ClueBot NG Report Interface

// Viewing 1691883

Navigation

ID: 1691883
User: 173.87.225.179
Article: A Chorus Line
Diff:
m
(Replaced content with 'A chorus line stars Ryan Germany who has sex with a young frog named Titto in this Broadway Masterpiece.')
(Tag: blanking)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{For|the 1985 film adaptation|A Chorus Line (film)}}
 
  +
A chorus line stars Ryan Germany who has sex with a young frog named Titto in this Broadway Masterpiece.
{{Infobox Musical
 
| name = A Chorus Line
 
| image = ChorusLine.jpg
 
| caption = Original Broadway Windowcard
 
| music = [[Marvin Hamlisch]]
 
| lyrics = [[Edward Kleban]]
 
| book = [[James Kirkwood, Jr.|James Kirkwood]] <br> [[Nicholas Dante]]
 
| basis =
 
| productions = 1975 [[Off Broadway]] <br> 1975 [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] <br> 1976 [[West End theatre|West End]] <br> 1976 [[Toronto Theatre District|Toronto]] <br> 1977 [[Sydney]] <br> 1978 [[Mexico]] <br> 1979 [[Stockholm]] <br> 1980 [[Buenos Aires]] <br>1982 [[São Paulo]] <br>2006 [[San Francisco]] <br> 2006 [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] [[Revival (play)|Revival]] <br> 2006 [[San Juan, Puerto Rico|San Juan]] <br> 2007 [[Belgrade]] <br> 2008 US Tour <br> 2010 [[Mexico]] <br> 2010 US Tour <br> 2012 [[Melbourne]] and [[Adelaide]] <br> 2012 [[Singapore]] <br> 2012 [[Sydney]] <br> 2013 [[West End theatre|West End]] [[revival (theatre)|revival]] <br> 2014 [[Oslo]]
 
 
<!-- Please do not include production-specific (acting, directing, etc.) awards -->
 
| awards = [[Tony Award for Best Musical]] <br>[[Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical|Tony Award for Best Book]] <br> [[Tony Award for Best Original Score|Tony Award for Best Score]] <br> 1976 [[Pulitzer Prize for Drama]] <br> [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical|Olivier Award for Best Musical]]
 
}}
 
'''''A Chorus Line''''' is a [[Musical theatre|musical]] with music by [[Marvin Hamlisch]], lyrics by [[Edward Kleban]] and a book by [[James Kirkwood, Jr.]] and [[Nicholas Dante]]. Centred on seventeen [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] [[dancer]]s [[Audition (performing arts)|audition]]ing for spots on a [[chorus line]], the musical is set on the bare stage of a Broadway [[theatre (structure)|theatre]] during an audition for a musical. ''A Chorus Line'' provides a glimpse into the personalities of the performers and the choreographer as they describe the events that have shaped their lives and their decisions to become dancers.
 
 
Following several workshops and an [[Off-Broadway]] production, ''A Chorus Line'' opened at the Shubert Theatre on Broadway on July 25, 1975, directed and choreographed by [[Buffalo, New York|Buffalo]] native [[Michael Bennett]]. An unprecedented box office and critical hit, the musical received 12 [[Tony Award]] nominations and won 9 of them, in addition to the 1976 [[Pulitzer Prize for Drama]].
 
 
The original Broadway production ran for 6,137 performances, becoming the longest-running production in Broadway history until surpassed by ''[[Cats (musical)|Cats]]'' in 1997, and the longest-running Broadway musical originally produced in the US, until surpassed in 2011 by ''[[Chicago (musical)|Chicago]]''. It remains the [[List of the longest-running Broadway shows|sixth longest-running Broadway show]] ever. Its success has spawned many successful productions worldwide. It began a lengthy run in the [[West End theatre|West End]] in 1976 and was revived on Broadway in 2006, and in the West End in 2013.
 
 
==Synopsis==
 
The show opens in the middle of an audition for an upcoming Broadway production. The formidable director Zach and his assistant choreographer Larry put the dancers through their paces. Every dancer is desperate for work ("I Hope I Get It"). After the next round of cuts, 17 dancers remain. Zach tells them he is looking for a strong dancing chorus of four boys and four girls. He wants to learn more about them, and asks the dancers to introduce themselves. With reluctance, the dancers reveal their pasts. The stories generally progress chronologically from early life experiences through adulthood to the end of a career.
 
 
The first candidate, Mike, explains that he is the youngest of 12 children. He recalls his first experience with dance, watching his sister's dance class when he was a pre-schooler ("I Can Do That"). Mike took her place one day when she refused to go to class—and he stayed. Bobby tries to hide the unhappiness of his childhood by making jokes. As he speaks, the other dancers have misgivings about this strange audition process and debate what they should reveal to Zach ("And ..."), but since they all need the job, the session continues.
 
 
Zach is angered when he feels that the streetwise Sheila is not taking the audition seriously. Opening up, she reveals that her mother married at a young age and her father neither loved nor cared for them. When she was six, she realized that [[ballet]] provided relief from her unhappy family life ("At the Ballet"), as did Bebe and Maggie. The scatter-brained Kristine is [[tone deafness|tone-deaf]], and her lament that she could never "Sing!" is interrupted by her husband Al finishing her phrases in tune.
 
