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Article: Doritos
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dortios were invented for chuck norris when he needed a snack
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{{infobox brand
| logo =
| name = Doritos
| image = [[File:Nacho-Cheese-Doritos-Bag-Small.jpg|200px]]
| type = [[Tortilla chip]]
| currentowner = [[Frito-Lay]]
| origin =
| introduced = 1966
| discontinued =
| related = [[Fritos]]
| markets = worldwide
| previousowners =
| trademarkregistrations =
| ambassador =
| tagline =
| website =
'''Doritos''' ({{IPAc-en|icon|d|ɵ|ˈ|r|iː|t|oʊ|z}}) is a brand of seasoned [[tortilla chip]]s created by [[Arch West]] and produced since 1964 by the American food company [[Frito-Lay]] (a division of [[PepsiCo, Inc.]]).<ref>[ Arch West obituary, Washington Post, September 26, 2011]</ref><ref name="PepHis">{{cite web |url= |title=PepsiCo's History Timeline |accessdate=2007-07-02 }}</ref>
"Doritos" were released in the United States in 1966, the first tortilla chip to be launched nationally in the [[United States]].
In a television special on the [[National Geographic Channel]] about [[Ultimate Factories]], episode 5-5, it was said that Doritos is a $4 billion dollar a year product. This made it the number one seller in corn based chips; it is the second leading seller behind Lay's Potato Chip, another Frito Lay product.
According to Information Resources International, in 1993, Doritos earned $1.3 billion in retail sales, one-third of the total Frito-Lay sales for the year. Nevertheless, in the costliest redesign in Frito-Lay history, in 1994 the company spent $50 million to redesign Doritos to make the chips 20% larger and 15% thinner. Roger J. Berdusco, the vice president of tortilla chip marketing, said a primary reason for the change was "greater competition from restaurant-style tortilla chips, that are larger and more strongly seasoned".<ref name=collins>{{Cite news|last=Collins|first=Glenn|title=Pepsico Pushes a Star Performer|date=November 3, 1994|newspaper=New York Times|url=|accessdate=2008-11-12|postscript=.}}</ref> The design change was the result of a two-year market research study that involved 5,000 chip eaters. The new design gave each chip rounded corners, making it easier to eat and reducing the scrap resulting from broken corners. Each chip was also given more seasoning, resulting in a stronger flavor. The improved chips were released in four flavors beginning in January 1995.<ref name=collins/>
Frito-Lay eliminated [[trans fat]] from all Doritos varieties in 2002. The same year, the Doritos brand began complying with [[U.S. Food and Drug Administration]] labeling regulations, four years before the regulations became mandatory.<ref name=collier>{{Cite news|last=Collier|first=Gene|title=An expert weighs in on the Dorito case|date=January 7, 2004|newspaper=Pittsburgh Post-Gazette|location=Pittsburgh, PA|url=|accessdate=2008-11-12|postscript=.}}</ref>
The company was sued in 2003 by Charles Grady, who claimed that his throat had been damaged because of eating Doritos. According to him, the shape and rigidity of the chips made them inherently dangerous. Grady attempted to admit into evidence a study by a former chemistry professor that calculated how best to safely swallow the chips. The Pennsylvania Supreme Court later ruled that the study did not meet scientific standards and could not be presented as evidence.<ref name=collier/>
In 2005, Doritos sales in the United States fell by 1.7% to $595 million. To increase sales in 2006, the company launched several new flavors, a new label, and more bilingual advertising. Frito-Lay vice president Joe Ennen described this as "the most significant rebranding and relaunch in Doritos' 38-year history".<ref name=vanriper>{{Cite news|last=Van Riper|first=Tom|title=PepsiCo to Zest Up Doritos Campaign|newspaper=Forbes|date=January 9, 2006|url=|accessdate=2008-11-12|postscript=.}}</ref>
{{update|date=May 2011|Doritos Canada's new flavour}}
<!-- Deleted image removed: [[File:Doritos taco retro 2010.gif|thumb|right|280px|1960s packaging and logo reintroduced for the 2010 retro revival of original taco flavor Doritos]] -->
Doritos are sold in many countries worldwide in assorted flavors. The first flavor of Doritos was Taco Flavor in 1968 according to the Funding Universe web site. Nacho Cheese Flavor (Doritos' most popular product) was released in 1972, and for a short run at the end of the 1970s, the Sour Cream and Onion flavored chips were available, but were discontinued in the early [[1980s|80s]].<ref></ref> Cool Ranch (known for a time as Cooler Ranch) flavor was released in 1986.
