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ID: 1662660
Article: Groton, Massachusetts
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{{Infobox settlement
|official_name = Groton, Massachusetts
|nickname =
|motto =
|image_skyline = Groton Town Hall.JPG
|imagesize = 225px
|image_caption = Town Hall
|image_seal = Town Seal of Groton Massachusetts.png
|image_flag =
|image_map = Groton_ma_highlight.png
|mapsize = 250px
|map_caption = Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
|image_map1 =
|mapsize1 =
|map_caption1 =
|coordinates_display = inline,title
|coordinates_region = US-MA
|subdivision_type = [[List of countries|Country]]
|subdivision_name = [[United States]]
|subdivision_type1 = [[Political divisions of the United States|State]]
|subdivision_name1 = [[Massachusetts]]
|subdivision_type2 = [[List of counties in Massachusetts|County]]
|subdivision_name2 = [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts|Middlesex]]
|established_title = Settled
|established_date = 1655
|established_title2 = [[Incorporation (municipal government)|Incorporated]]
|established_date2 = 1655
|established_title3 =
|established_date3 =
|government_type = [[Open town meeting]]
|leader_title = <!--[[Administrative Officer]]-->
|leader_name = <!--Town Leader as of May 30, 2006--> Jean E. Kitchen []
|leader_title1 = <!--Board of <br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Selectmen-->
|leader_name1 = <!--Make up of the board of selectmen as of May 30, 2006-->George F. Dillon, Jr.[] <br>Peter S. Cunningham<br>John L. Saball<br>Mihran Keoseian, Jr.<br>1 Vacancy
|area_magnitude =
|area_total_km2 = 87.3
|area_total_sq_mi = 33.7
|area_land_km2 = 84.9
|area_land_sq_mi = 32.8
|area_water_km2 = 2.4
|area_water_sq_mi = 0.9
|population_as_of = 2010
|settlement_type = [[New England town|Town]]
|population_total = 10646
|population_density_km2 = auto
|population_density_sq_mi =
|elevation_m = 98
|elevation_ft = 320
|timezone = [[Eastern Standard Time Zone|Eastern]]
|utc_offset = -5
|timezone_DST = [[Eastern Standard Time Zone|Eastern]]
|utc_offset_DST = -4
|latd = 42 |latm = 36 |lats = 40 |latNS = N
|longd = 71 |longm = 34 |longs = 30 |longEW = W
|website = []
|postal_code_type = ZIP code
|postal_code = 01450
|area_code = [[Area code 351|351]] / [[Area code 978|978]]
|blank_name = [[Federal Information Processing Standard|FIPS code]]
|blank_info = 25-27480
|blank1_name = [[Geographic Names Information System|GNIS]] feature ID
|blank1_info = 0619399
|footnotes =
'''Groton''' is a town in northwestern [[Middlesex County, Massachusetts|Middlesex County]], [[Massachusetts]], [[United States]]. The population was 10,873 at the 2012 town census.<ref name="Census 2010">{{Cite web| url=| title=Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Groton town, Middlesex County, Massachusetts| publisher=U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder| accessdate=April 6, 2012}}</ref> It is home to two [[University-preparatory school|prep schools]]: [[Groton School]], founded in 1884, and [[Lawrence Academy at Groton]], founded in 1793. The historic town was a battlefield in [[King Philip's War]] and [[Queen Anne's War]], experienced incidents of insurrection during [[Shays's Rebellion]], and was the birthplace of [[William Prescott]], who commanded the rebel forces at the [[Battle of Bunker Hill]].
