978-0060524111}}</ref>
 
   
 
== Education and young adulthood ==
 
== Education and young adulthood ==
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Reporter Information
Reporter: Brooke (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 07:56:48 AM
Status: Reported
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