Five versions of 'Doritos Collisions,' which include two different flavors in the same bag, have been produced. Those varieties of Doritos Collisions are Hot Wings/Blue Cheese, Zesty Taco/Chipotle Ranch, Habanero/Guacamole, Cheesy Enchilada/Sour Cream, and Pizza Cravers/Ranch.<ref name="collisions">{{cite web|url= |title=Collisions page at | |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref>
In the 1990s, in partnership with parent company PepsiCo's fast food brands, two new flavors of Doritos were introduced, [[Taco Bell]]'s Taco Supreme (incorporating a "beef" flavoring that was quite different from the original 1960s "Taco" incarnation) and [[Pizza Hut]]'s Pizza Cravers. After PepsiCo [[Yum! Brands|spun off its restaurant division in 1997]], the flavors were simply renamed taco and pizza, respectively, with the pizza flavor discontinued in some markets. At around the same time, due to the popularity of Frito-Lay's [[Tostitos]] brand the unflavored Toasted Corn was briefly discontinued, then brought back. In 2007 in several markets, there was briefly a Nacho Chipotle Ranch Ripple flavor. In 2008 the Taco Bell flavor was temporarily re-released under the "Back by Popular Demand" label along with Four Cheese.
In 1990, Jumpin' Jack Monterey Cheese flavored Doritos were introduced. Unfortunately, this flavor was later discontinued to the dismay of many Dorito fans.
Also in the 1990s, Doritos had a flavor in Canada called Texas Tang. The flavor was only available for a few years before it was removed from their flavor line-up.
In 1997, Spicy Nacho was introduced.
Numerous impromptu online support groups have sprung up over the years among devoted fans who miss the original Doritos Taco flavor formula. Reincarnations and relaunches of the Taco Doritos, including the recent "Back By Popular Demand" campaign, did not recreate the original Taco flavor. (A sour cream flavor had been added to the formula around 1985.) The taco chips included in the Zesty Taco/Chipotle Ranch "Collisions" bags were very close to the original, but were since discontinued in most of the country.<ref></ref> In late 2010 the taco flavor recipe that was used in the 1980s returned in a limited edition "retro" styled bag incorporating the original Doritos logo, and in early 2011 the company announced that this incarnation would remain in the permanent product line-up.<ref></ref>
In 2007 Doritos ran a campaign called "Doritos X-13D Flavor Experiment" where black, unidentified bags of Doritos were on the market for consumers to identify and name the flavor. The only flavor identification on these chips was "All American Classic". Rolland Smith was the founder of the variety of different flavors. He has created many flavors including cheeseburger, jalepeno, hot sauce, green peppers, etc.<ref name="x13d">[ Doritos' X-13D web page] (formerly at</ref>
In 2008, Doritos debuted a "mystery flavor" Quest with prizes being given as puzzles are solved. The mystery flavor was [[Mountain Dew]].<ref>{{cite web|last=Koski |first=Genevieve |url=,2344/ |title=Taste Test: Mountain Dew "Quest" Doritos |publisher=A.V. Club |date= |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref>
In 2009, Doritos released some new flavors under the banner '''Doritos Late Night''': [[Tacos]] at Midnight and Last Call [[Jalapeno]] Popper. They also modified the X-13D flavor as All Nighter [[Cheeseburger]].
2010 saw the release of three successively spicy "Degree Burn" flavors (Blazin' Jalapeno, Fiery Buffalo and Scorchin' Habanero), cross promoted to "cool down" with [[Pepsi]]'s lime "Cease Fire", and the [[wasabi]] flavored Mr. Dragon's Fire Chips. 2010 saw the introduction of Doritos to New Zealand and with it flavors including Nacho Cheese, Cheese Supreme, Salted, and Salsa. This year also saw the original Taco flavor of Doritos revived in the original packaging design.
