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ID: 1738818
User: 101.63.29.89
Article: El Niño
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{{multiple image|align=right|direction=vertical|width=200|image1=1997 El Nino TOPEX.jpg|caption1=The 1997 El Niño observed by [[TOPEX/Poseidon]]. The white areas off the tropical coasts of South and North America indicate the pool of warm water<ref>{{cite web | url = http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/releases/97/elninoup.html | title =Independent NASA Satellite Measurements Confirm El Niño is Back and Strong | publisher = [[NASA]]/[[JPL]]}}</ref>|image2=soi.svg|caption2=Southern Oscillation Index timeseries 1876-2012.|image3=Enso-global-temp-anomalies.png|caption3=[[NOAA]] graph of Global Annual Temperature Anomalies 1950–2012, showing ENSO}}
 
{{multiple image|align=right|direction=vertical|width=200|image1=1997 El Nino TOPEX.jpg|caption1=The 1997 El Niño observed by [[TOPEX/Poseidon]]. The white areas off the tropical coasts of South and North America indicate the pool of warm water<ref>{{cite web | url = http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/releases/97/elninoup.html | title =Independent NASA Satellite Measurements Confirm El Niño is Back and Strong | publisher = [[NASA]]/[[JPL]]}}</ref>|image2=soi.svg|caption2=Southern Oscillation Index timeseries 1876-2012.|image3=Enso-global-temp-anomalies.png|caption3=[[NOAA]] graph of Global Annual Temperature Anomalies 1950–2012, showing ENSO}}
   
'''El Niño''' ({{IPAc-en|ɛ|l||ˈ|n|iː|n|j|oʊ|}}, {{IPAc-en|-|ˈ|n|ɪ|n|-|}}, {{IPA-es|el ˈniɲo}}) is a band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that periodically develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climatic changes across the Pacific Ocean. There is a phase of 'El Niño–Southern Oscillation' (ENSO), which refers to variations in the temperature of the surface of the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean (''El Niño'' and ''[[La Niña]]'') and in air [[surface pressure]] in the tropical western Pacific. The two variations are coupled: the warm oceanic phase, El Niño, accompanies high air surface pressure in the western Pacific, while the cold phase, ''[[La Niña]]'', accompanies low air surface pressure in the western Pacific.<ref name="CPC ENSO">{{cite web | author = [[Climate Prediction Center]] | publisher = [[National Centers for Environmental Prediction]] | title = Frequently Asked Questions about El Niño and La Niña | url = http://www.cpc.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/ensostuff/ensofaq.shtml#DIFFER | date = 2005-12-19 | accessdate = 2009-07-17}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |title=Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change |editors=Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller |chapter=Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change|publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge, UK |pages=235–336 |url=http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch3.html|author=K.E. Trenberth, P.D. Jones, P. Ambenje, R. Bojariu , D. Easterling, A. Klein Tank, D. Parker, F. Rahimzadeh, J.A. Renwick, M. Rusticucci, B. Soden and P. Zhai}}</ref> Mechanisms that cause the oscillation remain under study.
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'''El Niño''' ({{IPAc-en|ɛ|l||ˈ|n|iː|n|j|oʊ|}}, {{IPAc-en|-|ˈ|n|ɪ|n|-|}}, {{IPA-es|el ˈniɲo}}) is a band of anomalously warm ocean water temperatures that periodically develops off the western coast of South America and can cause climatic changes across the Pacific Ocean. There is a phase nps of 'El Niño–Southern Oscillation' (ENSO), which refers to variations in the temperature of the surface of the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean (''El Niño'' and ''[[La Niña]]'') and in air [[surface pressure]] in the tropical western Pacific. The two variations are coupled: the warm oceanic phase, El Niño, accompanies high air surface pressure in the western Pacific, while the cold phase, ''[[La Niña]]'', accompanies low air surface pressure in the western Pacific.<ref name="CPC ENSO">{{cite web | author = [[Climate Prediction Center]] | publisher = [[National Centers for Environmental Prediction]] | title = Frequently Asked Questions about El Niño and La Niña | url = http://www.cpc.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/ensostuff/ensofaq.shtml#DIFFER | date = 2005-12-19 | accessdate = 2009-07-17}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |title=Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change |editors=Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller |chapter=Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change|publisher=Cambridge University Press |location=Cambridge, UK |pages=235–336 |url=http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch3.html|author=K.E. Trenberth, P.D. Jones, P. Ambenje, R. Bojariu , D. Easterling, A. Klein Tank, D. Parker, F. Rahimzadeh, J.A. Renwick, M. Rusticucci, B. Soden and P. Zhai}}</ref> Mechanisms that cause the oscillation remain under study.
   
 
The extremes of this climate pattern's oscillations cause extreme weather (such as floods and droughts) in many regions of the world. Developing countries dependent upon agriculture and fishing, particularly those bordering the Pacific Ocean, are the most affected. ''El niño'' is [[Spanish language|Spanish]] for "the boy", and the capitalized term El Niño refers to the [[Child Jesus|Christ child]], Jesus, because periodic warming in the Pacific near [[South America]] is usually noticed around [[Christmas]].<ref name="DFG">{{cite web |url=http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/elnino.asp |title=El Niño Information |work=California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Region}}</ref>
 
The extremes of this climate pattern's oscillations cause extreme weather (such as floods and droughts) in many regions of the world. Developing countries dependent upon agriculture and fishing, particularly those bordering the Pacific Ocean, are the most affected. ''El niño'' is [[Spanish language|Spanish]] for "the boy", and the capitalized term El Niño refers to the [[Child Jesus|Christ child]], Jesus, because periodic warming in the Pacific near [[South America]] is usually noticed around [[Christmas]].<ref name="DFG">{{cite web |url=http://www.dfg.ca.gov/marine/elnino.asp |title=El Niño Information |work=California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Region}}</ref>
Reason: ANN scored at 0.852926
Reporter Information
Reporter: Riley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 03:13:15 AM
Status: Reported
Friday, the 7th of August 2015 at 09:06:14 PM #100404
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Wednesday, the 19th of August 2015 at 03:13:15 AM #100741
Riley (anonymous)

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