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Article: Cthulhu
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{{Other uses| Cthulhu (disambiguation)}}
Cthulu is a big monster
{{Infobox character
| name = Cthulhu
| series =
| image = [[File:Cthulhu sketch by Lovecraft.jpg|260px]]
| caption = A sketch of Cthulhu by H. P. Lovecraft in 1934
| first = "[[The Call of Cthulhu]]" (1928)
| last =
| creator = [[H. P. Lovecraft]]
| portrayer =
| voice =
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{{lead too short|date=May 2013}}
'''Cthulhu'''<ref>The ''u'' is similar to that in ''full''; with the first syllable not unlike ''klul'' in sound, hence the ''h'' represents the guttural thickness (H. P. Lovecraft, ''Selected Letters V'', pp. 10&nbsp;– 11.). According to Lovecraft, this is the closest that the human vocals can come to reproducing the syllables of an alien language ("Cthul-Who?: How Do You Pronounce 'Cthulhu'?", ''Crypt of Cthulhu #9''). It has been noted, however, that Lovecraft provided several different pronunciations,(S. T. Joshi, note 9 to "The Call of Cthulhu", ''The Call of Cthulhu and Other Weird Stories'') with many variations in spelling also existing (Harms, "Cthulhu," "PanChulhu," ''The Encyclopedia Cthulhiana'', p. 64.).</ref> is a fictional [[Cthulhu Mythos deities#Great Old Ones|cosmic entity]] that first appeared in the [[short story]] "[[The Call of Cthulhu]]", published in the [[pulp magazine]] ''[[Weird Tales]]'' in 1928. The character was created by writer [[H.&nbsp;P. Lovecraft]].
<!-- No mention of Cthulhu or the Necronomicon can be found before Lovecraft's writings, any edits that assume otherwise will be treated as vandalism. -->
==Spelling and pronunciation==
Lovecraft transcribed the pronunciation of ''Cthulhu'' as "Kthûl'hu".<ref>Lovecraft said that "the first syllable [of ''Kthûl'-hloo'' is] pronounced gutturally and very thickly. The ''u'' is about like that in ''Umberella''; and the first syllable is not unlike ''ktul'' in sound, hence the ''h'' represents the guttural thickness." H. P. Lovecraft, ''Selected Letters V'', pp. 10&nbsp;– 11.</ref> [[S. T. Joshi]] points out, however, that Lovecraft gave several differing pronunciations on different occasions.<ref>S. T. Joshi, note 9 to "The Call of Cthulhu", ''The Call of Cthulhu and Other Weird Stories''</ref> According to Lovecraft, this is merely the closest that the human vocal apparatus can come to reproducing the syllables of an alien language.<ref>"Cthul-Who?: How Do You Pronounce 'Cthulhu'?", ''Crypt of Cthulhu #9''</ref> Long after Lovecraft's death, the [[spelling pronunciation]] {{IPAc-en|k|ə|ˈ|θ|uː|l|uː}} {{respell|kə|THOO|loo}} became common, and the [[role-playing game]] ''[[Call of Cthulhu (role-playing game)|Call of Cthulhu]]'' endorsed it.
In "The Call of Cthulhu", H. P. Lovecraft describes the Cthulhu as "A monster of vaguely anthropoid outline, but with an octopus-like head whose face was a mass of feelers, a scaly, rubbery-looking body, prodigious claws on hind and fore feet, and long, narrow wings behind."<ref name="call">{{cite web | url = | title = The Call of Cthulhu | first = H.P | last = Lovecraft | authorlink = H. P. Lovecraft | work = Wikisource | origyear= First published 1928 | accessdate = 6 June 2012}}</ref> Cthulhu has been described as a mix between a giant human, an [[octopus]], and a [[dragon]], and is depicted as being hundreds of meters tall, with human-looking arms and legs and a pair of rudimentary wings on its back.<ref name="call"/> Cthulhu's head is depicted as similar to the entirety of a [[giant octopus]], with an unknown number of tentacles surrounding its supposed mouth. Cthulhu is described as being able to change the shape of its body at will, extending and retracting limbs and tentacles as it sees fit.