 
Mark, the youngest of the dancers, relates his first experiences with pictures of the female anatomy and his first [[Nocturnal emission|wet dream]], while the other dancers share memories of adolescence ("Hello Twelve, Hello Thirteen, Hello Love"). Greg speaks about his discovery of his [[homosexuality]], and Diana recollects her horrible high school acting class ("Nothing"). Don remembers his first job at a [[nightclub]], Richie recounts how he nearly became a [[kindergarten]] teacher, Judy reflects on her problematic childhood, and the 4'10" Connie laments the problems of being short. Finally, the newly-[[buxom]] Val explains that talent alone doesn't count for everything with casting directors, and [[plastic surgery|silicone]] and [[plastic surgery]] can really help ("Dance: Ten; Looks: Three [Tits and Ass]").
 
 
The dancers go downstairs to learn a song for the next section of the audition, but Cassie stays onstage to talk to Zach. She is a veteran dancer who has had some notable successes as a soloist. They have a history together: Zach had cast her in a featured part previously, and they had lived together for several years. Zach tells Cassie that she is too good for the chorus and shouldn't be at this audition. But she hasn't been able to find solo work and is willing to "come home" to the chorus where she can at least express her passion for dance ("The Music and the Mirror"). Zach sends her downstairs to learn the dance combination.
 
 
Zach calls Paul on stage, and he emotionally relives his childhood and high school experience, his early career in a [[drag (clothing)|drag]] act, coming to terms with his manhood and his homosexuality, and his parent's ultimate reaction to finding out about his lifestyle. Paul breaks down and is comforted by Zach. Cassie and Zach's complex relationship resurfaces during a run-through of the number created to showcase an unnamed star ("One"). Zach confronts Cassie, feeling that she is "dancing down," and they rehash what went wrong in their relationship and her career. Zach points to the machine-like dancing of the rest of the cast: the other dancers who have all blended together, and who will probably never be recognized individually. Cassie defends the dancers and replies, "I'll take chorus, if you'll take me!"
 
 
During a [[tap dance|tap]] sequence, Paul falls and injures his knee that recently underwent surgery. After Paul is carried off to the hospital, all at the audition stand in disbelief, realizing that their careers can also end in an instant. Zach asks the remaining dancers what they will do when they can no longer dance. Led by Diana, they reply that whatever happens, they will be free of regret ("What I Did for Love"). The final eight dancers are selected: Mike, Cassie, Bobby, Judy<!-- Note that Bebe was selected in the film, but this article refers to the stage version -->, Richie, Val, Mark, and Diana.
 
 
"One" (reprise/finale) begins with an individual bow for each of the 19 characters, their hodgepodge rehearsal clothes replaced by identical spangled gold costumes. As each dancer joins the group, it is suddenly difficult to distinguish one from the other: [[irony|Ironically]], each character who was an individual to the audience seems now to be an anonymous member of a neverending [[Ensemble cast|ensemble]].<ref>Synopsis adapted from [http://www.musicals101.com/chorus2.htm "Michael Bennett's ''A Chorus Line''"].</ref>
 
 
==Musical numbers==
 
* "I Hope I Get It" – Zach, Tricia, Paul and Company
 
* "I Can Do That" – Mike
 
* "And..." – Bobby, Richie, Val, and Judy
 
* "At the Ballet" – Sheila, Bebe, and Maggie
 
* "Sing!" – Kristine, Al, and Company
 
* "Montage Part 1: Hello Twelve, Hello Thirteen, Hello Love" – Mark, Connie, and Company
 
* "Montage Part 2: Nothing" – Diana
 
* "Montage Part 3: Mother" – Don, Judy, Maggie, and Company
 
* "Montage Part 4: Gimme the Ball" – Greg, Richie, and Company
 
* "Dance: Ten; Looks: Three" – Val
 
* "The Music and the Mirror" – Cassie
 
* "One" – Company
 
* "The Tap Combination" – Company
 
* "What I Did for Love" – Diana and Company
 
* "One" (Reprise) – Company
 
 
==Characters==
 
*Zach, the imperious, successful director running the audition.
 
*Larry, his assistant.
 
 
The Auditionees:
 
*Don Kerr, a married man who once worked in a strip club.
 
*Maggie Winslow, a sweet woman who grew up in a broken home.
 
*Mike Costa, an aggressive dancer who learned to tap at an early age.
 
*Connie Wong, a petite [[Chinese-American]] who seems ageless.
 
*Greg Gardner, a sassy [[Jewish]] [[gay]] man who divulges his first experience with a woman.
 
*Cassie Ferguson, a once successful solo dancer down on her luck and a former love of Zach's.
 
*Sheila Bryant, a sassy, sexy, aging dancer who tells of her unhappy childhood.
 
*Bobby Mills, Sheila's best friend who jokes about his conservative upbringing in [[Buffalo, New York]].
 
*Bebe Benzenheimer, a young dancer who only feels beautiful when she dances.
 
*Judy Turner, a tall, gawky, and quirky dancer.
 
*Richie Walters, an enthusiastic black man who once planned to be a kindergarten teacher.
 
*Al DeLuca, an [[Italian-American]] who takes care of his wife.
 
*Kristine Urich (DeLuca), Al's scatter-brained wife who can't sing.
 
*Val Clark, a foul-mouthed but excellent dancer who couldn't get performing jobs because of her looks until she had plastic surgery.
 
