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ID: 1774837
User: LAndrewes
Article: William Steuart (Mayor of Baltimore)
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m (clean up using AWB)
(The earlier article intermingled and confused two separate subjects, William Steuart the Planter and William Steuart who was Mayor of Baltimore.)
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| name = William Steuart
 
| name = William Steuart
 
| image = William Steuart crop.jpg
 
| image = William Steuart crop.jpg
| caption = Lieutenant colonel William Steuart, Mayor of Baltimore from 1831-32.<ref name="graveyard"/>
 
  +
| caption = This is not the William Steuart who is the subject of this article. A picture of the subject of the article can be found at http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/012400/012469/html/12469images.html
 
| office = [[Mayor of Baltimore]]
 
| office = [[Mayor of Baltimore]]
 
| term_start = 1831
 
| term_start = 1831
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| constituency =
 
| constituency =
 
| majority =
 
| majority =
| office2 = Lieutenant colonel, United States Army
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| office2 = Lieutenant colonel, 36th U.S. Army Regiment
 
| term_start2 =
 
| term_start2 =
 
| term_end2 =
 
| term_end2 =
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| constituency2 =
 
| constituency2 =
 
| majority2 =
 
| majority2 =
| birth_date = c1754
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| birth_date = 1780
| birth_place = [[Anne Arundel County]], [[Maryland]].
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| birth_place = [[Baltimore]], [[Maryland]].
 
| death_date = February 12, 1839<ref name="msa"/>
 
| death_date = February 12, 1839<ref name="msa"/>
| death_place = [[Anne Arundel County]], [[Maryland]].
+
| death_place = [[Baltimore]], [[Maryland]].
| occupation = [[Politician]], [[Soldier]].
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| occupation = Stone-cutter, Building Contractor, [[Politician]], [[Soldier]].
 
| party =
 
| party =
| relations = [[George H. Steuart (planter)|George H. Steuart]] (father)<br>[[Richard Sprigg Steuart]] (nephew)<br>[[George H. Steuart (militia general)]] (nephew)
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| relations = [[Robert Steuart (father)|Robert St. John Steuart]] (brother)<br>[[Hugh Steuart]] (brother)<br>
| spouse =
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| spouse = Elizabeth Hagerty
 
| alma_mater =
 
| alma_mater =
| children =
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| children = Five sons, two daughters
| residence = [[Dodon]]
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| residence = [[Baltimore]]
 
| occupation =
 
| occupation =
| religion = [[Anglican]]
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| religion = [[Presbyterian]]
 
| signature =
 
| signature =
 
| website =
 
| website =
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}}
 
}}
   
Lieutenant Colonel '''William Steuart''' (1754–February 12, 1839) was a wealthy planter in colonial [[Maryland]], and [[Mayor of Baltimore]] from 1831 to 1832. He inherited the estate of [[Dodon]] in [[Anne Arundel County]], Maryland, from his father, planter and politician [[George H. Steuart (planter)|George H. Steuart]].<ref name="Nelker, 32">Nelker, 32</ref> He was a lieutenant colonel in the [[United States Army]] during the [[War of 1812]], and saw service during the [[Battle of Baltimore]], where he commanded the 38th United States Infantry foot regiment.
 
  +
Lieutenant Colonel '''William Steuart''' (1780–February 12, 1839) was a prominent Baltimore stone-cutter, building contractor, War of 1812 field-officer, and politician, serving as Mayor during 1831-1832. He prepared the stone-work for the city's Washington Monument, the 1805 Court House (now demolished), and other large buildings <ref name=msa>Reference 1</ref> and was involved of a general movement of the mechanical class to secure greater political influence <ref name=Steffen>Reference 2</ref>
   
 
==Early life==
 
==Early life==
Steuart was born in 1754 <ref name="Nelker, p.65">Nelker, p.65</ref> in [[Anne Arundel County]], [[Maryland]], the fourth son <ref name="Nelker, p.65"/> of the planter and politician [[George H. Steuart (planter)|George H. Steuart]] (1700–1784).<ref name="Nelker, 32"/> He was raised at [[Dodon]], the family plantation on the [[South River (Maryland)|South River]], near [[Annapolis]], [[Maryland]].
 
