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ID: 1735812
User: 121.54.2.27
Article: List of commonly available chemicals
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(B–C)
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===B–C===
 
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{| class = "wikitable"
 
{| class = "wikitable"
 
! Chemical name
 
! Chemical name
 
! Chemical formula
 
! Chemical formula
! Common or alternative name
+
! Common name
! Source and description
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[barium carbonate]]
 
| [[barium carbonate]]
 
| BaCO<sub>3</sub>
 
| BaCO<sub>3</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| Difficult to find. Sometimes available from pottery and ceramic supply stores.
 
  +
|-
 
 
| [[barium sulfate]]
 
| [[barium sulfate]]
 
| BaSO<sub>4</sub>
 
| BaSO<sub>4</sub>
 
| [[Lithopone]]
 
| [[Lithopone]]
| Available from fine art supply houses in a compound with zinc oxide. This compound is known as "Lithipone" pigment. Also available in very pure form from radiology labs and medical supply as a radio contrast agent for x-rays and CAT scans—here it may be scented or even flavoured. May be available from a well-stocked pottery and ceramics supply store.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[benzoyl peroxide]]
 
| [[benzoyl peroxide]]
 
| C<sub>14</sub>H<sub>10</sub>O<sub>4</sub>
 
| C<sub>14</sub>H<sub>10</sub>O<sub>4</sub>
 
| [[benzoic acid peroxide]]
 
| [[benzoic acid peroxide]]
| Concentrations as high as 10% are available in the US at drug stores in cream form for treatment of acne. A paste containing 50% benzoyl peroxide, is available from some hardware stores under the brand name "Minwax High Performance Wood Filler".
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[bismuth]]
 
| [[bismuth]]
 
| Bi
 
| Bi
 
| Lead-free shot/sinkers
 
| Lead-free shot/sinkers
| Available as a non-toxic lead replacement for bullets, shot, and fishing sinkers. Unfortunately, not as inexpensive as lead. Also, when sold as a lead replacement it is generally alloyed with tin. Note that to make bismuth crystals you will need very pure bismuth metal.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[bismuth subsalicylate]]
 
| [[bismuth subsalicylate]]
 
| C<sub>7</sub>H<sub>5</sub>BiO<sub>4</sub>
 
| C<sub>7</sub>H<sub>5</sub>BiO<sub>4</sub>
 
| [[Pepto-Bismol]]
 
| [[Pepto-Bismol]]
| The active ingredient in Pepto-bismol and Kaopectate.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[boric acid]]
 
| [[boric acid]]
 
| H<sub>3</sub>BO<sub>3</sub>
 
| H<sub>3</sub>BO<sub>3</sub>
 
| Ant/Roach Killer
 
| Ant/Roach Killer
| Grocery, drug store, hardware stores; pest control section.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[bromthymol blue]]
 
| [[bromthymol blue]]
 
| C<sub>27</sub>H<sub>28</sub>Br<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>S
 
| C<sub>27</sub>H<sub>28</sub>Br<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>S
 
| pH Test
 
| pH Test
| Aquarium pH test kits often employ bromthymol blue because it changes color in the 6.0–7.6 range.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[butane]]
 
| [[butane]]
 
| C<sub>4</sub>H<sub>10</sub>
 
| C<sub>4</sub>H<sub>10</sub>
 
| [[Butane]]
 
| [[Butane]]
| The lighter fluid in hand-held fire starters or cigarette lighters is usually liquid butane. Also available in sporting goods & camping stores as a stove fuel. Many similar fuels use propane, so be sure to read the labeling.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[caffeine]]
 
| [[caffeine]]
 
| C<sub>8</sub>H<sub>10</s>N<sub>4</sub>O<sub>2</sub>
 
| C<sub>8</sub>H<sub>10</s>N<sub>4</sub>O<sub>2</sub>
 
| [[No-Doz]]
 
| [[No-Doz]]
| Grocery or drug store. Often in formulation with corn starch as a binder.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[cadmium sulfide]]
 
| [[cadmium sulfide]]
 
| CdS
 
| CdS
 
| [[Cadmium Yellow]]
 
| [[Cadmium Yellow]]
| Fine art supply house. Available as a yellow powder. Sometimes pure, sometimes blended with zinc sulfide to create alternative hues.
 