*Mark Anthony, the youngest dancer who recounts the time he told his priest he thought he had [[gonorrhea]].
 
*Paul San Marco, a gay [[Puerto Rican people|Puerto Rican]] who dropped out of high school and survived a troubled childhood.
 
*Diana Morales, Paul's friend, another Puerto Rican who was underestimated by her teachers.
 
 
Cut dancers:
 
*Tricia, who has a brief vocal solo.
 
*Vicki, who never studied ballet.
 
*Lois, who dances like a ballerina.
 
*Roy, who can't get the arms right ("Wrong arms Roy").
 
*Butch, who gives attitude in the audition.
 
*Tom, an all-American jock.
 
*Frank, who looks at his feet when he dances ("headband").
 
 
==Production history==
 
The musical was formed from several taped workshop sessions with Broadway dancers, known as "gypsies," including eight who eventually appeared in the original cast. The sessions were originally hosted by dancers Michon Peacock and Tony Stevens. The first taped session occurred at the Nickolaus Exercise Center on January 26, 1974. They hoped that they would form a professional dance company to make workshops for Broadway dancers.
 
 
[[Michael Bennett]] was invited to join the group primarily as an observer, but quickly took control of the proceedings. Although Bennett’s involvement has been challenged, there has been no question about Kirkwood and Dante’s authorship. In later years, Bennett's claim that ''A Chorus Line'' had been his brainchild resulted in not only hard feelings but a number of lawsuits as well.<ref>[http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/02/theater/02chor.html Those First in ‘Chorus Line’ Gain a Continuing Stake] New York Times February 2, 2008</ref> During the workshop sessions, random characters would be chosen at the end for the chorus jobs, resulting in genuine surprise among the cast. Subsequent productions, however, have the same set of characters winning the slots.<ref name=mckay>McKay, William. [http://www.musicals101.com/chorus2.htm "Michael Bennett's ''A Chorus Line''"] Musicals101.com. 1998. Retrieved August 14, 2008.</ref> Marvin Hamlisch, who wrote ''A Chorus Line''{{'}}s winning score, recalls how in its first previews audiences seemed put off by something in the story. Actress Marsha Mason told Bennett that Cassie (Donna McKechnie in the original production) should win the part in the end and not lose because she did everything right. Bennett changed it so that Cassie would win the part.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.madisonavenuejournal.com/2009/03/24/kurt_brokaws_new_directorsnew_film|title=Kurt Brokaw's New Directors/Film, Part Three|work=Madison Avenue Journal|date=March 24, 2009|accessdate=March 14, 2013}}</ref>
 
 
===Original production===
 
''A Chorus Line'' opened [[Off Broadway]] at [[The Public Theater]] on April 15, 1975.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.lortel.org/LLA_archive/index.cfm?search_by=show&title=A%20Chorus%20Line|title=A Chorus Line|work=Lortel Archives|date=April 15, 1975|accessdate=March 14, 2013}}</ref> At the time, the Public did not have enough money to finance the production. They borrowed $1.6 million in order to produce the show.<ref>"What They Did for Love." ''American Theatre''. February 2007, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p15-16, 2p.</ref> The show was directed and co-[[choreographed]] (with [[Bob Avian]]) by Bennett.
 
 
Advance word had created such a demand for tickets that the entire run sold out immediately. Producer [[Joseph Papp]] moved the production to [[Broadway theatre|Broadway]], and on July 25, 1975 it opened at the [[Shubert Theatre (Broadway)|Shubert Theatre]], where it ran for 6,137 performances until April 28, 1990. The original Broadway cast included:
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! Cast <br /> (in Alphabetical Order)
 
! Role
 
! Awards
 
|-
 
| Scott Allen
 
| Roy
 
|
 
|-
 
| Renee Baughman
 
| Kristine
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Kelly Bishop]]
 
| Sheila
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical]] <small>(won)</small> <br /> [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical]] <small>(won)</small>
 
|-
 
| [[Pamela Blair]]
 
| Val
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Wayne Cilento]]
 
| Mike
 
|
 
|-
 
| Chuck Cissel
 
| Butch
 
|
 
|-
 
| Clive Clerk
 
| Larry
 
|
 
|-
 
| Kay Cole
 
| Maggie
 
|
 
|-
 
| Ronald Dennis
 
| Richie
 
|
 
|-
 
| Donna Drake
 
| Trisha
 
|
 
|-
 
| Brandt Edwards
 
| Tom
 
|
 
|-
 
| Patricia Garland
 
| Judy
 
|
 
|-
 
| Carolyn Kirsch
 
| Lois
 
|
 
|-
 
| Ron Kuhlman
 
| Don
 
|
 
|-
 
| Nancy Lane
 
| Bebe
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Baayork Lee]]
 
| Connie
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Priscilla Lopez]]
 
| Diana
 
| [[Obie Award|Obie Award for Best Actress]] <small>(won)</small> <br /> [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical]] <small>(nominated)</small>
 
|-
 
| [[Robert LuPone]]
 
| Zach
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical]] <small>(nominated)</small>
 
|-
 
| Cameron Mason
 
| Mark
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Donna McKechnie]]
 
| Cassie
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical]] <small>(won)</small> <br /> [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical]] <small>(won)</small>
 
|-
 
| Don Percassi
 
| Al
 
|
 
|-
 
| Michael Serrecchia
 
| Frank
 
|
 
|-
 
| Michel Stuart
 
| Greg
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Thommie Walsh|Thomas J. Walsh]]
 
| Bobby
 
|
 
|-
 
| [[Sammy Williams]]
 
| Paul
 
| [[Obie Award|Obie Award for Best Actor]] <small>(won)</small> <br /> [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical]] <small>(won)</small>
 
|-
 
| Crissy Wilzak
 
| Vicki
 
|
 
|}
 
 
In addition, Carole Schweid and John Mineo were understudies named "Barbara" and "Jarad", although they only went on covering other roles.
 
