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ID: 1756006
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Article: Bulgaria
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(Demographics)
(History: th old lady from Bulgaria went to walk and she flew that's the history of bulgara)
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The [[Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944|left-wing uprising]] of 9 September 1944 led to the abolition of monarchic rule, but it was not until 1946 that a [[Single-party state|single-party]] [[people's republic]] was established.<ref>{{cite book |title=A concise history of Bulgaria |last=Crampton |first=R. J. |year=2005 |publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=0-521-61637-9 |page=271 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=Ylz4fe7757cC&pg=PA271&dq=referendum+bulgaria+1946# |accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> It became a part of the Soviet sphere of influence under the leadership of [[Georgi Dimitrov]] (1946–1949), who laid the foundations for a rapidly industrialising [[Stalinism|stalinist]] state which was also highly repressive with thousands of dissidents executed.<ref name="Hanna Arendt Center">Hanna Arendt Center in Sofia, with Dinyu Sharlanov and Venelin I. Ganev. [http://www.ustrcr.cz/data/pdf/konference/zlociny-komunismu/COUNTRY%20REPORT%20BULGARIA.pdf Crimes Committed by the Communist Regime in Bulgaria]. Country report. "Crimes of the Communist Regimes" Conference. 24–26 February 2010, Prague.</ref><ref>Valentino, Benjamin A (2005). Final solutions: mass killing and genocide in the twentieth century. Cornell University Press. pp. 91–151.</ref><ref>Rummel, Rudolph, Statistics of Democide, 1997.</ref> By the mid-1950s standards of living rose significantly,{{Sfn|Domestic Policy and Its Results|ps=Quote: "...real wages increased 75 percent, consumption of meat, fruit, and vegetables increased markedly, medical facilities and doctors became available to more of the population..."}} while political repressions were lessened.{{Sfn|After Stalin}} By the 1980s both national and per capita GDP quadrupled,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cepr.org/meets/wkcn/1/1699/papers/Broadberry_Klein.pdf|title=Aggregate and per capita GDP in Europe, 1870-2000|author1=Stephen Broadberry|author2=Alexander Klein|date=27 October 2011|accessdate=12 July 2013|pages=23, 27}}</ref> but the economy remained prone to debt spikes, the most severe taking place in 1960, 1977 and 1980.<ref>{{cite book |last1=Vachkov|first1=Daniel|last2=Ivanov|first2=Martin|title=Bulgarian Foreign Debt 1944-1989|year=2008|publisher=Siela |isbn=9789542803072 |pages=103, 153, 191}}</ref> The Soviet-style [[planned economy]] saw some market-oriented policies emerging on an experimental level under [[Todor Zhivkov]] (1954–1989).{{Sfn|The Economy}} His daughter [[Lyudmila Zhivkova|Lyudmila]] bolstered national pride by promoting Bulgarian heritage, culture and arts worldwide.{{Sfn|The Political Atmosphere in the 1970s}} In an attempt to erase the identity of the [[Turks in Bulgaria|ethnic Turk]] minority, an assimilation campaign was launched in 1984. This resulted in the emigration of some 300,000 of them to Turkey.<ref>{{cite news|first=Celestine|last=Bohlen|title=Vote Gives Key Role to Ethnic Turks|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/17/world/bulgaria-vote-gives-key-role-to-ethnic-turks.html |work=[[The New York Times]]|date=17 October 1991|accessdate=20 December 2011|quote=in 1980s&nbsp;... the Communist leader, Todor Zhivkov, began a campaign of cultural assimilation that forced ethnic Turks to adopt Slavic names, closed their mosques and prayer houses and suppressed any attempts at protest. One result was the mass exodus of more than 300,000 ethnic Turks to neighboring Turkey in 1989}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title= Cracks show in Bulgaria's Muslim ethnic model|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/06/01/us-bulgaria-muslims-idUSTRE55001C20090601 |agency=Reuters |date=31 May 2009 |accessdate=30 October 2011}}</ref>
 