==Publication history==
H. P. Lovecraft's initial short story, "[[The Call of Cthulhu]]", was published in ''[[Weird Tales]]'' in 1928 and established the character as a malevolent entity hibernating within an underwater city in the South Pacific called ''[[R'lyeh]]''. The imprisoned Cthulhu is apparently the source of constant anxiety for mankind at a subconscious level, and also the subject of worship by a number of human religions (located several places worldwide, including New Zealand, Greenland, Louisiana, and the Chinese mountains) and other Lovecraftian monsters (called [[Deep Ones]]<ref name="innsmouth">{{cite web | url = | title = The Shadow Over Innsmouth | first = H. P | last = Lovecraft | authorlink = H. P. Lovecraft | work = Wikisource | origyear = First published 1936 | accessdate = 6 June 2012}}</ref> and [[Mi-Go]]<ref name="darkness">{{cite web | url = |title=The Whisperer in Darkness | first = H.P | last = Lovecraft | authorlink = H. P. Lovecraft | work = Wikisource | origyear= First published 1928 |accessdate= 5 June 2012}}</ref>). The short story asserts the premise that, while currently trapped, Cthulhu will eventually return. His worshippers chant "''Ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn''" ("In his house at ''R'lyeh'', dead Cthulhu waits dreaming.")<ref name="call" />
Lovecraft conceived a detailed genealogy for Cthulhu (published as "Letter 617" in ''[[Selected Letters of H. P. Lovecraft IV (1932–1934)|Selected Letters]]'')<ref>{{cite book|title=[[Selected Letters of H. P. Lovecraft IV (1932–1934)]]|last=Lovecraft|first=H. P.|authorlink=H. P. Lovecraft|year=1967|publisher=[[Arkham House]]|location=[[Sauk City, Wisconsin]]|isbn=0-87054-035-1|nopp=y|page="Letter 617"|accessdate=27 May 2012}}</ref> and made the character a central figure in corresponding literature.<ref>{{cite journal | last = Angell | first = George Gammell | editor-last = Price | editor-first = Robert M. | editor-link = | title = Cthulhu Elsewhere in Lovecraft | journal = Crypt of Cthulhu #9 | volume = 2 | issue = 1 | year = 1982 | issn = 1077-8179}}</ref> The short story "[[The Dunwich Horror]]" (1928)<ref name="dunwich">{{cite web | url = |title= The Whisperer in Darkness | first = H.P | last = Lovecraft | authorlink = H. P. Lovecraft | work = Wikisource | origyear= First published 1928 | accessdate= 6 June 2012}}</ref> refers to Cthulhu, while "[[The Whisperer in Darkness]]" (1930) hints that one of his characters knows the creature's origins ("I learned whence Cthulhu first came, and why half the great temporary stars of history had flared forth.").<ref name="darkness"/> The 1931 [[novella]] ''[[At the Mountains of Madness]]'' refers to the "star-spawn of Cthulhu", who warred with another race called the [[Elder Thing]]s before the dawn of man.<ref>[ Lovecraft, ''At the Mountains of Madness''], in ''At the Mountains of Madness'', p. 66.</ref>
[[August Derleth]], a correspondent of Lovecraft, used the creature's name to identify the system of lore employed by Lovecraft and his literary successors: the [[Cthulhu Mythos]]. In 1937, Derleth wrote the short story "The Return of Hastur", and proposed two groups of opposed cosmic entities:
{{quote|... the Old or Ancient Ones, the ''[[Elder God (Cthulhu Mythos)|Elder Gods]]'', of ''cosmic good'', and those of ''cosmic evil'', bearing many names, and themselves of different groups, as if associated with the elements and yet transcending them: for there are the Water Beings, hidden in the depths; those of Air that are the primal lurkers beyond time; those of Earth, horrible animate survivors of distant eons.<ref>August Derleth, "The Return of Hastur", ''The Hastur Cycle'', Robert M. Price, ed., p. 256.</ref>}}
According to Derleth's scheme, "Great Cthulhu is one of the Water Beings" and was engaged in an age-old arch-rivalry with a designated Air elemental, [[Hastur|Hastur the Unspeakable]], described as Cthulhu's "half-brother".<ref>Derleth, "The Return of Hastur", pp. 256, 266.</ref> Based on this framework, Derleth wrote a series of short stories published in ''Weird Tales'' 1944–1952 and collected as ''[[The Trail of Cthulhu]]'', depicting the struggle of a Dr. Laban Shrewsbury and his associates against Cthulhu and his minions.