In the spring of 2011, a [[Tapatío hot sauce|Tapatio]] hot sauce flavor was released. In February 2011, Doritos Canada gave consumers the chance to write the end of a commercial surrounding two new flavors (Onion Rings n' Ketchup, Buffalo Wings n' Ranch), one of which was taken off shelves when the contest ended. The submission with the most votes was to be shot, and the flavor "destroyed" in that submission was to be taken off shelves. Submissions closed March 13, 2011 and voting closed March 27, 2011. The chosen ending was released on May 5, 2011, with Onion Rings n' Ketchup being the winner.<ref name="theend_revealed">{{cite web|url=|title=Doritos - The End|publisher=Frito Lay Canada|date=May 5, 2011|accessdate=May 5, 2011}}</ref>
The brand's [[marketing]] campaigns have included many television commercials featuring [[Avery Schreiber]],<ref>{{cite news |url= |title= Avery Schreiber, 66, Doritos Funnyman |accessdate=2007-07-02 |format= |work= The New York Times | date=2002-01-09}}</ref> [[Jay Leno]],<ref name="PepHis" /> and [[Ali Landry]],<ref>{{cite web |url= |title="Doritos Girl" Ali Landry Scorejgdhdfhs A Three-peat at Super Bowl XXXV in New Doritos Commercial |accessdate=2007-07-02 |work= |archiveurl = <!-- Bot retrieved archive --> |archivedate = 2007-06-13}}</ref> as well as [[product placement]] in movies, such as ''[[Wayne's World (film)|Wayne's World]]''.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Memorable quotes for Wayne's World (IMDB) |accessdate=2007-07-02 |format= |work= }}</ref>
===Super Bowl===
[[File:Doritos.jpg|thumb|right|280px|Nacho Cheese Doritos]]
For many years, Doritos [[Super Bowl advertising|advertised heavily during the]] [[Super Bowl]]. According to Thomas L. Harris's ''Value-Added Public Relations'', "the most-used single video news release of 1995" was a Doritos Super Bowl Commercial featuring recently-defeated US state governors [[Mario Cuomo]] and [[Ann Richards]]. The pair were discussing change and the ad ended with viewers aware that the change they referred to was not political, but rather a new packaging for Doritos. The ad generated a great deal of publicity before it ever ran and much discussion afterward. The governors later parodied their ad; when they were interviewed on the [[CBS]] news program ''[[60 Minutes]]'', the two were often seen eating Doritos.<ref name=harris112>Harris (1999), p. 112.</ref>
In 1998, Doritos cast former [[Miss USA]] [[Ali Landry]] in a new Super Bowl Commercial. In the ad, filmed in a Laundromat, she plays a sexy customer who catches Doritos chips in her mouth as they come flying helter-skelter. The ad was such a success that Frito-Lay signed Landry, who became known as "The Doritos Girl," to a three-year contract.<ref>{{Cite news|last=Horovitz|first=Bruce|title=From zero to hero in 30 seconds flat|newspaper=USAToday|date=February 1, 2002|url=|accessdate=2008-11-12|postscript=.}}</ref>
For [[Super Bowl XLI#Commercials|Super Bowl XLI]], Doritos launched a contest, Crash the Super Bowl, to allow consumers to create their own Doritos commercial. The general public was allowed to vote for their favorite of five finalists. According to Doritos, the vote was so close that just before the game the company decided to run two of the ads rather than just one. Both commercials finished highly in ratings of commercials during this Super Bowl.<ref>
{{Cite news|last=Elliott|first=Stuart|title=Thanks to the Web, the Scorekeeping on the Super Bowl has just begun|newspaper=New York Times|date=February 6, 2007|url=|accessdate=2208-11-12|postscript=.}}</ref> [[Super Bowl XLII#Commercials|The following year]], Doritos sponsored a contest to find a musician to feature in a Super Bowl ad. Although the ad, featuring winner [[Kina Grannis]], generated a lot of publicity, it ranked last in popularity among the program's ads.<ref>{{Cite news|last=Viskowitz|first=Susan|date=February 16, 2008|title=Super Bowl boosts digital sales for Petty and others|newspaper=Washington Post|url=|accessdate=2008-11-12|postscript=.}}</ref>
For [[Super Bowl XLIII#Commercials|Super Bowl XLIII]], Doritos relaunched the fan-created commercials, with the winning vote going to the "Free Doritos" ad, which featured an office worker (Comedian Steve Booth) with a [[snow globe]] (believing it to be a [[crystal ball]]) "predicting" that everyone in the office would get free Doritos, then subsequently throws the snow globe into a [[vending machine]] selling nothing but Nacho Cheese & Cool Ranch Doritos.<ref>{{cite web|date=January 27, 2009 |url= |title=Doritos Super Bowl XLIII Commercial: Free Doritos! |publisher=YouTube |date=2009-01-27 |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref> The commercial was ranked by the [[USA Today Super Bowl Ad Meter]] as the best ad for the year, earning the creators of the ad - Joe and Dave Herbert - a [[United States dollar|US $]]1 million prize.