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ID: 922222
User: 209.152.94.10
Article: Culture of the Tlingit
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(Kinship: that didn't sound good; slight rephrasing)
(Kinship)
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==Kinship==
 
==Kinship==
The Tlingit kinship system, like most Northwest Coast societies, is based on a [[matrilineal]] structure, and describes a family roughly according to Morgan's [[Crow kinship|Crow system]] of kinship. The society is wholly divided into two distinct [[Kinship#Lineages, clans, phratries, moieties, and matrimonial sides|moieties]], termed Raven (''Yéil'') and Eagle/Wolf (''Ch'aak'/Ghooch''). The former identifies with the raven as its primary crest, but the latter is variously identified with the wolf, the eagle, or some other dominant animal crest depending on location; occasionally this moiety is simply called the "not Raven" people. There is a general tendency among younger Tlingits of identifying all Eagle/Wolf clans with eagle in preference to wolf or other crests, something deprecated by most elders but reinforced by modern associations between Tlingit and their [[Tsimshian]] and [[Haida people|Haida]] neighbors. Members of one moiety traditionally may only marry a person of the opposite moiety, however in the last century this system began to break down (as a result of violent suppression of Tlingit culture and traditions) and today so-called "double-eagle" and "double-raven" marriages are common, as well as marriages with non-Tlingit people. No word in Tlingit refers to moiety, since referring to a particular person by their clan membership (see below) is enough to determine their moiety affiliation. In colloquial English the term "side" is often used among the Tlingit since "moiety" is a specialized term unfamiliar to most.
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The Tlingit kinship system, like most Northwest Coast societies, is based on a [[matrilineal]] structure, and describes a family roughly according to Morgan's [[Crow kinship|Crow system]] of kinship. The society is wholly divided into two distinct [[Kinship#Lineages, clans, phratries, moieties, and matrimonial sides|moieties]], termed Raven (''Yéil'') and Eagle/Wolf (''Ch'aak'/Ghooch''). The former identifies with the raven as its primary crest,
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but the latter is variously identified with the wolf, the eagle, or some other dominant animal crest depending on location; occasionally this moiety is simply called the "not Raven" people. There is a general tendency among younger Tlingits of identifying all Eagle/Wolf clans with eagle in preference to wolf or other crests, something deprecated by most elders but reinforced by modern associations between Tlingit and their [[Tsimshian]] and [[Haida people|Haida]] neighbors. Members of one moiety traditionally may only marry a person of the opposite moiety, however in the last century this system began to break down (as a result of violent suppression of Tlingit culture and traditions) and today so-called "double-eagle" and "double-raven" marriages are common, as well as marriages with non-Tlingit people. No word in Tlingit refers to moiety, since referring to a particular person by their clan membership (see below) is enough to determine their moiety affiliation. In colloquial English the term "side" is often used among the Tlingit since "moiety" is a specialized term unfamiliar to most.
   
 
The moieties provide the primary dividing line across Tlingit society, but identification is rarely made with the moiety. Instead individuals identify with their matrilineal [[clan]] (''naa''), a large group of people related by shared genealogy, history, and possessory rights. Clan sizes vary widely, and some clans are found throughout all the Tlingit lands whereas others are found only in one small cluster of villages. The [[Tlingit clans|Tlingit clan]] functions as the main property owner in the culture, thus almost all formal property amongst the Tlingit belongs to clans, not to individuals. Due to the decline in traditional knowledge among the younger generations (as a result of violent suppression of Tlingit culture and traditions), many young urban Tlingit people are uncertain of their exact clan affiliation, and may simply refer to themselves by one or the other moiety. If they become more familiar with traditional cultural practice they either discover and research their clan or are formally adopted into an appropriate clan in the area.
 
The moieties provide the primary dividing line across Tlingit society, but identification is rarely made with the moiety. Instead individuals identify with their matrilineal [[clan]] (''naa''), a large group of people related by shared genealogy, history, and possessory rights. Clan sizes vary widely, and some clans are found throughout all the Tlingit lands whereas others are found only in one small cluster of villages. The [[Tlingit clans|Tlingit clan]] functions as the main property owner in the culture, thus almost all formal property amongst the Tlingit belongs to clans, not to individuals. Due to the decline in traditional knowledge among the younger generations (as a result of violent suppression of Tlingit culture and traditions), many young urban Tlingit people are uncertain of their exact clan affiliation, and may simply refer to themselves by one or the other moiety. If they become more familiar with traditional cultural practice they either discover and research their clan or are formally adopted into an appropriate clan in the area.
Reason: ANN scored at 0.981523
Reporter Information
Reporter: Bradley (anonymous)
Date: Friday, the 23rd of October 2015 at 02:03:13 PM
Status: Reported
Sunday, the 31st of August 2014 at 11:38:08 PM #95951
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Friday, the 23rd of October 2015 at 02:03:13 PM #101950
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