Derleth's interpretations have been criticized by Lovecraft enthusiast [[Michel Houellebecq]]. Houellebecq's ''H P Lovecraft: Against the World, Against Life'' (2005) decries Derleth for attempting to reshape Lovecraft's strictly amoral continuity into a stereotypical conflict between forces of objective good and evil.<ref>Bloch, Robert, "Heritage of Horror", ''The Best of H. P. Lovecraft: Bloodcurdling Tales of Horror and the Macabre''.</ref>
The character's influence also extended into recreational literature: games company [[TSR, Inc.|TSR]] included an entire chapter on the Cthulhu mythos (including statistics for the character) in the first printing of ''[[Dungeons & Dragons]]'' sourcebook ''[[Deities & Demigods]]'' (1980). TSR, however, were unaware that [[Arkham House]], who asserted copyright on almost all Lovecraft literature, had already licensed the Cthulhu property to the game company [[Chaosium]]. Although Chaosium stipulated that TSR could continue to use the material if each future edition featured a published credit to Chaosium, TSR refused and the material was removed from all subsequent editions.<ref name="acaeum">{{cite web
| url = | title = Deities & Demigods, Legends & Lore | work = The Acaeum | accessdate = 2010-05-10}}</ref>
{{See also|Cthulhu Mythos in popular culture}}
<!-- Additions to this section that aren't cited to an independent reliable source or shown to have consensus for inclusion on the talk page will be removed; see for more information.
-->The Californian spider species ''[[Pimoa cthulhu]]'', described by Gustavo Hormiga in 1994, is named with reference to Cthulhu.<ref name="Hormiga1994">{{cite book |last1=Hormiga |first1=G. |year=1994 |title=A revision and cladistic analysis of the spider family Pimoidae (Araneoidea: Araneae) |journal=Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology |volume=549 |pages=1–104 |url=}}</ref>
Two microorganisms that assist in the digestion of wood by termites have been named after Cthulhu and Cthulhu's "daughter" Cthylla: ''[[Cthulhu macrofasciculumque]]'' and ''[[Cthylla microfasciculumque]]'', respectively.<ref name="james">{{cite journal|last1=James|first1=Erick R.|last2=Okamoto|first2=Noriko|last3=Burki|first3=Fabien|last4=Scheffrahn|first4=Rudolf H.|last5=Keeling|first5=Patrick J.|editor-last=Badger|editor-first=Jonathan H.|journal=PLoS ONE|issue=3|volume=8|date=2013-03-18|title=Cthulhu Macrofasciculumque n. g., n. sp. and Cthylla Microfasciculumque n. g., n. sp., a Newly Identified Lineage of Parabasalian Termite Symbionts|doi=10.1371/journal.pone.0058509|url=|pages=e58509|pmid=23526991|pmc=3601090}}</ref>
Additions to this section that aren't cited to an independent reliable source or shown to have consensus for inclusion on the talk page will be removed; see for more information.
The ''[[Bionicle]]'' storyline from [[LEGO]] featured a character known as Tren Krom, whom writer [[Greg Farshtey]] revealed was inspired by Cthulhu.