  +
.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium carbide]]
 
| [[calcium carbide]]
 
| CaC<sub>2</sub>
 
| CaC<sub>2</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| Still used by cavers and spelunkers to generate acetylene gas for miner's lamps. May be found through a local caver organization (grotto) or at some non-chain camping/outdoor supply stores.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium carbonate]]
 
| [[calcium carbonate]]
 
| CaCO<sub>3</sub>
 
| CaCO<sub>3</sub>
 
| [[Limestone]], [[Carbonate of Lime]]
 
| [[Limestone]], [[Carbonate of Lime]]
| Chunks: Marble, limestone. Powder: Precipitated chalk.
 
   
Builders supply; Chalk, limestone and marble chips.
 
 
Drugstore; some antacids are largely calcium carbonate.
 
 
Fine art stores; Available as a fine powder used as an extender in paint-making. May be called "Marble Dust" or "Precipitated Chalk".
 
 
''NBL Blackboard chalk is calcium sulphate, '''not''' calcium carbonate.''
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium chloride]]
 
| [[calcium chloride]]
 
| CaCl<sub>2</sub>
 
| CaCl<sub>2</sub>
 
| Laundry Aid/Road Salt/De-Icer
 
| Laundry Aid/Road Salt/De-Icer
| Supermarket, Hardware store; much road salt (de-icer) used to de-ice roads in cold climates.
 
Also available as a laundry aid; or as a room moisture reducer (desiccant), e.g. "DampRid" and "Dri-Z-Air"
 
   
Pool supply; sometimes available as a water hardening agent.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium hydroxide]]
 
| [[calcium hydroxide]]
 
| Ca(OH)<sub>2</sub>
 
| Ca(OH)<sub>2</sub>
 
| [[Slaked Lime]], [[garden lime]]
 
| [[Slaked Lime]], [[garden lime]]
| Gardening department; used to reduce acidity in soil.
 
   
Also used in lime-softening water treatment and in plastering. Can be made from lime or quicklime by adding water to create slaked lime.
 
Can be made by dissolving calcium chloride with sodium hydroxide in water.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium hypochlorite]]
 
| [[calcium hypochlorite]]
 
| Ca(ClO)<sub>2</sub>
 
| Ca(ClO)<sub>2</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| Bleaching powder and some swimming pool disinfectants contain calcium hypochlorite. Available from cleaning or swimming pool supply companies. Keep in mind that some formulations contain cyanuric acid as a stabilizer against UV light.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium nitrate]]
 
| [[calcium nitrate]]
 
| Ca(NO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>·4H<sub>2</sub>O
 
| Ca(NO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>·4H<sub>2</sub>O
 
| [[Norwegian saltpeter]]
 
| [[Norwegian saltpeter]]
| Available from garden supply and agricultural supply stores as a fertilizer.
 
  +
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium oxide]]
 
| [[calcium oxide]]
 
| CaO
 
| CaO
 
| [[Lime (mineral)|Lime]], [[Quicklime]]
 
| [[Lime (mineral)|Lime]], [[Quicklime]]
| Builder's supply; used to make plaster.
 