  +
Col. Steuart was born in 1780 in [[Baltimore]], [[Maryland]], eldest of Robert Steuart, an immigrant from (probably Ayrshire) Scotland, and also a successful stone-cutter. <ref name=Schultz>Reference 3</ref>
   
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
As a young man Steuart served as clerk to the two Judges of the Land Office, his father George H. Steuart and [[Benedict Swingate Calvert]], who was the illegitimate son of [[Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore]], the third Proprietor Governor of Maryland.<ref name="Yentsch, p.387">[http://books.google.com/books?id=jJX672KW8TMC&pg=PA387&dq=williams+steuart+clerk+land+office&hl=en&ei=vn5pTKDtJo26OOGq8LkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Yentsch, Anne E, p.387, ''A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology'', Cambridge University Press (1994)] Retrieved August 2010</ref><ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=9zkwAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA270&dq=williams+steuart+clerk+land+office&hl=en&ei=vn5pTKDtJo26OOGq8LkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Kilty, John, p.270, ''The land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide''] Retrieved August 2010</ref> The Steuart family's interests were closely linked to those of the ruling Calvert family, and in 1770 there was a disagreement between the upper and lower houses in the Maryland Assembly over the size of fees to be collected by the Land Office. After collecting fees that were larger than those designated by the lower house, Steuart was jailed.<ref name="Brugger p.109">[http://books.google.com/books?id=fNspu2FxwUwC&pg=PA109&dq=williams+steuart+clerk+land+office&hl=en&ei=vn5pTKDtJo26OOGq8LkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false Brugger, Robert J., p.109, ''Maryland, A Middle Temperament: 1634-1980''] Retrieved August 2010</ref> In response to this Governor [[Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland|Robert Eden]] prorogued the assembly, freed Steuart, and removed him from the assembly's jurisdiction.<ref name="Yentsch, p.387"/> The question of proprietarial fees was to cause considerable discontent among Marylanders during the years immediately preceding the [[American Revolution]].<ref name="Brugger p.109"/>
 
  +
He was instructed in his trade by his father. <ref name=Schultz>Reference 10</ref>
   
===Revolutionary War===
 
  +
He entered Freemasonry in 1810 and rose to the rank was in 1820 elected Treasurer of Concordia Lodge #13, which office he held until his death, and in 1824, to the office of Deputy Grand Master <ref name=Schultz>Reference 4</ref>
Steuart's family was divided by the Revolution. His father George H. Steuart was a [[Loyalist (American Revolution)|Loyalist]] politician who, as an ally of the ruling [[Calvert family]], had benefited from substantial political patronage. In addition Steuart held estates in both [[Maryland]] and [[Scotland]] and, at the outbreak of war, forced to make a choice between loyalty to the Crown and backing the Revolution, he sailed to [[Scotland]], saying that he "could not turn rebel in his old age", and pragmatically dividing his property between his sons.
 
   
William Steuart was sympathetic to the patriots during the Revolution. According to the memoirs of his nephew [[Richard Sprigg Steuart]]: "Uncle William was mild and conciliatory, rather Republican, but with too much respect for his father to say much".<ref>Nelker, 131, Memoirs of Richard Sprigg Steuart</ref>
 
  +
He served in the War of 1812 as Lieutenant Colonel of the 36th U.S. Infantry Regiment, and saw action in the Battle of Baltimore during the “fearful bombardment of Fort McHenry,” September 13, 1814 occupying an “exposed and shelterless post beyond the outer ditch of the Fort <ref name=Schultz>Reference 5</ref>
   
After the end of the war, Steuart inherited the family estate of [[Dodon]], on the [[South River (Maryland)|South River]], near [[Annapolis]], [[Maryland]]. He was a founder member of the [[Maryland Jockey Club]], re-established after the war's end on Saturday, March 1, 1783, at Mr Mann's tavern in [[Annapolis]]. Club rules were set down including that the plate given by the club should be run on the first Tuesday of November, at Annapolis, that the prize money should be "sixty guineas", and that the annual subscription should be "three guineas".<ref>[http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=i6kIAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA64&dq=annapolis+subscription+plate&lr=&as_drrb_is=q&as_minm_is=0&as_miny_is=&as_maxm_is=0&as_maxy_is=&as_brr=3&cd=2#v=onepage&q=annapolis%20subscription%20plate&f=false ''American Turf Register and Sporting Magazine, Volume 5, p.65 (1833).] Retrieved Jan 21 2010</ref>
 
  +
He was elected Mayor in 1830, and was also a City Councilman and member of the House of Delegates. He was a member of the Vigilant Fire Company, and, just days before his death, was appointed City Collector. <ref name=Schultz>Reference 6</ref> Major events during his mayoralty are reviewed in Coyle's sketch <ref name=msa>Reference 7</ref>
   