The area had for thousands of years been the territory of various cultures of [[indigenous peoples]]. They settled along the rivers for fishing and transportation. Historic tribes were [[Algonquian languages|Algonquian]]-speaking [[Nipmuc]] and [[Nashaway people|Nashaway]] [[Indigenous peoples of the Americas|Indians]].<ref name="Town of Groton, Massachusetts">{{cite web | title=Town of Groton, Massachusetts | url= | accessdate=May 30, 2006 }}</ref>
The [[English American|Anglo-American]] Groton started with the [[trading post]] of John Tinker, who conducted business there with the Nashaway at the confluence of Nod Brook and the [[Nashua River]]. The Nashaway called the area ''Petapawag'', meaning "swampy land." Other pioneers followed the [[Algonquian peoples|Algonquian]] trails from [[Massachusetts Bay]], as Tinker had. They found the region productive for [[fishing]] and [[farming]].<ref name="Town of Groton, Massachusetts"/>
The town was officially settled and incorporated in 1655, named for [[Groton, Suffolk|Groton]] in [[Suffolk]], [[England]]. Called The Plantation of Groton, it included all of present-day Groton and [[Ayer, Massachusetts|Ayer]], almost all of [[Pepperell (town), Massachusetts|Pepperell]] and [[Shirley, Massachusetts|Shirley]], large parts of [[Dunstable, Massachusetts|Dunstable]], [[Littleton, Massachusetts|Littleton]], and [[Tyngsborough, Massachusetts|Tyngsborough]] plus smaller parts of [[Harvard, Massachusetts|Harvard]] and [[Westford, Massachusetts|Westford]], as well as [[Nashua, New Hampshire|Nashua]], [[New Hampshire]] and [[Hollis, New Hampshire]].<ref name="Town of Groton, Massachusetts"/>
During [[King Philip's War]], on March 13, 1676, Indians burned all buildings except for four Groton [[garrisons]]. One of those killed was John Nutting, a Selectman at Groton. Survivors fled to [[Concord, Massachusetts|Concord]] and other safe havens, but two years later returned to rebuild.<ref name="Town of Groton, Massachusetts"/> Native Americans attacked the town again during [[Queen Anne's War]].
In 1775, the [[common land|common]] in front of the First Parish Church was an assembly area for [[Minutemen]], who fought in the [[Battle of Lexington and Concord]].<ref name="Town of Groton, Massachusetts"/>
According to the [[United States Census Bureau]], Groton has a total area of 33.7&nbsp;square miles (87.3&nbsp;km²), of which 32.8&nbsp;square miles (84.9&nbsp;km²) is land and 0.9&nbsp;square miles (2.4&nbsp;km²) (2.79%) is water. Groton is the largest town in Middlesex County in terms of square mileage. The town is drained by the [[Nashua River]] and [[Squannacook River]]. The center of the town is dominated mainly by Gibbet Hill, with several other large hills throughout the town.
Groton is served by state routes [[Massachusetts Route 40|40]], [[Massachusetts Route 111|111]], [[Massachusetts Route 119|119]] and [[Massachusetts Route 225|225]]. It borders the towns of [[Pepperell, Massachusetts|Pepperell]], [[Dunstable, Massachusetts|Dunstable]], [[Tyngsborough, Massachusetts|Tyngsborough]], [[Westford, Massachusetts|Westford]], [[Littleton, Massachusetts|Littleton]], [[Ayer, Massachusetts|Ayer]], [[Shirley, Massachusetts|Shirley]] and [[Townsend, Massachusetts|Townsend]].
{{See also|List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income}}
''See also: [[Groton (CDP), Massachusetts|Groton (CDP)]], [[Massachusetts]]''
{{Historical populations | type=USA
| 1676|300
| 1765|1408
| 1776|1639
| 1790|1840
| 1800|1802
| 1810|1886
| 1820|1897
| 1830|1925
| 1840|2139
| 1850|2515
| 1860|3193
| 1870|3584
| 1880|1862
| 1890|2057
| 1900|2052
| 1910|2155
| 1920|2185
| 1930|2434
| 1940|2550
| 1950|2889
| 1960|3904
| 1970|5109
| 1980|6154
| 1990|7511
| 2000|9547
| 2010|10646
| footnote=* = population estimate. {{Historical populations/Massachusetts municipalities references}}
As of the [[census]]{{GR|2}} of 2000, there were 9,547 people, 3,268 households, and 2,568 families residing in the town. The [[population density]] was 291.3 people per square mile (112.5/km²). There were 3,393 housing units at an average density of 103.5 per square mile (40.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.22% [[White (U.S. Census)|White]], 0.35% [[African American (U.S. Census)|Black]] or [[Race (United States Census)|African American]], 0.13% [[Native American (U.S. Census)|Native American]], 0.97% [[Asian (U.S. Census)|Asian]], 0.02% [[Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)|Pacific Islander]], 0.27% from [[Race (United States Census)|other races]], and 1.04% from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic]] or [[Latino (U.S. Census)|Latino]] of any race were 1.14% of the population.