   
Now difficult to obtain from hardware stores. Can be made by heating calcium carbonate at very high temperatures (> 900 °C).
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium phosphate, monobasic]]
 
| [[calcium phosphate, monobasic]]
 
| Ca(H<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub>)<sub>2</sub>
 
| Ca(H<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub>)<sub>2</sub>
 
| [[superphosphate]]
 
| [[superphosphate]]
| Available as a fertilizer from garden supply stores. Also sometimes available as a nutritional supplement at health food stores.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium sulfate anhydrous]]
 
| [[calcium sulfate anhydrous]]
 
| CaSO<sub>4</sub>
 
| CaSO<sub>4</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| Can be made from commonly available [[plaster of paris]] by additional heating to above 180C. Also available at fine art supply stores as [[Terra Alba]].
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium sulfate]], [[hemihydrate]]
 
| [[calcium sulfate]], [[hemihydrate]]
 
| CaSO<sub>4</sub>·1/2H<sub>2</sub>0
 
| CaSO<sub>4</sub>·1/2H<sub>2</sub>0
 
| [[Plaster of Paris]]
 
| [[Plaster of Paris]]
| Hardware stores, arts and craft stores, and hobby shops.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[calcium sulfate dihydrate]]
 
| [[calcium sulfate dihydrate]]
 
| CaSO<sub>4</sub>·2H<sub>2</sub>0
 
| CaSO<sub>4</sub>·2H<sub>2</sub>0
 
| [[Gypsum]]
 
| [[Gypsum]]
| Can be made from the reaction of [[Plaster of Paris]] with Water.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[camphor]]
 
| [[camphor]]
 
| C<sub>10</sub>H<sub>16</sub>O
 
| C<sub>10</sub>H<sub>16</sub>O
 
| —
 
| —
| Can be found as a flavor additive at some Chinese grocery stores. Sometimes found in the drugstore as a cream or oral remedy. It feels cool like menthol on the skin.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[carbon]]
 
| [[carbon]]
 
| C
 
| C
 
| [[Soot]], [[Graphite]], [[Graphene]], [[Carbon nanotubes]], [[Fullerenes]], [[Diamond]], [[Charcoal]]
 
| [[Soot]], [[Graphite]], [[Graphene]], [[Carbon nanotubes]], [[Fullerenes]], [[Diamond]], [[Charcoal]]
| [[Charcoal]] briquettes used in cooking are available at the grocery store but contain a variety of additives. [[Activated charcoal]] used in fish tank filters and [[graphite]] used in pencil leads are good sources of carbon. [[Lamp Black]] artists pigment is pure carbon in a fine powder and is available from fine art supply stores. The anodes in carbon-zinc (heavy-duty) batteries are pure carbon. Coal is not a good source for carbon due to a wide number of impurities and varying grades. Brazing or Gouging rods are available from welding supply stores and are composed of graphite. Graphite is also available as a common lubricant from hardware stores. Other forms of carbon are occasionally available through online retailers selling to [[element collectors]], [[eBay]], engineering suppliers and industrial suppliers. Pure or near-pure carbon can be produced at home through the reaction of [[Sucrose]] with [[Sulfuric Acid]] or the [[thermal decomposition]] of [[sugars]]. Diamonds, although prohibitively expensive (except [[bort]] or [[artificial diamonds]]), can also act as a source of [[Carbon]], such as [[Redox|reducing]] [[oxides]].
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[carbon dioxide]]
 
| [[carbon dioxide]]
 
| CO<sub>2</sub>
 
| CO<sub>2</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| [[Dry ice]] is available from party stores, supermarkets, refrigeration supply companies and ice cream companies. Nationally distributed by Airgas through "Penguin Brand Dry Ice". Gaseous form available in small canisters at sporting goods stores. Used in air guns and in paintball.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[carbonic acid]]
 
| [[carbonic acid]]
 
| H<sub>2</sub>CO<sub>3</sub>
 
| H<sub>2</sub>CO<sub>3</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| Soda water is simply carbonated water, a dilute solution of carbonic acid. A "Soda Club" home soda maker is a good way to make your own carbonic acid in varying strengths.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[carrageenan]]
 
| [[carrageenan]]
 
| —
 
| —
 
| —
 
| —
| Available in some health food stores as a food additive. Used in many commercial food preparations as a thickener and gelling agent. Available at fine art supply stores for use in molding and marbling.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[cellulose]]
 