===War of 1812===
 
  +
His activities, along with his father and brother Robert St. John Steuart, on behalf of political involvement by mechanical laborers, are alluded to in Charles Steffen’s “The Mechanics of Baltimore:Workers and Politics in the Age of Revolution 1763-1812.” <ref name=Steffen>Reference 8</ref>
[[File:Ft. Henry bombardement 1814.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Steuart served as Lieutenant Colonel of the [[38th Infantry Regiment (United States)|38th United States Infantry foot regiment]] during the [[Battle of Baltimore]]]]
 
During the War of 1812 Steuart served in the [[United States Army]] as Lieutenant Colonel of the [[38th Infantry Regiment (United States)|38th United States Infantry foot regiment]], commanding a force of around 600 men.<ref name="msa"/><ref>Andrews, p.441</ref> Steuart was present at the [[Battle of Baltimore]],<ref name="graveyard">[http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/sternberg-steunenberg.html Steuart at politicalgraveyard.com] Retrieved August 2010</ref> during which the American forces prevailed against the British bombardment of [[Fort McHenry]], with Steuart's regiment "occupying the exposed and shelterless position beyond the outer ditch."<ref name="msa"/>
 
   
===Politics and business===
 
  +
==Personal Life==
After the war of 1812, Steuart was elected as a delegate to the Maryland Assembly,<ref>[http://books.google.com/books?id=Z1EVAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA209&dq=william+steuart+baltimore&hl=en&ei=anppTP7ZI9OmOIewzLkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFIQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=william%20steuart%20baltimore&f=false Griffith, Thomas Waters, p.215, ''Annals of Baltimore'', 1815] Retrieved August 2010</ref> and later became [[Mayor of Baltimore]] from 1831 to 1832.<ref name="graveyard"/>
 
  +
William Steuart married Eliza Hagerty in 1839, and had five sons and two daughters . He died February 12, 1839, and his remains were interred with Masonic and military honors at Greenmount Cemetery. <ref name=Schultz>Reference 9</ref>
Steuart was Mayor of Baltimore for one term only, serving during the unexpired term of Mayor [[Jacob Small]], who resigned his office on March 31, 1831 <ref name="msa">[http://www.msa.md.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/012400/012469/html/12469bio.html William Steuart at www.msa.md.gov] Retrieved April 2011</ref>
 
 
Steuart was a building contractor and he prepared the stone work for the [[Washington Monument (Baltimore)]]. In addition he worked on the Court House erected in 1805 (since demolished), and other large buildings of the time.<ref name="msa"/>
 
 
He also held a number of other civil offices in State and City government, in addition to being a member of the Vigilant Fire Company. He was appointed to the office of City Collector a few days before his death.<ref name="msa"/>
 
 
==Will and Legacy==
 
[[File:Dodon obelisk.JPG|right|thumb|150px|Stone obelisk at [[Dodon]] marking the burial place of William Steuart and other members of his family.]]
 
William Steuart died unmarried, leaving a substantial estate in land and slaves which was apportioned among his surviving family members. His will left detailed instructions on which family members would inherit the substantial Steuart estates in Maryland. According to the memoirs of his nephew [[Richard Sprigg Steuart]] "The fifth of my grandfather's children was William, also a bachelor, [who] left a very large landed property and numerous slaves. He was our good old "Uncle Billy".<ref>Nelker, 131, memoirs of Richard Sprigg Steuart</ref>
 
 
He is buried at the family estate of [[Dodon]] on the [[South River]], near [[Annapolis]].<ref>Papenfeuse, p773</ref>
 
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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==Notes==
 
==Notes==
{{reflist|2}}
 
  +
1. Coyle.
  +
2. Steffen.
  +
3. Schultz.
  +
  +
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
*Andrews, Matthew Page, ''History of Maryland'', Doubleday Doran & Co, New York City (1929).
 