There were 3,268 households out of which 46.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.0% were [[Marriage|married couples]] living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.31.
The age distribution of the town's population was 32.6% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $118,041, and the median income for a family was $136,653. Males had a median income of $101,117 versus $60,402 for females. The [[per capita income]] for the town was $44,756. About 1.1% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the [[poverty line]], including 1.0% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.<ref></ref>
Groton resident Shelley Olds is a professional cyclist who represented the United States in the [[2012 Summer Olympics]].<ref></ref>
Groton annually hosts the National Shepley Hill Horse Trials, an [[Equestrianism|equestrian]] competition.
The town is governed by an open Town Meeting and administered by an elected Board of Selectmen and appointed Town Manager.<ref></ref>
{| class=wikitable
! colspan = 6 | Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of February 15, 2012<ref>{{cite web|title = Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 15, 2012 | publisher = Massachusetts Elections Division | format = PDF | accessdate = December 8, 2013 | url =}}</ref>
! colspan = 2 | Party
! Number of Voters
! Percentage
{{American politics/party colors/Democratic/row}}
| [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]]
| style="text-align:center;"| 1,659
| style="text-align:center;"| 22.30%
{{American politics/party colors/Republican/row}}
| [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican]]
| style="text-align:center;"| 1,239
| style="text-align:center;"| 16.66%
{{American politics/party colors/Independent/row}}
| Unaffiliated
| style="text-align:center;"| 4,508
| style="text-align:center;"| 60.60%
{{American politics/party colors/Libertarian/row}}
| Green-Rainbow
| style="text-align:center;"| 4
| style="text-align:center;"| 0.05%
! colspan = 2 | Total
! style="text-align:center;"| 7,439
! style="text-align:center;"| 100%
===Public schools===
====District schools====
{{Main|Groton-Dunstable Regional School District}}
* Boutwell School
* Florence Roche Elementary School
* Groton-Dunstable Regional Middle School
* [[Groton-Dunstable Regional High School]]
* Prescott Elementary School (Closed after the 2007-2008 school year due to budget cuts)
====Other public schools====
* [[Nashoba Valley Technical High School]] - Public Regional Vocational Technical High School located in [[Westford, Massachusetts|Westford]]
===Private schools===
* [[Country Day School of the Holy Union]] (Founded 1949)<ref>{{cite web|title=Country Day School of the Holy Union|url=|publisher=Country Day|accessdate=20 October 2011}}</ref>
* [[Lawrence Academy at Groton|Lawrence Academy]] (Founded 1793 as Groton Academy)
* [[Groton School]] (Founded 1884)
* [[Lowthorpe School of Landscape Architecture]] (Founded 1901, merged with Rhode Island School of Design in 1945)<ref>Knight, An Examination of the Lowthorpe School of Landscape Architecture for Women, Groton, Massachusetts, 1901-1945</ref>
==Points of interest==
[[File:First Parish Church in Groton.jpg|thumb|right|225px|First Parish Church]]
[[File:1831 Groton Massachusetts BPL3856243266.jpg|thumb|right|225px|1831 map of Groton]]
[[File:Gibbet Hill, Groton MA.jpg|thumb|right|225px|Gibbet Hill]]
* Groton Historical Society & Museum<ref>{{cite web|title=Groton Historical Society|url=|accessdate=20 October 2011}}</ref>
* [[Bancroft's castle|Gibbet Hill Castle]]
* [[Kalliroscope]] Gallery
* Autumn Hills Orchard
* Grotonwood Camp and Conference Center<ref>{{cite web|title=Groton Wood|url=|accessdate=20 October 2011}}</ref>
* The [[Old Groton Inn]]<ref>{{cite web|title=Old Groton Inn|url=|accessdate=20 October 2011}}</ref>
* Groton Public Library<ref>{{cite web|title=Groton Public Library|url=|accessdate=20 October 2011}}</ref>
* The Groton School
* Lawrence Academy