The [[Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944|left-wing uprising]] of 9 September 1944 led to the abolition of monarchic rule, but it was not until 1946 that a [[Single-party state|single-party]] [[people's republic]] was established.<ref>{{cite book |title=A concise history of Bulgaria |last=Crampton |first=R. J. |year=2005 |publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=0-521-61637-9 |page=271 |url=http://books.google.com/?id=Ylz4fe7757cC&pg=PA271&dq=referendum+bulgaria+1946# |accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> It became a part of the Soviet sphere of influence under the leadership of [[Georgi Dimitrov]] (1946–1949), who laid the foundations for a rapidly industrialising [[Stalinism|stalinist]] state which was also highly repressive with thousands of dissidents executed.<ref name="Hanna Arendt Center">Hanna Arendt Center in Sofia, with Dinyu Sharlanov and Venelin I. Ganev. [http://www.ustrcr.cz/data/pdf/konference/zlociny-komunismu/COUNTRY%20REPORT%20BULGARIA.pdf Crimes Committed by the Communist Regime in Bulgaria]. Country report. "Crimes of the Communist Regimes" Conference. 24–26 February 2010, Prague.</ref><ref>Valentino, Benjamin A (2005). Final solutions: mass killing and genocide in the twentieth century. Cornell University Press. pp. 91–151.</ref><ref>Rummel, Rudolph, Statistics of Democide, 1997.</ref> By the mid-1950s standards of living rose significantly,{{Sfn|Domestic Policy and Its Results|ps=Quote: "...real wages increased 75 percent, consumption of meat, fruit, and vegetables increased markedly, medical facilities and doctors became available to more of the population..."}} while political repressions were lessened.{{Sfn|After Stalin}} By the 1980s both national and per capita GDP quadrupled,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cepr.org/meets/wkcn/1/1699/papers/Broadberry_Klein.pdf|title=Aggregate and per capita GDP in Europe, 1870-2000|author1=Stephen Broadberry|author2=Alexander Klein|date=27 October 2011|accessdate=12 July 2013|pages=23, 27}}</ref> but the economy remained prone to debt spikes, the most severe taking place in 1960, 1977 and 1980.<ref>{{cite book |last1=Vachkov|first1=Daniel|last2=Ivanov|first2=Martin|title=Bulgarian Foreign Debt 1944-1989|year=2008|publisher=Siela |isbn=9789542803072 |pages=103, 153, 191}}</ref> The Soviet-style [[planned economy]] saw some market-oriented policies emerging on an experimental level under [[Todor Zhivkov]] (1954–1989).{{Sfn|The Economy}} His daughter [[Lyudmila Zhivkova|Lyudmila]] bolstered national pride by promoting Bulgarian heritage, culture and arts worldwide.{{Sfn|The Political Atmosphere in the 1970s}} In an attempt to erase the identity of the [[Turks in Bulgaria|ethnic Turk]] minority, an assimilation campaign was launched in 1984. This resulted in the emigration of some 300,000 of them to Turkey.<ref>{{cite news|first=Celestine|last=Bohlen|title=Vote Gives Key Role to Ethnic Turks|url=http://www.nytimes.com/1991/10/17/world/bulgaria-vote-gives-key-role-to-ethnic-turks.html |work=[[The New York Times]]|date=17 October 1991|accessdate=20 December 2011|quote=in 1980s&nbsp;... the Communist leader, Todor Zhivkov, began a campaign of cultural assimilation that forced ethnic Turks to adopt Slavic names, closed their mosques and prayer houses and suppressed any attempts at protest. One result was the mass exodus of more than 300,000 ethnic Turks to neighboring Turkey in 1989}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title= Cracks show in Bulgaria's Muslim ethnic model|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/06/01/us-bulgaria-muslims-idUSTRE55001C20090601 |agency=Reuters |date=31 May 2009 |accessdate=30 October 2011}}</ref>
   