 
The production was nominated for 12 [[Tony Award]]s, winning nine: Best Musical, Best Musical Book, Best Score (Hamlisch and Kleban), Best Director, and Best Choreography, Best Actress (McKechnie), Best Featured Actor (Sammy Williams), Best Featured Actress (Bishop) and Best Lighting Design.<ref name="tony" /> The show won the 1976 [[Pulitzer Prize for Drama]], one of the few musicals ever to receive this honor, and the [[New York Drama Critics' Circle]] Award for Best Play of the season.
 
 
In 1976, many of the original cast went on to perform in the Los Angeles production. Open roles were recast and the play was again reviewed as the ''"New" New York Company'' which included [[Ann Reinking]], [[Sandahl Bergman]], [[Christopher Chadman]], Justin Ross (who would go on to appear in the film), and [[Barbara Luna]].
 
 
When it closed, ''A Chorus Line'' was the [[List of notable musical theatre productions|longest running show in Broadway history]]<ref>Rothstein, Mervyn. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0CE5D81E3FF933A05757C0A966958260&scp=2&sq=%22A+Chorus+Line%22&st=nyt "After 15 Years (15!), 'A Chorus Line' Ends"]. ''The New York Times''. April 30, 1990</ref> until its record was surpassed by ''[[Cats (musical)|Cats]]'' in 1997 and ''[[Les Misérables (musical)|Les Misérables]]'' and ''[[The Phantom of the Opera (1986 musical)|The Phantom of the Opera]]'' in 2002. According to Baayork Lee in Sean Egan’s James Kirkwood biography ''Ponies & Rainbows'', the first of those shows was artificially elevated above ''A Chorus Line''. She said, “I think they had ''Cats'' limping in, keeping it open and do you know I think they were giving tickets away just so that it would stay open, so they would break the record.” <ref>Egan, Sean (2011) “Ponies & Rainbows: The Life of James Kirkwood" Bearmanor Media, ISBN 1-59393-680-X, page 450</ref> On September 29, 1983, Bennett and 330 ''A Chorus Line'' veterans came together to produce a show to celebrate the musical becoming the longest-running show in Broadway history.<ref>Corliss, Richard. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1074830,00.html?iid=sphere-inline-bottom "The Show Must Go Under"]. TIME. June 21, 2005. Retrieved August 14, 2008.</ref> ''A Chorus Line'' generated $277 million USD in revenue and had 6.5 million Broadway attendees.<ref>[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,969503,00.html "A Sensation's Final Bow"]. TIME. March 5, 1990. Retrieved August 14, 2008.</ref> Since its inception, the show's many worldwide productions, both professional and amateur, have been a major source of income for The Public Theater.
 
 
By 1991, four of the five original creators had died; Bennett, Kirkwood, and Dante from complications of AIDS-related diseases, and Kleban from cancer. Hamlisch died in 2012.
 
 
===Subsequent productions===
 
U.S. and international tours were mounted in 1976, including a run in Los Angeles at the Shubert Theatre in Century City.
 
 
A London production opened in the [[West End theatre|West End]] at the [[Theatre Royal Drury Lane]] in 1976. It ran for several years. Jane Summerhays and Geraldine Gardner (aka Trudi van Doorn of the Benny Hill Shows), played Sheila in the London production.<ref>[http://westend.broadwayworld.com/bwidb/productions/A_Chorus_Line_3992/ BroadwayWorld listing]</ref><ref>[http://www.reallyuseful.com/rug/shows/cats/cast/GeraldineGardner.htm Really Useful biography]</ref> The production won the [[Laurence Olivier Award]] as Best Musical of the Year 1976, the first year in which the awards were presented. Joan Illingworth was also down to the last two to appear.
 
 
In 1980, under the direction of Roy Smith, the Teatro El Nacional of Buenos Aires produced a successful Spanish version of ''A Chorus Line'' lasting 10 months (to make way for a subsequent production).
 
 
In 1984, under the direction of Roy Smith with translation by Nacho Artime y Jaime Azpilicueta, the Tivoli Theater in Barcelona and the Monumental Theatre in Madrid Spain.
 
 
In 1986, American Impresario Peter Klein brought the show to Europe for the first time, premiering at The Nervi Festival in Genoa, Italy, followed by a five week Italian tour, on the heels of the 1985 release of the [unsuccessful] movie.
 
