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Article: Part-time
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{{Expand section|issue as it relates to nations and economies around the world and how it affects underemployment in the Western world|date=September 2011}}
 
A '''part-time''' job is a form of [[employment]] that carries fewer hours per week than a [[full-time]] job. Workers are considered to be part time if they commonly work fewer than 30 or 35 hours per week.<ref name=ILO>[http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/condtrav/pdf/infosheets/wt-4.pdf Part-Time Work Information Sheet], International Labour Organization, via [http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/condtrav/time/time_infosheets.htm]</ref> According to the [[International Labour Organization]], the number of part-time workers has increased from one-fourth to a half in the past 20 years in most developed countries, excluding the United States.<ref name=ILO/> There are many reasons for working part time, including the desire to do so, having one's hours cut back by an employer and being unable to find a full-time job. The [[International Labour Organisation Convention 175]] requires that part-time workers be treated no less favourably than full-time workers.<ref>[[ILO Part Time Work Convention]] [http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/convdisp1.htm No 175]</ref>
 
 
"Part-time" can also be used in reference to a [[student]] (usually in [[higher education]]) who takes only a few courses, rather than a full load of coursework each semester.
 
 
==Australia==
 
Part-time employment in Australia involves a comprehensive framework.
 
Part-time employees work less hours than their full-time counterparts within a specific industry, this can vary but is generally less than 16 hours per week.
 
 
Part-time employees within Australia are legally entitled to paid annual leave, sick leave, and having maternity leave etc. except it is covered on a 'pro-rata' (percentage) basis depending on the hours worked each week.
 
 
Furthermore, as a part-time employee is guaranteed a regular roster within a workplace, they are given an annular salary paid each week, fortnight or month. Employers within Australia are obliged to provide minimum notice requirements for termination, redundancy and change of rostered hours in relation to part-time workers [http://www.fairwork.gov.au/Things-everyone-should-know/Pages/Types-of-employment.aspx?role=employees].
 
 
As of January 2010, the number of part-time workers within Australia is approximately 3.3 million out of the 10.9 million individuals within the Australian workforce [http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0].
 
 
==Canada==
 
In Canada, part-time workers are those who usually work fewer than 30 hours per week at their main or only job.<ref>''The Canadian Labour Market at a Glance'', [http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/71-222-x/2008001/glossary-glossaire-eng.htm#a15 Glossary], November 25, 2008</ref> In 2007, just over 1 in every 10 employees aged 25 to 54 worked part time. A person who has a part-time placement is often contracted to a company or business in which they have a set of terms they agree with.
 
 
==United Kingdom==
 
Part-time workers in the United Kingdom are protected by legislation that states they should be treated no less favourably than full time equivalent colleagues.<ref>{{cite web|last=DirectGov|title=DirectGov|url=http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Employment/Employees/Flexibleworking/DG_173304|publisher=DirectGov|accessdate=18 March 2011}}</ref>
 
 
==United States==
 
According to the [[Bureau of Labor Statistics]], working part time is defined as working between 1 and 35 hours per week.<ref>''Labor force characteristics'', [http://www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#fullpart Full- or part-time status], U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Division of Labor Force Statistics.</ref> In 2007, 18.3 million Americans worked part time. <ref>Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. [ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/special.requests/lf/aat22.txt Persons at work in non-agricultural industries by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and usual full- or part-time status], BLS.gov</ref>
 
 
Typically, part-time employees in the United States are not entitled to [[employee benefit]]s, such as health insurance.
 
 
==Asia==
 
{{nihongo|'''''Arubaito'''''|<small>[[Japanese language|JPN]]</small>:アルバイト}} or '''''Arubaitu''''' (<small>[[Korean language|KOR]]</small>: 아르바이트) is a common term used in [[East Asia]] to refer to a '''part-time job'''. The word is a rendering of the [[German language|German]] noun "''Arbeit''" (work).
 
 
==See also==
 
*[[UK labour law]]
 
*[[US labor law]]
 
 
==Notes==
 
{{reflist|2}}
 
 
==External links ==
 
;Worldwide
 
*The [[Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development]] has [http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=FTPTN_D Full-Time/Part-Time Employment Statistics] and [http://stats.oecd.org/WBOS/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=FTPTN_I Incidence Rates] for select nations, based on national definitions.
 
   
 
;Europe
 
;Europe
Reason: ANN scored at 0.861701
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Reporter: JimmiXzS (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:12:17 AM
Status: Reported
Monday, the 20th of April 2015 at 09:34:26 AM #99053
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Friday, the 14th of October 2016 at 10:12:17 AM #106464
JimmiXzS (anonymous)

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