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ID: 1715140
User: 81.149.108.97
Article: Warner Bros.
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(1903–25: Founding)
(Tag: blanking)
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==History==
 
==History==
 
===1903–25: Founding===
 
===1903–25: Founding===
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The corporate name honors the four founding Warner brothers (born Wonskolaser [pron. VON'' Sko'' La' Ser] or Wonsal)<ref>{{cite DVD | people=Warner Sperling, Cass (Director) |date=2008 |url=http://www.warnersisters.com/ourstore.html | title=The Brothers Warner (DVD film documentary) |titlelink= |publisher=Warner Sisters, Inc. |publisherid= }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:azi07GrG6s0J:warnersisters.com/news/3Ftag%3Dwarner-brothers+Wonskolaser&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=au|title="Journey of discovery : Warner documentary the result of twenty-year effort" Santa Barbara News Press |date=January 29, 2009|publisher=[[Santa Barbara News Press]]|accessdate=May 27, 2009}} from the website [http://warnersisters.com/news/?tag=warner-brothers warnersisters.com].</ref>—[[Harry Warner|Harry]] (born Hirsz), [[Albert Warner|Albert]] (born Aaron), [[Sam Warner|Sam]] (born Szmul), and [[Jack Warner|Jack]] (Itzhak or to some sources Jacob). Harry, Albert, Sam and their parents emigrated to [[North America]] from the part of [[Poland]] that had been subjugated to the [[Russian Empire]] following the eighteenth-century [[Partitions of Poland|partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth]] near present-day [[Ostrołęka]], Poland. Jack, the youngest, was born in London, Ontario, Canada. The three elder brothers began in the movie theatre business, having acquired a [[movie projector]] with which they showed films in the mining towns of [[Pennsylvania]] and [[Ohio]]. In the beginning,<ref>(Green, Fitzhugh. ''The Film Finds Its Toungue.'' New York: Benjamin Blom Inc., 1971. Print.)</ref> Sam and Albert Warner invested one hundred and fifty dollars to present ''The Life of an American Fireman'' and ''The Great Train Robbery''. They opened their first theater, the Cascade, in [[New Castle, Pennsylvania]] in 1903. (The site of the Cascade later became the [[Cascade Center]], a shopping, dining and entertainment complex honoring its Warner Bros. heritage, though in late 2010 all of the businesses have closed and the complex is currently for sale.)<ref
 
name="firstwarnertheatre.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.sru.edu/pages/12398.asp |title= Harry m. warner film festival named one of thirty two 'premier' events in state|date=January 31, 2006 |publisher=[[Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania]] |accessdate=March 5, 2009 }}{{dead link|date=June 2012}}</ref> When this original theatre building in New Castle was in danger of being demolished, the modern Warner Bros. called the modern building owners, and arranged an agreement in hopes of saving it, between the Warner Bros and the modern owners. The owners noted the fact that they were taking phone calls from all over the country in reference to the historical significance of the humble building that should be saved historically.<ref>WQED educational film "Things that are still here", PBS [[WQED (TV)|WQED]], [[Pittsburgh]], PA</ref>
 
 
In 1904, the Warners founded the [[Pittsburgh]]-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company,<ref name="firstwarnertheatre.com"/> to distribute films. In 1912, Harry Warner hired an auditor named [[Paul Ashley Chase]]. By the time of [[World War I]] they had begun producing films, and in 1918 the brothers opened the Warner Bros. studio on [[Sunset Boulevard]] in [[Hollywood]]. Sam and Jack Warner produced the pictures, while Harry and Albert Warner and their auditor and now controller Chase handled finance and distribution in New York City. It was during World War I and their first nationally syndicated film was ''My Four Years in Germany'' based on a popular book by former American Ambassador [[James W. Gerard]]. On April 4, 1923, with help from a loan given to Harry Warner by his banker Motley Flint,<ref group=HBTHYNA name=p77>p. 77.</ref> they formally incorporated as '''Warner Brothers Pictures, Incorporated'''. However, as late as the 1960s, Warner Bros. claimed 1905 as its founding date.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nypostonline.com/p/blogs/movies/differ_fox_really_this_year_somewhere_ZCPXjPEGf78WS4CmqHdTkJ |title=Is Fox really seventy five this year? Somewhere, the fantastic Mr. (William) Fox begs to differ |publisher=Nypostonline.com |date=2010-02-10 |accessdate=2012-06-30}}</ref>
 
[[File:Warner Bros 1920.jpg|thumb|right|Warner Bros.&nbsp;– First National Studios, Burbank, c. 1928.]]
 
