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ID: 1688869
User: Earth107
Article: Hurricane Frances
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| Name=Hurricane Frances
 
| Name=Hurricane Frances
 
| Type=hurricane
 
| Type=hurricane
| Year=2004
 
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| Year=2004 [[File:Nuvola apps important.svg|25px|alt=Warning icon]] Please stop your [[Wikipedia:Disruptive editing|disruptive editing]]. If you continue to [[Wikipedia:Vandalism|vandalize]] Wikipedia, as you did at [[:User:Earth100]], you may be [[Wikipedia:Blocking policy|blocked from editing]]. <!-- Template:uw-vandalism3 -->
 
| Basin=Atl
 
| Basin=Atl
 
| Image location=Frances 2004 near Hispaniola.jpg
 
| Image location=Frances 2004 near Hispaniola.jpg
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| 1-min winds=125
 
| 1-min winds=125
 
| Pressure=935
 
| Pressure=935
| Damages=9000
 
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| Damages=9000 [[File:Nuvola apps important.svg|25px|alt=Warning icon]] Please stop your [[Wikipedia:Disruptive editing|disruptive editing]]. If you continue to [[Wikipedia:Vandalism|vandalize]] Wikipedia, as you did at [[:User:Earth100]], you may be [[Wikipedia:Blocking policy|blocked from editing]]. <!-- Template:uw-vandalism3 -->
 
| Inflated=2
 
| Inflated=2
 
| Fatalities=7 direct, 42 indirect
 
| Fatalities=7 direct, 42 indirect
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Frances then passed over the central sections of the state of [[Florida]] in the [[United States|U.S.]] only three weeks after [[Hurricane Charley]], causing significant damage to the state's citrus crop, closing major airports, schools and canceling a collegiate football game. The storm then moved briefly offshore Florida into the northeast [[Gulf of Mexico]] and made a second U.S. landfall at the [[Florida Panhandle]] before accelerating northeast through the eastern [[United States]] near the [[Appalachians]] into [[Atlantic Canada]] while weakening. A significant tornado outbreak accompanied the storm across the eastern United States, nearly equaling the outbreak from [[Hurricane Beulah]]. Very heavy rains fell in association with this slow moving and relatively large hurricane, which led to floods in Florida and North Carolina. A total of 49 lives were lost from the [[cyclone]]. Damages totaled US$12&nbsp;billion (2004 dollars).
 
Frances then passed over the central sections of the state of [[Florida]] in the [[United States|U.S.]] only three weeks after [[Hurricane Charley]], causing significant damage to the state's citrus crop, closing major airports, schools and canceling a collegiate football game. The storm then moved briefly offshore Florida into the northeast [[Gulf of Mexico]] and made a second U.S. landfall at the [[Florida Panhandle]] before accelerating northeast through the eastern [[United States]] near the [[Appalachians]] into [[Atlantic Canada]] while weakening. A significant tornado outbreak accompanied the storm across the eastern United States, nearly equaling the outbreak from [[Hurricane Beulah]]. Very heavy rains fell in association with this slow moving and relatively large hurricane, which led to floods in Florida and North Carolina. A total of 49 lives were lost from the [[cyclone]]. Damages totaled US$12&nbsp;billion (2004 dollars).
 
  +
=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #6|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-29|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.006.shtml?}}</ref> Frances rapidly intensified, developing an [[eye (cyclone)|eye]] and reaching hurricane strength late that afternoon.<ref name="tropdis5">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #8|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-29|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.008.shtml?}}</ref> An approaching upper level trough caused Frances to move more northwesterly on August 27.<ref name="tropdis6">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #12|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-30|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.012.shtml?}}</ref> The cyclone reached its primary peak intensity of {{convert|135|mi/h|km/h}} on August 28.<ref name="tropdis5">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #16|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-30|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.016.shtml?}}</ref> The hurricane turned back to its original westward motion on August 29, as the upper trough moved away the region and the subtropical ridge strengthened to Frances' north.<ref name="tropdis7">{{cite web|author=Avila|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #19|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-30|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.012.shtml?}}</ref>
==Meteorological history==
 
{{storm path|Frances 2004 track.png}}
 
A strong tropical wave moved off the west coast of [[Africa]] on August 21.<ref name="TWO1">{{cite web|author=Lawrence|title=TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-28|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/text/TWOAT/2004/TWOAT.200408210913}}</ref> Moving under the base of the [[subtropical ridge]],<ref name="tropdis1">{{cite web|author=Beven|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #3|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-29|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.003.shtml?}}</ref> it moved westward for several days, remaining disorganized despite favorable conditions.<ref name="TWO3">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-28|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/text/TWOAT/2004/TWOAT.200408231502}}</ref> Thunderstorms associated with the wave finally began organizing early on August 24,<ref name="TWO2">{{cite web|author=Avila|title=TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-28|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/text/TWOAT/2004/TWOAT.200408240911}}</ref> and the system became a [[Tropical Cyclone|tropical depression]] that evening.<ref name="pubadv1">{{cite web|author=Pasch|title=NHC Public Advisory #1|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-28|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/pub/al062004.public.001.shtml?}}</ref> Good upper-level outflow was observed in all but the eastern quadrants as the depression continued on its path,<ref name="tropdis2">{{cite web|author=Pasch|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #2|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-29|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.001.shtml?}}</ref> and the depression strengthened to tropical storm status on August 25, approximately {{convert|1420|mi|km}} east of the [[Lesser Antilles]].<ref name="pubadv4">{{cite web|author=Beven|title=NHC Public Advisory #4|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-28|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/pub/al062004.public.004.shtml?}}</ref>
 