==Buildings and structures==
* [[Gov. George S. Boutwell House]]
* [[Indian Hill House]]
* [[Groton Inn]], burned down on the night of August 2, 2011<ref>{{cite news|last=Nelson|first=Laura J.|title=Boston Globe Correspondent|url=||publisher=NY Times Co.|accessdate=13 August 2011|deadurl=yes}} {{Dead link|date=August 2012|bot=RjwilmsiBot}}</ref>
==Notable natives and residents==
* [[Andy Anderson (rower)|Andy Anderson]], US National Team and Groton School Rowing Coach
* [[Charles William Bardeen]], educator and publisher
* [[John P. Bigelow]], mayor of Boston
* [[Timothy Bigelow (lawyer)|Timothy Bigelow, lawyer]], and father of John
* [[George Sewall Boutwell]], governor and statesman
* [[Samuel Dana (clergyman)|Samuel Dana, clergyman]]
* [[Samuel Dana]], congressman
* [[Margaret Fuller]], journalist, critic and women's rights activist
* [[Timothy Fuller]], U.S. Congressman, and father of Margaret
* [[Peter Gammons]], sports writer and analyst
* [[J. Geils]], founder of [[The J. Geils Band]]
* [[Samuel Abbott Green]], physician and mayor of Boston
* Peter, Sue Kim, and Christine Hanson, killed on board [[United Airlines Flight 175]] on September 11, 2001 (the latter was the youngest victim of the attacks, at just 2 1/2 years old)
* [[Kevin Kastning]], musician, composer and musical instrument inventor
* [[The Possession of Elizabeth Knapp|Elizabeth Knapp]], the Witch of Groton
* [[Steve Kornacki]], political writer and TV host
* [[Abbott Lawrence]], businessman, founder of [[Lawrence, Massachusetts|Lawrence]]
* [[Amos Lawrence]], merchant and philanthropist
* [[Amos Adams Lawrence]], abolitionist and college founder
* [[Samuel Lawrence (revolutionary)|Samuel Lawrence]], revolutionary and school founder
* [[Barzillai Lew]], soldier, fifer and drummer
* [[Lydia Longley]], "The First American Nun"
* [[Paul Matisse]], artist and inventor
* [[Shelley Olds]], racing cyclist
* [[Edward Saxton Payson]], Esperantist, writer and translator
* [[Otto Piene]], German artist
* [[Oliver Prescott]], Massachusetts general, physician and judge
* [[William Prescott]], revolutionary soldier
* [[William M. Richardson]], U.S. Congressman
* [[Job Shattuck]], soldier, [[Shays' Rebellion]] agitator
* [[Dan Shaughnessy]], Boston sports columnist
* [[Ether Shepley]], US Senator from Maine
* [[Lucius Edwin Smith]], pastor of the Baptist church in Groton 1858-1865
* [[Charles Warren Stone]], US Congressman
* [[Edmund C. Tarbell]], artist, [[American Impressionist]]
* [[Frank Bigelow Tarbell]], professor and author
* [[Samuel Willard]], colonial minister
* [[Simon Willard (First generation)|Simon Willard]], colonist, father of Samuel
==Further reading==
* [,+Massachusetts&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 Samuel Abbott Green, ''Historical Sketch of Groton, Massachusetts. 1655-1890''], Groton: 1894
* [ Wall & Gray, ''1871 Atlas of Massachusetts''], [ Map of Massachusetts.] [ Map of Middlesex County]
* [ Samuel Adams Drake, ''History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts'', Vol. 2 (L-W)], 1879–1880, pp.&nbsp;505 and 572
* [,M1 Samuel A. Green, "Groton"], in Samuel Adams Drake, ''History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts'', Vol. 1, pp.&nbsp;454–469.
==External links==
{{commons category}}
{{AmCyc Poster|Groton|Groton, Massachusetts}}
* [ Town of Groton official website]
* [ Groton Public Library]
* [ Groton School]
* [ Lawrence Academy]
* {{dmoz|Regional/North_America/United_States/Massachusetts/Localities/G/Groton}}
* [ Map of Groton]
{{Middlesex County, Massachusetts}}
[[Category:Towns in Middlesex County, Massachusetts]]
[[Category:Groton, Massachusetts| ]]
[[Category:Towns in Massachusetts]]
Reason: ANN scored at 0.959818
Reporter Information
Reporter: -27455 (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 26th of August 2016 at 08:42:34 AM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 26th of August 2016 at 08:42:39 AM #105681
-27455 (anonymous)

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