The first important deal for the company was the acquisition of the rights to [[Avery Hopwood]]'s 1919 Broadway play, ''The Gold Diggers'', from theatrical impresario [[David Belasco]]. However, what really put Warner Bros. on the Hollywood map was a dog, [[Rin Tin Tin]],<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA000">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. eighty one.</ref> brought from France after World War I by an American soldier.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA80">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. eighty.</ref> Rin Tin Tin debuted in the feature ''[[Where the North Begins]]''. The movie was so successful that Jack Warner agreed to sign the dog to star in more films for $1,000 ''per'' week.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA000" /> Rin Tin Tin became the top star at the studio.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA000" /> Jack Warner nicknamed him "The Mortgage Lifter"<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA000" /> and the success boosted [[Darryl F. Zanuck]]'s career.<ref group=HBTHYNA name = "HBTHYNA82"/> Zanuck eventually became a top producer for the studio<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA0976666">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. one hundred and one.</ref> and between 1928 and 1933 served as Jack Warner's right-hand man and executive producer, with responsibilities including the day-to-day production of films.<ref name="behlmerxii">Behlmer (1985), p. xii.</ref> More success came after [[Ernst Lubitsch]] was hired as head director;<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA82" /> [[Harry Rapf]] left the studio and accepted an offer to work at [[Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer|MGM]].<ref group="cph" name=thomas4647>Thomas46, 47</ref> Lubitsch's film ''[[The Marriage Circle]]'' was the studio's most successful film of 1924, and was on ''The New York Times'' best list for the year.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA82">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. 82.</ref>
 
 
Despite the success of Rin Tin Tin and Lubitsch, Warners was still unable to achieve star power.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA876">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. eighty three.</ref> As a result, Sam and Jack decided to offer Broadway actor [[John Barrymore]] the lead role in ''[[Beau Brummel (1924 film)|Beau Brummel]]''.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA876" /> The film was so successful that Harry Warner agreed to sign Barrymore to a generous long-term contract;<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA87680">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. eighty four.</ref> like ''The Marriage Circle'', ''Beau Brummell'' was named one of the ten best films of the year by ''The New York Times''.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA87680" /> By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably the most successful independent studio in Hollywood,<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA87680" /> but it still competed with "The Big Three" Studios ([[First National]], [[Paramount Pictures]], and MGM).<ref name="+NHAR(*">{{cite news|title=Theatre Owners Open War on Hays|work=New York Times |page=14|date=May 12, 1925}}</ref> As a result, Harry Warner&nbsp;– while speaking at a convention of 1,500 independent exhibitors in Milwaukee, Wisconsin&nbsp;– was able to convince the filmmakers to spend $500,000 in newspaper advertising,<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA99998">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p. eighty six.</ref> and Harry saw this as an opportunity to finally be able to establish theaters in big cities like New York and Los Angeles.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA99998" />
 
 
As the studio prospered, it gained backing from [[Wall Street]], and in 1924 [[Goldman Sachs]] arranged a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer [[Vitagraph Studios|Vitagraph Company]] which had a nation-wide distribution system.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA99998" /> In 1925, Warners also experimented in radio, establishing a successful radio station, [[KFWB]], in Los Angeles.<ref group=HBTHYNA name="HBTHYNA998">Warner Sperling & Millner (1998), p.eighty eight.</ref>
 
   
 
===1925–35: Sound, Colour, Style===
 
===1925–35: Sound, Colour, Style===
Reason: ANN scored at 0.97765
Reporter Information
Reporter: Jordon (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 07:04:12 AM
Status: Reported
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Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 07:04:12 AM #100784
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