 
The tropical storm, now named Frances, further intensified on August 26 in an environment of low vertical [[wind shear]] as its track bent to the west-northwest.<ref name="tropdis4">{{cite web|author=Avila|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #6|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-29|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.006.shtml?}}</ref> Frances rapidly intensified, developing an [[eye (cyclone)|eye]] and reaching hurricane strength late that afternoon.<ref name="tropdis5">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #8|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-29|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.008.shtml?}}</ref> An approaching upper level trough caused Frances to move more northwesterly on August 27.<ref name="tropdis6">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #12|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-30|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.012.shtml?}}</ref> The cyclone reached its primary peak intensity of {{convert|135|mi/h|km/h}} on August 28.<ref name="tropdis5">{{cite web|author=Stewart|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #16|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-30|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.016.shtml?}}</ref> The hurricane turned back to its original westward motion on August 29, as the upper trough moved away the region and the subtropical ridge strengthened to Frances' north.<ref name="tropdis7">{{cite web|author=Avila|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #19|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-05-30|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.012.shtml?}}</ref>
 
 
[[File:Hurricane Frances, September 2nd.jpg|right|thumb|Hurricane Frances on September 2, 2004, as a Category 4 hurricane]]
 
[[File:Hurricane Frances, September 2nd.jpg|right|thumb|Hurricane Frances on September 2, 2004, as a Category 4 hurricane]]
 
Over the next day, the hurricane underwent an [[eyewall replacement cycle]], during which the maximum sustained winds decreased to {{convert|115|mi/h|km/h}}.<ref name="TCR">{{cite web|author=Beven|title=Hurricane Frances Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-06-01|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004frances.shtml?}}</ref> This weakening trend was short lived, and the storm reintensified during the afternoon of August 30, as vertical wind shear remained low.<ref name="tropdis8">{{cite web|author=Pasch|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #24|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-06-01|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.024.shtml?}}</ref> The storm continued strengthening as it turned west-northwestward, reaching its peak intensity of {{convert|145|mi/h|km/h}} on September 2 while {{convert|555|mi|km|}} east-southeast of [[West Palm Beach, Florida]].<ref name="tropdis9">{{cite web|author=Beven|title=Hurricane Frances Public Advisory #33A|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-06-01|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/pub/al062004.public_a.033.shtml?}}</ref> On September 2, Frances entered the [[Bahamas]], passing directly over [[San Salvador Island]] and very close to [[Cat Island, Bahamas|Cat Island]]. The storm weakened to a Category&nbsp;3 hurricane by 2&nbsp;pm, which was initially attributed to inner core processes,<ref>{{cite web|author=Avila|title=Hurricane Frances Discussion #36|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-10-06|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.036.shtml}}</ref> but increasing westerly winds aloft, and the resultant vertical wind shear, was later determined to be the cause.<ref name="TCR">[[National Hurricane Center]]. [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004frances.shtml Tropical Cyclone Report for Frances.] Retrieved on 2008-09-30.</ref> On September 3, Frances passed into the vicinity of [[Abaco Islands|Abaco Island]] and directly over [[Grand Bahama]] while continuing to slowly weaken. The storm regained Category&nbsp;2 hurricane intensity prior to passing over Grand Bahama Island and also slowed in forward speed due to a weakness in the subtropical ridge to its north. Parts of [[South Florida]] began to be affected by [[squalls]] and the outer [[rainband]]s of the hurricane at this time. Gusts from {{convert|40|mph|km/h}} to as high as {{convert|87|mph|km/h}} were reported from Jupiter Inlet to Miami.<ref name="TCR"/>
 