 
The 2006 Broadway revival opened at the [[Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre|Gerald Schoenfeld Theater]] on October 5, 2006 following a run in [[San Francisco]]. The revival closed on August 17, 2008 after 759 performances and 18 previews. It cost $8 million to finance and made back its investment in 19 weeks.<ref>BWW News Desk. [http://broadwayworld.com/viewcolumn.cfm?colid=31226 "''A Chorus Lins'' Ends Run Tonight, August 17"]. Broadwayworld, August 17, 2008.</ref> The production was directed by [[Bob Avian]], with the choreography reconstructed by Baayork Lee, who had played Connie Wong in the original Broadway production. The opening night cast included Paul McGill, [[Michael Berresse]], [[Charlotte d'Amboise]], [[Mara Davi]], [[James T. Lane]], [[Heather Parcells]], [[Alisan Porter]], [[Jason Tam]], [[Jessica Lee Goldyn]] and [[Chryssie Whitehead]].<ref>BWW News Desk. [http://www.broadwayworld.com/viewcolumn.cfm?colid=9229 "''A Chorus Line'' Announces Complete 2006 Cast"], BroadwayWorld.com, April 26, 2006. Retrieved August 14, 2008.</ref> On April 15, 2008 [[Mario Lopez]] joined the cast as the replacement for Zach.<ref>BWW News Desk. [http://www.broadwayworld.com/viewcolumn.cfm?colid=25696 "Mario Lopez Joins ''A Chorus Line'' on April 15"], BroadwayWorld.com, March 4, 2008. Retrieved August 14, 2008.</ref> The production was the subject of the documentary film ''[[Every Little Step (film)|Every Little Step]]''.
 
 
The production received two Tony Award nominations in 2007 for Featured Role (Charlotte d'Amboise) and Revival (Musical).<ref name="tony">[http://www.tonyawards.com/p/tonys_search?start=0&year=&award=&lname=&fname=&show=%3Ci%3EA+Chorus+Line%3C%2Fi%3E "TonyAwards.com - The American Theatre Wing's Tony Awards - Official Website by IBM"], TonyAwards.com. Retrieved August 14, 2008.</ref> The original contract for ''A Chorus Line'' provided for sharing the revenue from the show with the directors and dancers that had attended the original workshop sessions. However, the contract did not specify revenue when the musical was revived in 2006. In February 2008, an agreement was reached with the dancers and Michael Bennett's estate.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/02/theater/02chor.html|title=Those First in ''Chorus Line'' Gain a Continuing Stake|last=Robertson|first=Campbell|work=New York Times|date=February 2, 2008|accessdate=March 14, 2013}}</ref>
 
 
A 2008 U.S. touring production opened on May 4, 2008 at the [[Denver Center for the Performing Arts]] and was expected to tour through June 2009. This production featured Michael Gruber as Zach, [[Nikki Snelson]] as Cassie, Emily Fletcher as Sheila, and Gabrielle Ruiz as Diana.<ref>Hetrick, Adam. [http://www.playbill.com/news/article/117548.html "National Tour of A Chorus Line Officially Opens in Denver May 9"], playbill.com, May 9, 2008. Retrieved August 18, 2008.</ref>
 
 
An unsuccessful [[A Chorus Line (film)|film adaptation]] was released in 1985, starring [[Michael Douglas]] as Zach. As Kelly Bishop, the original Sheila, later noted, "it was appalling when director Richard Attenborough went on a talk show and said 'this is a story about kids trying to break into show business.' I almost tossed my TV out the window; I mean what an ''idiot!'' It's about veteran dancers looking for one last job before it's too late for them to dance anymore. No wonder the film sucked!"
 
 
In 2012, the musical came to [[Singapore]], playing at the [[Marina Bay Sands]], Sands Theater, between May 4, 2012 to May 27, 2012.<ref>{{cite web|title=A Chorus Line, Marina Bay Sands, Singapore|url=http://www.marinabaysands.com/Singapore-Entertainment/Shows/a-chorus-line/|accessdate=25 February 2012}}</ref>
 
 
A Chorus Line returned to [[Glasgow]], [[Scotland]] for a short, rare run at Eastwood Park Theatre, from January 29 to February 2, 2013. The production, by Glasgow Music Theatre, included some alterations. An intermission was inserted between 'Montage' and 'Dance Ten, Looks Three' and the solo of the final ballad, 'What I Did For Love' was sung by the character Bebe (played by Katie Hart). The production preceded the show's West End revival and featured Colin Johnston as Zach, Bridget Louise McCavanagh as Cassie, Emma Fraser as Sheila, Kirsty Grant as Val and Kelly Johnston as Diana. The production was directed by Marcus Littlejohn, with musical direction by Barrie McKillop and choreography by Marion Baird.
 
 
The show returned to London for a revival in February 2013 [[West End theatre|West End]] and is currently on stage at the [[London Palladium]]. It is being directed by original choreographer, [[Bob Avian]], with [[John Partridge (actor)|John Partridge]], [[Scarlett Strallen]], and [[Victoria Hamilton-Barritt]] all starring.<ref>{{cite web|title=''A Chorus Line'' revived at London Palladium|url=http://www.thestage.co.uk/news/newsstory.php/37262/a-chorus-line-to-be-revived-at-london|accessdate=7 September 2012}}</ref> [[James T. Lane]] is reprising his Broadway role and [[Leigh Zimmerman]] won the [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical]] for her portrayal of Sheila in this production.<ref>[http://playbill.com/news/article/177394-2013-Olivier-Awards-Announced-Curious-Incident-of-the-Dog-in-the-Night-time-The-Audience-Top-Hat-and-Sweeney-Todd-Take-Major-Awards 2013 Olivier Awards Announced; Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time, The Audience, Top Hat and Sweeney Todd Take Major Awards] Retrieved April 28, 2013</ref> On Sunday 9 June 2013 it was announced that the London revival cast would record a new cast album featuring never-before-heard songs which were written for the show but never made the final cut.<ref>http://www.westendframe.com/2013/06/AChorusLineAlbum.html</ref>
 