| [[cellulose]]
 
| (C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>10</sub>O<sub>5</sub>)<sub>n</sub>
 
| (C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>10</sub>O<sub>5</sub>)<sub>n</sub>
 
| —
 
| —
| Processed cotton fiber is almost pure cellulose making many undyed clothing articles an excellent source of cellulose. 100% cotton paper is also a good source of this material.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[chromium oxide]]
 
| [[chromium oxide]]
 
| Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>
 
| Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>
 
| [[Chrome Green]]
 
| [[Chrome Green]]
| Used as a green pigment for fine art paints. It is available as a powder from most fine art supply stores.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[citric acid]]
 
| [[citric acid]]
 
| C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>8</sub>O<sub>7</sub>
 
| C<sub>6</sub>H<sub>8</sub>O<sub>7</sub>
 
| Sour Salt
 
| Sour Salt
| Available at the grocery store as "Sour Salt". Also used for home soap making and also in photographic development.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[copper]]
 
| [[copper]]
 
| Cu
 
| Cu
 
| —
 
| —
| Electrical wire, copper pipe, and copper sheeting are available at hardware stores and are almost 100% pure copper. American pennies (minted 1944–1946, 1962–1982) are 95% copper and 5% zinc. Pennies minted after 1982 are only copper clad.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[copper naphthenate]]
 
| [[copper naphthenate]]
 
| Cu(C<sub>11</sub>H<sub>10</sub>O<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>
 
| Cu(C<sub>11</sub>H<sub>10</sub>O<sub>2</sub>)<sub>2</sub>
 
| [[cupric naphthenate]]
 
| [[cupric naphthenate]]
| Used as a wood preservative to protect lumber from termites, ants, and other burrowing insects. Brands including Wolman and Jasco are up to 25% copper naphthenate with the remainder composed of linseed oil and petroleum distillate-based solvents.
 
  +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[copper sulfate]] (anhydrous)
 
| [[copper sulfate]] (anhydrous)
 
| CuSO<sub>4</sub>
 
| CuSO<sub>4</sub>
 
| [[cupric sulfate]] (anhydrous)
 
| [[cupric sulfate]] (anhydrous)
| Available from garden supply or pond supply stores as an algaecide and rootkiller.
 
   
''NB: blue vitriol is copper sulfate pentahydrate. It can be converted into unhydrated copper sulfate by heating to 150C until it turns pure white.''
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[copper sulfate pentahydrate]]
 
| [[copper sulfate pentahydrate]]
 
| CuSO<sub>2</sub>5H<sub>2</sub>O
 
| CuSO<sub>2</sub>5H<sub>2</sub>O
 
| [[cupric sulfate]], blue vitriol, bluestone
 
| [[cupric sulfate]], blue vitriol, bluestone
| Hardware store; rootkiller (Zep Root Kill, Rooto Root Kill)
 
   
Gardening, agricultural supply; active ingredient in many algaecides, available for pest control
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[cyanuric acid]]
 
| [[cyanuric acid]]
 
| C<sub>3</sub>H<sub>3</sub>N<sub>3</s>O<sub>3</sub>
 
| C<sub>3</sub>H<sub>3</sub>N<sub>3</s>O<sub>3</sub>
 
| [[isocyanuric acid]]
 
| [[isocyanuric acid]]
| Available from swimming pool and lawn/yard supply stores as a chlorine stabilizer. A pure tablet form sells under the brand name "Kem Tek".
 
|}
 
   
 
===D–G===
 
===D–G===
Reason: ANN scored at 0.964781
Reporter Information
Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 12:38:23 PM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 18th of July 2014 at 05:45:29 AM #95391
john (anonymous)

QxWQd5 http://www.QS3PE5ZGdxC9IoVKTAPT2DBYpPkMKqfz.com

Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 12:38:23 PM #106521
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

xET33N http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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