The game ''[[Terraria]]'' has two bosses (Cthulhu's Eye & Cthulhu's Brain).
==See also==
*[[Cthulhu Mythos]]
*[[Cthulhu Mythos anthology]]
==Further reading==
* {{cite book
| last = Bloch | first = Robert | authorlink=Robert Bloch| chapter = Heritage of Horror | year = 1982 | title = The Best of H. P. Lovecraft: Bloodcurdling Tales of Horror and the Macabre | edition = 1st | publisher = Ballantine Books | isbn = 0-345-35080-4 }}
* {{Cite book|last=Burleson|first=Donald R.|title=H. P. Lovecraft, A Critical Study|publisher=Greenwood Press|location=Westport, CT / London, England|year=1983|isbn=0-313-23255-5}}
* {{Cite book|last=Burnett|first=Cathy|title=Spectrum No. 3:The Best in Contemporary Fantastic Art|location=Nevada City, CA, 95959 USA|publisher=Underwood Books | isbn = 1-887424-10-5|year=1996 }}
* {{Cite book|last=Harms|first=Daniel|title=The Encyclopedia Cthulhiana|chapter=Cthulhu|pages=64&nbsp;– 7|edition=2nd|publisher=Chaosium|location=Oakland, CA|year=1998|isbn=1568821190}}
**"Idh-yaa", p.&nbsp;148. Ibid.
**"Star-spawn of Cthulhu", pp.&nbsp;283&nbsp;– 4. Ibid.
* {{Cite book|last=Joshi|first=S. T.|authorlink=S. T. Joshi|coauthors=David E. Schultz|title=An H. P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia|publisher=Greenwood Press|location=Westport, CT|year=2001|isbn=0313315787}}
* {{cite book
|first=Howard P.
|chapter=The Call of Cthulhu
|title=The Call of Cthulhu and Other Weird Stories
|editor=S. T. Joshi
|location=London, UK; New York, NY
|publisher=Penguin Books
|archivedate=November 26, 2009
* {{Cite book|last=Lovecraft|first=Howard P.|title=Selected Letters II|publisher=[[Arkham House]]|location=Sauk City, WI|year=1968|isbn=0870540297}}
* {{Cite book|last=Lovecraft|first=Howard P.|title=Selected Letters V|publisher=Arkham House|location=Sauk City, WI|year=1976|isbn=087054036X}}
* {{Cite book|last=Marsh|first=Philip|title=R'lyehian as a Toy Language&nbsp;– on psycholinguistics|location=Lehigh Acres, FL 33970-0085 USA|publisher=Philip Marsh}}
* {{Cite book|last=Mosig|first=Yozan Dirk W.|title=Mosig at Last: A Psychologist Looks at H. P. Lovecraft|edition=1st|location=West Warwick, RI|publisher=Necronomicon Press|year=1997|isbn=0940884909|authorlink=Dirk W. Mosig}}
* {{Cite book|last=Pearsall|first=Anthony B.|title=The Lovecraft Lexicon|edition=1st|publisher=New Falcon Pub|location=Tempe, AZ|year=2005|isbn=1561841293}}
* [ "Other Lovecraftian Products"], ''The H.P. Lovecraft Archive''<!--accessed July 9, 2008-->
==External links==
{{Commons category|Cthulhu Mythos}}
{{Wikisource|The Call of Cthulhu}}
* [ Cthulhu Lives, the Lovecraft Historical Society]
{{H. P. Lovecraft|state=collapsed}}
[[Category:Cthulhu Mythos deities]]
[[Category:Fictional characters introduced in 1928]]
[[Category:Fictional telepaths]]
[[Category:Fictional demons]]
[[Cult of Cthulhu]]
Reason: ANN scored at 0.909191
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 02:22:11 PM
Status: Reported
Sunday, the 4th of January 2015 at 07:16:38 PM #97483
gordon (anonymous)


Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 02:22:11 PM #106533
JimmiXzS (anonymous)