 
==Awards and nominations==
 
 
===Original Broadway production===
 
{| class="wikitable" width="95%"
 
|-
 
! width="5%"| Year
 
! width="20%"| Award
 
! width="40%"| Category
 
! width="25%"| Nominee
 
! width="10%"| Result
 
|-
 
| rowspan="22" align="center"| 1976
 
| rowspan="12"| [[Tony Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| [[Tony Award for Best Musical|Best Musical]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical|Best Book of a Musical]]
 
| [[James Kirkwood, Jr.|James Kirkwood]] and [[Nicholas Dante]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical|Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical]]
 
| [[Donna McKechnie]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2"| [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical|Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical]]
 
| [[Sammy Williams]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Robert LuPone]]
 
| {{nom}}
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2"| [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical]]
 
| [[Kelly Bishop]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Priscilla Lopez]]
 
| {{nom}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Original Score|Best Original Score]]
 
| [[Marvin Hamlisch]] and [[Edward Kleban]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical|Best Direction of a Musical]]
 
| [[Michael Bennett]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Choreography|Best Choreography]]
 
| [[Michael Bennett]] and [[Bob Avian]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Costume Design|Best Costume Design]]
 
| [[Theoni V. Aldredge]]
 
| {{nom}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Lighting Design|Best Lighting Design]]
 
| [[Tharon Musser]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| rowspan="8"| [[Drama Desk Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Musical|Outstanding Musical]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Book of a Musical|Book of a Musical]]
 
| [[James Kirkwood, Jr.]] and [[Nicholas Dante]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2"| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical|Outstanding Actress in a Musical]]
 
| [[Kelly Bishop]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Donna McKechnie]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Director of a Musical|Outstanding Director of a Musical]]
 
| [[Michael Bennett]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Choreography|Outstanding Choreography]]
 
| [[Michael Bennett]] and [[Bob Avian]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Music|Outstanding Music]]
 
| [[Marvin Hamlisch]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Lyrics|Outstanding Lyrics]]
 
| [[Edward Kleban]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| colspan="3"| [[Pulitzer Prize for Drama]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| [[Theatre World Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| Special Award
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| align="center"| 1978
 
| colspan="3"| Gold Record Award from [[Columbia Records]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| align="center"| 1984
 
| [[Tony Award]] <small>(special)</small>
 
| colspan="2"| Longest-running Broadway musical
 
| {{won}}
 
|}
 
 
===Original London production===
 
{| class="wikitable" width="95%"
 
|-
 
! width="5%"| Year
 
! width="20%"| Award
 
! width="40%"| Category
 
! width="25%"| Nominee
 
! width="10%"| Result
 
|-
 
| align="center"| 1976
 
| [[Laurence Olivier Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical|Best New Musical]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|-
 
| align="center"| 1977
 
| [[Evening Standard Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| Best Musical
 
| {{won}}
 
|}
 
 
===2006 Broadway revival===
 
{| class="wikitable" width="95%"
 
|-
 
! width="5%"| Year
 
! width="20%"| Award
 
! width="40%"| Category
 
! width="25%"| Nominee
 
! width="10%"| Result
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" align="center"| 2007
 
| rowspan="2"| [[Tony Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| [[Tony Award for Best Revival of a Musical|Best Revival of a Musical]]
 
| {{nom}}
 
|-
 
| [[Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical|Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical]]
 
| [[Charlotte d'Amboise]]
 
| {{nom}}
 
|}
 
 
===2013 London revival===
 
{| class="wikitable" width="95%"
 
|-
 
! width="5%"| Year
 
! width="20%"| Award
 
! width="40%"| Category
 
! width="25%"| Nominee
 
! width="10%"| Result
 
|-
 
| rowspan="2" align="center"| 2013
 
| rowspan="2"| [[Laurence Olivier Award]]
 
| colspan="2"| [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best Musical Revival|Best Musical Revival]]
 
| {{nom}}
 
|-
 
| [[Laurence Olivier Award for Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical|Best Performance in a Supporting Role in a Musical]]
 
| [[Leigh Zimmerman]]
 
| {{won}}
 
|}
 
 
==Other media==
 
In 1990, original cast members Baayork Lee and Thommie Walsh collaborated with Robert Viagas on the book ''On the Line: The Creation of A Chorus Line'', which chronicles the musical's origins and evolution and includes interviews with the entire original cast.
 