<ref>{{cite web|url= little known face is that the crystal ball was originally a "Magic 8 Ball" but Mattell declined permission to reference it's iconic toy in the ad thus the commercial was hastily re-shot using a snowglobe as a crystal ball. vnu_content_id=1003936924&imw=Y |title=null | |date=2009-04-16 |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref> They again aired two ads during the game ads and the second place ad also placed in the top five according to USA Today. This ad featured a guy who discovers that each crunch from his bag of Doritos causes whatever is on his mind to become reality (until he runs out of chips). Another popular commercial from the group of finalist included an executive making a presentation to other executives on a new ([[fiction]]al) Doritos flavor called "Doritos Beer", which, as the name implies, is [[beer]]-flavored Doritos, with each chip containing enough [[alcohol]] as an equivalent of a 16 ounce can of beer. The executive making the presentation, eating the beer-flavored chips, ends up [[drunkenness|drunk]] on the chips and is down to his [[undergarment|underwear]] and a [[Necktie|tie]] by the end of the commercial.<ref>{{cite web|date=January 27, 2009 |url= |title=Doritos Super Bowl XLIII Commercial: New Flavor Pitch |publisher=YouTube |date=2009-01-27 |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref> For [[Super Bowl XLIV]], four ads were entered, and if three of the commercials sweep the top three positions in that year's Ad Meter contest, all of the creators would be awarded a total of US $5 million, broken down as $1 million for first place, $600,000 for second and $400,000 for third, plus each maker would get an additional $1 million.<ref>[ Doritos Ad Contest Raises The Stakes, Bruce Horowitz, USA TODAY, 09-10-09]</ref>
For the Super Bowl XLIII as aired in Canada, Doritos aired the "Chip Hat" commercial <ref>{{cite web|date=January 29, 2009 |url= |title=Doritos Guru - Talking Toys |publisher=YouTube |date=2009-01-29 |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref> advertising their new "unidentified flavor" chip flavor that offers a prize of [[Canadian dollar|CDN $]]25,000 + 1% of all associated sales to someone that can both name, and create an ad for the new flavor.<ref>{{cite web|url= |title=Become the Doritos Guru | |date=2009-04-05 |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref> The new winning name, Scream Cheese (or, in French, Fromage Fracassant), was submitted by Ryan Coopersmith of Montreal.
For the Super Bowl XLIV Doritos aired the "House Rules" commercial, as a “Crash the Super Bowl” finalist. It was ranked by [[ADBOWL]] as the second best ad of the year.
In 2008, Doritos were promoted by an "out-of-this-world" advertising campaign, literally beaming a 30 second advertisement for Doritos brand tortilla chips into a planetary system 42 [[light year]]s away. The project was in collaboration with EISCAT Space Center in Svalbard, Norway. The "You Make It, We'll Play It" contest chose the winning advertisement that was transmitted on June 12, 2008. The ad was beamed towards a distant star within the Ursa Major constellation that is orbited by planets which may harbor life.<ref>{{cite news|last=Highfield |first=Roger |url= |title=UK astronomers to broadcast adverts to aliens - Telegraph |publisher=Telegraph |date=2008-03-07 |accessdate=2009-07-15 | location=London}} {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref>
Doritos was the main sponsor of [[Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C.|Wolverhampton Wanderers]] for the 2002/03 and 2003/04 seasons, the latter of which was spent in the [[Premier League]]. Doritos officially sponsored the "Hail to the Cheese [[Stephen Colbert]]'s Nacho Cheese Doritos 2008 Presidential Campaign Coverage."<ref name="colbert-vid">{{cite web|url= |title=Colbert video from Comedy Central | |date=2007-10-18 |accessdate=2009-07-15}}</ref> The money given to Colbert could not be used to directly fund his campaign, so he used the money to fund ''[[The Colbert Report]]''. He claimed that he would not use his show to [[product plug|plug]] Doritos, but plugged the chips during these claims. After the campaign flopped, Colbert joked that his "body will stop producing bright orange waste."<ref name="Hollywood Reporter">{{cite news |url= |title=Doritos still the word for Colbert |accessdate=2008-03-20 | deadurl=yes}} {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref> In March 2008, Colbert partnered with Doritos, specifically the Spicy Sweet Chili flavor, to promote his Philadelphia-based coverage of the Pennsylvania primaries.<ref name="Comedy Central">{{cite web |url= |title= For the First Time-Ever 'The Colbert Report' Hits the Road - 'The Colbert Report: Dorito's Spicy Sweet Pennsylvania Primary Coverage From Chili-Delphi |accessdate=2008-04-04 }} {{Dead link|date=September 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref> Doritos sponsored [[Super Bowl]] halftime shows in the 1990s.{{Citation needed|date=November 2009}}
In 2010, Doritos Canada launched a "Viralocity" competition, asking the public to name a new flavour and to produce an online video advertising the fictional new flavor, Natalie Armstrong submitted her video before she received the most points based on numerous factors including, most widely-viewed, wins a cash prize.<ref>{{cite news|url=|title=Doritos wants chip-namers to go viral|last=Brown|first=Davis|date=8 February 2010|publisher=Marketer News|accessdate=23 February 2010}}</ref>
In 2010, Doritos launched for the first time in [[New Zealand]] with Nacho Cheese, Cheese Supreme, Salsa, and Salted flavors. It replaced the long-running [[CC's]] brand.
