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ID: 1671663
User: 96.246.187.20
Article: Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid
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'''γ-Hydroxybutyric acid''' ('''GHB'''), also known as '''4-hydroxybutanoic acid''', is a naturally occurring substance found in the human [[central nervous system]], as well as in wine, beef, small citrus fruits, and almost all animals in small amounts.<ref name="Choc_to_Morph">{{Cite book|last=Weil |first=Andrew |authorlink=Andrew Weil |coauthors=Winifred Rosen |title= From Chocolate to Morphine|edition=2nd |year= 1993|publisher= Houghton Mifflin Company|location=Boston/New York|isbn= 0-395-66079-3|page= 77|chapter= Depressants}}</ref> It is also categorized as an [[illegal drug]] in many countries.<ref name="erowidGHBlaw">[http://erowid.org/chemicals/ghb/ghb_law.shtml Erowid GHB Vault : Legal Status<!-- Bot generated title -->].</ref> It is currently regulated in Australia and New Zealand, Canada, most of Europe and in the US. GHB as the [[sodium]] [[salt (chemistry)|salt]], known as '''[[sodium oxybate]]''' ([[International Nonproprietary Name|INN]]) or by the trade name Xyrem,<ref>{{Cite news| url=http://stocks.us.reuters.com/stocks/fullDescription.asp?rpc=66&symbol=JAZZ.O |work=Reuters|title=Profile: Jazz Pharmaceuticals Inc (JAZZ.O)}}</ref> is used to treat [[cataplexy]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a605032.html |title=Sodium Oxybate: MedlinePlus Drug Information |publisher=Nlm.nih.gov |date=28 July 2010 |accessdate=2010-08-01}}</ref> and excessive daytime sleepiness in patients with [[narcolepsy]].
 
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'''γ-Hydroxybutyric acid''' ('''GHB'''), also known as '''4-hydroxybutanoic acid''', is a naturally occurring substance found in the human [[central nervous popcorn
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system]], as well as in wine, beef, small citrus fruits, and almost all animals in small amounts.<ref name="Choc_to_Morph">{{Cite book|last=Weil |first=Andrew |authorlink=Andrew Weil |coauthors=Winifred Rosen |title= From Chocolate to Morphine|edition=2nd |year= 1993|publisher= Houghton Mifflin Company|location=Boston/New York|isbn= 0-395-66079-3|page= 77|chapter= Depressants}}</ref> It is also categorized as an [[illegal drug]] in many countries.<ref name="erowidGHBlaw">[http://erowid.org/chemicals/ghb/ghb_law.shtml Erowid GHB Vault : Legal Status<!-- Bot generated title -->].</ref> It is currently regulated in Australia and New Zealand, Canada, most of Europe and in the US. GHB as the [[sodium]] [[salt (chemistry)|salt]], known as '''[[sodium oxybate]]''' ([[International Nonproprietary Name|INN]]) or by the trade name Xyrem,<ref>{{Cite news| url=http://stocks.us.reuters.com/stocks/fullDescription.asp?rpc=66&symbol=JAZZ.O |work=Reuters|title=Profile: Jazz Pharmaceuticals Inc (JAZZ.O)}}</ref> is used to treat [[cataplexy]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a605032.html |title=Sodium Oxybate: MedlinePlus Drug Information |publisher=Nlm.nih.gov |date=28 July 2010 |accessdate=2010-08-01}}</ref> and excessive daytime sleepiness in patients with [[narcolepsy]].
   
 
GHB has been used in a medical setting as a general anesthetic, to treat conditions such as insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy, and [[alcoholism]], and to improve athletic performance.<ref name="emedicineonGHB">{{cite web| title = Toxicity, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate | date = 8 January 2007 | author = Benzer, Theodore I | url = http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic848.htm | publisher = [[eMedicine]]}}</ref> It is also used as an intoxicant ([[illegal drugs|illegally]] in many jurisdictions) or as a [[date rape drug]].<ref name="dea-daterape"/> GHB is naturally produced in the human body's cells and is structurally related to the [[ketone body]] [[beta-hydroxybutyrate]]. As a supplement or drug, it is used most commonly in the form of a salt, such as sodium gamma-hydroxybutyrate (Na.GHB, sodium oxybate, or Xyrem) or potassium gamma-hydroxybutyrate (K.GHB, potassium oxybate). GHB is also produced as a result of fermentation, and so is found in small quantities in some beers and wines. [[Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency]] is a disease that causes GHB to accumulate in the blood.
 
GHB has been used in a medical setting as a general anesthetic, to treat conditions such as insomnia, clinical depression, narcolepsy, and [[alcoholism]], and to improve athletic performance.<ref name="emedicineonGHB">{{cite web| title = Toxicity, Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate | date = 8 January 2007 | author = Benzer, Theodore I | url = http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic848.htm | publisher = [[eMedicine]]}}</ref> It is also used as an intoxicant ([[illegal drugs|illegally]] in many jurisdictions) or as a [[date rape drug]].<ref name="dea-daterape"/> GHB is naturally produced in the human body's cells and is structurally related to the [[ketone body]] [[beta-hydroxybutyrate]]. As a supplement or drug, it is used most commonly in the form of a salt, such as sodium gamma-hydroxybutyrate (Na.GHB, sodium oxybate, or Xyrem) or potassium gamma-hydroxybutyrate (K.GHB, potassium oxybate). GHB is also produced as a result of fermentation, and so is found in small quantities in some beers and wines. [[Succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency]] is a disease that causes GHB to accumulate in the blood.
Reason: ANN scored at 0.946309
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 07:08:43 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 07:08:43 PM #101764
Bradley (anonymous)

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