 
In 1990, [[Visa Inc.|Visa]] launched a marketing campaign around ''A Chorus Line'' as it was touring the United States. The promotions included television commercials featuring the musical and the right to say that tickets for the show could be charged only on Visa cards. Visa paid $500,000 for the promotion.<ref>McManus, John, "Visa joins with ''Chorus Line''," ''Advertising Age'', September 17, 1990, Vol. 61 Issue 38, p. 4</ref>
 
 
Also in 1990, much of the original cast reunited to perform selections from the musical as well as talk about it on the talk show [[Donahue]]. This performance was given to benefit the final run of the show as it was about to close on Broadway at the time. The highlight of the appearance was an emotionally-charged performance of "At The Ballet" as performed by Kelly Bishop, Kay Cole and Nancy Lane which left several of the cast and the studio audience fighting back tears. Another highlight was the comical performance of "Dance: Ten, Looks: Three (Tits and Ass)" as done by Pamela Blair. Renee Baughman was the only original cast member who couldn't attend the show's taping because she had to take care of her seriously ill father.
 
 
''[[The Simpsons]]'' episode "[[Treehouse of Horror V]]" closes with a parody of "One," which the Simpsons family sings (with alternate lyrics) after they are turned inside out by a mysterious fog.
 
 
Michael Bennett and Ed Kleban are portrayed in the 2001 musical ''[[A Class Act]]'', a partly fictionalized account of Kleban's life using some of the lyricist's unpublished songs.
 
 
In "What I'll Never Do For Love Again," the 20th episode of the fifth season of ''[[Ally McBeal]]'' (2002), Elaine Vassal auditions (ultimately in vain) for a Boston production of ''A Chorus Line,'' singing "Dance: Ten; Looks: Three" and "The Music and the Mirror."
 
 
James D. Stern and Adam Del Deo produced and directed a [[documentary film]] about the musical called ''[[Every Little Step (film)|Every Little Step]]'', which includes footage of Michael Bennett and interviews with Marvin Hamlisch, Bob Avian, former ''[[New York Times]]'' theater critic [[Frank Rich]], and original cast members Donna McKechnie and Baayork Lee. The film includes some of the audiotapes made at the early workshop sessions and shows behind-the-scenes footage of the audition, rehearsals, and performances of both the original 1975 production and the 2006 Broadway revival. Production of the documentary began in 2005 when 3,000 hopefuls arrived on the first day of auditions for the revival. The film made its world premiere at the [[Toronto International Film Festival]] in September 2008 and was released as ''Broadway Broadway'' in Japan the following month.<ref>[http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/ff20081017a2.html ''The Japan Times'', October 17, 2008]</ref> The documentary opened in limited release in the US in April 2009.<ref>[http://www.playbill.com/news/article/125652.html Playbill.com, January 27, 2009]</ref>
 
 
In 2009, music from the score was used in the television series [[Fringe (TV series)|Fringe]] in the episode ''[[Brown Betty (Fringe)|Brown Betty]]'', and also in the movie [[Land of the Lost (film)|Land of the Lost]] that same year featuring [[Will Ferrell]], [[Danny McBride (actor)|Danny McBride]], and [[Anna Friel]]
 
 
The song "What I Did for Love" has been recorded by [[Aretha Franklin]] from "[[Sweet Passion]]" (1977), [[Petula Clark]], [[The Three Degrees]] on their 1977 album ''Standing Up for Love'', [[Me First and the Gimme Gimmes]] on "[[Are a Drag]]" (1999), [[Christine Ebersole]] in a 2009 episode of "[[The Colbert Report]]", and most recently by [[Lea Michele]] in the first episode of the second season of the hit musical television series ''[[Glee (TV series)|Glee]]''. In a later episode in the same season, [[Jenna Ushkowitz]] and [[Harry Shum, Jr.]] performed "Sing!", although the male and female vocals were switched. The episode "Hell-O" from the show's first season was planned to feature a performance of "Hello Twelve, Hello Thirteen, Hello Love", although the performance was cut; in a later episode the song can be heard playing in the background. Never officially released, the song was performed by [[Lea Michele]] and [[Jonathan Groff]]. "At The Ballet" was featured in the show's fourth season and was performed by [[Chris Colfer]], [[Naya Rivera]], [[Lea Michele]] and [[Sarah Jessica Parker]].
 
 
"Phineas & Ferb": in one part of the live show; [[Heinz Doofenshmirtz]] sings part of One
 
 
The ''[[Scrubs (TV series)|Scrubs]] ''episode'' [[My Malpractical Decision (Scrubs episode)|My Malpractical Decision]]'' features a parody of "One", accompanying an imaginary sequence in which Neena Broderick repeatedly assaults a barrage of unfortunate bystanders in the genitals.
 
 
In August 2013, ACL alumna Melissa R. Randel ("Judy Turner") mounted her original production, The Hat, at [[New York International Fringe Festival|The New York International Fringe Festival]] - [[FringeNYC]]. The Hat was inspired by her experience as a young Broadway dancer who learns on the eve of a performance that her father has died. "''The curtain rises on her 87th performance of a hit Broadway musical, but no one tells Ruth her father has died.  Forevermore, her heart clings to a gold-studded chorus girl’s top hat. LIGHTS UP! 5-6-7-8!''" Randel appeared in more than 2,000 performances from 1981 to 1985 at Broadway's [[Shubert Theatre (New York City)|Shubert Theatre]] and on National and International tours, and can be seen as a featured dancer in [[Richard Attenborough|Richard Attenborough']]<nowiki/>s film, ''[[A Chorus Line (film)|A Chorus Line]]''.
 