Over the next day, the hurricane underwent an [[eyewall replacement cycle]], during which the maximum sustained winds decreased to {{convert|115|mi/h|km/h}}.<ref name="TCR">{{cite web|author=Beven|title=Hurricane Frances Tropical Cyclone Report|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-06-01|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004frances.shtml?}}</ref> This weakening trend was short lived, and the storm reintensified during the afternoon of August 30, as vertical wind shear remained low.<ref name="tropdis8">{{cite web|author=Pasch|title=Hurricane Frances Forecast Discussion #24|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-06-01|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.024.shtml?}}</ref> The storm continued strengthening as it turned west-northwestward, reaching its peak intensity of {{convert|145|mi/h|km/h}} on September 2 while {{convert|555|mi|km|}} east-southeast of [[West Palm Beach, Florida]].<ref name="tropdis9">{{cite web|author=Beven|title=Hurricane Frances Public Advisory #33A|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-06-01|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/pub/al062004.public_a.033.shtml?}}</ref> On September 2, Frances entered the [[Bahamas]], passing directly over [[San Salvador Island]] and very close to [[Cat Island, Bahamas|Cat Island]]. The storm weakened to a Category&nbsp;3 hurricane by 2&nbsp;pm, which was initially attributed to inner core processes,<ref>{{cite web|author=Avila|title=Hurricane Frances Discussion #36|publisher=[[National Hurricane Center]]|year=2004|accessdate=2008-10-06|url=http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/dis/al062004.discus.036.shtml}}</ref> but increasing westerly winds aloft, and the resultant vertical wind shear, was later determined to be the cause.<ref name="TCR">[[National Hurricane Center]]. [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004frances.shtml Tropical Cyclone Report for Frances.] Retrieved on 2008-09-30.</ref> On September 3, Frances passed into the vicinity of [[Abaco Islands|Abaco Island]] and directly over [[Grand Bahama]] while continuing to slowly weaken. The storm regained Category&nbsp;2 hurricane intensity prior to passing over Grand Bahama Island and also slowed in forward speed due to a weakness in the subtropical ridge to its north. Parts of [[South Florida]] began to be affected by [[squalls]] and the outer [[rainband]]s of the hurricane at this time. Gusts from {{convert|40|mph|km/h}} to as high as {{convert|87|mph|km/h}} were reported from Jupiter Inlet to Miami.<ref name="TCR"/>
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===Retirement===
 
===Retirement===
{{See also|List of retired Atlantic hurricane names}}
 
  +
[[File:Nuvola apps important.svg|25px|alt=Warning icon]] Please stop your [[Wikipedia:Disruptive editing|disruptive editing]]. If you continue to [[Wikipedia:Vandalism|vandalize]] Wikipedia, as you did at [[:User:Earth100]], you may be [[Wikipedia:Blocking policy|blocked from editing]]. <!-- Template:uw-vandalism3 -->
Because of its effects in the [[United States]], the name Frances was retired in the spring of 2005 by the [[World Meteorological Organization]], and will never again be used for an [[North Atlantic tropical cyclone|Atlantic hurricane]]. It was replaced with [[Tropical Storm Fiona (2010)|Fiona]] for the 2010 season. Due to a request by France in the 2003 WMO Meeting, the name Frances was to be removed from the rotating cyclone lists after the 2004 hurricane season, even if Frances wasn't as destructive,<ref>[http://web.archive.org/web/20060927111817/http://www.wmo.int/web/www/TCP/Reports/HC-25FinalReport-eng.pdf RA IV Hurricane Committee: Final Report of the Twenty-Fifth Session.] Retrieved on 2007-04-08 via [[Digital time capsule|Wayback Machine]]</ref> but the destruction caused by Frances in the United States was enough to warrant retirement on its own merit.
 
 
==See also==
 
{{Portal|Tropical cyclones}}
 
* [[List of Florida hurricanes (2000-present)]]
 
* [[List of retired Atlantic hurricane names]]
 
* [[Hurricane Frances tornado outbreak]]
 
* [[List of Category 4 Atlantic hurricanes]]
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|2}}
 
 
==External links==
 
{{Sisterlinks|Hurricane Frances}}
 
* [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2004frances.shtml? NHC Tropical Cyclone Report on Hurricane Frances]
 
* [http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2004/refresh/FRANCES+shtml/ NHC advisory archive on Hurricane Frances]
 
* [http://www.wpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/frances2004.html HPC rainfall report on Frances]
 
* [http://www.myflorida.com/myflorida/frances_preparedness.html State of Florida - Hurricane Frances preparedness]
 
* [http://floridadisaster.org/eoc/frances04.asp Florida Division of Emergency Management - Hurricane Frances]
 
* [http://www.weatherusa.net/blog/ Hurricane news coverage and resources]
 
 
{{Retired Atlantic hurricanes}}
 
{{2004 Atlantic hurricane season buttons}}
 
 
[[Category:2004 Atlantic hurricane season|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Category 4 Atlantic hurricanes|Frances (2004)]]
 
[[Category:Retired Atlantic hurricanes|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Cape Verde-type hurricanes|Frances]]
 
[[Category:F3 tornadoes]]
 
[[Category:Hurricanes in the Bahamas|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Hurricanes in Virginia|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Hurricanes in Florida|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Hurricanes in Georgia (U.S. state)|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Hurricanes in South Carolina|Frances]]
 
[[Category:Hurricanes in North Carolina|Frances]]
 
[[Category:2004 natural disasters]]
 
[[Category:2004 natural disasters in the United States]]
 
Reason: ANN scored at 0.930645
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 11:03:42 AM
Status: Reported
Tuesday, the 6th of January 2015 at 01:27:50 AM #97554
sammy (anonymous)

Hhq70g http://www.QS3PE5ZGdxC9IoVKTAPT2DBYpPkMKqfz.com

Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 11:03:47 AM #106487
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

PxVjhP http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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