On September 20, 2011, retired Frito-Lay marketing executive Arch West, who was credited for creating Doritos as the first national tortilla chip brand, died in Dallas at age 97.<ref>{{cite news|url=|title=Arch West, 97, invented Doritos for Frito-Lay | work=The Washington Post | date=2011-09-26}}</ref> In 1961 when, while on a family vacation near San Diego, he found a snack shack selling fried tortilla chips. It is said that corporate response showed little enthusiasm to the tortilla chip idea, but more marketing research led to the Doritos release.
The plain chips are made of ground corn, vegetable oil, and salt. Other ingredients vary across the flavored chip varieties. Doritos made for the US market generally do not use pork derived animal [[rennet]] in the making of the cheese flavorings used on the chips.<ref>[]</ref>
*Nacho Cheese Doritos ingredients (US), in order of percent of product: whole corn, vegetable oil (corn, soybean, and/or sunflower oil), salt, cheddar cheese (milk, cheese cultures, salt, [[rennet|enzymes]]), [[maltodextrin]], wheat flour, [[whey]], [[monosodium glutamate]], buttermilk solids, romano cheese (part skim cow's milk, cheese cultures, salt, enzymes), [[whey protein isolate|whey protein concentrate]], onion powder, [[partially hydrogenated oil|partially hydrogenated soybean]] and [[cottonseed oil]], corn flour, [[disodium phosphate]], [[lactose]], natural and artificial flavor, dextrose, tomato powder, spices, [[lactic acid]], artificial color (including [[Yellow 6]], [[Yellow 5]], [[Red 40]]), citric acid, sugar, garlic powder, red and green bell pepper powder, [[sodium caseinate]], [[disodium inosinate]], [[disodium guanylate]], nonfat milk solids, [[whey protein isolate]], corn syrup solids<ref>[ Nacho Cheese Dorito ingredient list at Frito Lay website]</ref>
In 1996, [[The Onion]], a satirical newspaper and website, featured an article with the headline "Doritos Celebrates One Millionth Ingredient", The article, while obviously false, lampooned Frito-Lay for the sheer number of ingredients found in Doritos. <ref>[,19914</ref>
== See also ==
* [[Corn chip]]
== References ==
=== Bibliography ===
*{{Cite book|last=Harris|first=Thomas L.|title=Value-Added Public Relations|publisher=McGraw-Hill Professional|year=1999|isbn=9780844234120|postscript=.}}
*{{Cite book|last=Smith|first=Andrew F.|title=Encyclopedia of Junk Food and Fast Food|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|year=2006|isbn=9780313335273|postscript=.}}
*{{Cite book|last=Stalk|first=George|last2=Lachenauer|first2=Rob|last3=Butman|first3=John|title=Hardball: Are You Playing to Play or Playing to Win?|publisher=Harvard Business Press|year=2004|isbn=9781591391678|postscript=.}}
== External links ==
* [ Doritos America]
* [ Doritos Collisions]
* [ Doritos UK]
[[Category:Brand name snack foods]]
[[Category:Frito-Lay brands]]
[[Category:1966 introductions]]
Reason: ANN scored at 0.966602
Reporter Information
Reporter: Mark (anonymous)
Date: Wednesday, the 11th of May 2016 at 05:41:51 PM
Status: Reported
Wednesday, the 11th of May 2016 at 05:41:51 PM #104256
Mark (anonymous)