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ID: 1639738
Article: Water conservation
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== Social solutions ==
== Social solutions ==
[[File:VineyardDrip.JPG|thumb|right|[[Drip irrigation]] system in [[New Mexico]]]]
Water conservation programs are typically initiated at the local level, by either municipal [[water industry|water utilities]] or regional governments. Common strategies include public [[outreach]] campaigns,<ref>[ "Water - Use It Wisely."] U.S. multi-city public outreach program. Park & Co., Phoenix, AZ. Accessed 2010-02-02.</ref> tiered water rates (charging progressively higher prices as water use increases), or restrictions on outdoor water use such as lawn watering and car washing.<ref>{{Cite report |title=Cases in Water Conservation |url= |author=U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) |year=2002 |accessdate=2010-02-02}} Document No. EPA-832-B-02-003.</ref> Cities in dry climates often require or encourage the installation of [[xeriscaping]] or [[natural landscaping]] in new homes to reduce outdoor water usage.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title= Xeriscape Rebates |author= Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority |authorlink= |date= 2009-02-06 |work= |location=Albuquerque, NM |accessdate= 2010-02-02}}</ref>
One fundamental conservation goal is universal metering. The prevalence of residential [[water meter]]ing varies significantly worldwide. Recent studies have estimated that water supplies are metered in less than 30% of UK households,<ref>[ "Time for universal water metering?"] ''Innovations Report.'' May 2006.</ref> and about 61% of urban Canadian homes (as of 2001).<ref>{{Cite report |title=Municipal Water Use, 2001 Statistics |url= |author=Environment Canada |year=2005 |accessdate=2010-02-02}} Cat. No. En11-2/2001E-PDF. ISBN 0-662-39504-2. p. 3.</ref> Although individual water meters have often been considered impractical in homes with private wells or in multifamily buildings, the U.S. [[United States Environmental Protection Agency|Environmental Protection Agency]] estimates that metering alone can reduce consumption by 20 to 40 percent.<ref name="EPA-Conserve">{{cite web |url= |title=How to Conserve Water and Use It Effectively |author=EPA |date=2010-01-13 |work= |location=Washington, DC|accessdate=2010-02-03}}</ref> In addition to raising consumer awareness of their water use, metering is also an important way to identify and localize [[water leakage]]. Water metering would benefit society in the long run it is proven that water metering increases the efficiency of the entire water system, as well as help unnecessary expenses for individuals for years to come. One would be unable to waste water unless they are willing to pay the extra charges, this way the water department would be able to monitor water usage by public, domestic and manufacturing services.
Some researchers have suggested that water conservation efforts should be primarily directed at farmers, in light of the fact that crop irrigation accounts for 70% of the world's fresh water use.<ref>{{cite journal |author=Pimentel, Berger, ''et al.'' |title=Water resources: agricultural and environmental issues |journal=BioScience |volume=54 |issue=10 |pages=909 |year=2004 |month=October |doi=10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0909:WRAAEI]2.0.CO;2}}</ref> The agricultural sector of most countries is important both economically and politically, and water subsidies are common. Conservation advocates have urged removal of all subsidies to force [[farmers]] to grow more water-efficient crops and adopt less wasteful irrigation techniques.
New technology poses a few new options for consumers, features such and full flush and half flush when using a toilet are trying to make a difference in water consumption and waste. Also available in our modern world is shower heads that help reduce wasting water, old shower heads are said to use 5-10 gallons per minute. All new fixtures available are said to use 2.5 gallons per minute and offer equal water coverage.
== Household applications ==
== Household applications ==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.962368
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Thursday, the 13th of October 2016 at 02:37:05 PM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 7th of August 2015 at 09:04:19 PM #100363
Bradley (anonymous)


Thursday, the 13th of October 2016 at 02:37:05 PM #106365
JimmiXzS (anonymous)