  +
{{reflist}}
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=fNspu2FxwUwC&pg=PA109&dq=williams+steuart+clerk+land+office&hl=en&ei=vn5pTKDtJo26OOGq8LkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false Brugger, Robert J., p.109, ''Maryland, A Middle Temperament: 1634-1980''] Retrieved August 2010
 
  +
*Coyle, Wilbur F. "The Mayors of Baltimore," pp 37-38. Rptd from "Baltimore Municipal Journal", 1919, transcribed by Maryland Archives.
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=Z1EVAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA209&dq=william+steuart+baltimore&hl=en&ei=anppTP7ZI9OmOIewzLkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9&ved=0CFIQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=william%20steuart%20baltimore&f=false Griffith, Thomas Waters, ''Annals of Baltimore'', 1815] Retrieved August 2010
 
  +
Web address: http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/012400/012469/html/12469bio.html.
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=9zkwAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA270&dq=williams+steuart+clerk+land+office&hl=en&ei=vn5pTKDtJo26OOGq8LkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false Kilty, John, p.270, ''The land-Holder's Assistant, and Land-Office Guide''] Retrieved August 2010
 
  +
*Schultz, Edward T. "History of Freemasonry in Maryland" Vol. II pp. 748-751
* Nelker, Gladys P., ''The Clan Steuart'', Genealogical Publishing (1970).
 
  +
Web address: http://books.google.com/books/about/History_of_freemasonry_in_Maryland_of_al.html?id=ZnBTAAAAYAAJ
* Papenfeuse Edward C., and others, ''A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789'', The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0-8018-9096-3
 
  +
* Steffen, Charles G. "The Mechanics of Baltimore: Workers and Politics in the Age of Revolution 1763-1812," pp. 179-187 University of Illinois Press (1984)
* Richardson. Hester Dorey, ''Side-Lights on Maryland History: With Sketches of Early Maryland Families'', Williams and Wilkins (1913). ASIN: B000VAWR4Q
 
* Steuart, Richard Sprigg, ''Dr. George Steuart of Annapolis and Doden, Anne Arundel County and his descendants'', S.N. 1955, ASIN: B0007GTCFG
 
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=jJX672KW8TMC&pg=PA387&dq=williams+steuart+clerk+land+office&hl=en&ei=vn5pTKDtJo26OOGq8LkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Yentsch, Anne E, p.387, ''A Chesapeake Family and their Slaves: a Study in Historical Archaeology'', Cambridge University Press (1994)] Retrieved August 2010
 
   
{{s-start}}
 
{{succession box | before = [[Jacob Small]] | title = [[List of Mayors of Baltimore|Mayor of Baltimore]] | years = 1831&ndash;1832 | after = [[Jesse Hunt]]}}
 
{{s-end}}
 
{{BaltimoreMayors}}
 
   
==External links==
 
* [http://books.google.com/books?id=lfAaAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA112&dq=william+steuart+baltimore&hl=en&ei=anppTP7ZI9OmOIewzLkF&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=william%20steuart%20baltimore&f=false Steuart in ''Niles Weekly Register Volume 52, 1837] Retrieved August 2010
 
* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/sternberg-steunenberg.html Steuart at politicalgraveyard.com] Retrieved August 2010
 
* [http://www.msa.md.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/012400/012469/html/12469bio.html William Steuart at www.msa.md.gov] Retrieved March 2011
 
   
 
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
 
{{Persondata <!-- Metadata: see [[Wikipedia:Persondata]]. -->
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| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
 
| ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
 
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = American mayor
 
| SHORT DESCRIPTION = American mayor
| DATE OF BIRTH = 1754
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| DATE OF BIRTH = 1780
| PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Anne Arundel County]], [[Maryland]].
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| PLACE OF BIRTH = [[Baltimore]], [[Maryland]].
 
| DATE OF DEATH = February 12, 1839
 
| DATE OF DEATH = February 12, 1839
| PLACE OF DEATH = [[Anne Arundel County]], [[Maryland]].
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| PLACE OF DEATH = [[Baltimore]], [[Maryland]].
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Steuart, William}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Steuart, William}}
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[[Category:People of Maryland in the American Revolution]]
 
[[Category:People of Maryland in the American Revolution]]
 
[[Category:House of Stuart]]
 
[[Category:House of Stuart]]
[[Category:American planters]]
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[[Category:People from Baltimore, Maryland]]
[[Category:People from Anne Arundel County, Maryland]]
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[[Category:1780 births]]
[[Category:1754 births]]
 
 
[[Category:1838 deaths]]
 
[[Category:1838 deaths]]
 
[[Category:Maryland in the American Revolution]]
 
[[Category:Maryland in the American Revolution]]
Reason: ANN scored at 0.878779
Reporter Information
Reporter: Anonymous (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 18th of November 2015 at 11:00:41 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 18th of November 2015 at 11:00:41 PM #102287
Anonymous (anonymous)

It looks like this revision was correct, and that's why a new page was created William Steuart (Planter) separate from this page see talk page.

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