Under the influence of the [[Revolutions of 1989|collapsing Eastern Bloc]], on 10 November 1989 the Communist Party gave up its political monopoly, Zhivkov resigned, and Bulgaria embarked on a transition to a parliamentary democracy.{{Sfn|Government and Politics}} The first free elections in June 1990 were won by the [[Bulgarian Socialist Party]] (BSP, the freshly renamed Communist Party).<ref>{{cite news |title=Bulgarian Politicians Discuss First Democratic Elections 20y After |url=http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=117822 |newspaper=Novinite |date=5 July 2010 |accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> A [[Constitution of Bulgaria|new constitution]] that provided for a relatively weak elected President and for a Prime Minister accountable to the legislature was adopted in July 1991. The new system initially failed to improve living standards or create economic growth—the average quality of life and economic performance remained lower than under Communism well into the early 2000s.<ref>{{cite news |title= The destructive Bulgarian transition |url=http://bg.mondediplo.com/article181.html |newspaper=[[Le Monde diplomatique]] |language=Bulgarian|date= 1 October 2007|accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> A 1997 reform package restored economic growth, but living standards continued to suffer.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.wsws.org/articles/2001/jul2001/bulg-j24.shtml |title=Ex-King Simeon II named new prime minister of Bulgaria |author=World Socialist Web Site |date=24 July 2001 |accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> After 2001 economic, political and geopolitical conditions improved greatly,{{Sfn|Library of Congress|2006|p=16}} and Bulgaria achieved high Human Development status.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR05_complete.pdf|title=Human Development Index Report|publisher=United Nations|year=2005|page=220|accessdate=4 December 2011}} Compare with [http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr04_complete.pdf 2004 Report], page 140. Retrieved 4 December 2011.</ref> It became a member of [[NATO]] in 2004<ref name="nato"/> and of the [[European Union]] in 2007.<ref name="VOA"/>
+
Under the influence of the [[Revolutions of 1989|collapsing Eastern Bloc]], on 10 November 1989 the Communist Party gave up its political monopoly, Zhivkov resigned, and Bulgaria embarked on a transition to a parliamentary democracy.{{Sfn|Government and Politics}} The first free elections in June 1990 were won by the [[Bulgarian Socialist Party]] (BSP, the freshly renamed Communist Party).<ref>{{cite news |title=Bulgarian Politicians Discuss First Democratic Elections 20y After |url=http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=117822 |newspaper=Novinite |date=5 July 2010 |accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> A [[Constitution of Bulgaria|new constitution]] that provided for a relatively weak elected President and for a Prime Minister accountable to the legislature was adopted in July 1991. The new system initially failed to improve living standards or create economic growth—the average quality of life and economic performance remained lower than under Communism well into the early 2000s.<ref>{{cite news |title= The destructive Bulgarian transition |url=http://bg.mondediplo.com/article181.html |newspaper=[[Le Monde diplomatique]] |language=Bulgarian|date= 1 October 2007|accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> A 1997 reform package restored economic growth, but living standards continued to suffer.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.wsws.org/articles/2001/jul2001/bulg-j24.shtml |title=Ex-King Simeon II named new prime minister of Bulgaria |author=World Socialist Web Site |date=24 July 2001 |accessdate=20 December 2011}}</ref> After 2001 economic, political and geopolitical conditions improved greatly,{{Sfn|Library of Congress|2006|p=16}} and Bulgaria achieved high Human Development status.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR05_complete.pdf|title=Human Development Index Report|publisher=United Nations|year=2005|page=220|accessdate=4 December 2011}} Compare with [http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/hdr04_complete.pdf 2004 Report], page 140. Retrieved 4 December 2011.</ref> It became a member of [[NATO]] in 2004<ref name="nato"/> and of the [[European Union]] in 2007.<ref name="VOA"/>the old lady crapped her pants and flew into a grandma and that's the history of Bulgaria
   
 
==Geography==
 
==Geography==
Reason: ANN scored at 0.907642
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 05:16:37 PM
Status: Reported
Thursday, the 30th of October 2014 at 02:13:18 PM #96671
Anonymous (anonymous)

I have never did any thing wrong to your page please unblock me.

Wednesday, the 21st of October 2015 at 05:16:37 PM #101621
Bradley (anonymous)

IlzFPp http://www.FyLitCl7Pf7kjQdDUOLQOuaxTXbj5iNG.com

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