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ID: 1602748
User: Надія231096
Article: Somalia
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According to the Central Bank of Somalia, as the nation embarks on the path of reconstruction, the economy is expected to not only match its pre-civil war levels, but also to accelerate in growth and development due to Somalia's untapped natural resources.<ref name="Cbsef"/>
According to the Central Bank of Somalia, as the nation embarks on the path of reconstruction, the economy is expected to not only match its pre-civil war levels, but also to accelerate in growth and development due to Somalia's untapped natural resources.<ref name="Cbsef"/>
==Telecommunications and media==
While Somalia readily mobilized under the banner of piracy, Islamic and civil war, Somali pirates, encouraged by impunity and millions foreclosure, the owners who pay them for the release of ships, with every week are becoming zuhvalishe, and the number and technical equipment of their flocks rapidly progressing. Using the location of Somalia near one of the busiest maritime trade routes, its inhabitants impoverished and desperate view piracy as the only source of income and were able to do with pirate fishing almost state business. According to the International Maritime Bureau, in the first nine months of this year, 199 cases occurred pirate attacks on ships, of which 63 falls on Somalia. During this time, Somali pirates seized 26 vessels and 537 crew members. At the beginning of November in captivity they were 9 ships and 182 crew members.
{{main|Communications in Somalia}}
[[File:Hormuud.jpg|thumb|upright|The [[Hormuud Telecom]] building in Mogadishu]]
Somalia now offers some of the most technologically advanced and competitively priced [[telecommunication]]s and [[Internet]] services in the world.<ref name="Forbes"/> After the start of the civil war, various new telecommunications companies began to spring up and compete to provide missing infrastructure. Funded by Somali entrepreneurs and backed by expertise from [[China]], [[Korea]] and Europe, these nascent telecommunications firms offer affordable [[mobile phone]] and Internet services that are not available in many other parts of the continent. Customers can conduct [[Electronic funds transfer|money transfers]] (such as through the popular [[Dahabshiil]]) and other [[bank]]ing activities via mobile phones, as well as easily gain wireless Internet access.<ref name="Telfirm">[ Telecom Firms Thrive in Somalia Despite War, Shattered Economy] – ''[[The Wall Street Journal]]''</ref>
After forming partnerships with multinational corporations such as [[Sprint Nextel|Sprint]], [[ITT Corporation|ITT]] and [[Telenor]], these firms now offer the cheapest and clearest phone calls in Africa.<ref name="Awtpeoed">Christopher J. Coyne (2008) ''After war: the political economy of exporting democracy'', Stanford University Press, p. 154, ISBN 0804754403.</ref> These Somali telecommunication companies also provide services to every city, town and hamlet in Somalia. There are presently around 25 mainlines per 1,000 persons, and the local availability of telephone lines (''tele-density'') is higher than in neighboring countries; three times greater than in adjacent Ethiopia.<ref name="Somtroap"/> Prominent Somali telecommunications companies include [[Golis Telecom Somalia|Golis Telecom Group]], [[Hormuud Telecom]], [[Somafone]], [[NationLink Telecom|Nationlink]], [[Netco (Somalia)|Netco]], [[Telcom]] and [[Somali Telecom Group]]. Hormuud Telecom alone grosses about $40 million a year. Despite their rivalry, several of these companies signed an interconnectivity deal in 2005 that allows them to set prices, maintain and expand their networks, and ensure that competition does not get out of control.<ref name="Telfirm"/>
Investment in the telecom industry is held to be one of the clearest signs that Somalia's economy has continued to develop despite civil strife in parts of the country.<ref name="Telfirm"/> The sector provides key communication services, and in the process facilitates job creation and income generation.<ref name="Somtroap" />
The state-run [[Somali National Television]] is the principal national public service TV channel. After a 20 year hiatus, the station was officially re-launched on April 4, 2011.<ref name="Atyspints">Abdi Hajji Hussein (4 April 2011) [ After 20 years, Somali president inaugurates national TV station].</ref> Its radio counterpart [[Radio Mogadishu]] also broadcasts from the capital.
Additionally, Somalia has several private television and radio networks. Among these are [[Universal TV]].<ref name="factbook"/> The political Xog Doon and Xog Ogaal and Horyaal Sports broadsheets publish out of the capital. There are also a number of online media outlets covering local news,<ref name="Raemeonis">{{cite news|author=Majid Ahmed|title=Radio and electronic media edge out newspapers in Somalia|url=|accessdate=21 December 2012|newspaper=Sabahi|date=11 December 2012}}</ref> including [[Garowe Online]], Wardheernews, [[Puntland Post]] and Somalilandtimes.
The internet [[country code top-level domain]] (ccTLD) for Somalia is [[.so]]. It was officially relaunched on November 1, 2010 by .SO Registry, which is regulated by the nation's Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications.<ref name="Soreg">[ SO Registry]. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.</ref>
In December 2012, the Ministry of Information, Posts and Telecommunications announced that Somalia's new Federal Government plans to officially re-launch the [[Somali Postal Service]] (Somali Post) in 2013.<ref name="Stripcnysm">{{cite news|title=Somalia to revive its Postal cooperation next year, says minister|url=|accessdate=11 December 2012|newspaper=Bar-kulan|date=10 December}}</ref>
On March 22, 2012, the Somali Cabinet also unanimously approved the National Communications Act. The bill paves the way for the establishment of a National Communications regulator in the broadcasting and telecommunications sectors.<ref name="Ssgtecrc">{{cite news|title=Somali government to establish communications regulatory commission|url=|accessdate=25 December 2012|newspaper=Sabahi|date=23 March 2012}}</ref>
Reason: ANN scored at 0.85687
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 02:40:50 PM
Status: Reported
Tuesday, the 6th of January 2015 at 10:24:57 AM #97568
gordon (anonymous)


Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 02:40:50 PM #106549
JimmiXzS (anonymous)