 
==Notes==
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
 
==References==
 
* Egan, Sean, ''Ponies & Rainbows: The Life of James Kirkwood''. Bearmanor Media 2011. ISBN 1-59393-680-X
 
* Long, Robert Emmet, ''Broadway, the Golden Years''. Continuum International Publishing Group 2001. ISBN 0-8264-1883-X
 
* Flinn, Denny Martin, ''What They Did for Love: The Untold Story Behind the Making of A Chorus Line''. Bantam 1989 ISBN 0-553-34593-1
 
* Hamlisch, Marvin, ''The Way I Was''. Scribner 1982. ISBN 0-684-19327-2
 
* Kelly, Kevin, ''One Singular Sensation: The Michael Bennett Story''. New York: Doubleday 1990. ISBN 0-385-26125-X
 
* Mandelbaum, Ken, ''A Chorus Line and the Musicals of Michael Bennett''. St. Martins Press 1990. ISBN 0-312-03061-4
 
* McKechnie, Donna and Lawrence, Greg, ''Time Steps: My Musical Comedy Life''. Simon & Schuster 2006. ISBN 0-7432-5520-8
 
* Stevens, Gary, ''The Longest Line: Broadway's Most Singular Sensation: A Chorus Line''. Applause Books 2000. ISBN 1-55783-221-8
 
* Viagas, Robert; Lee, Baayork; and Walsh, Thommie, ''On the Line: The Creation of A Chorus Line''. New York: William Morrow & Company 1990. ISBN 0-688-08429-X
 
 
==External links==
 
{{Portal|1970s|LGBT|Theatre|New York City}}
 
*[http://www.achoruslinelondon.com/ A Chorus Line London production, London Palladium 2013]
 
*{{ibdb show|1058}}
 
*[http://www.achorusline.com Official tour website]
 
*[http://www.sonyclassics.com/everylittlestep Every Little Step film website]
 
*[http://www.stageagent.com/Shows/View/689 ''A Chorus Line'' Plot summary and character descriptions] from [http://www.stageagent.com StageAgent.com]
 
*[http://www.musicaltheatreaudition.net/shows/achorusline.html A Chorus Line Audition Advice & Show Information] from [http://www.musicaltheatreaudition.com MusicalTheatreAudition.net]
 
*[http://podcasts.sonybmgmasterworks.com/category/masterworks-broadway-podcast-theatre/a-chorus-line/ A Chorus Line Podcast Series by Sony BMG Masterworks ]
 
*[http://theater2.nytimes.com/mem/theater/treview.html?_r=2&html_title=&tols_title=A%20CHORUS%20LINE%20(PLAY)&pdate=19750522&byline=By%20CLIVE%20BARNES&id=1077011428934 The New York Times review of the original 1975 pre-Broadway production before it moved to the Schubert Theater]
 
*[http://www.tams-witmark.com/musicals/chorusline.html Information about obtaining performance rights for A Chorus Line.]
 
*[http://www.ovrtur.com/content/show.php?id=119233 Ovrtur.com Listing]
 
*[http://www.dramadesk.com/1975_1976dd.html Drama Desk Award Winners and Nominations 1976]
 
*[http://broadwayworld.com/tonyawardsyear.cfm?year=1976 Tony Award Winners and Nominations 1976]
 
*[http://lightingdb.nypl.org/productions/3 NYPL theatrical lighting database], complete lighting paperwork, original Broadway production
 
* [http://06880danwoog.com/2013/03/23/staples-players-chorus-line-heads-to-new-york/ Staples Players Invited to perform A Chorus Line on the birthday of Marvin Hamlisch]
 
 
{{s-start}}
 
{{succession box
 
| before = ''[[Grease (musical)|Grease]]''
 
| title = [[List of the longest-running Broadway shows|Longest-running Broadway show]]
 
| years = 1983 – 1997
 
| after = ''[[Cats (musical)|Cats]]''
 
}}
 
{{s-end}}
 
 
{{HelpmannAward Musical 2001-2020}}
 
{{OlivierAward Musical 1976–2000}}
 
{{Pulitzer Prize for Drama 1976-2000}}
 
{{TonyAwardBestMusical 1976-2000}}
 
{{TonyAward MusicalScore 1976-2000}}
 
{{TonyAward MusicalBook 1976-2000}}
 
{{DramaDesk Musical 1975–2000}}
 
{{Longest-running Broadway shows}}
 
{{Marvin Hamlisch}}
 
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Chorus Line, A}}
 
[[Category:1975 musicals]]
 
[[Category:Broadway musicals]]
 
[[Category:LGBT-related musicals]]
 
[[Category:West End musicals]]
 
[[Category:Off-Broadway musicals]]
 
[[Category:Laurence Olivier Award winning musicals]]
 
[[Category:Original musicals]]
 
[[Category:Tony Award winning musicals]]
 
[[Category:Pulitzer Prize for Drama winning works]]
 
[[Category:One-act musicals]]
 
[[Category:Pulitzer Prize for Drama winning musicals]]
 
[[Category:Plays set in New York City]]
 
 
{{Link FA|pt}}
 
Reason: ANN scored at 0.951104
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Thursday, the 13th of October 2016 at 02:39:48 PM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 7th of August 2015 at 09:29:49 PM #100461
Bradley (anonymous)

LUj6aF http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

Thursday, the 13th of October 2016 at 02:39:48 PM #106425
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

zDane8 http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

Username:
Comment: